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  • Pablo Picasso

  • Pablo Picasso

    Created by Jennifer Wylie

  • Table of ContentsPicasso Pretest- p.2Picasso Pretest Answers- p.3Picasso Special Vocabulary- p.4-5Picasso Culture Capsule- p.6-38Picasso Postest- p.39Picasso Postest Answers- p.40Picasso Word Search- p.41-43Picasso Criss-Cross Puzzle- p.44-45Picasso Puzzle Maze- p.46Picasso Painting Match- p.47

    1

  • Picasso PretestPablo Picasso was what type of an artist?

    Pablo Picasso was from what country?

    Pablo Picasso is best known for what painting?

    What artistic phase is Pablo Picasso best known for?

    2

  • Picasso Pretest AnswersPablo Picasso was what type of an artist? Answer: Painter Pablo Picasso was from what country? Answer: Spain

    Pablo Picasso is best known for what painting? Answer: Guernica

    What artistic phase is Pablo Picasso best known for? Answer: Cubism 3

  • Picasso Special VocabularyMlaga- a city located in the south of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea; the birthplace of Picasso.

    Blue Period- works produced by Pablo Picasso between 1900-1904 that were suffused in blue.

    Rose Period- works produced by Pablo Picasso between 1905-1906 that utilized the color palette of pinks and reds.

    Cubism- one of Pablo Picassos painting styles that is expressed by geometric figures or little cubes.

    (in order of appearance) 4

  • Picasso Special VocabularyAnalytical Cubism- a phase of Cubism from 1908-1911 that was concerned with breaking down and analyzing form.

    Synthetic Cubism- a phase of Cubism from 1912-1918 depicted by collages and fragmented shapes.

    Neoclassicism- a period of Picassos work characterized by representations of war.(in order of appearance) 5

  • Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, was born on October 25, 1881 in Mlaga, Spain. The son of Mara Picasso y Lpez and academic Spanish painter, Jos Ruiz Blanco, he began to draw at an early age.

    6

  • Picassos Early Life

    In 1895, the family moved to Barcelona, and Picasso studied there at La Lonja, the academy of fine arts. Picasso never finished his college level course of study at the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, leaving after less than a year.

    7

  • Picassos Blue PeriodBetween 1900 and 1902, Picasso made three trips to Paris, finally settling there in April of 1904.

    Shortly after moving to Paris from Barcelona, Picasso began to produce works that were suffused in blue.

    Picasso shows his evolution toward the Blue Period, because various shades of blue dominated his work for the next few years.

    The Old Guitar Player (1903)

    Le Gourmet (1901) 8

  • Picassos Blue PeriodThe Blue Period work is quite sentimental, but we must keep in mind that Picasso was still in his late teens, away from home for the first time, and living in very poor conditions

    Expressing human misery, the paintings portray beggars and alcoholics. Their somewhat elongated bodies are reminiscent of works by the Spanish artist El Greco.

    The Tragedy (1903)

    Le Repas Frugal (1904) 9

  • Picassos Rose Period

    Shortly after settling in Paris, Picasso met Fernande Olivier, the first of many companions to influence the theme, style, and mood of his work. With this happy relationship, Picasso changed his palette to pinks and reds; the years 1905 and 1906 are thus called the Rose Period.

    Girl with Fan (1905)

    Woman with Loaves (1906) 10

  • Picassos Rose PeriodMany of his subjects were drawn from the circus, and the lives of carnival people were the subjects that commonly appeared in these paintings.

    La famille de saltimbanques (1905)Harlequin Family (1905) 11

  • Picassos ProtocubismIn the summer of 1906, during Picasso's stay in Gosol, Spain, his work entered a new phase, marked by the influence of Greek, Iberian, and African art. In late 1906, Picasso started to paint in a truly revolutionary manner.

    Self-Portrait (1907)

    Self-Portrait with Palette (1906)

    12

  • Picassos Protocubism The key work of this early period, however, is Les demoiselles d'Avignon, so radical in style with its picture surface resembling fractured glass.

    The famous Les demoiselles d'Avignon is often represented as the seminal Cubist work. Although its impact on later Modernism cannot be denied, the truly Proto-Cubist works began to appear later in 1908-09.Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)

    Friendship (1908) 13

  • Picassos ProtocubismInspired by Czanne's flattened depiction of space, and working alongside his friend Georges Braque, he began to express space in strongly geometrical terms. These initial efforts at developing this almost sculptural sense of space in painting were the beginnings of Cubism.

    Bread, Fruit and Table (1908)Reservoir Horta (1909) 14

  • Picassos Cubism

    Inspired by the volumetric treatment of form by the French postimpressionist artist Paul Czanne, Picasso, and the French artist Georges Braque painted landscapes in 1908 in a style later described by a critic as being made of little cubes, thus leading to the term cubism. Some of their paintings are so similar that it is difficult to tell them apart.

    Bather (1909)

    House in a Garden (1908) 15

  • Picassos Analytical Cubism

    Working together between 1908 and 1911, they were concerned with breaking down and analyzing form, and together they developed the first phase of cubism, known as Analytical Cubism. Monochromatic color schemes were favored in their depictions of radically fragmented motifs.Picasso's favorite subjects were musical instruments, still-life objects, and his friends.Woman with a Mandolin (1909)Violin (1910) 16

  • Picassos Analytical CubismThe aim of Analytical Cubism was to produce a conceptual image of an object, as opposed to a perceptual one.

    At its height, Analytical Cubism reached levels of expression that threatened to pass beyond the comprehension of the viewer. Staring into the abyss of abstraction, Picasso blinked and began to start putting the pieces of the object back together.

    The Guitar Player (1910)Wine Glass (1911) 17

  • Picassos Analytical CubismBy 1910, Picasso and Braque had developed Cubism into an entirely new means of pictorial expression where objects were deconstructed into their components. In 1912, pasting paper and a piece of oilcloth to the canvas and combining these with painted areas, Picasso created his first collage. This technique marked a transition to Synthetic Cubism.

    Aficionado (1912)Ambroise Voilard (1910) 18

  • Picassos Synthetic CubismSynthetic Cubism was the second phase of Cubism and occurred from 1912-1918. It was more decorative and color played a major role, although shapes remained fragmented and flat. Picasso was to practice Synthetic Cubism throughout his career, but by no means exclusively.The Bowl of Fruit (1912) Clarinet and Violin (1913) 19

  • Picassos Synthetic CubismGuitar, Sheet Music and Glass includes various collaged papers including a page of sheet music and a newspaper clipping. Incidentally, this clipping includes the headline, "The battle has begun" (in French), which refers to the revolution of representation by introducing objects of the real world into paintings. It truly was a revolution which would change the face of modern art for many years to come. Tavern (1914)Guitar, Sheet Music, and Wine Glass (1912) 20

  • Picassos Synthetic CubismPicasso and Braque continued to introduce new and controversial changes with the introduction of collaged objects into their paintings.

    Some of the finest Synthetic Cubist work, both visually and conceptually, were Picassos collages.

    The Italian Girl (1917)Harlequin with Violin (1918) 21

  • Picassos Realist and Surrealist Works

    During World War I (1914-1918), Picasso went to Rome where he met and married the dancer Olga Koklova. In a realist style, Picasso made several portraits of her around 1917, of their son Paulo, and of numerous friends. In the early 1920s he did tranquil, neoclassical pictures of heavy, sculpturesque figures.Olga Reading (1920)Paulo (1922) 22

  • NeoClassical Period(Between the Wars) The collaboration between Picasso and Braque was ended by the First World War. Soon thereafter, his work was characterized by Neoclassicism and a renewed interest in drawing and figural representation. This Classist mode of representation was said to be Picassos reaction to societys disillusionment and shock from the horrors of the war.Three Musicians (1921) Still Life with Biscuits (1924) 23

  • NeoClassical Period(Between the Wars)In its own way, this period allowed Picasso a way of returning to his own psyche to a state of order and peace. Whatever the reason, this was not a final stage in Picasso's career. He soon continued to produce cubist works again, always finding new ways to express himself with the style.

    Female Bather with Raised Arms (1929)Large Still Life with Pedestal Table (1931) 24

  • Picassos Paintings of the Early 1930sSeveral cubist paintings of the early 1930s, stressing harmonious, curvilinear lines and expressing an underlying eroticism, reflect Picasso's pleasure with his newest love, Marie Thrse Walter, who gave birth to their daughter Maa in 1935. Girl Reading at a Table (1934)Woman with a Book (1932) 25

  • Picassos Paintings of the Early 1930sIn 1935 Picasso made the etching Minotauromachy, a major work combining his minotaur and bullfight themes; in it the disemboweled horse, as well as the bull, prefigure the imagery of Guernica, a mural often called the most important single work of the 20th century.

    26

  • Picassos GuernicaBy 1936, the Spanish Civil War had profoundly affected Picasso, the expression of which culminated in his painting of Guernica.

    Picasso was moved to paint the huge mural shortly after German planes, acting on orders from Spain's authoritarian leader Francisco Franco, bombarded the Basque town of Guernica on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. 27

  • Picassos GuernicaCompleted in less than two months, Guernica was hung in the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris International Exposition of 1937.

    It was later hung in New York's Museum of Modern Art for many years; Picasso stipulated that the painting should not return to Spain until democracy was restored in that country. 28

  • Picassos GuernicaIn 1981 Guernica was returned to Spain and exhibited at the Casn del Buen Retiro. In 1992 the painting became one of the main attractions in Madrid's Reina Sofa Museum when it opened.

    Despite the complexity of its symbolism, and the impossibility of definitive interpretation, Guernica makes an overwhelming impact in its portrayal of the horrors, inhumanity, and brutality of war.

    Mother and Son (1938) Portrait of Maya with a Doll (1938) 29

  • Picasso and Pacifism

    Picasso remained neutral during the Spanish Civil War, World War I, and World War II, refusing to fight for any side or country. Picasso never commented on this but encouraged the idea that it was because he was a pacifist.

    As a Spanish citizen living in France, Picasso was under no compulsion to fight against the invading Germans in either world war. 30

  • Picasso during World War II and AfterPicasso's palette grew somber with the onset of World War II (1939-1945), and death is the subject of numerous works, such as Still Life with Steer's Skull and The Charnel House. He formed a new liaison during the 1940s with the painter Franoise Gilot who bore him two children, Claude and Paloma; they appear in many works that recapitulate his earlier styles.

    Still Life with a Pigeon (1941)Portrait de Francoise (1946) 31

  • Picasso and CommunismPicassos association with the Communist Party began in 1944.

    Party criticism of a portrait of Stalin as insufficiently realistic cooled Picasso's interest in Communist politics, though he remained a loyal member of the Communist Party until his death.

    Enfant avec cheval roulettes (1949)Portrait de Sylvette (1954) 32

  • Picasso After World War IIThe last of Picasso's companions to be portrayed was Jacqueline Roque, whom he met in 1953 and married in 1961. He then spent much of his time in southern France.

    Don Quixote (1955)Man with Pipe (1968) 33

  • Late Works: Recapitulation

    Many of Picasso's later pictures were based on works by great masters of the pastDiego Velazquez and Edouard Manet. In addition to painting, Picasso worked in various media, making hundreds of lithographs in the renowned Paris graphics workshop, Atelier Mourlot. Ceramics also engaged his interest, and in 1947, he produced nearly 2000 pieces.Musketeer (1968)Rembrandtesque Figure and Cupid (1969) 34

  • Late Works: RecapitulationDevoting his full energies to his work, Picasso became more daring, his works more colorful and expressive, and from 1968 through 1971 he produced a torrent of paintings. Self-portrait (1972) Vieil homme assis,Mougins (1970) 35

  • Late Works: Recapitulation

    Throughout Picasso's lifetime, his work was exhibited on countless occasions. Most unusual, however, was the 1971 exhibition at the Louvre, in Paris, honoring him on his 90th birthday; until then, living artists had not been shown there. In 1980 a major retrospective showing of his work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. 36

  • Late Works: Recapitulation

    In his older years, Pablo remained very creative and had a deep passion for his work. His friends urged him to retire when he was 78 but he refused. Pablo was so productive that some of his critics eventually thought that his work was superficial. Nevertheless, he would always be known as one of worlds greatest artists. 37

  • Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso died on April 8, 1973, and was interred at Castle Vauvenargues' park, in Vauvenargues, Bouches-du-Rhne. His final words were, "drink to me".

    38

  • Picasso Post-testWhen did Picassos Blue Period begin and end?

    Which period allowed Picasso to return to his own psyche and to a state of order and peace?

    For which period is Les demoiselles d'Avignon the key work with its radical style of fractured glass?

    Which war in 1936 profoundly affected Picasso and culminated the expression in his painting of Guernica?

    39

  • Picasso Post-test AnswersWhen did Picassos Blue Period begin and end? Answer: 1900-1904

    Which period allowed Picasso to return to his own psyche and to a state of order and peace? Answer: Neoclassical

    For which period is Les demoiselles d'Avignon the key work with its radical style of fractured glass? Answer: Protocubism

    Which war in 1936 profoundly affected Picasso and culminated the expression in his painting of Guernica? Answer: Spanish Civil War

    40

  • Picasso Word Search M W E N Q C Y J Z S L E L R E M Q C Z R S P N D V I R U W M Q O X X S R H I O O I F P Q U B I R R M V W N I I E X S L N B H E A I Z Q B C P A I B A H M E M M X U T K Y B C R O E R I U L W P P R S Q G C N E O C L A S S I C I S M E S Z I B B L H Z P X Z O N N C S A I R Q Y E B U L A U F X H N N P I S V F I U V Z P U I U C K Z N W G G T I L G O Y Z E I Z C J E I X B N R E E X G C D Y N O E P F S J P T O B F D H N P P E A I U N K Y K U M E Y F E M T G M B J Q S S K R O Z R Z F R L R U N C T X Y L O X Q S M H N A R W I A Q Y T R A H S I N A P S O D G G F S O N S V H S R A D J F V M I X A K I J E D A V R T Z S Y H Q Z V V Q L P Y Z O D V H G K D G W C R C D D I A T Q S Q D R B M F Z A E N X O S U X M O F C Y X U Q S W N T L P T C O A N B D W J O X B J V J G M U Q V J N B T I S J O E O W A H F I 41

  • Picasso Word Search WORD LISTANALYTICAL CUBISMBLUE PERIODCUBISMESPANOLMALAGANEOCLASSICISMPABLO PICASSOROSE PERIODSPANISH ARTSYNTHETIC CUBISM 42

  • Picasso Word Search Key M W E N Q C Y J Z S L E L R E M Q C Z R S P N D V I R U W M Q O X X S R H I O O I F P Q U B I R R M V W N I I E X S L N B H E A I Z Q B C P A I B A H M E M M X U T K Y B C R O E R I U L W P P R S Q G C N E O C L A S S I C I S M E S Z I B B L H Z P X Z O N N C S A I R Q Y E B U L A U F X H N N P I S V F I U V Z P U I U C K Z N W G G T I L G O Y Z E I Z C J E I X B N R E E X G C D Y N O E P F S J P T O B F D H N P P E A I U N K Y K U M E Y F E M T G M B J Q S S K R O Z R Z F R L R U N C T X Y L O X Q S M H N A R W I A Q Y T R A H S I N A P S O D G G F S O N S V H S R A D J F V M I X A K I J E D A V R T Z S Y H Q Z V V Q L P Y Z O D V H G K D G W C R C D D I A T Q S Q D R B M F Z A E N X O S U X M O F C Y X U Q S W N T L P T C O A N B D W J O X B J V J G M U Q V J N B T I S J O E O W A H F I 43

  • Picasso Criss-Cross Puzzle 44

  • Picasso Criss-Cross PuzzleAcross 2. The country of Picasso's origin3. A world-reknown artist of the 20th Century 5. Phase dominated by the color blue 6. Period inspired by geometric shapes 7. Phase characterized by the horrors of war Down Carnival people were subjects of this phase 2. Phase of Cubism represented by collages and more color 4. Phase of Cubism represented by fragments and abstraction

    45

  • Picasso's Puzzle Maze STARTFINISH 46

  • Picasso Painting Match___ Three Musicians___ The Old Guitar Player___ Guernica___ Olga Reading

    ___ Bather___ Don QuixoteA.B.C.D.E.F. 47

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