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Lithium Batteries A Manufactures Perspective on Development of Cabin Crew Procedures Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures Christine STRONOCK Director Cabin Crew Training & Operations

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Lithium Batteries A Manufactures Perspective on Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Christine STRONOCK Director Cabin Crew Training & Operations

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

How many lithium batteries are you carrying today ?

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 2

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content

• Introduction

• Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• Interaction with Flight Crew Procedures

• Conclusion

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 3

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction: Consideration of Lithium Batteries in Aircraft

Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 4

Spare batteries

Laptops

Cell Phones

Tablets, MP3

Cameras

Cordless devices

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014

Cabin: Cabin Crew Procedures

Flight Deck: Flight Crew Procedures

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

= Cargo Aircraft = Passenger Aircraft

Num

ber o

f Rep

orte

d E

vent

s

Figures taken from FAA report on “Batteries & Battery-Power Devices Aviation Incidents Involving Smoke, Fire, Extreme Heat or Explosion dated 23 July 2013

Introduction - The Upwards Trend

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• Between March 20 1991 and 23 July 2013 135 Air Incidents involving batteries have been recorded by the FAA

• 61 of these events related to Lithium Batteries

135

61

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

In service incidents/accidents

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 6

Lithium batteries suspected to be the cause of fires

Local fires : Several cases ,Personal Electronic Devices in cabin Fire on Cargo pallets:

• Los Angeles, California, April 28, 1999 • Memphis, Tennessee, August 7, 2004

Source : NTSB Official investigation report Philadelphia

Hull loss: Philadelphia, February 7, 2006 Fatal Accident: Dubai, September 3, 2010

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content

• Introduction

• Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• Interaction with Flight Crew Procedures

• Conclusion

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 7

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

The Risk

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures Pi

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149

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

How we Communicate

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• CCOM - Applicable to A320 Family, A330/A340 Family, A380 and A350 aircraft

• Available as “Customised” or “Generic”

For all aircraft, including A300/A310 family operators.

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

First Steps

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• FAA SAFO 09013 “Fighting Fires Caused By Lithium Type Batteries in Portable Electronic Devices” issued in June 2009 On A380 aircraft fitted with Portable Data Assistant (PDA) Charging locations specific procedure

introduced from Aug 2009

Requirement identified for such a procedure for other aircraft programs

Example From August 2009 Revision

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

• June – FAA SAFO issued • Aug – A380 CCOM proc for PDA Docking Stn.

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

The Maturing of the Procedure

• From August 2011 a generic “Guidelines on Lithium Battery Fires” was included in Cabin Crew Operating Manual (CCOM) for A320 family, A330/A340 family and A380 aircraft.

• Same instructions also included in the “Getting to Grips” for aircraft without a CCOM

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Procedure based on SAFO 09013 Halon to extinguish the flame Water to cool down battery and

prevent adjacent cell thermal runaway

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

• Generic CCOM procedures for Lithium Battery Fires issued

Page 11

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

• From August 2011 a generic “Guidelines on Lithium Battery Fires” was included in Cabin Crew Operating Manual (CCOM) for A320 family, A330/A340 family and A380 aircraft.

• Same instructions also included in the “Getting to Grips” for aircraft without a CCOM

The Maturing of the Procedure

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Procedure based on SAFO 09013 Halon to extinguish the flame Water to cool down battery and

prevent adjacent cell thermal runaway

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

• Generic CCOM procedures for Lithium Battery Fires issued

Page 12

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Cabin Crew Procedural Changes

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Request to address Lithium Battery fires in OHSC Two reported events on Airbus Aircraft occurred in OHSC Specific procedure to address fires in “Enclosed Areas”

Airbus New Procedure: Consider any fire in OHSC is potential Li bat Fire Relocate the passengers and protect crew Extinguish flames and isolate the source Remove and secure the device that has caught fire

Page 13

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

• Procedure needed to consider: Universal for all aircraft Easy to embody Space neutral and cost effective…..

Cabin Crew Procedural Changes

• How do we secure a device post Lithium Battery Fire?

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Standard Container filled with non-alcoholic liquid or water

Lavatory waste bin filled with non-alcoholic liquid or water

EITHER / OR

Receptacle placed in lavatory and surveyed regularly.

Page 14

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Cabin Crew Procedural Changes

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Refer To “Abnormal/Emergency Procedures - Fire Protection”

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

• Modified CCOM procedures covering fires in OHSC and Storage of device released

Page 15

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

On going : Smoke/Fire coming from a PED being trapped within a seat.

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 16

Revised PAX SEAT SMOKE/FIRE PROCEDURE to be introduced by Q1 2015 for all aircraft

Further to some event reported by the operators about PED being trapped within a seat.

If smoke/fire is detected in a seat/seat area: SOURCE OF THE SMOKE/FIRE……………………………….………………………………………LOCATE If the smoke/fire is coming from a PED: PAX SYS SWITCH ..........................................................;............................................. OFF LITHIUM BATTERY FIRE PROCEDURE…………………………………………………….APPLY

Basic principle

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content

• Introduction

• Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• Interaction with Flight Crew Procedures

• Conclusion

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 17

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Flight Crew Procedures

Increased use of Lithium Batteries in the flight deck Key concern relates to use of Electronic Flight Bag (EFB)

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Not exactly “Cabin Crew” procedures, but…….. ……… dealing with Lithium Battery fires requires a whole team effort!

The Situation Today:

Can we use water to cool the fire? What do we do with the device afterwards?

What procedure do we use if we have an EFB fire in flight deck?

Page 18

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Development of Flight Crew Procedures

Key Principles and Philosophy

Stand alone to enable it to be easily identified

Procedure should initially protect the crew

Transfer control (Pilot Flying/Pilot Monitoring))

Isolate the Smoke/Fire source

Monitor and control

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 19

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Airbus Proposed Procedure - Lithium Battery Fire In The Cockpit

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

CONTACT CABIN CREW to initiate the Lithium Battery fire procedure

Leaves Seat Puts Fire Gloves On

DON OXY MASK DON SMOKEHOOD USE HALON EXTINGUISHER

If there are Flames

PF PM

If Necessary transfer control

If the device can be removed from the cockpit TRANSFER THE DEVICE TO

THE CABIN

If the device cannot be removed from the cockpit POUR WATER ON DEVICE MONITOR IT

When the flames are suppressed or if there are no flames

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

• Procedure under validation: To be included in QRH/FCOM before end

2014

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content

• Introduction

• Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

• Interaction with Flight Crew Procedures

• Conclusion

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Page 21

© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Conclusion

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

Flight crew procedure developed & to be communicated

Airbus Cabin Crew procedures developed following identification of risk, and continually evolved

Fighting a Lithium Battery fire is whole crew responsibility Flight crew procedure interlinks with cabin crew procedure

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© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Berlin, 28-29 October 2014 Lithium Batteries - A Manufacturers Perspective of the Development of Cabin Crew Procedures

© Airbus S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. This document and all information contained herein is the sole property of AIRBUS. No intellectual property rights are granted by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of AIRBUS S.A.S. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied. The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these statements are not shown, AIRBUS S.A.S. will be pleased to explain the basis thereof. AIRBUS, its logo, A300, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330, A340, A350, A380, A400M are registered trademarks.

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