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  • JUVENILE JUSTICE ANNUAL REPORT

    Santa Clara County, 2012

  • Table of Contents

    Contributors…………………………………….…………………..3Project Objectives…………………………………………............4Citations and Arrests……………………………………………....5Intake Decisions and Demographics…………………………....16Petitions Filed……………………………………………………...21Public Defender and Alternate Public Defender Statistics (Juvenile) …………………………………………………….........35Outcomes for Victims……………………………………………..37Dually involved youth…………………………………………….39 Juvenile Hall & Ranches Population………………………….…43Mental Health Department Statistics, Juvenile Hall..................53

    2

  • ContributorsSuperior Court of California, Santa Clara County - Juvenile Justice

    Division

    Santa Clara County Agencies:

    Probation Department

    Office of the District Attorney

    Alternate Defender’s Office

    Public Defender’s Office

    Independent Defense Office

    Department of Family and Children’s Services (DFCS)

    3

  • Project Objectives

    Working collaboratively with project contributors, under the Juvenile Justice Model Court grant, this report will be

    used as a tool to evaluate performance, facilitate information sharing and manage operational information

    within Santa Clara County.

    This report seeks to contribute to the Juvenile Justice data compiled by other Model Courts throughout the nation in

    an effort to better understand how we can improve outcomes for our youth.

    4

  • CITATIONS AND ARRESTS

    2012

    5

  • Citation and Arrests by Ethnicity

    6

  • Citation and Arrests by Age

    7

  • Citations and Arrests By Gender

    8

  • Citations and Arrests By Youth Residency City

    9

  • Citations and Arrests By Referral Agency

    10

  • Arrests By Referral Type

    11

  • Arrests By Major Offense Category

    12

  • Top 10 Overall Offenses by Subcategory

    13

  • Top 10 Overall Felony Offenses By Subcategory

    14

  • Citations and Arrests Top 20 Zip Codes

    15

    Citations and Arrests Top 20 School Districts

  • INTAKE DECISIONS AND DEMOGRAPHICS

    2012

    16

  • Intake Decision at Juvenile Hall by Probation

    17

  • Intake By Referral Agency, Gender and Ethnicity

    18

  • Juvenile Hall & Ranches Average Daily Population

    19

    Juvenile Hall & Ranches Population, 2012

    Gender & Ethnicity Female Male Asian Black Caucasian Hispanic Other Total

    Juvenile Hall 18 142 7 16 14 121 3 161

    James Ranch 3 51 3 6 3 42 1 54

    Wright Center 1 3 0 0 0 3 0 4

    Total 23 196 10 21 18 166 3 219

    5% 10%8%

    76%

    1%

    Total Juvenile Hall and Ranches Population by Ethnicity, 2012 (%)

    Asian

    Black

    Caucasian

    Hispanic

    Other

    716 14

    121

    33 6 3

    42

    10 0 0 3 00

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140

    Asian Black Caucasian Hispanic Other

    Total Juvenile Hall and Ranches Population by Ethnicity, 2012 (Count)

    Juvenile Hall

    James Ranch

    Wright Center

  • Juvenile Hall by Custody Status Average Length of Stay in Days (ALOS)

    20

  • PETITIONS FILED

    2012

    21

  • Juvenile Total Petitions Filed

    22

    Juvenile Total Petitions Filed, 2012Year Referrals Petitions VOP’s Rejections2011 2530 1557 906 2272012 2579 1568 757 254

  • Ethnicity of Minors PetitionedJuvenile Total Petitions Filed in 2012 by EthnicityAsian Black Hispanic White Other Total

    Petitions 43 167 1160 190 69 1629% of total Petitions Filed

    2% 10% 71% 12% 4% 100%

    23

    43167

    1160

    19069

    1629

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    1800

    Asian Black Hispanic White Other Total

    Petitions By Ethnicity, 2012 (Count)

    Petitions

    3%

    10%71%

    12%

    4%

    Petitions By Ethnicity, 2012 (%)

    Asian

    Black

    Hispanic

    White

    Other

  • Gender and Age of Minors Petitioned

    24

    Petitions by Gender/Age ChartAge 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Male Female

    # of Petitions Filed

    1 13 59 147 235 289 281 4 1420 209

    Percent of total

    > 1% %1 6% 14% 23% 28% 27% >1% 87% 13%

    0%1%

    6%14%

    23%

    28%

    27%

    1%

    Petitions by Age (%)

    9

    12

    13

    14

    15

    16

    17

    18

    1420

    2090

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    Male Female

    Petitions by Gender (Count) 

    Gender

  • Top 10 Most Common Charges

    25

  • Top 10 Charges by Ethnicity at Time of Petition

    Charge Asian Black Hispanic White Other Total

    VC10851(a) Auto Theft 6 12 149 (83%) 11 3 181

    PC 459-460(a) 1st Degree Burglary 13 25 113 (68%) 14 2 167

    PC 148 (a)(1) Resisting arrest 3 19 99 (78%) 6 2 129

    PC 459-460(b) Burglary 4 21 64 (60%) 12 6 107

    PC 211-212.5(c) Robbery 4 20 61 (69%) 4 0 89

    PC 496(d) Buy/Rec Stolen Vehicle 0 2 77 (88%) 6 3 88

    PC 594 (a)(b)(1) Misd. Vandalism 1 15 45 (59%) 15 0 76

    PC 484-488 Petty theft of personal property

    3 9 35 (46%) 29 0 76

    HS 11359 Possession for sale of MJ 9 4 39 (56%) 15 3 70

    PC 242-243(a) Battery 2 4 39 (66%) 13 1 59

    26

  • WIC 707(B) AND 707(D) Violent Felonies by Ethnicity

    27

    WIC 707(B) AND 707(D) Violent Felonies White Black Latino Asian Other Total

    Violent Felonies WIC 707 (b) and (d) cases* 10 20 153 13 1 197

    % of total 5% 10% 77% 7% 1% 100%

    Direct File to Adult Cases WIC 707(d) 1 3 32 2 0 38

    Percent of Total 3% 8% 84% 5% N/A 100%

    Percent of 707(b) Cases Directly Filed 10% 15% 21% 16% N/A 19%

    Percent Filed as Juveniles 90% 85% 79% 84% 100% 81%

  • Unfit Orders/Trials by Department

    28

    2, 16%

    3, 23%

    2, 15%

    6, 46%

    Unfit Orders by Department(Count, %)

    D 77

    D 78

    D 79

    D 79A

    8, 21%

    4, 10%

    17, 45%

    6, 16%3, 8%

    Number of Trials by Department, Contested Jurisdiction Hearings

    (Count, %)

    D 77

    D 78

    D 79

    D 79A

    Other

    Number of TrialsDepartment D 77 D 78 D 79 D 79A Other Total

    Trials 8 4 17 6 3 38

    Unfit Orders by Department

    Department D 77 D 78 D 79 D 79A TotalUnfit Orders 2 3 2 6 13

  • Direct File Charges to Adult Court

    29

  • Santa Clara County Probation Department, Juvenile Court Unit, Calendar Statistics, 2012

    JURISDICTIONAL/DISPOSITIONAL CALENDARS

    DEPT. 77 DEPT. 78 DEPT. 79 DEPT. 79A DTS TOTALMatters Calendared 2410 2299 2005 2732 21 9467Contested Hearings 34 20 31 37 10 132DEJ/Jurisdiction 64 63 89 108 0 324Parte/Xparte 543 823 673 823 0 2862Ranch Commitments 43 32 31 37 0 143DJJ Commitments 1 1 0 1 0 3Unfit Orders 2 3 2 6 0 13Found Incompetent 6 1 0 2 0 9

    DETENTION CALENDARSMatters Calendared 342 416 364 491 0 1613Total Detained 242 347 285 383 0 1257Total Released 77 48 59 78 0 262Bench Warrants 30 41 40 59 0 170

    Total Number of Matters 11080

    Total Number of Bench Warrants 170

    30

  • 2012 Calendar Statistics Charts

    31

    83%

    17%

    2012 Detention Calendars

    Total Detained

    Total Released

    17%

    41%18%

    0%2% 22%

    2012 Jurisdictional/Dispositional Calendars

    Contested Hearings

    DEJ/Jurisdiction

    Ranch Commitments

    CYA Commitments

    Unfit Orders

    Bench Warrants

  • Court For the Individualized Treatment of Adolescents (CITA) Statistics, 2012CITA Stats (Calendar Year 2012)

    EthnicityFemale Male

    TotalAccepted Not Suitable Accepted Not SuitableBlack 3 2 5Hispanic 4 5 13 2 24Other 1 1 2Other Asian 1 1White 1 3 4Total Accepted 4 18 22Total Not Suitable 5 9 14Grand Total 9 27 36

    32

    3 24 5

    13

    2

    1

    11

    1

    3

    02468

    101214161820

    Accepted Not Suitable Accepted Not Suitable

    Female Female Male Male

    CITA Statistics, 2012 (Count)

    Black Hispanic Other Other Asian White

    3, 17%13, 72%

    1, 5%

    1, 6%

    Male Accepted

    4, 100%

    Female Accepted

    5, 100%

    Female Not Suitable

    2, 22%

    2, 22%1, 11%

    1, 11%

    3, 34%

    Male Not Suitable

    Other Asian

    BlackHispanicOther

    White

  • Juvenile Treatment Court 2012 (JTC)Juvenile Treatment Court 2012 (JTC)

    Ethnicity Female Male Total ReferredAccepted Unsuitable Accepted UnsuitableBlack 0 1 0 0 1Hispanic 6 5 14 21 46Other 1 0 0 1 2Other Asian 0 0 0 0Vietnamese 1 0 0 0 1White 0 0 2 3 5

    Total: 8 6 16 25 55

    33

    1

    6 5

    14

    21

    1 11 23

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    Accepted Unsuitable Accepted Unsuitable

    Female Male

    Total Youth Referred to Juvenile Treatment Court 2012 (JTC) by 

    Gender and Ethnicity

    Black

    Hispanic

    Other

    Other Asian

    Vietnamese

    White

    2%

    84%

    3% 2%9%

    Total Youth Referred to Juvenile Treatment Court 2012 (JTC) by 

    Ethnicity (%)

    Black

    Hispanic

    Other

    Other Asian

    Vietnamese

    White

  • DEJ Outcome by Gender, Age, and Ethnicity

    34

  • PUBLIC DEFENDER AND ALTERNATE PUBLIC DEFENDER STATISTICS (JUVENILE)

    2012

    35

  • Public Defender and Alternate Public Defender Statistics, 2012New Cases Opened: 2,367

    Public DefenderCharge Severity New Case WIC 777 Total

    Felony 710 324 1,034Misdemeanor 234 136 370Infraction 1 0 1Total 945 460 1,405

    Alternate Public Defender

    Charge Severity New Case WIC 777 TotalFelony 292 89 381Misdemeanor 217 37 254Infraction 0 0 0Total 509 126 635

    Case SummaryPublic Defender 1,405Alternate Defender 635Other: Referred to Independent Defense Office/Private Counsel Substitution 327Grand Total 2,367

    36

    710

    234

    1

    324

    136

    00

    100

    200

    300

    400

    500

    600

    700

    800

    Felony Misdemeanor Infraction

    Public Defender Cases

    New Case WIC 777

    292

    217

    0

    89

    37

    00

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    300

    350

    Felony Misdemeanor Infraction

    Alternate Public Defender Cases

    New Case WIC 777

    1,405, 59%635, 27%

    327, 14%

    Total Breakdown of Cases: Public Defender, Alternate Public Defender, and Other (Count, %)

    Public Defender

    Alternate Defender

    Other: Referred to IndependentDefense Office/Private CounselSubstitution

  • OUTCOMES FOR VICTIMS

    2012

    37

  • Outcomes for Victims

    • Victim Services: Santa Clara County has several agencies (the YWCA, the Victim Witness Assistance Center and Probation Victim Services) that work with the District Attorney to serve victims in Juvenile Justice Court.

    • Number of Victims Served: Approximately 661 Victims were served by Probation Victim Services in 2012.

    • Victim Awareness: Approximately 900 youth offenders completed the victim awareness classes in 2012.

    • DOR collected $428,676 in fiscal year 2012, for Juvenile Probation only.

    38

  • DUALLY INVOLVED YOUTH

    2012

    39

  • 241.1 Outcomes for Dually Involved Youth

    40

    Dually involved youth are:

    (1) Dependent youth upon whom a delinquency petition has beenfiled.

    OR

    (2) A youth currently under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Justice Court or with a pending petition, for whom there is reason to believe youth is at risk of abuse or neglect.

    A Welfare and Institutions Code Section 241.1 hearing is held to determine which system (juvenile justice or dependency) or combination of systems would best serve the youth while protecting the community.

  • 241.1 Initial Minute Orders by Ethnicity (Dually Involved Youth)

    41

    Asian*          , 1, 1%

    Black, 10, 14%

    Hispanic (incl. 

    Mexican), 44, 59%

    White (incl. all 

    White), 19, 25%

    Other**      , 1, 1%

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    Asian*

    Black

    Hispanic (incl.Mexican)

    White (incl. allWhite)

    Other**

    2012 - 241.1 Initial Minute Order by Ethnicity

    Asian* BlackHispanic

    (incl. Mexican)

    White (incl. all White) Other** Total

    1 10 44 19 1 75

    *Vietnamese** American Indian

  • 241.1 Outcomes for Dependent Youth in Permanent Placement by Ethnicity (Dually Involved Youth)

    DRAFT

    42

    PP Youth 241.1

    Asian (N=0)

    Black (N=3)

    Hispanic (N=9)

    White (N=2)

    Other (N=0)

    Remain 300/602d 0 1 3 2 0

    Dual Status 0 2 6 0 0

    241.1 Outcomes Definitions

    Remain 300/602d

    Youth remains a 300 dependent and the 602 charges are dismissed.

    Dual Status300 dependency is suspended and the youth becomes a ward until rehabilitation goals are met. Once goals are met the 300 dependency is reinstated and the 602 wardship dismissed.

    Remain 300/602d

    33%

    Dual Status67%

    Black (N=3)

    Remain 300/602d

    33%

    Dual Status67%

    Hispanic   (N=9)

    Remain 300/602

    d%

    White (N=2)

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    Asian(N=0)

    Black(N=3)

    Hispanic(N=9)

    White(N=2)

    Other(N=0)

    241.1 Outcomes for Dependent Youth in Permenent Placement by Ethnicity (Dually Involved Youth)

    Remain300/602d

    Dual Status

  • JUVENILE HALL & RANCHES POPULATION

    2012

    43

  • Juvenile Hall & Ranches Population: Gender & Ethnicity

    Gender & Ethnicity Female Male Asian Black CaucasianHispanic Other Total

    Juvenile Hall 18 145 7 16 14 121 3 161

    James Ranch 3 51 3 6 3 45 1 54

    Wright Center* 1 3 0 0 0 3 0 4

    Total 23 196 10 21 18 166 3 219

    *Wright Center Closed in 2012

    44

    716 14

    121

    33 6 3

    45

    10 0 0 3 0020406080

    100120140

    Juvenile Hall & Ranches Population by Ethnicity (Count)

    Juvenile Hall

    James Ranch

    Wright Center

    5% 10%8%

    76%

    1%

    Juvenile Hall & Ranches Population by Ethnicity (%)

    Asian

    Black

    Caucasian

    Hispanic

    Other

  • Juvenile Hall by Custody Status and Average Length of Stay in Days (ALOS)

    45

  • Supervision (Informal and Formal) by Supervision Level, Gender, and Ethnicity

    46

    Banked31312%

    Moderate82031%New

    803%

    Low86133%

    High55821%

    Supervision By LevelF

    40816%

    M222484%

    Supervision By Gender

    Asian1656%

    Black2038%

    Caucasian38715%

    Hispanic179168%

    Other863%

    Supervision By Ethnicity

  • 47

    Disposition/Supervision by Ethnicity and Gender

  • Wraparound Statistics, 2012Wraparound 2012 Eastfield Ming Quong Uplift

    Rebekah Children's Services Compadres Unity Care Odyssey

    Seneca Connections (Services started July

    2012) TotalTotal Referrals 55 37 33 20 145Graduations 29 13 4 0 46More Restrictive/Absconded 10 10 8 3 31Other 0 0 1 0 1End of Year Enrollment 14 27 27 17 85

    48

    55

    3733

    20

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    Eastfield MingQuong Uplift

    RebekahChildrensServices

    Compadres

    Unity CareOdyssey

    SenecaConnections(Services

    started July2012)

    Total Referrals to Wraparound Providers (Count)

    Total Referrals

    14

    27 27

    17

    05

    1015202530

    Eastfield MingQuong Uplift

    RebekahChildrensServices

    Compadres

    Unity CareOdyssey

    SenecaConnections(Services

    started July2012)

    End of Year Enrollment for Youth Referred to Wraparound Providers, 2012 (Count)  

    End of Year Enrollment

    38%

    25%23%

    14%

    Total Referrals to Wraparound Providers (%)

    Eastfield Ming QuongUplift

    Rebekah ChildrensServices Compadres

    Unity Care Odyssey

    16%

    32%32%

    20%

    End of Year Enrollment for Youth Referred to Wraparound Providers, 2012 (%)  

    Eastfield MingQuong Uplift

    RebekahChildrensServicesCompadres

  • Electronic Monitoring Program (EMP) Statistics, 2012

    49

    2012 (EMP) Referrals

    Referrals Ethnicity

    Gender Hispanic Black White Asian Other Grand Total

    Females 120 4 23 6 3 156

    Males 636 95 91 51 4 877

    EMP Total 756 99 114 57 7 1033

    756

    99 11457

    70

    100200300400500600700800

    Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    EMP Referrals by Ethnicity (Count)

    Referrals

    73%10%

    11% 5% 1%

    EMP Referrals by Ethnicity (%)

    Hispanic

    Black

    White

    Asian

    Other

  • Community Release Program (CRP) Statistics, 2012

    50

    2012 CRP Referrals

    Referrals  Ethnicity

    Gender Hispanic Black White Asian Other Grand Total

    Female 42 6 12 0 1 61

    Male 215 33 29 16 9 302

    CRP Total 257 39 41 16 10 363

    257

    39 4116 10

    0

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    300

    Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    EMP Referrals by Ethnicity (Count)

    Referrals

    71%11%

    11% 4% 3%

    EMP Referrals by Ethnicity (%)

    Hispanic

    Black

    White

    Asian

    Other

  • Electronic Monitoring Program (EMP) and Community Release Program (CRP) Totals, 2012 (Continued)

    51

    2012 EMP/CRP Total ReferralsReferrals Ethnicity

    Gender Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    Grand Total

    Females 162 10 35 6 4 217Males 851 128 120 67 13 1179

    EMP/CRP Total 1013 138 155 73 17 1396

    1013

    138 155 73 170

    500

    1000

    1500

    Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    2012 EMP/CRP Total Referrals by Ethnicity (Count)

    Referrals

    73%

    10% 11% 5%1%

    2012 EMP/CRP Total Referrals by Ethnicity (%)

    Hispanic

    Black

    White

    Asian

    Other

    2012 Actual Youth Placed on EMP/CRPReferrals Ethnicity

    Gender Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    Grand Total

    Female 87 4 20 3 1 115Male 436 58 64 39 16 613Total

    Youth 523 62 84 42 17 728

    523

    62 84 42 170

    100200300400500600

    Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    2012 Actual Youth Placed on EMP/CRP (Count)

    Youth

    72%8%

    12%

    6%2%

    2012 Actual Youth Placed on EMP/CRP (%)

    Hispanic

    Black

    White

    Asian

    Other

  • EDGE (Encouraging Diversity Growth & Education) and PEAK (Providing, Education, Alternatives, & Knowledge) Enrollment, 2012

    52

    2012 EDGE/PEAK Enrolled YouthEnrolled Ethnicity

    Gender Hispanic Black White Asian OtherGrand Total

    Female 6 0 1 0 0 7Male 56 12 3 2 2 75

    Total Youth 62 12 4 2 2 82

    62

    124 2 2

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    Hispanic Black White Asian Other

    EDGE/PEAK Enrolled Youth, 2012 (Count)

    Enrolled Youth76%

    15%

    5% 2% 2%

    EDGE/PEAK Enrolled Youth, 2012 (%)

    Hispanic

    Black

    White

    Asian

    Other

  • MENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT COMPETENCY RESTORATION PROGRAM STATISTICS

    2012

    53

  • Mental Health Department Competency Restoration Program Statistics, 2012

    Program Details:

    Competency Findings• Resolved the competency issue for 6 youths. • 3 out of the 6 were found to be restored, and

    moved on to face their charges in court.• Of these 3 youth, 2 had their cases

    dismissed. • In the remaining case, MHD found the

    youth unrestorable, but the judge never ruled to accept the finding because the youth picked up adult charges (the juvenile case was reportedly put on hold).

    • The program officially started on January 3, 2012.

    • Youth ages ranged from 12 to 17 at the time of the referral, with the median age of 14.

    • 4 referrals processed in 2011, prior to the program opening, and 16 more in 2012.

    • Provided some level of services to 15 different youths over the course of the year in 2012.

    • As of Dec. 31, 2012, the waiting list had 5 youths.

    54

    13

    1 1 1

    Youth referred to Mental Health Department Competency Restoration Program, 2012

    Latino

    Latino/Caucasian

    Vietnamese

    Portuguese