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DESCRIPTIONCONFERENCE VENUE. Organised :. School of Electrical and Information Engineering. Department of Computer Science. 23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS. 24-28 June, 2002. Venue: City West Campus University of South Australia. Organised :. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Organised:School of Electrical and Information EngineeringDepartment of Computer Science CONFERENCE VENUE
23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS Venue: City West CampusUniversity of South Australia24-28 June, 2002Organised:School of Electrical and Information EngineeringDepartment of Computer Science
University AccommodationLincoln College (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/Lincoln/)
St. Mark's College Inc. (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/stmarks)
Adelaide AccommodationAdelaide Paringa Motel (http://www.macbitz.net.au/paringa/)Govt Rate: $AUS80 single and $AUD95 double/twin (including GST)Adelaide Regent Apartments (http://www.AdelaideRegent.com.au/)81-91 Melbourne Street, North Adelaide 4 Days + $AUS67.50 (1br/night)) and $AUD 87.50 (2br/night)
The Grosvenor Vista Hotel (http://www.grosvenorvistahotel.com.au/grosvenor.htm)$AUS95 (Standard)) and $AUD115 (Twin/double) Hilton International Adelaide (http://www.hilton.com/)Hotel Adelaide International (http://www.hoteladelaide.com.au/)Superior Room Rack rate - single, double or twin $AUD199Hyatt Regency Adelaide (http://www.adelaide.hyatt.com/)$AUD250 (1br/night) and $AUD450 (2br/night)
Adelaide AccommodationNovotel Adelaide on Hindley (http://www.accorhotel.com)$AUD192 (1br and 2br per night)Raddison Playford (http://www.radisson.com/adelaide.au)
Saville Park Suites Adelaide (http://www.savillesuites.com.au)$AUD138 pn (2 people) and $AUD182 pn (4 people) Stamford Plaza Adelaide (http://www.stamford.com.au)$AUD 180 (1br only)The Townhouse on Hindley (http://www.barrontownhouse.com.au)
Conference VenueConference VenueThe Conferences will be held on the University campus, which is located in the North Terrace, Adelaide.City West - located at the western end of the North Terrace educational and cultural precinct. Reflecting its location in Adelaide's central business district next to the community arts facilities of the Lion Arts Centre and the Roma Mitchell Arts Centre, the campus houses the University's undergraduate and postgraduate programs and research activities in the disciplines of art, architecture, design, accounting, commerce, economics, finance, business, international business, property, commercial law, administrative management, marketing, management information systems, e-business, management, tourism and hospitality, justice administration and wine marketing, as well as Australian and Indigenous studies. The University's Chancellery, International Relations Office, the Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Library, the University's Art Museum and Learning Connection are also located at City West.
Lecture Theatres and Seminar RoomsConference VenueThe Conferences will be held on the University campus, which is located in the North Terrace, Adelaide.
AdelaideAdelaide City Council website http://www.adelaide.sa.gov.au/City_Council/default.htm The Adelaide City Council has produced seven walking trails which encourage both residents and visitors to explore the wonders of the City. Each of these self-guided walks has its own handy brochure which contains historical and cultural information.The seven walks have been designed to capture some of the great sites and stories of Adelaide. Three historic walks commence in beautiful Wellington Square North Adelaide, with another two embracing the splendour of lower North Adelaide.A separate walk highlights the transformation of the paddocks in the South Park Lands into the manicured and picturesque Veale Gardens of today. Finally a cultural walking trail reveals the stories behind some of the magnificent statues and monuments found along North Terrace and in nearby Park Lands.
Map of the World Adelaide
AdelaideTo Get to AdelaideThere are daily international and interstate flights to an airport complex no more than 15 minutes from the city centre. Daily coach services link Adelaide with regional cities and interstate destinations. Adelaide is the hub on the Australian rail system and is on National Highway One.
Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International Airports The Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International Airports are located just 5 kilometres west of the city centre. Both airports provide a city bus service, public car parking, valet car parking, taxi ranks, car rental, bureau de change and the International Airport also has duty free shopping.
Getting Around in AdelaideBuses from out of town, including the airport bus, will drop you off at the Central Bus Station, 101111 Franklin St, which, compared to bus terminals in other major cities, is very basic. The international airport, 7km southwest from the centre, is small, modern and easy to handle; theres a currency exchange and information booth. The domestic terminal is about half a kilometre southwest. Both are serviced by the airport bus (Transit Regency Coaches depart hourly between 6.20am & 9.20pm and every 30min at busier times; to book a return trip call 08/8381 5311; $6), which will drop you off at most city accommodation on request; its set route stops at Victoria Square and North Terrace, as well as the bus station. A taxi costs around $15 to either the city or the beachside suburb of Glenelg, 11km from the centre. Arriving by train at the Keswick Interstate Terminal, you can also take the airport bus, which stops here en route ($3 to city or airport), or walk to the suburban platform and catch a train into Adelaide Train Station on North Terrace. Taxis to the city from the Interstate Terminal charge about $8.
Getting Around in AdelaidePublic Transport The city of Adelaide and its environs are serviced by a public transport network operated by a variety of operators using a ticketing system called Metroticket. The network includes metropolitan buses, trains, the O-Bahn busway, and a tram line to Glenelg.
Ticket Purchase Metrotickets are valid on and for transfers between all services, Single Trip and Daytrip Metrotickets can be purchased on board buses, trams and some trains (train vending machines are coin operated - no notes). The entire range of Metrotickets is available from bus depots, staffed railway stations, and from many post offices, newsagents, delis and service stations as well as the Passenger Transport Information Centre.
Timetable and Ticket Information The Passenger Transport Information Centre is located on the corner of King William and Currie Streets in the city centre. The centre provides tickets, information and free timetables about public transport services, as well as the sale of Metrotickets and Public Transport Maps. There is also a Passenger Transport InfoLine for telephone enquiries on (08) 8210 1000, operating daily from 7am to 8pm.
Getting Around in AdelaideAdelaide Metro Adelaide Metro is the largest public transport provider of bus, train, tram and O-Bahn services in Adelaide, South Australia. Adelaide Metro invite you to come aboard...and take a journey with them on their Internet site and discover timetable and customer information. Adelaide Metro Internet site. (http://www.adelaidemetro.com.au)
Special Features The Adelaide O'Bahn is the fastest and longest suburban guided busway in the world. Specially adapted buses run at speeds of up to 100km/h along a concrete track from the city centre following the picturesque Linear Park to the north eastern suburbs, stopping along the way at Paradise, Klemzig and Modbury Interchanges. Take the O-Bahn for a day trip to the Tea Tree Plaza Shopping Centre and cinemas.
Getting Around in AdelaideSpecial Features The beautiful wood-panelled Glenelg tram built in 1929 links Victoria Square in the city centre with the seaside resort of Glenelg and is the only survivor from the hey-day when Adelaide had 25 electric trams. The trip to Glenelg takes around 25 minutes.
Adelaide city centre has two free bus services, the BeeLine and the City Loop. Every five minutes during shopping hours, the BeeLine travels the 1km length of King William Street between Victoria Square and the Railway Station and the Casino and North Terrace. The City Loop links the city's major cultural, entertainment, retail, educational centres and Rundle Street restaurants. Both services stop at Victoria Square, near the Central Market.
Adelaide and South Australia has the largest fleet of fully accessible buses in Australia. The low floor buses feature a ramp that extends from beneath the centre doors to allow easier access for people with wheelchairs, pushers, trolleys and small children. Trains are also wheelchair accessible - ask the driver to use the ramp. CityFree buses are fully accessible.
Getting Around in AdelaideTaxis There are taxi ranks at strategic points throughout the city centre, or you can call a cab by ringing any of the major taxi companies:- Yellow Cabs - 13 2227 Suburban - 13 1008
Car Hire Adelaide has all major car rental car companies, as well as a wide selection of smaller, locally based companies, all providing a range of vehicles for hire. Car rental firms require a current driver's license and a deposit or credit card imprint. The minimum age requirement is 25 years of age, however many local companies have a minimum age requirement of 21.
Some local companies include: Thrifty Car Rental (Adelaide Airport) (08) 8234 4554 Avis Australia 1800 225 533 Smart Car (chauffeur driven) (08) 8285 8555
General InformationPlease feel free to visit the Australian Tourist Commission's web site: http://www.southaustralia.com/home.aspAustralian CurrencyThe Australian Dollar ($AUD) is a decimal currency with units in dollars and cents.Notes: Denominations $100, $50, $20, $10, $5 Coins: Denominations $2, $1, 50, 20, 10, 5VoltageThe Australian electricity supply operates on 240 volts AC at 50 Hertz. All 110V require transformers. Most hotels have 110V AC sockets.VisasVisas are required from many countries. Please check with your travel agent. Application can be made via Australian Government representatives in major cities around the world.
General InformationDuty Free Arrival passengers are allowed $400 per adult ($200 per child) of duty free items, plus one litre of alcohol and 250 cigarettes or tobacco equivalent. Group allowances may be combined.BankingBanking hours are usually 9:30am to 4:00pm Monday to Thursday and 9:30am to 5:00pm Friday. A few are open Saturday mornings. Most international banks or their agents can be found in Adelaide. Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) are open 24 hours. Most branches are not open Sundays or Public Holidays.Time ZoneAustralian Central Standard Time is GMT plus 9 1/2 hours.
General InformationCredit/Charge CardsMasterCard, VISA, American Express, ITB, Diners Club and Bankcard are widely accepted.Mobile PhonesAustralia's mobile phone network operates on GSM. Coverage is available in all cities and most regional areas.Tipping & GratuitiesNot required or expected in Australia. This includes taxis. However, if you feel you have been given superior service, a gratuity would be welcome.Goods & Services Tax (GST)A GST of 10% applies across Australia.
Car Rental Rental cars are available across Australia with pick-up points at all domestic and international terminals. You may wish to visit the following major car rental companies. AvisBudgetHertzThrify
South Australia - TourismSouth Australia's population of 1.4 million live mostly along the coast and in the capital city, Adelaide.With its Mediterranean climate, fine food and wines, numerous festivals and events, kilometres of clean, sandy beaches and more sunshine than is decently allowed, South Australia is a great holiday destination.South Australia boasts most of the world's opals. Coober Pedy, the main opal mining town, produces 90 per cent of Australia's opals.
South Australia - TourismAdelaideAdelaide is set on a narrow coastal plain between between the rolling hills of the Mt Lofty Ranges and the blue waters of Gulf St Vincent.Surrounded by parkland, Adelaide combines the vitality of a large modern city with an easygoing Australian lifestyle.The city centre is completely surrounded by parklands, with beautiful flower-beds, playgrounds and sportsfields. There are barbecues with tables and chairs under shady trees.The beautiful formal Botanic Gardens have 16 hectares of Australian and imported plants with lakes where children can feed ducks and swans.
South Australia - TourismWine regionsSouth Australia provides about 65 per cent of the wines and 83 per cent of the brandy made in Australia. Kilometres of vineyards stretch over valleys, plains and hillsides of the southern and eastern regions of the state.The state has six distinct grape growing regions: the Barossa Valley, the Fleurieu Peninsula, the Murray River, the Clare Valley, the Adelaide Hills and the Coonawarra area of the south-east.The vineyards of the Clare Valley are about 130 kilometres north of Adelaide, and produce fine, light table wines.
South Australia - TourismFlinders Ranges The Flinders Ranges are part of a mountain chain which extends almost 800 kilometres from its seaward end at Gulf St Vincent.There is something unique in the contrast of the dry, stony land and the richly lines rock faces - the characteristics of a desert range - with the rich vegetation of the river red gums. In spring, after rain, the display of wildflowers is breathtaking, carpeting the whole region with masses of reds, pinks, yellows, purples and white. The wildflowers, together with the natural beauty of the rock shapes, pools and caves and twisted trees which abound in the Flinders Ranges, make them a favourite haunt of photographers and artists.The best known feature of the Flinders Ranges is the Wilpena Pound, an immense elevated basin covering about 50 square kilometres and encircles by sheer cliffs which are set in a foundation of purple shale and rise through red stone to white-topped peaks. Within the pound are low, rounded hills and folded ridges, grasslands and pine-clad slopes which run down to gums along Wilpena Creek.There is a well organised resort at Wilpena, catering for levels of accommodation from camping to modern motel.
Adelaide Weather Chart :Average temperature (Celcius).
Adelaide is free from sleet and snow, and even during the wettest mid-year winter months, an overcoat and umbrella, is the only protection you will need from the elements. In fact, Adelaide's weather is refreshingly mild with a cool 15 degrees Celsius (59F) average in July, mid winter, and a comfortable 29 degrees C (84F) average over the summer period.
South AustraliaDid You Know That... some of the first European visitors to South Australia were Dutchmen Peter Nuyts and Francois Thijssen in 1627. That Kangaroo Island was settled long before the official proclamation of South Australia by Captain John Hindmarsh. That many students are convinced that Matthew Flinders, after charting the coast of South Australia in 1802, circumcised Australia !!!! Still the Chairman of the Colonization Commission for South Australia, Robert Torrens, said in 1835 that South Australia was washed by the waters of the Pacific. This same Chairman was very much in favour of the establishment of South Australia. Living there he said was far preferable to rambling over the back settlements of America or mixing with Catholics in the bleak unhealthy wilds of Canada or to enduring the depraved society of New South Wales.
South AustraliaTorrens hoped that South Australia would become the great rice and wool growing country of the world and that its climate would make it possible to produce opium for the China trade. Last but not least he predicted that New South Wales would lose its supremacy and probably become a provincial appendage to South Australia. That South Australia was not settled by convicts but that is was a convict, E.G. Wakefield, whose efforts finally led to the birth of South Australia. That The Buffalo, which brought the first Governor and free settlers to South Australia, was later used to transport Canadian convicts to New South Wales and Tasmania. That the first Lutheran College and Seminary in the Southern Hemisphere was opened at Lobethal in the Adelaide Hills in 1845. That South Australia was the first to appoint an Archivist. In 1919 George Henry Pitt was appointed to that position by the South Australian Public Library Board.
Kangaroo IslandCaptain Matthew Flinders, and his hungry crew members, discovered Kangaroo Island on 2 March 1802. They found no inhabitants but were compensated for this by the discovery of what they needed most of all - fresh food! In his journal Flinders recorded, 'the whole ship's company was employed this afternoon in the skinning and cleaning of kangaroos. After four months' privation they stewed half a hundredweight of heads, forequarters and tails down into soup for dinner, on this and the succeeding days, and as much steak given, moreover to both officers and men as they could consume by day and night. In gratitude for so seasonable a supply, I named this south land KANGAROO ISLAND'.
Kangaroo IslandThe human history of the island, which started many thousands of years ago, is rich and colourful. At the same time it is also full of suffering, endurance, privation, success, failure, courage and bravery. Its Aboriginal occupation ended about five thousand years ago and was not renewed until the early 1800's when escaped convicts, from New South Wales and Tasmania, whalers and sealers kidnapped Aboriginal women from the mainland and forced them to live with them on the island.
Map of Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo IslandNo sooner had Flinders left the island or it was visited, circumnavigated and mapped, by the French Captain Nicholas Baudin who named it L'Isle Decres. Kangaroo Island only just escaped being a French colony!! A year later a group of American sealers, under command of Captain Pemberton, arrived aboard the brig Union and established themselves at what is now known as American River. They stayed for four months to build their new ship and kill as many seals, for their skins, as possible. The sailors sawed timber from the local pine trees near Pelican Lagoon and carried out the first ship building enterprise in South Australia. The first official settler at American River was Frank Potts. This boat builder arrived in 1842 but eventually returned to the mainland and established vineyards at Langhorne Creek.
Kangaroo IslandWhen the Americans left in their 35 ton schooner Independence, Kangaroo Island remained a favourite hunting ground for this commodity and between 1806 and 1836 it was not only occupied by whalers and sealers for short periods but also permanently by runaway convicts, ship deserters, farmers and other settlers. They made their living by hunting, fishing, skin and salt trading and even growing some vegetables. A report of 1819 described the islanders as 'complete savages, living in bark huts, clothed in kangaroo skins and smelling like foxes'.A similar report was written by Major Lockyer in 1827. He wrote, 'The lawless manner in which these sealing gangs are ranging about requires some immediate measures to control them. From what I have learnt and witnessed, they are a complete set of pirates going from island to island along the southern coast, making occasional descents on the mainland and carrying off by force females. The great scene of villainy is at Kangaroo Island, where, to use the terms of one of them, a great number of graves are to be seen, and where some desperate characters are, many of them runaways from Sydney and Van Dieman's Land'.
Kangaroo IslandFor many years the island's white beaches were stained with the blood of tens of thousands of whales, seals, kangaroos, wallabies and possums. For a few years there was a whaling station at Point Tinline. Both the seals and kangaroos were almost hunted to extinction. During Captain George Sutherland's short stay on the island in 1819, more than 4500 seals and 1500 kangaroos were killed for their skins or meat. As late as the 1950s seals were killed for shark bait. The Kangaroo Island Emu was wiped out by the 1830s.In his report to the South Australian Company Sutherland wrote, 'This large island containing the finest pastures, with timber suited for ship and house building, will afford secure protection'. It was probably, among the whaling and sealing prospects, a contributory factor in the settlement of the island by the company.
Kangaroo IslandThe RapidWhen Colonel William Light arrived on the brig Rapid in August 1836, Dr John Woodforde recorded in his diary 'There must have been a great mortality among the kangaroos on this Isle since Flinder's time or he must have mistaken the wallaby for them as we have not seen one and the sealers say there are none'.One of the island's most famous and colourful charactors was Henry Wallen, better known as 'The Governor'. He settled near Cygnet River in 1816 and was the first farmer in South Australia to raise a crop. With the arrival of Captain Morgan on the barque Duke of York on 27 July 1836 at Kingscote, Wallen's governorship came to an end. It was replaced by Samuel Stephens, manager of the South Australian Company.Woodforde reported that Wallen had a farm about thirteen kilometres up the river which 'does him great credit as he has several acres of flourishing wheat and most of the English vegetables. He has also two native wives'.
Kangaroo IslandThe South Australian Company had its money printed before arriving on Kangaroo Island. When the Duke of York anchored at Nepean Bay, the Beare family of six where among its migrants. Within hours of arrival, Lucy Beare gave birth to a girl. Sadly she died after only two days. When Lucy had another daughter a year later, the daughter survived but Lucy died. The first settlement at Reeves Point lasted for nearly four years when it was abandoned by the South Australian Company in favour of Adelaide. However Kingscote survived, as did one of the Mulberry trees planted in 1836 in the Company's garden. The first school in South Australia was established on Kangoroo Island by Captain Bromley who lived on the island until 19 May 1839. During this time he instructed some twenty children under a tree until he had built a hut for them. When appointed Protector of Aborigines he moved to the mainland. Among Kangaroo Island's earliest industries, apart from the whaling and sealing, were shipbuilding, salt harvesting, quarrying and the production of eucalyptus oil.
Kangaroo IslandThe first of many shipwrecks, after official occupation of the island, was at Hog Bay Reef where the locally built William sank in 1847. The first lighthouse in South Australia, at Cape Willoughby, started operating in 1852. This was followed in 1858 by one at Cape Borda, 155 metres above sea level and manually operated until 1989. The Lighthouse at Cape Du Couedic was not started until 1909. The materials for the building, and later the goods for the keepers, were supplied from nearby Weirs Cove. At first they were carried 90 metres up the cliffs until 1907 when a flying fox was used. Since the sinking of the William, more than fifty shipwrecks have been recorded around the island. The largest was the 5,800 ton Portland Maru in 1935. It began taking water near Cape Du Couedic before finally sinking at Cape Torrens.
Views of Kangaroo Island
Victor HarbourNamed in 1838 by Governor Gawler after HMS Victor, commanded by Captain Richard Crozier, who surveyed the area in 1837. That same year a whaling station was established on Granite Island, managed by Captain Blenkinsopp. The first ship to load at Victor Harbor was the Goshawk taking on a cargo of whale oil in 1838. Although one of the very first harbours in South Australia, the town did not come into being until 1863 when it was surveyed as a private town by L.J. Hyndman.
Warrawong Earth SancturaryEcotourism at its best! Warrawong is totally unique and offers the ultimate wildlife experience! See endangered animals thriving in their natural habitat as it was 200 years ago with experienced, professional guides. Tours are 90 minutes in duration. Dawn tours take you on a journey into the misty rainforest with honeyeaters and lorikeets trailing along in the canopy. Day tours depart at 2.00 pm on weekends and public holidays to explore special wildlife habitats. Dusk tours departures vary according to sunset times to experience the famous Australian nocturnal wildlife waking up. All walks meander along walking trails, and follow boardwalks around the Platypus lakes. Bookings are essential for all guided tours, just contact Warrawong Earth Sanctuary for costs, times and any other details. (http://www.warrawong.com)
Map of Victor Harbor
Victor HarbourDuring the early days of settlement, Victor Harbour was considered as the site for the colony's capital by several of its influential citizens, including Governor Hindmarsh. As an ex navy man Hindmarsh was anxious that sailors should report any parts of the coastline which might offer protection for ships. In 1838 it was reported that the land was extremely rich, and the site most picturesque, and well calculated for a town. It was bounded by two rivers from seventeen to thirty metres wide, and navigable for boats three to five kilometres. We consider this site the most eligible that we have seen so far in the colony for the first town. However six months later another report stated that the plan for a proposed town was utterly useless and absurd.
Victor HarbourThe first thirty-four settlers arrived with the Rev Ridgeway W. Newland in 1839 and settled at Yelki, near the Bluff. Newland was regarded as a man of good standing and character. Life was very hard for these early pioneers and they had to overcome many problems. They were forced to live in tents for nearly two years before the first houses were built. Land for farming, covered with giant blue gums, was hard to clear. As early as 1840 Lutheran Missionary H. Meyer had established a school for the local Aborigines, to give them some European Education'. He was later transferred to Bethany in the Barossa Valley.
Victor HarbourDuring the early 1840s, Newland cultivated his land with the help of his family and some Aborigines. They ploughed, sowed and reaped and had made enough progress for the Adelaide Observer to conclude that the Aboriginal race was capable of a high degree of civilised life. From its early days the town had close connections with Goolwa and the River Murray. After 1850 river steamers carried wool and wheat up and down the river to Goolwa but could not make it through the river mouth to the sea. Instead goods had to be transported to the nearest sea port which was Victor Harbor.
Victor HarbourPort facilities created employment with many workers needed to load and unload the cargo from ships, trains or bullock wagons. Once there was a small community other services followed rapidly. Soon there were the usual churches, hotel, school, post office and police station. In August 1863 two bridges, one over the Hindmarsh and the other across the Inman River, were opened making it much easier for people to visit the town. During that year several stone houses were built and a year later a telegraph station and large railway sheds to cater for the traffic on the original horse drawn railway. With increasing traffic a new jetty and a breakwater were built but when the town of Morgan was connected by rail to Adelaide in 1880, Victor Harbor ceased to be a port.
Victor HarbourEven so, Victor Harbor continued to grow despite the loss of the river trade. With the hinterland now well established, farmers and graziers came to Victor to buy or sell their goods. When connected by rail to Adelaide the town and harbour became a tourist attraction which has kept on growing to such an extent that today Victor Harbor is one of the major tourist destinations in South Australia.
Getting Around AdelaideAn airport bus runs from the airport to city hotels and hostels - the bus also calls in at the interstate train station. Adelaide has an integrated local transport system that includes metropolitan buses and trains, as well as the tram which operates between the city centre and Glenelg, and the O-Bahn busway which runs on concrete tracks between the city centre and the Tea Tree Plaza shopping centre. The airport is 8km (5mi) west of the city and is serviced by an airport bus. Adelaide is a relatively cyclist-friendly city, with good cycling tracks and bicycle lanes on many city streets.
Getting to AdelaideVirtually all visitors to Australia arrive by air. The main international airports are Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, followed by Perth, Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin and Cairns. There are plenty of connections to Asia, Europe and the USA, but Australia's remoteness makes flights relatively expensive and long. Australia's current international popularity also means that many flights are heavily booked. Make plans well in advance. Departure tax on international flights is US$19. This tax is collected by travel agents and entered on your airline ticket.
Getting to AdelaideInternational flights arrive in Adelaide from all over the world, many of them flying directly to the city. Australia's two airlines fly into Adelaide from every other capital city, although you may have to make a stopover if you're coming from Brisbane or Sydney - Adelaide is a long way from Australia's other capitals, so flying is often the best option.Bus travel is cheaper than flying, but be prepared for a long haul. Services run to all major cities - you can go with one of the major lines and do the quick-but-dull trip, or take a smaller bus and meander around a bit. Buses also run to Alice Springs and to regional centres in South Australia. Interstate trains run from Adelaide to Alice Springs, Perth, Melbourne and Sydney.
Adelaide OrientationAdelaide sits on the eastern shore of Gulf St Vincent, in the far south of South Australia. The streets of Adelaide's central business district follow a grid pattern, which makes it very easy for visitors to find their way around. Victoria Square sits in the centre of the grid, and the main street, King William, runs through it. Although not the geographical centre of town, Rundle Mall is the shopping centre of the city, with the big department stores - Rundle St's eastern end has some of the city centre's best dining and boutique shopping. North Terrace, running parallel to Rundle St, is the city's cultural centre, a grand boulevard lined with a gallery, museum, state library and university. The River Torrens separates the city centre from North Adelaide, and a green belt of parkland surrounds both areas.The Adelaide airport is about 6km (3.7mi) west of the city centre, the interstate train terminal is just south-west of the city centre in the suburb of Keswick, and interstate buses arrive at Central, almost smack in the middle of town. Most hostels are in the south-eastern corner of the city centre; Hindley St in the city has mid-range options, North Terrace has the top-end hotels. Rundle St, Hindley St and North Terrace are the main food centres.
ActivitiesThere are several bushwalking clubs in the Adelaide area which organise weekend walks in the Mt Lofty Ranges. There is good sailing all along the Adelaide shoreline of the Gulf of St Vincent. Beaches close to the city, such as Seacliff, Brighton, Somerton and Glenelg offer excellent swimming, though you have to go a litte further afield for surfing. There's an artificial reef designed for divers off Glenelg beach. You can go ice-skating or skiing year-round at the indoor rink and slope in Thebarton.
AttractionsSouth Australian Museum This museum, which has a huge whale skeleton in the front window, is one of Adelaide's landmarks. Although its primarily a natural history museum, with the usual array of stuffed, glassy-eyed critters, it also has a good collection of Aboriginal artefacts, including an Aboriginal Dreamtime exhibition. You'll find the museum on North Terrace.Other museums nearby include the excellent Migration Museum, which tells the story of groups from over 100 nationalities who've migrated to South Australia, and the University's Museum of Classical Archaeology, which has a fascinating collection of antiquities dating from the third millennium BC.
AttractionsArt Gallery of SA The free Art Gallery, next to the South Australian Museum, contains one of the nation's most comprehensive collections of Australian, Asian and European art. It boasts the largest display of Australian art, including a fine selection of paintings by great colonial and contemporary Australian artists. There's a magnificent collection of South-East Asian ceramics, and a lovely display of decorative arts.The gallery also has the second-largest collection of Rodin sculptures in the world.
AttractionsFestival Centre Looking uncannily like a squared-off version of the Sydney Opera House, the Festival Centre is the home of the Adelaide Festival. Inside, there is a variety of performance spaces and galleries, and there are free rock concerts in the outside amphitheatre on Sundays during summer. One of the most pleasant aspects of the Festival Centre is its riverside setting; people picnic on the grass out the front and paddleboats can be hired nearby.
AttractionsGlenelg The magnificent white, sandy beach here is the most popular in Adelaide, despite the occasional rumour of giant white pointer sharks. There's not much in the way of surf, but the swimming is certainly pleasant. If sand holds no interest for you, head for the shooting games, scary rides and test-your-luck machines of Glenelg's old-style amusement park. Just east of the ferris wheels you find the more modern fun of Magic Mountain, with its waterslides, mini-golf and arcade games.
AttractionsFor the more seriously minded, Glenelg holds a number of relics from Adelaide's early days. The Old Gum Tree marks the spot where the proclamation of South Australia was read in 1836. A replica of the HMS Buffalo, the ship which brought the first settlers, is moored in Glenelg's boat harbour. On board you'll find one of the city's best seafood restaurants, and a museum telling the story of the ship's voyage from England to South Australia. A vintage tram runs from the city centre right to Glenelg beach.
Off the Beaten TrackHahndorf The oldest surviving German settlement in Australia, Hahndorf, 29km (18mi) south-east of Adelaide, is a popular day trip. Settled in 1839 by Lutherans who left Prussia to escape religious persecution, Hahndorf still has an honorary burgermeister (mayor). These days it's a major tourist attraction, with more stuffed koalas than you can shake a eucalyptus leaf at.There are many old German-style buildings in town. The German Arms Hotel dates from 1839 and is one of the best pubs in the Adelaide hills. The Hahndorf Academy was established in 1857 and houses an art gallery, craft shop and museum, with several paintings by Sir Hans Heysen, the famous landscape artist who lived in the town for many years. If you're keen to indulge in a stein or seven, visit the town on Founders Day, held over a weekend in March. Buses run to Hahndorf from Adelaide several times a day.
Off the Beaten TrackMcLaren Vale Although the Barossa Valley is the best-known of South Australia's winery destinations, McLaren Vale is much more accessible from Adelaide. The area is particularly well-suited to red wines, but a trend towards white wine consumption in the tasteful 70s prompted growers to stick in a few of the paler grapes. There are around two dozen wineries with cellar-door sales in the McLaren Vale area and about 50 in the surrounding countryside. The first winery was established here in 1838, and plenty of plonk-sellers still reside in fine old buildings.The McLaren Vale Wine Bushing Festival goes on in late October, with wine tastings and tours, finished off with a grand feast. During the festival a bus runs between the wineries, so you can tipple to your heart's content without worrying about driving. Around three buses a day do the 30km (19mi) trip south to McLaren Vale.
Map of Australia
Australian CultureAustralia is a multicultural society. Until WWII, Australians were predominantly of British and Irish descent, but that has changed dramatically. Large immigrations from Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Turkey followed the war and have been supplemented by more recent influxes of immigrants from Asia. There are also about 230,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. Many Australians speak Italian, Greek, Lebanese, Vietnamese or Turkish as a first language. English-speaking Australians are liable to use a hotchpotch of indigenous slang and shortened words that often makes their speech impenetrable.
Australian CultureAustralia has a rich artistic heritage and a vibrant contemporary art scene. Aboriginal rock carvings and paintings date back at least 30,000 years. European settlers began to produce distinctively Australian art forms towards the end of the 19th century. Australia's mid-20th century artists were world figures (Sidney Nolan, Arthur Boyd, Patrick White) and its modern practitioners have excelled in painting (Brett Whiteley, Fred Williams), literature (Peter Carey, Thomas Keneally), opera (Joan Sutherland), film (Peter Weir, Bruce Beresford, George Miller, Gillian Armstrong), acting (Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman) comedy (Barry Humphries), dance (Graeme Murphy, Paul Mercurio) and popular music (Nick Cave, INXS, Midnight Oil, silverchair). Modern Aboriginal art has undergone a revival in the last decade as Aboriginal artists have explored ways to both preserve their ancient values and share them with a wider community.
Australian CultureSport is the Australian religion and Aussies are worldbeaters in cricket, rugby league, rugby union, swimming and cycling. Other popular sports are basketball, yachting, soccer and Aussie Rules - a unique Australian sport, similar to Gaelic football. The Olympic Games were held in Sydney in 2000, and were declared by IOC head Juan Antonio Samaranch the best Games ever.
Australian EnvironmentAustralia is a vast island continent situated south of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea between the Pacific and Indian oceans. The world's sixth largest country, Australia measures some 4000km (2500mi) east to west and 3200km (2000mi) north to south. Much of the interior of the country is flat, barren and extremely sparsely populated. The bulk of the population lives on the narrow, fertile eastern coastal plain and on the south-eastern coast. The continent-long Great Dividing Range runs north-south down the eastern seaboard, separating the coastal plain from the drier inland areas. The Great Barrier Reef lies between 50-300km (30-185mi) offshore and extends 2000km (1240mi) from the Torres Strait to Gladstone.
Australian EnvironmentAustralia is blessed with a fascinating mix of native flora and fauna. Its distinctive plants include the ubiquitous gum tree or eucalypt, of which there are some 700 species. Other common plants are wattle, banksia, waratahs, bottlebrushes, paperbarks and tea trees. Endemic animals include the iconic kangaroo, koala and emu, and the platypus, echidna, possum, wombat and dingo. There are also a number of interesting birds, such as parrots, cockatoos and kookaburras. Fauna to be wary of include Australian spiders (especially the redback and funnel-web), snakes (notably the venomous brown, tiger, death adder, copperhead and red-bellied black varieties) and both salt and freshwater crocodiles. There are more than 500 national parks, incorporating rainforests, deserts, mountain ranges and coastal dunes.
Australian EnvironmentAustralian seasons are the antithesis of those in Europe and North America: summer starts in December, autumn in March, winter in June and spring in September. Seasonal variations are not extreme and it's rare for temperatures to drop below zero on the mainland except in the mountains. As you head north, the seasonal variations become even less distinct. Darwin, in the far north, is in the monsoon belt, where there are just two seasons: hot and wet, and hot and dry.The southern states are popular during the summer months, but the best time to visit is probably the shoulder seasons of spring or autumn when the weather in the south is mild, Queensland is still warm, the humidity is not too draining in the north and there are less flies in the bush. Spring in the outback can be spectacular if rains encourage wildflowers.
Facts for TravellersVisas: Every nationality except New Zealanders need visas. Tourists visas are generally valid for six months and cost US$22. Visas for less than three months are free. Health risks: Sunburn, spider bites, snake bites Time: There are three time zones: Eastern Standard Time is UTC plus 10 hours; Central Time is UTC plus 9.5 hours; and Western Time UTC plus eight hours. Electricity: 220-240V Weights & measures: metric
Money & CostsCurrency: Australian dollar Relative Costs: Meals Budget: US$3-5 Mid-range: US$5-15 Top-end: US$15 and upwards Lodging Budget: US$6-15 Mid-range: US$15-60 Top-end: US$60 and upwards If you're coming from Europe or the USA, Australia is going to look pretty cheap. Food, in particular, is great value. Accommodation is also reasonably priced, and if you're staying in hostels or on-site caravans or camping, and mostly making your own meals you could conceivably get by on about US$18 a day. Travel will be your biggest expense - distances are long, so if you're moving around a bit, eating out once or twice a day and staying in low-end hotels, budget around US$50 a day. If you're only coming for a couple of weeks and plan to take a few internal flights, you'll be looking at more like US$100 a day.
Money & CostsYou'll have no problems changing foreign currencies or cash at almost any bank or exchange agent. Travellers cheques generally get a better rate than cash. Credit cards are widely accepted (and pretty much compulsory if you're going to rent a car), and ATMs all over the country accept credit and Cirrus cards.Tipping is getting a foothold in Australia, particularly in cafes and restaurants in the bigger cities - 10-15% is the usual. However, you won't be looked down upon if you don't tip. Taxi drivers are always grateful if you leave the change.
Belair National Park If you're interested in early South Australian History, why not visit Old Government House, the summer residence of our states early Governor's. This living piece of history, with it's magnificent gardens, is open between 12:30 pm and 4:00 pm on Sundays and Public Holidays. A small entrance fee is charged. Special bookings can be made for weddings, school group and bus tours. Fancy a game of tennis, cricket or football? We've got a ground to suit and 54 courts available in a variety of natural settings. Belair has always been Adelaide's favourite bushland playground so bring the family soon and enjoy getting back to nature.
Belair National Park Belair National Park is open every day from 8:00 am and closes just before sunset. There is an admission fee per vehicle of $6.00 (price includes GST) and there are not too many places where you can experience so much for such a small cost. For further information and enquiries please call: The Information Officer on (08) 8278 5477. For bookings please contact the booking office on (08) 8278 8279.
Belair National Park
Cleland Wildlife ParkCleland Wildlife Park is nestled in the beautiful natural bushland of the Adelaide Hills, only 25 minutes drive from the Adelaide city centre.Cleland is about getting close to nature and enjoying the opportunity to interact with Australian animals such as Kangaroos, Koalas and emus and see favourites like the wombats, dingos and many reptile species. The park also has a variety of rare and endangered species such as the Yellow-footed Rock Wallaby, Southern Stone Curlew and Brush-tailed Bettong.
Cleland Wildlife ParkWhile at Cleland, why not join an Aboriginal guide on a Cultural Tour of the Yurridla Aboriginal Trail, bringing to life Dreaming stories of dingoes, emus, koalas and Yurrabilla, the creation ancestor, or even a nightwalk, uncovering the secrets of the bush (bookings are essential for both tours). You can pack a picnic, have a BBQ, or enjoy the view of the Rainbow Lorikeets feeding as you dine in the Cleland Caf. Opening times are from 9.30 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. daily, no admission after 4.30 p.m. We are open 7 days per week but do close on Christmas day.
Contact UsVisit Us: at Summit Road, Mt Lofty, in the Adelaide Hills Region of South Australia (Via the South Eastern Freeway, take the Crafers exit or Via Greenhill)Snail Mail Us:PO Box 245, STIRLING, South Australia 5152 Phone Us: 61(0)8 8339 2444 On the web: www.cleland.sa.gov.au
Southern Right Wales
The Head of Bight was visited in 1998 by over 100 southern right whales. The whales are usually present from late May to early October and can be viewed from the spectacular cliffs. Victor Harbor is also a favoured spot for the whales and is usually visited by several whales each season.
The Whale TrailThe southern right whale trail is a trail of interactive signs dotted around the South Australian coast. Each sign has a different theme and features a "rubbing panel". By placing a piece of paper over the panel and rubbing with a soft pencil you can collect an image. There are ten to collect at the locations shown on the map.
ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDENIs a beautiful heritage garden with many fine trees and historic buildings located at the eastern end of North Terrace, within easy walking distance of the Adelaide City centre. Restored C19 Palm House - thought to be the only one of its kind in the world.
ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDEN Formal rose garden. Australian native plants and the Australian Forest Wisteria arbors Restaurant and Kiosk open every day Free guided walks with the Garden Guides leave from under the Plane trees outside the Restaurant at 10.30am.Tropical rainforest in the world renowned Bicentennial Conservatory.
Jam FactoryJamFactory Contemporary Craft and Design is Australia's unique, integrated organisation for the design, production, exhibition and sale of work by both leading and emerging Australian designer / makers. In 1998 it celebrated 25 years of successful operation.A career development and professional training organisation, the accomplishments of JamFactory's artists and designers have gained an international reputation for quality and creativity. The emphasis is on fostering the best in South Australian craft and design.
Festival TheatreThe Centre comprise four theatre venues - the Festival Theatre, The Playhouse, The Space and the Amphitheatre - and we also manage Her Majesty's Theatre, a heritage-listed building in the centre of the city. We present about half of all the performances in these venues with the rest being presented by other arts organisations, private promoters and community groups who hire the theatres. The Festival Theatre is the largest proscenium arch theatre in Adelaide, seating close to 2000 people. It was designed as both a lyric theatre and concert hall, and is used not only for theatrical productions and large concerts, but also for graduation ceremonies, seminars and many other functions. Its huge backstage area makes the stage area one of the largest in the southern hemisphere and a hot favourite of companies with large sets.
Central MarketCentral Market, buzzing with sounds, colours and wonderous smells is truly the destination for foodies.Offering not only fresh fruit and vegetables, most of which are grown within 1 hours drive of the Market, you will also find one of the largest ranges of meat and fish along with gourmet specialities introduced by the waves of immigrants and their families who call Adelaide home. Every stall has its own special story making your visit to the Adelaide Central Market a fantastic journey.It's more than a market, it's unique to South Australia!Contact Details For more information on the Market and its activities, please contact the City of Adelaide Customer Centre. Phone: (+61) 8 8203 7203. After Customer Centre Hours (8.30am to 5.30pm, Monday to Friday), please contact the Adelaide Central Market on (+61) 8 8203 7494. Email: [email protected]
Adelaide City WalkEnjoy Adelaide on foot with this 3 hour city walk - follow the route indicated via Rundle Mall and North Terrace starting at:HOLY TRINITY CHURCH - The State's oldest church, features a fully restored clock. JAM FACTORY CRAFT & DESIGN CENTRE - Superb South Australian design and manufacture: jewellery, furniture, ceramics and glass on exhibition and for sale. ADELLA GALLERY - Authentic aboriginal art and craft. TATTERSALLS HOTEL Est. 1882 - Kelly's Heritage Bar-with original period decor. THE BEEHIVE CORNER - Adelaide's historic retail and social icon, now under-going restoration until September '98. RENAISSANCE TOWER. RUTHVEN MANSIONS - Adelaide's oldest apartment block, built in 1911. SCOTS CHURCH - Built in 1850. TANDANYA - Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Museum and Gallery. AYERS HOUSE - A stately house open to the public, formerly the home of Sir Henry & Lady Ayers (State Premier for 7 terms) BOTANIC GARDENS.
Adelaide City Walk
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. ADELAIDE UNIVERSITY. ART GALLERY OF S.A. S.A. MUSEUM. STATE LIBRARY OF S.A. MIGRATION MUSEUM. NATIONAL WAR MEMORIAL. Erected in 1931. GOVERNMENT HOUSE. The oldest part dates back to 1839. FESTIVAL CENTRE. PARLIAMENT HOUSE - The first part, the western portion opened in 1889. The remainder was completed in 1939. OLD PARLIAMENT HOUSE - South Australia's original Parliament House. ADELAIDE CASINO - in the Adelaide Railway Building built in 1928.
23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS
24-28 June, 2002
Conference Website: http://www.unisa.edu.au/eie/csec/pn2002
Call for Papers:http://www.daimi.au.dk/PetriNets/meetings/pn2002/
Email: [email protected]
Look forward to seeing you Adelaide in 2002Organised:School of Electrical and Information EngineeringDepartment of Computer Science