kinesiology 140

Kinesiology 140 Contemporary Health Issues Burnaby Campus

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Kinesiology 140. Contemporary Health Issues Burnaby Campus. Course Outline. The course outline as well as all course information/resources are available at: Lecture recordings are available at KIN 140 Take Home Messages. Don’t smoke - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Kinesiology 140

Contemporary Health IssuesBurnaby Campus

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Course Outline

• The course outline as well as all course information/resources are available at:

• Lecture recordings are available at

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KIN 140 Take Home Messages

Don’t smokeBe physically active regularlyKeep a healthy weightMinimize saturated fatWear a condomHave a positive outlook on lifePrevention is better than treatmentRule of 80/90%

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World Health Organization (WHO)

“Health is the complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” -1948

"a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.“ -1986

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Understanding Health with the use of Models

• Model: a representation– A way of looking at or explaining a concept in a

more understandable format

» Ex. Medical Model, Risk factor model, Wellness Model

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Medical Model

• You go to see a doctor when you have signs/symptoms of disease

– Signs: something you can see

– Symptoms: something you feel

• The doctor is responsible for your health

• Health is achieved through treatment

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Medical Model

The Medical model views health asthe absence of disease

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The Medical Model focuses on dependency

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Risk Factor Model• Looks at the main causes of mortality

• Looks to inform the population of risk factors for disease

• Compared to the medical model, the focus is on prevention instead of treatment and the individual is responsible for their own health, instead of the doctor

• Does not necessarily predict whether you will get a disease, but gives you the probability that you will

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The Risk Factor Model focuses on independent accountability for health

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Wellness/ Holistic model

Neutral Position

Wellness = a dynamic process not a state of being

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The Wellness Wheel:The 7 Dimensions of Wellness

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The 7 dimensions of wellness

• The 7 dimensions of wellness are:

– Emotional– Physical– Spiritual– Career/Academic– Financial– Environmental– Social/Cultural

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The 7 Dimensions of Wellness• Wellness is all about maintaining a balance between the

many different aspects of your life.

• Everyone's optimal wellness will be different, depending on your own needs, experiences, personality, and circumstances.

• As we make our way through life, different aspects will fall in and out of balance - it's our job to try and maintain as much of a balance as possible.

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Behaviour Change

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Behaviour Change

• According to the ASE model, there are three main predictors of behaviour change:– Attitudes; do you really want to change? What are

the benefits? The personal costs?– Social norms; how do your social networks affect

your behaviour? Do they make you more or less likely to participate in it?

– Self-efficacy; Do you think you can actually do it or have you failed before and are convinced that you just can’t permanently change?

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Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of The Stages of Behaviour Change

(Prochaska 1992)

Consciousness raisingDramatic reliefEnvironmental re-evaluation Self re-evaluation


Reinforcement managementHelping relationshipsCounter conditioningStimulus control

Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation




Adapted from Prochaska1992

Experiential processes

Behavioural processes



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• Your behaviour change goals should be SMART

• Specific• Measurable• Attainable• Realistic• Timely