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Utah Arts and Crafts Society Welcome!

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Page 1: Mission Revival

Utah Arts and Crafts Society

Welcome!

Page 2: Mission Revival

The Utah Arts and Crafts Society celebrates the Arts and Crafts Movement through

lectures, workshops and field trips.

• www.utahartsandcraftssociety.org

• Facebook- Utah Arts and Crafts Society

• Administer- Arts & Crafts Movement

• Meet September-May

• Memberships

• Mortise & Tenon

Page 3: Mission Revival

Topics• Furniture making• Bungalows• Textiles• Metalcrafts• Blacksmithing with Lightning Forge• Ceramics with Red Kiln Pottery• Bonsai with Bonsai Society• Paper ephemera at U of U Rare Book

Dept.• Calligraphy with Utah Calligraphy Society

Page 4: Mission Revival

Workshops

Cross stitch motto

Tile house numbers

Rennie Mackintosh alphabet calligraphy

Brass doorbell plate

Bonsai

Mission bbq fork

Mission plantstand

Page 5: Mission Revival

Activities

• Partnered with Utah Heritage Foundation for two historic home tours

• Toured EuroTreasures

• Book sale Gibbs Smith Publisher at The Kings English Bookshop

• Rare book display at Marriott Library

• Trolley Square

Page 6: Mission Revival

Mission Revival Architecture

Mission Furniture

Simplicity of material & design. Rectilinear design & exposed carpentry

Page 7: Mission Revival

“Revival?” What does it mean?

“Revivalism” in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the

style of a previous architectural era.

Other examples of “Revivalism” in architecture: Greek, Gothic, Romanesque, Jacobean, Renaissance, Moorish, Tudor,

Spanish Colonial, Pueblo, others.

Page 8: Mission Revival

The Arts and Crafts Movement (roughly 1890-1925) boasted the bungalow as its

preeminent residential architectural form. Designs eventually drew inspiration from

specifically American antecedents, including the California Spanish Missions.

The Mission Revival movement enjoyed its greatest popularity between 1890 and 1915, through numerous residential,

commercial, and institutional structures. Schools and railroad depots, particularly in the Western and Southwestern U.S. used this easily recognizable architectural style.

Page 9: Mission Revival

The California Mission System

The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of religious and military outposts

established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Christian faith among the local Native Americans. The missions

represented the first major effort by Europeans to colonize the Pacific

Coast region, and gave Spain a valuable toehold in the frontier land.

Page 10: Mission Revival

21 Missions were built in a style reminiscent of Spanish buildings that the priests were familiar with. In North America, however, the structures needed

to be built by unskilled laborers using limited materials like wood, rock, and mud bricks (stucco).

The Mission atSan Luis Rey

Page 11: Mission Revival

San Juan Bautista San Juan Capistrano

San Xavier del Bac- Tucson, AZ. Mission San Antonio de Valero

Page 12: Mission Revival

The Utah Connection

• The historical Escalante & Dominguez Expedition of 1776 was conducted to find an overland route from Santa Fe to the

Missions of California.

• The Expedition went north as far as Vernal then came down Spanish Fork Canyon to

Utah County and into the western Utah desert before returning to Santa Fe.

Page 13: Mission Revival

Escalante/Dominguez Route

Page 14: Mission Revival

Escalante party enter Utah County from Spanish Fork Canyon

Page 15: Mission Revival

The only mission in Utah is St. Christopher’s Episcopal Mission in Bluff. Built 1946.

Page 16: Mission Revival

Elements of Mission Revival• Curvilinear parapets with mission silhouette, towers, bell towers• Red tile roofs• Minimal decorative elements• Arched niches• Deep window openings without any framing but the sill• Quatrefoil windows (rose windows) and emblems• Wooden plank floors and iron rails• Arched doorways• Enclosed courtyard• Thick arches springing from piers. • Exterior walls coated with white plaster (stucco)• Wide side eaves, shielding the adobe brick walls from rain. • Long exterior arcades or arcaded entry porch• Square pillars or twisted columns

Page 17: Mission Revival

Most Obvious Elements

• Curvilinear parapets with mission silhouette, towers, bell towers

• Arched doorways

• White plaster exterior walls (stucco) with broad unadorned plaster surfaces

• Courtyards

• Red clay roof tiles

• Thick arches springing from piers

Page 18: Mission Revival

The Parapet

• A parapet is a low, protective wall. In Mission Revival examples, the parapet has curvilinear lines to imitate the silhouette of a Mission.

O.C. TannerBuilding-OriginallyCity Library

Page 19: Mission Revival

California

• Southern California homes

• Scotty’s Castle-

• Death Valley

Page 20: Mission Revival

Mission Revival in CaliforniaBeverly Hills Hotel

Page 21: Mission Revival

Los Angeles Union Station

Page 22: Mission Revival

Utah Mission RevivalMaeser School- Provo

Built in 1898; is oldest school building in Provo.

Page 23: Mission Revival

Forest Park Golf Course

Page 24: Mission Revival

Wasatch Springs Plunge (Beck Hot Springs)

on 300 West. Built in 1921 by Cannon and Fetzer.

Page 25: Mission Revival

Wasatch Springs Plunge

Page 26: Mission Revival

Garner Funeral Home

Page 27: Mission Revival

Garner Funeral Home- 11th Avenue

Page 28: Mission Revival

Bogue Building 1904

Page 29: Mission Revival

Commercial

Page 30: Mission Revival

Rockpick Legend Co.

Page 31: Mission Revival

Trolley Square

Page 32: Mission Revival

No Name Saloon in Park City

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Mission Bungalow Courts

Page 34: Mission Revival

1995 UMFA Exhibit

Page 35: Mission Revival

Residences

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Residences

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Residences

Page 38: Mission Revival

Schools- Original Bountiful Jr. High

Page 39: Mission Revival

Utah State Fairpark- Promontory Building

Built in 1902 by Ware and Treganza

Page 40: Mission Revival

Ogden Union Station

Page 41: Mission Revival

Ely, Nevada Train Station

Page 42: Mission Revival

Liliputian HO Models

Page 43: Mission Revival

Los Angeles Union StationHO Model The Real Thing

Page 44: Mission Revival

Sister styles to Mission Revival“Adobe Revival”

Page 45: Mission Revival

Craftsman- Grand Canyon

Colter Lookout

Page 46: Mission Revival

Mission Revival?

Page 47: Mission Revival

Mission Revival?

Page 48: Mission Revival

An ode to Mission Revival

Give me neither Romanesque nor Gothic;

much less Italian Renaissance, and least of all English Colonial —

this is California — give me Mission.• Anonymous, 1924

Page 49: Mission Revival

Please Welcome

Julia L. Hogan