motivation in sport

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Motivation in Sport

Author: jenny

Post on 15-Jan-2016




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Motivation in Sport. Motivation -- Overview. One of the more important themes in psychology Widely researched in sport & exercise What factor(s) lead us to engage in the behaviors that we do?. Katie Spotz. Interview w D. Sawyer (iSkysoft). Motivation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Motivation in Sport

  • Motivation -- OverviewOne of the more important themes in psychologyWidely researched in sport & exerciseWhat factor(s) lead us to engage in the behaviors that we do?

  • Katie SpotzInterview w D. Sawyer (iSkysoft)

  • MotivationMotivation -- Purpose for or cause of an action:Energizes behaviors, &Directs that energy toward a goalIt is the Energy for ActionHuman behavior directed by physiological needs and psychological needs/wantsHunger/thirstNeed for connection/contact/sexNeed for stimulation/explorationNeed to improve self, to live up to ones potential

  • Motivation TermsIntrinsic motivationMotivation derived from an internal sourceExtrinsic motivationMotivated by some outside forceMotivation is a function of individual via environment

  • Interactionist model of motivationCombined effect of personal (individual factors) & (environment) situational factorsLewin (1936) B = f(P, E)Example: Bo Eason

  • Optimal Motivational ProfileWhat might an optimal profile look like?Self-disciplineEnjoymentRealistic self-confidenceAttitude toward failure (growth vs. fixed mindset)Goal-directedOther factors?

  • Participatory MotivesSome questions:Why do people start participating?Why do people stop participating or decide to continue?Research is primarily conducted with youth sport

  • Participatory MotivesParents are initial socializing agentsPeers begin to increase in importance around age 10 and continue to increase with age

  • *Participatory MotivesSelf-Determination TheoryDeveloped at U of Rochester (Deci & Ryan)Not sport-specificA broad framework for studying motivationProposes that we have three basic psychological needs: Autonomy, competence, and relationship

    For more, see: Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.American Psychologist, 55, 68-78.

  • You never hearDr., how can I motivate my two-year old to play?!Why not?

  • AutonomyThe urge to be a causal agent in ones own life.Volition, willingness, and choiceInterest and enjoymentActing in concert with deeply held valuesLeads to more creativity and persistence, teamwork, and psychological/physical health(Compare this to controlled motivation, which is the carrot/stick model. Typically, whether coerced or rewarded, the person usually works towards the shortest path to success.)

  • CompetenceSeeking to achieve masteryThe inherent reward of success/masteryWe should structure sports and practices so that competence is gained (at any level). Think about deliberate practice

  • RelatednessWe are SOCIAL animals:

    We have a need to:ConnectInteractExperience caring for and from others