parenthetical citations

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Parenthetical Citations. in disgustingly gross detail. Reminder:. We use parenthetical citations to give credit to the people’s thoughts we use. We give credit for: direct quotes paraphrasing summarizing. What’s a Direct Quote?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Parenthetical Ciitations

Parenthetical Citationsin disgustingly gross detail.1Reminder:We use parenthetical citations to give credit to the peoples thoughts we use.We give credit for:direct quotesparaphrasingsummarizing2Whats a Direct Quote?A direct quote happens when you write down EXACTLY what another person or author wrote, not just when you are conducting an interview. ExampleExample: Green chile is part of my soul, (McNamer, interview) said a former New Mexican resident.

What does paraphrasing mean? Basically, paraphrasing is when you explain what your source said in your own words. You still have to give them credit!

ExampleExample: Rule number 76 means you should never take advantage of excuses (East Hollywood High School Manbear Code).Notice how this gives you the same information that is in our citizenship posters, but a few words are changed.How is a summary different?Paraphrasing is used for smaller concepts. When you summarize, you take a big idea and explain it in less complex terms.Example The St. Louis Rams destroyed the Arizona Cardinals winning streak (St. Louis Rams hand Arizona Cardinals their first loss).Notice how we left out details about the football game but still gave our source CREDIT.The general, garden variety citation (from a book):We see Scout admit that she lies to her father when she says, I said I could like it very much, which was a lie, but one must lie under certain circumstances (Lee 128).

9Two things to note:We see Scout admit that she lies to her father when she says, I said I could like it very much, which was a lie, but one must lie under certain circumstances (Lee 128).The authors name and page number appear without a p or commawe know the number is a pagewe dont need a comma, eitherPunctuation appears outside the quotationthere are certain circumstances that require punctuation inside the quotation10Certain circumstances:When the quotation has pertinent punctuation in it that change the meaning if omittedThe older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79). But notice, there is still a closing punctuation mark after the citation11Speaking of HemingwayYou might have noticed that the citation didnt have an author in it!The older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79).Thats because I already gave the author credit!Do you see it?12Trickery:Citing the author this way (in the sentence itself) accomplishes two things:It cites the author (duh).It varies your sentence structure automatically for you!this = good writing

13What about those pesky internet sources?Cite the author, forget the page numberno pages in cyberspaceNo author? Should you really use the site?if no one takes credit for it, is it a credible site?If you must, cite the website

14Internet Example (Preferable)If you MUST use one without an author, use the article title:There is no truth to the rumor that al-Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country (Coca-Cola No Al Queda).15Internet example (no title?):There is no truth to the rumor that al-Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country (snopes.com).Note: I did not give the complete URL, only a snippet. The complete URL goes in your works cited page.Also note that the good folks at snopes.com DO take credit for their workTheir names are Barbara and David Mickelson and they do a nice job fact-checking16But again,Try to use as few unaccredited web pages as humanly possible.Source validity is a huge concern when the source takes no credit for their work.

17Side note:When we do literary analyses, like when we talk about StargirlDo remember that characters dont talk,authors do!

18What? Interview sources?Cite the last name of the interviewee.Then that it was an interview.

19Interview example:As junior students, we were told that this paper is dummy proof and its impossible to do wrong if you try (Lesh interview).Note the same rules apply:no commapunctuation outside of the parentheses20RememberParenthetical citations are just the beginning. Your complete citations should be listed on your Works Cited page or Bibliography. Finally If you can out-perform the student on the next slide by creating a song that helps us memorize an aspect of MLA citations either on your own or in a group I will give you 5 points of extra credit. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfambCy5YDE&feature=relatedWorks CitedBlackcatcia. "MLA Citation Memorization Song."YouTube. YouTube, 28 Mar. 2011. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. ."Game Center."NFL : Arizona Cardinals at St. Louis Rams. Nfl.com, 06 Oct. 2012. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. .Lesh, Benjamin. "Parenthetical Citations."Parenthetical Citations. Www.slideshare.net, 07 Oct. 2007. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. http://www.slideshare.net/leshb/parenthetical-citations-127716>.McNamer, Anna M. "Interview." Personal interview. 07 Oct. 2012.