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Page 1: Musical instrument kaye
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any of various devices or

contrivances that can be used to

produce musical tones or


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String Instruments

Woodwind Instruments

Brass Instruments

Percussion Instruments

Keyboard Instruments

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a musical instrument in which taut strings

provide the source of sound.

any musical instrument in which sound is

produced by the vibration of a string across a

soundboard or soundbox Also

called chordophone

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1. Violin

Is the smallest of the stringed instrument in

the symphony of orchestra . It is also the

highest pitched among them.

2. Viola

o Is the slightly larger then the violin

• Has longer ,thicker and heavier strings

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3. Cello

Much larger then violin and viola .

Rested on the floor when played

A large protruding pin at its base holds it firmly

on the floor .

The musicians props it between his knees as he


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Double Bass

The largest and lowest-pitched instrument of the

violin family

Often the foundation of the harmony and rhythm of a


Also called (US) bass viol a stringed instrument, the

largest and lowest member of the violin family.

Range: almost three octaves upwards from E in the

space between the fourth and fifth leger lines below

the bass staff. It is normally bowed in classical music,

but it is very common in a jazz or dance band, where

it is practically always played pizzicato Informal name

bass fiddle.

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A musical instrument, roughly triangular in

shape, consisting of a frame supporting a

graduated series of parallel strings.

An instrument having an upright triangular frame

consisting of a pillar, a curved neck, and a hollow

back containing the sounding board, with usually

46 or 47 strings of graded lengths that are played

by plucking with the fingers.

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A stringed musical instrument with a fretted

fingerboard, typically incurved sides, and usually

six or twelve strings

A musical instrument having a flat-backed

rounded body that narrows in the middle, a long

fretted neck, and usually six strings, played by

strumming or plucking.

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A usually fretted stringed instrument having a

narrow neck and a hollow circular body with a

covering of plastic or stretched skin on which the

bridge rests. The modern American banjo

typically has four strings and often a short fifth

string plucked with the thumb.

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A plucked stringed instrument with a long neck

bearing frets and a rounded body with a flat

front that is shaped like a halved egg.

an ancient plucked stringed instrument,

consisting of a long fingerboard with frets and

gut strings, and a body shaped like a sliced pear.

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A small lute like instrument with a typically pear-

shaped body and a straight fretted neck, having

usually four sets of paired strings tuned in unison

or octaves.

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A small four-stringed guitar popularized in


small guitar of Portuguese origin popularized

in Hawaii in the 1880s and strung typically

with four strings.

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is a trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer often

made of walnut, with seventy two strings. The

special-shaped mallets (mezrab) are lightweight

and are held between the index and middle

fingers. A typical santoor has two sets of bridges,

providing a range of three octaves.

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has numerous strings, some of which are drone,

some are played, and some are

sympathetic. The approach to tuning is

somewhat similar to other stringed

instruments. It is played with a pick made of

coconut shell.

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a musical instrument in which sound is

produced by the movement of an enclosed

column of air, especially the breath, and

excluding keyboard instruments such as the

organ or accordion. Woodwind and brass

instruments are both types of wind


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A high-pitched woodwind instrument consisting

of a slender tube closed at one end with keys and

finger holes on the side and an opening near the

closed end across which the breath is blown.

wind instrument consisting of an open cylindrical

tube of wood or metal having holes in the side

stopped either by the fingers or by pads

controlled by keys. The breath is directed across

a mouth hole cut in the side, causing the air in

the tube to vibrate.

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is a half-size flute, has most of the same

fingerings as its larger sibling, the standard

transverse flute but the sound it produces is an

octave higher

A small flute pitched an octave above a regular


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A woodwind instrument having a straight

cylindrical tube with a flaring bell and a single-

reed mouthpiece, played by means of finger

holes and keys.

a single-reed instrument with a straight tube

a woodwind instrument having a straight,

cylindrical tube with a flaring bell and a single-

reed mouthpiece, played by means of finger

holes and keys. Also an eight-foot organ stop

producing a sound suggestive of a clarinet.

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A woodwind instrument with a slender, tubular

body, played with a double-reed mouthpiece.

a woodwind instrument of the family that

includes the bassoon and cor anglais, consisting

of a conical tube fitted with a mouthpiece having

a double reed. It has a penetrating nasal tone.

A slender woodwind instrument with a conical

bore and a double-reed mouthpiece, having a

range of three octaves and a penetrating,

poignant sound.

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Cor anglais[ˈkɔːr ˈɑːŋgleɪ]

a woodwind instrument, the alto of the oboe

family. It is a transposing instrument in F. Range:

two and a half octaves upwards from E on the

third space of the bass staff Also called English


a double-reed woodwind instrument similar to an

oboe but lower in pitch

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A low-pitched woodwind instrument with a

double reed, having a long wooden body

attached to a U-shaped lateral tube that leads to

the mouthpiece. The range of this instrument is

typically two octaves lower than that of the oboe

woodwind instrument, the tenor of the oboe


A bass instrument of the oboe family with a

double reed.

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Contrabassoon/ˌkäntrəbəˈso͞on/ A bassoon that is larger and longer than the

normal type and sounds an octave lower in pitch.

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A woodwind instrument with a single-reed

mouthpiece and a usually curved conical metal

tube, including soprano, alto, tenor, and baritone


keyed wind instrument of mellow tone colour,

used mainly in jazz and dance music. It is made

in various sizes, has a conical bore, and a single

reed Often shortened tosax

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Instrument consist of cylindrical tube of

varying length .this tube can either doubled

on itself or coiled and expands into a bell-

shaped .

A wind instrument, such as the French horn

or the trombone, made of brass or other

metal. Sound is produced through vibration

of the lips and adjustment of the length of

the sound tube by means of valves or a slide.

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A soprano brass wind instrument consisting of a

long metal tube looped once and ending in a

flared bell, the modern type being equipped with

three valves for producing variations in pitch.

valved brass instrument of brilliant tone

consisting of a narrow tube of cylindrical bore

ending in a flared bell,

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A valved brass wind instrument that produces a

mellow tone from a long narrow tube that is

coiled in a circle before ending in a flaring bell

a valved brass instrument with a funnel-shaped

mouthpiece and a tube of conical bore coiled

into a spiral.

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Trombone’s nine feet of tubing

A brass instrument consisting of a long cylindrical

tube bent upon itself twice, ending in a bell-

shaped mouth, and having a movable U-shaped

slide for producing different pitches.

a low-pitched counterpart of the trumpet,

consisting of a tube the effective length of which

is varied by means of a U-shaped slide The usual

forms of this instrument are the tenor trombone

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A large, valve, brass wind instrument with a bass


It is largest of the brass family and is quite bulky

and unwieldy.

Lie the double bass and contrabassoon it

furnishes the lower tones of the harmony.

Mark the rhythm of the music.

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An instrument in which sound is produced by one

object striking another or by being scraped or


any of various musical instruments that produce

a sound when their resonating surfaces are struck

directly, as with a stick or mallet, or by leverage

action. They may be of definite pitch (as a

kettledrum or xylophone), indefinite pitch (as a

gong or rattle), or a mixture of both (as various


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A large copper or brass hemispherical drum with

a parchment head that can be tuned by adjusting

the tension.


An apparatus for striking a bell or set of bells

to produce a musical sound.

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A percussion instrument with a series of metal

bars tuned to the chromatic scale and played

with two light hammers.


A percussion instrument consisting of a mounted

row of wooden bars graduated in length to sound

a chromatic scale, played with two small


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Vibraphone A percussion instrument similar to a marimba but

having metal bars and rotating disks in the resonators to produce a vibrato.

a percussion instrument, used esp in jazz, consisting of a set of metal bars placed over tubular metal resonators, which are made to vibrate electronically

Bass Drums A large drum having a cylindrical body and two

heads and producing a low, resonant sound.a large drum with two heads; makes a sound of indefinite but very low pitch

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Piano 40Kayce Joy L. Saliendrez

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A composition for one or more instruments,

usually without vocal accompaniment



Smaller group

Woodwind quintet

String quintet

Piano quartet

String trio


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A large group of musicians who play together

on various instruments, usually including

strings, woodwinds, brass instruments, and


large group of musicians, esp one whose

members play a variety of different


symphony orchestra A large orchestra

composed of string, wind, and percussion


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string orchestra an orchestra consisting only

of violins, violas, cellos, and double basses.

chamber orchestra a small orchestra of

about 25 players, used for the authentic

performance of baroque and early classical

music as well as modern music written

specifically for a small orchestra

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a company of people having a common


T is composed of wind and percussion

instrument with only few strings or none at


Musikong Bumbong sets consisting of

western like wind instrument made of

bamboo, some brass instrument and bamboo-

bodied bas drums.

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Woodwind quintet

also sometimes known as a woodwind quintet, is

a group of five wind players (most

commonly flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and basson)

The term also applies to a composition for such a


String quintet

A string quintet is an ensemble of five string

instrument players or a piece written for such a

combination. The most common combinations in

classical music are two violins,

two violas and cello or two violins, viola and two


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Piano quartet

A piano quartet is a musical

ensemble consisting of a piano and three other

instruments, or a piece written for such a group.

In classical music, those other instruments are

usually a string trio, that is a

violin, viola and cello.

String trio

A string trio is a group of three string

instruments or a piece written for such a group.

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The Rondalla is an ensemble of stringed instruments played with the plectrum or pick and generally known as plectrum instruments. Rondalla was originated in the Philippines

Some instruments used for the early rondallawere influenced by the Mozarab musical instruments of the time, including the guitars, flutes and vihuelas. Mandolins, castanets and tambourines were also used and today a full range of instruments can be heard, such as the Mexican vihuela, violins and cellos, marimbas, xylophones, harps, and timbales.

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Cor anglais














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And differentiate


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