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Learning Stations: follow the directions on each page to complete the station and learn about an aspect of WWI. Station 1: Trench Warfare- What is it? Station 2: In Flanders Field Station 3: Weapons of WWI Station 4: Daily life of a soldier Station 5: Battles of WWI Station 6: Odds and Ends The Great War, 1914- 1918

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Page 1: msbez.weebly.com€¦  · Web viewStation 4: Daily life of a soldier. Station 5: Battles of WWI. ... At the outbreak of WWI, the British and French stopped Germany from advancing

Learning Stations: follow the directions on each page to complete the station and learn about an aspect of WWI.

Station 1: Trench Warfare- What is it?

Station 2: In Flanders Field

Station 3: Weapons of WWI

Station 4: Daily life of a soldier

Station 5: Battles of WWI

Station 6: Odds and Ends

The Great War, 1914-

1918

Page 2: msbez.weebly.com€¦  · Web viewStation 4: Daily life of a soldier. Station 5: Battles of WWI. ... At the outbreak of WWI, the British and French stopped Germany from advancing

Station 1: Trench Warfare- What is it?

1. Have someone read the following out loud: At the outbreak of WWI, the British and French stopped Germany from advancing. The Germans began to dig trenches and the Allies dug their own. Trenches came to symbolize the Western Front of the war and led to a stalemate, with neither side gaining ground.

2. Watch the video and answer the following questions.

What was the purpose of the trenches?

Why did trench warfare become a strategy or tactic used during the Civil War?

How did the trenches during WWI compare to the trenches in the Civil War?

The battle lines moved a lot during WWI.

True or False (circle one)

Overview of the Trenches of WWI

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3. Using the close up image of a trench, label the parts of the trenches.

Communication trenches allow reserves to be brought forward without exposing them to the enemy

If you finish and have time, watch the second video and list words that describe the experience of trench warfare.

Page 4: msbez.weebly.com€¦  · Web viewStation 4: Daily life of a soldier. Station 5: Battles of WWI. ... At the outbreak of WWI, the British and French stopped Germany from advancing

Station 2: In Flanders Field

1. Have a different person from last station read the following:The poppy has become a symbol of remembrance of soldiers who have died in war. This is due to a poem written during WWI. Colonel McCrae wrote it after witnessing a friend killed. Flanders Fields was a common name for the battlefields in Belgium and France where much of the fighting took place and millions died. Poppies grow wild in this area.

2. Listen to the poem and follow along with the words. Answer the questions below.

What do the crosses “row on row” refer to?

What sounds can be heard?

The final stanza encourages us to take up the “torch” or challenge of remembering those who died in the war. Do you think we have done a good job with this challenge? Why or why not?

Continued on next page

Page 5: msbez.weebly.com€¦  · Web viewStation 4: Daily life of a soldier. Station 5: Battles of WWI. ... At the outbreak of WWI, the British and French stopped Germany from advancing

Select a line or image from the poem that stands out to you and create an illustration for it.

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Station 3: Weapons of WWI.

1. Have someone who has not read today read the following:There had not been a war in Europe for a long time before the outbreak of WWI. As a result, at the beginning of the war weapons were primitive. As the war progressed, newer and better weapons appeared and led to modern warfare.

2. Use the reading provided to complete the crossword puzzle.

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Station 4: Daily Life of a Soldier

1. Everyone should take an image from WWI or a quotation to analyze.2. Examine your picture or read your quotation. Write down what you learned about the experience of

soldiers from your source.

3. Take turns sharing what you learned with your group members. Record their observations about life as a soldier during WWI.

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Station 5: Battles of WWI

1. Choose a group member to control the PowerPoint2. Work your way through the PowerPoint, filling in the guided notes below with information.

Schlieffen Plan

• ___________________________ strategy to avoid ___________________________________

• Defeat ___________________________________ first before Russia mobilized

• Austrian Hungary would hold off Russia and then Germany would come help defeat them.

• Germans go through neutral __________________________________ to attack France and this brings ______________________________________ into the war.

• Failed because:

• Germans held up by __________________________________

• Stopped by French & British at the Battle of the Marne.

• _______________________________also mobilized more quickly than expected

Western Front

Battle of the Marne

Who won?

Significance:

Race to the Sea

Significance:

Gallipoli Campaign

What did the Allies want and did they get it?

Define war of attrition:

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Battle of Verdun

Significance:

Battle of the Somme

Significance:

EASTERN FRONT

Battle of Tannenberg

Significance:

Masurian Lakes

Significance:

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Station 6: Odds and Ends

1. Storytime! Choose one of the stories in True Stories of World War I. Have someone read the story and share the images.

2. Use the other two books to find answers to the following questions. What is conscription? (hint: look in the Eyewitness Glossary)

What happened on Christmas 1914? (hint: First World War p. 34, Meeting halfway)

What is shellshock? (hint: Eyewitness p.31)

What group of people was killed in a genocide by the Turks? (genocide: deliberate killing of a group of people) (hint: First World War p. 45, Unholy massacre)

Give two things women did to help the war effort (hint: Eyewitness p. 32 & First World War p.78-79)

If you finish- read another story in True Stories of World War I.