lecture 1: civil war and reconstruction

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The Civil War and Reconstruction

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  • 1. The Civil War and Reconstruction

2. What Caused the Civil War? 3. Abolitionism? 4. Economic Differences? 5. Free Soil? 6. Lincolns Election? 7. Possible Causes of the Civil War Abolitionism Economic differences Free Soil Lincolns election Each comes back to slavery 8. The Aftermath Over 600,000 Dead Widows & Pensions Bereavement & Religion The Economy The South: Devastation The North: Booming Freed Slaves 9. Reconstruction What was Reconstruction? 10. What challenges did the federal government face at the end of the Civil War? Create your own plan for solving these challenges. 11. Reconstruction Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867 Congressional Reconstruction, 1867-1870 Counter-Reconstruction, 1870-1874 Redemption, 1874-1877 The Election of 1876 and the Compromise of 1877 12. Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867 President Andrew Johnson Southern elections Black codes The New Orleans and Memphis Riots of 1866 The Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the 14th Amendment 13. Congressional Reconstruction, 1867-1870 The Radical Republicans Military Reconstruction Acts The impeachment (but not removal) of Johnson The 15th amendment guarantees the right to vote New, progressive, Republican state governments 14. Counter-Reconstruction, 1870- 1874 Race-baiting and white Southern violence The Ku Klux Klan The fall of the Republican regimes The failure of the Northern will Scientific racism 15. Redemption, 1874-1877 The Democratic party Democrats swept the 1874 election across the south Louisiana and the White League South Carolina and the election of 1876 The Civil Rights Act of 1875 16. The Election of 1876 and the Compromise of 1877 Samuel J. Tilden v. Rutherford B. Hayes The Corrupt Bargain The End of Reconstruction 17. Evaluating Reconstruction How well do you think things went? Could things have gone differently? 18. Discussion 19. Sharecropping What is sharecropping? 20. Sharecropping Former slaveholders wanted labor contracts and gang labor Former slaves wanted land redistribution and independence Sharecropping was a compromise 21. Sharecropping Contracts What do these documents say about the obligations of the sharecropper? What do they say about the obligations of the landowner? What other information can you glean from these documents? Is there anything that surprises you? 22. Think Like a Historian How do historians know what they know? 23. Black American Representatives and Senators Based on this document, when did Reconstruction end? What else can you learn from this document? Does anything surprise you? http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and- Publications/BAIC/Historical-Data/Black- American-Representatives-and-Senators- by-Congress/ 24. Memory and Commemoration: What Did the Civil War Mean? How did different groups create their distinct memories of the Civil War? 25. Commemoration & Memory The Emancipationist Vision The White Supremacist Vision The Reconciliationist Vision 26. Discussion Compare and contrast What the Centennial Ought to Accomplish and Life on the Color Line 27. The Birth of a Nation, 1915 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R4v_ yRFf4-Y https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9t- 7SVbLjBw 28. The New South 29. The New South 30. Disenfranchisement Intimidation Fraud Poll taxes Literacy tests Restrictive or arbitrary registration practices The white primary 31. Jim Crow Jim Crow laws Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 32. Lynching During six weeks of the months of March and April just past, twelve colored men were lynched in Georgia, the reign of outlawry culminating in the torture and hanging of the colored preacher, Elijah Strickland, and the burning alive of Samuel Wilkes, alias Hose, Sunday, April 23, 1899. The real purpose of these savage demonstrations is to teach the Negro that in the South he has no rights that the law will enforce. Samuel Hose was burned to teach the Negroes that no matter what a white man does to them, they must not resist. ~ Ida B. Wells 33. The Lives of Freed Blacks Were blacks better off under Reconstruction and Jim Crow than they had been under slavery? Some left the South for the West and North Churches and schools became the center of black community Black newspapers, organizations Booker T. Washington v. W. E. B. Du Bois Anti-lynching crusade 34. End