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  • Name: __________________________________________ Date: _______________ Quiz name: Review Quiz for Winter 2015 Unit 2

    1. 1. Why—in theory, at least—was disobeying an absolute monarch like disobeying God?

    A Disobeying a king was viewed as a sin.

    B Kings' authority came from God, so disobeying them was disobeying God.

    C Kings claimed to be gods, so should be respected like God.

    2. Catherine the Great ruled

    A Prussia

    B France

    C Austria

    D Russia 3. Which country did Maria Theresa rule?

    A France

    B Russia

    C Austria

    D Prussia 4. Who ruled over Prussia?

    A Louis XIV

    B Charles II

    C Frederick the Great

    D Peter the Great 5. What happened in England to keep English kings from having absolute power?

    A Charles I decided to give up power and lead a religious life.

    B Parliament formed and army and Charles I backed down and signed the English Bill of Rights.

    C

    There was a civil war between the (Protestant) Parliament and the Catholic-friendly king Charles I, who lost and was executed. Later, Charles son James II was also driven from power.

    6. TRUE or FALSE: Louis XIV of France built the palace of Versailles.

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  • A True

    B False

    7. How are absolute monarchs connected to modern states?

    A Absolute monarchs were defeated only when powerful modern states arose and resisted those kings' authority.

    B Absolute monarchs became powerful by creating states with strong central governments and those states are the basis for modern countries.

    C Absolute monarchs wars with each other weakened their own countries and modern states were able to begin to gain power.

    8. How did Isaac Newton’s ideas/discoveries--and those of other scientist--lead to new political ideas?

    A Scientists worked to change society because they saw the Church and Kings as standing in their way.

    B Newton's explanation of the natural world showed that it was rational--it followed basic rules. People wanted society to do the same.

    C Newton saw his laws of nature as proof of 'natural law' and he convinced others to follow those laws rather than laws from kings.

    9. TRUE of FALSE: Enlightenment thinkers viewed the Catholic Church and religion in general in negative terms.

    A True

    B False

    10. Give an example or two of how this view of religion show in the ideas or actions of Enlightenment thinkers.

    11. How were the American and the French Revolutions important to the progress of the Enlightenment?

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    Stephen Hathaway possible answers: pushing for the separation of Church and State (not having an official, state religion) AND/OR, advocating for the right of freedom OF and FROM religion, AND/OR, explanations for the origin of society that did not involve religion. Others are possible beyond these.

  • A

    The American Revolution made rule by kings look weak and people started looking for new ways to organize a government. The French Revolution resulted from this. Both helped win people over to Enlightenment ideas.

    B The American Revolution was successful because it used scientific ideas and showed those ideas made people win wars and become powerful.

    C The American Revolution put Enlightenment ideas into action. The French Revolution is seen as the end of the Enlightenment.

    12. Name some aspects (at least 2) of the U.S. government and society that are based on Enlightenment ideas.

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    Stephen Hathaway Separation of powers into 3 branches, separation of Church and State, granting citizens certain ‘natural’ rights such as freedom of speech and religion, freedom from cruel/unusual punishment. Other examples are possible beyond these.