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  • MARCELLUS SHALE SAFE DRILLING

    INITIATIVE STUDY

    PART II

    INTERIM FINAL BEST PRACTICES

    July 2014

    Prepared By:

    Maryland Department of the Environment

    Maryland Department of Natural Resources

    Prepared For:

    Martin O’Malley, Governor

    State of Maryland

    Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., Senate President

    Maryland General Assembly

    Michael E. Busch, House Speaker

    Maryland General Assembly

    Prepared pursuant to Executive Order 01.01.2011.11

  • MARCELLUS SHALE SAFE DRILLING

    INITIATIVE STUDY

    PART II

    INTERIM FINAL BEST PRACTICES

    July 2014

    Prepared By:

    Maryland Department of the Environment

    Maryland Department of Natural Resources

    Prepared For:

    Martin O’Malley, Governor

    State of Maryland

    Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., Senate President

    Maryland General Assembly

    Michael E. Busch, House Speaker

    Maryland General Assembly

    Prepared pursuant to Executive Order 01.01.2011.11

  • i

    Contents

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ..................................................................................... 1

    SECTION I – ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT ............................................. 3

    SECTION II – OVERVIEW .................................................................................... 5

    A. MARCELLUS SHALE ........................................................................................... 5 B. DEVELOPMENTS IN MARYLAND .................................................................... 5 C. THE EXECUTIVE ORDER AND THE ADVISORY COMMISSION ................. 6 D. THE WORK OF THE ADVISORY COMMISSION ............................................... 7

    SECTION III – COMPREHENSIVE GAS DEVELOPMENT PLANS ............... 10

    A. APPLICATION CRITERIA AND SCOPE .......................................................... 11 B. PLANNING PRINCIPLES ................................................................................... 11

    C. PROCEDURE AND APPROVAL PROCESS ..................................................... 12 D. BENEFITS OF A COMPREHENSIVE GAS DEVELOPMENT PLAN ............. 13

    E. THE SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT TOOLBOX .............................................. 14

    SECTION IV – LOCATION RESTRICTIONS AND SETBACKS..................... 17

    A. LOCATION RESTRICTIONS AND SETBACKS .............................................. 17 B. SITING BEST PRACTICES ................................................................................. 23

    SECTION V – PLAN FOR EACH WELL............................................................ 24

    SECTION VI – ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENTAL

    CONTROLS AND STANDARDS ........................................................................ 26

    A. SITE CONSTRUCTION AND SEDIMENT AND EROSION CONTROL ........ 26 1. The pad......................................................................................................... 26

    2. Tanks and containers.................................................................................... 27

    3. Pits and Ponds .............................................................................................. 27 4. Pipelines ....................................................................................................... 27

    5. Road Construction ....................................................................................... 29 6. Ancillary equipment..................................................................................... 29

    B. TRANSPORTATION PLANNING ...................................................................... 29

    C. WATER ................................................................................................................. 30 1. Storage ......................................................................................................... 30

    2. Water withdrawal ......................................................................................... 31 3. Water reuse .................................................................................................. 32

    D. CHEMICAL DISCLOSURE ................................................................................. 32 E. DRILLING ............................................................................................................ 34

    1. Use of electricity from the grid .................................................................... 34

    2. Initiation of drilling ...................................................................................... 34 3. Pilot hole ...................................................................................................... 35 4. Drilling fluids and cuttings .......................................................................... 35

  • ii

    5. Open hole logging ........................................................................................ 36

    F. CASING AND CEMENT ..................................................................................... 37 1. Requirements for casing and cement ........................................................... 37 2. Isolation........................................................................................................ 38

    3. Cased-hole logging, Integrity testing and Pressure testing .......................... 39 G. BLOWOUT PREVENTION ................................................................................. 39 H. HYDRAULIC FRACTURING ............................................................................. 40 I. FLOWBACK AND PRODUCED WATER ......................................................... 40 J. AIR EMISSIONS .................................................................................................. 40

    1. Green Completion or Reduced Emissions Completion ............................... 41 2. Flaring .......................................................................................................... 41 3. Electricity from the grid ............................................................................... 41 4. Engines ......................................................................................................... 41

    5. Storage tanks ................................................................................................ 42 6. Top-down BAT ............................................................................................ 42

    K. WASTE AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL .................... 42 L. LEAK DETECTION ............................................................................................. 44

    M. LIGHT ................................................................................................................... 44 N. NOISE ................................................................................................................... 45 O. INVASIVE SPECIES ............................................................................................ 46

    P. SPILL PREVENTION, CONTROL AND COUNTERMEASURES AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE ................................................................................. 47

    Q. SITE SECURITY .................................................................................................. 48 R. CLOSURE AND RECLAMATION BOTH INTERIM AND FINAL ................. 48

    SECTION VII – MONITORING, RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING ...... 50

    SECTION VIII – MISCELLANEOUS RECOMMENDATIONS ........................ 52

    A. ZONING ................................................................................................................ 52 B. FINANCIAL ASSURANCE ................................................................................. 52 C. FORCED POOLING ............................................................................................. 52

    SECTION IX – MODIFICATIONS TO PERMITTING PROCEDURES ........... 53

    SECTION X – IMPLEMENTING THE RECOMMENDATIONS ...................... 54

    APPENDIX A – MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION ..................................... A-1

    APPENDIX B – COMMENTS OF THE ADVISORY COMMISSION ............ B-1

    APPENDIX C – RESPONSE TO PUBLIC COMMENTS ................................. C-1

    AIR EMISSIONS ................................................................................................. C-3

    ANCILLARY INFRASTRUCTURE ....................................................................... C-9

    CHEMICALS .................................................................................................... C-12

    THE COMPREHENSIVE GAS DEVELOPMENT PLAN......................................... C-15

    CONTAMINATION OF DRINKING WATER ....................................................... C-28

  • iii

    ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS ..................................................................................... C-36

    EARTHQUAKES ............................................................................................... C-40

    EMERGENCY RESPONSE ................................................................................. C-41

    ENFORCEMENT AND INSPECTIONS ................................................................ C-45

    ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND

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