peace corps congressional budget justification cbj 2011

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  • 8/7/2019 Peace Corps Congressional Budget Justification cbj 2011

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    Wfocf CbrpsCbjdrfssabjo` Kuidft Nustacotabj | Hasco` Qfor ;7??

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    WFOCF CB

    CBJD[FSSABJO@ KVIDFY NVSYAHACOYABJ HASCO@ QFO[

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    Y L A S W O D F T O S A J Y F J Y A B J O @ @ Q @ F H Y K @ O J E

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    C B J Y F J Y S

    @fttfr hrbm tlf Iarfctbr

    Fxfcutavf Summory va

    Kuidft Ajhbrmotabj ?

    Wfocf Cbrps Bpfrotabjo` Orfos 1

    Iarfct Xb`ujtffr Bpfrotabjs ??

    Xb`ujtffr Bpfrotabjs Suppbrt Sfrvacfs ;?

    Oppfjiacfs ;6

    O. Xb`ujtffr Stotastacs ;4

    K. Lbmfs Stotfs bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs ;

    A om p`fosfi tb sukmat tlf Wfocf Cbrps HQ ;7?? kuidft rfqufst bh $998.?6 ma``abj. Aj HQ ;7??, strotfdac oji cbst

    ffctavf drbwtl wa`` rfmoaj o tbp odfjcy prabraty. Ylfsf hujis wa`` kf usfi tb cbjtajuf tb ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr

    bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs aj o mojjfr tlot p`ocfs Xb`ujtffrs sohf`y oji watl sufficafjt troajajd oji suppbrt tb

    mfft tlf ifvf`bpmfjt oams bh Wfocf Cbrps lbst cbujtrafs.

    Aj ;7?? wf more bur 67tlyfor. Wrfsaifjt Efjjfiy fstok`aslfi tlf Wfocf Cbrps tb clo``fjdf Omfracojs tb sfrvf

    tlfar cbujtry aj tlf cousf bh pfocf ky avajd oji wbreajd aj ifvf`bpajd cbujtrafs. Ylf Wfocf Cbrps as o samp`f kut

    mbjumfjto` aifo tlot cbjtajufs tb copturf tlf amodajotabj bh Omfracojs. Sajcf ?18?, jfor`y ;77,777 Xb`ujtffrs

    lovf sfrvfi aj ?31 cbujtrafs.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps los kfcbmf oj fjiurajd symkb` bh bur jotabjs cbmmatmfjt tb puk`ac sfrvacf, ajjbvotabj,

    oji cbmpossabj ot tlf drossrbbts fvf` aj tlf ifvf`bpajd wbr`i.

    O`tlbudl tlf odfjcys massabj tb prbmbtf wbr`i pfocf oji hrafjislap los jbt clojdfi, Wfocf Cbrps d`bko`

    prfsfjcf oji prbdrommajd orfos lovf fvb`vfi tb mfft tlf clojdajd jffis bh bur lbst cbujtrafs. A strbjd`y kf`afvf

    Wfocf Cbrps prabratafs slbu`i rffct currfjt d`bko` rfo`atafs oji tlf ifvf`bpmfjto` prabratafs bh tlf cbujtrafs aj

    wlacl Xb`ujtffrs wbre. Aj HQ ;7??, Wfocf Cbrps drbwtl wa`` hbcus bj sfctbrs sucl os hbbi sfcuraty, fiucotabj

    ajc`uiajd tfoclajd Fjd`asl os o hbrfadj `ojduodf, lfo`tl oji LAX/OAIS, oji rfjfwok`f fjfrdy.

    Oiiatabjo``y, tlf odfjcy wa`` sffe tb crfotf jfw woys tb lorjfss tlf tfcljb`bdaco` sea``s oji crfotavaty bh bur

    Xb`ujtffrs tb fjlojcf Wfocf Cbrps ampoct oji prbnfct sustoajoka`aty. Ylf odfjcys Bfficf bh Ajjbvotabj wa`` moj-

    odf o kbttbm-up prbcfss oji clo``fjdf sto tb wbre bj tlf assufs tlot wa`` prbmbtf clojdf oji suppbrt drbwtl.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` o`sb fjcburodf tlf slorajd bh aifos oji kfst proctacfs hrbm tlf f`i tlot madlt kf `bw-tfcl

    kut ladl-ampoct oji drffj.

    A rfcbdjazf tlf cbjsaifrok`f clo``fjdfs tlot ybu oji ybur cbjdrfssabjo cb``fodufs cbjhrbjt aj iftfrmajajd

    tlf hfifro` kuidft hbr HQ ;7??. Ylfsf orf iafficu`t tamfs aj mojy woys, yft tlfy orf o`sb tamfs tlot prfsfjt jfw

    bppbrtujatafs tb sfrvf bur cbujtry. Wfocf Cbrps massabj as rf`fvojt oji rfprfsfjts tlf kfst Omfraco los tb bfr

    bur cbmmatmfjt tb sfrvacf, dfjfrbsaty, oji bpfjjfss tb jfw aifos.

    A fjvasabj o Wfocf Cbrps tlot rfmoajs vakrojt hbr ojbtlfr 67 yfors5 bjf tlot drbws, oiopts, oji cbjtajufs tb

    corry tlf tbrcl bh Wrfsaifjt Efjjfiys irfom oji rfspbjis tb Wrfsaifjt Bkomos co`` tb sfrvacf. A tloje ybu hbr

    ybur cbjsaifrotabj oji `bbe hbrwori tb wbreajd watl ybu bj ajcrfosajd bppbrtujatafs hbr Omfracojs tb fjdodf aj

    mfojajdhu` puk`ac sfrvacf bppbrtujatafs okrboi tlrbudl tlf Wfocf Cbrps.

    Sajcfrf`y,

    Oorbj S. Ta``aom

    Iarfctbr

    YLF IA[FCYB[ BH YLF WFOCF CB[WS

    TOSLAJDYBJ, IC

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B Jva

    Cbjdrfssabjo` Kuidft Nustacotabj |Hasco` Qfor ;7??

    F\FCVYAXF SVMMO[Q

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps prbvaifs proctaco` ossastojcf tb ifvf`bpajd cbujtrafs ky slorajd Omfracos mbst prfcabus

    rfsburcfats pfbp`f. Ylf c`bsf ajtfroctabj kftwffj Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs oji `bco` lbst cbmmujatafs los

    o``bwfi tlf Wfocf Cbrps tb fstok`asl oj oimarok`f rfcbri bh sfrvacf tlot as rfcbdjazfi orbuji tlf wbr`i. Hbr jfor`y

    67 yfors, Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs lovf lf`pfi kua`i tlf potl tb prbdrfss tlrbudl cbbpfrotabj watl pfbp`f wlb

    wojt o kfttfr `ahf hbr tlfmsf vfs, tlfar cla`irfj, oji tlfar cbmmujatafs.

    Xb`ujtffrs `avf oji wbre aj btlfr cu`turfs, moef o sadjacojt ampoct bj `bco` cbmmujatafs ot tlf drossrbbts

    `fvf`, oji ifvf`bp ajvo`uok`f `foifrslap sea``s. Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs rfturj hrbm sfrvacf os d`bko` catazfjs.

    Jfor`y ;77,777 Omfracojs lovf sfrvfi aj ?31 cbujtrafs sajcf tlf odfjcys fstok`aslmfjt.

    Tla f tamfs lovf clojdfi sajcf tlf Wfocf Cbrps hbujiajd aj ?18?, tlf odfjcys massabjtb prbmbtf wbr i pfocf

    oji hrafjislaplos jbt. Ylf tlrff cbrf dbo`s bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps orf os rf`fvojt tbioy os tlfy wfrf 91 yfors odb>

    ?. Yb lf`p tlf pfbp`f bh ajtfrfstfi cbujtrafs aj mfftajd tlfar jffi hbr troajfi mfj oji wbmfj.

    ;. Yb lf`p prbmbtf o kfttfr ujifrstojiajd bh Omfracojs bj tlf port bh tlf pfbp`fs sfrvfi.

    3. Yb lf`p prbmbtf o kfttfr ujifrstojiajd bh btlfr pfbp`fs bj tlf port bh Omfracojs.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps HQ ;7?? kuidft rfqufst bh $998.?6 ma``abj rfprfsfjts tlf sfcbji yfor bh Wrfsaifjt Bkomos

    ajataotavf tb sadjacojt`y ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs sfrvajd orbuji tlf wbr`i. Ylfsf oiia-

    tabjo` hujis wa`` kf usfi tb cbjtajuf tb ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs aj o mojjfr tlot p`ocfs

    Xb`ujtffrs strotfdaco``y, sohf`y, oji watl sufficafjt troajajd oji suppbrt. Ylf HQ ;7?? kuidft rfqufst hbr tlf

    Wfocf Cbrps wa`` suppbrt drbwtl ajataotavfs tlot kfdoj aj tlf prfvabus sco` yfor, wlacl wa`` fjok`f tlf fjtry bh

    tlf Wfocf Cbrps ajtb opprbxamotf`y tlrff jfw cbujtrafs aj brifr tb lovf 1,977 Omfracojs sfrvajd aj tlf Wfocf

    Cbrps ky ;7?; oji ??,777 ky ;7?8.Ylf Wfocf Cbrps HQ ;7?7 opprbpraotabj wos oj ujprfcfifjtfi fxprfssabj bh suppbrt oji cbjifjcf ky Cbj-

    drfss. Tatl ajcrfosfi rfsburcfs, oji o ifsarf tb drbw, tlf Wfocf Cbrps must kf ok`f tb ortacu`otf oji cbmmujacotf

    sbuji p`ojs. O cbmprflfjsavf odfjcy-waif ossfssmfjt as currfjt`y ujifrwoy. Ylas ossfssmfjt wa`` prbvaif crataco`

    ajhbrmotabj oji duaiojcf tb pbsatabj tlf odfjcy hbr strotfdac drbwtl. Ylf dbo` bh tlf ossfssmfjt tfom as tb fjsurf

    tlot tlf odfjcy as bj o potl hbr quo`aty fxpojsabj tlot as mfosurfi oji sustoajok`f. Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` sukmat

    tlf jiajds bh tlf cbmprflfjsavf ossfssmfjt oji o strotfdy hbr rfhbrmajd odfjcy bpfrotabjs tb Cbjdrfss aj Nujf

    ;7?7. Ylf rfsu`ts bh tlf ossfssmfjt wa`` sfrvf os o duaif hbr odfjcy prbdrommajd oji ajhrostructurf ajvfstmfjt

    aj HQ ;7?? oji huturf sco` yfors.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps HQ ;7?? kuidft rfqufst wa`` suppbrt efy ajataotavfs, ajc`uiajd>

    _uo`aty Xb`ujtffr DrbwtlYlfrf orf twb woys tlf Wfocf Cbrps coj drbw. Bjf as ky oiiajd Xb`ujtffrs tb prbdroms aj fxastajd lbst cbujtrafs

    oji tlf btlfr as tb fxpoji tlf jumkfr bh lbst cbujtrafs wlfrf Xb`ujtffrs sfrvf.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr bh Xb`ujtffrs oji troajffs tb

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Aj HQ ;7??, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` sadjacojt`y ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr bh Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf Xb`ujtffrs

    (WC[X), jfor`y trap`ajd tlf jumkfr bh WC[Xs tlot sfrvfi aj rfcfjt kuidft yfors. Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf los kffj

    o succfsshu` prbdrom hbr tlf odfjcy oji bjf tlot hfoturfs prbmajfjt`y aj drbwtl p`ojs. Os tlf odfjcy sffes tb

    strotfdaco``y drbw ats prfsfjcf orbuji tlf wbr`i, tlf Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf prbdrom prbvaifs tlf odfjcy watl

    mu`tap`f kfjfts. Hbr ajstojcf, Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf los kffj uta`azfi succfsshu``y os o coto`yst hbr jfw cbuj-

    try fjtrafs oji o``bws tlf odfjcy tb jamk`y rfspbji tb rf`afh fbrts orbuji tlf wbr`i watl troajfi Xb`ujtffrs.Hb``bwajd tlf trodac fortlquoef aj Loata, tlf Wfocf Cbrps los kffj wbreajd watl tlf Loataoj dbvfrjmfjt oji

    V.S. odfjcafs tb iftfrmajf lbw tlf Wfocf Cbrps coj kfst ossast aj bjdbajd rf`afh fbrts. Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf

    wa`` p`oy o prbmajfjt rb`f aj tlf odfjcys pfjiajd rffjtry ajtb Loata. Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf Xb`ujtffrs, mojy bh

    wlbm lovf Loataoj Crfb f `ojduodf sea``s, orf currfjt`y owoatajd ifporturf hbr Loata wlfrf tlfy wa`` suppbrt tlf

    jotabjo` rfcbvfry oji rfcbjstructabj fbrts.

    Aj HQ ;7??, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` cbjtajuf tb sffe tb ajcrfosf strotfdac portjfrslaps watl bco` jbj-dbvfrjmfjto`

    brdojazotabjs (JDB) oji cbmmujaty-kosfi brdojazotabjs (CKB). Ylf odfjcy wa`` fjsurf tlot sucl portjfrslaps

    rfmoaj cbjsastfjt watl tlf Wfocf Cbrps drossrbbts cbmmujaty-kosfi opprbocl tb ifvf`bpmfjt oji ats stotutbry

    outlbraty os oj ajifpfjifjt V.S. dbvfrjmfjt odfjcy. Ylrbudl tlfsf fbrts tb fxp`brf ajjbvotavf, strotfdac portjfr-

    slaps tlf odfjcy wa`` fxpoji ats dfbdroplac rfocl oji fjlojcf tlf ifvf`bpmfjt ampoct bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs.

    Strotfdac Xb`ujtffr [fcruatmfjt, Sf`fctabj, oji W`ocfmfjtXb`ujtffr opp`acotabjs ajcrfosfi ky ?< pfrcfjt aj HQ ;771, watl bvfr ?6,777 Omfracojs opp`yajd tb tlf Wfocf

    Cbrps. Ylf odfjcy ojtacapotfs o cbjtajuajd ajcrfosf aj tlf `fvf` bh ajtfrfst aj Wfocf Cbrps sfrvacf. Yb rfocl tor-

    dftfi drbwtl jumkfrs oji tb fjsurf tlot tlf odfjcy cbjtajufs tb aifjtahy tlf kfst pbssak`f cojiaiotfs tb rfprfsfjt

    tlf Vjatfi Stotfs okrboi, tlf Wfocf Cbrps as fjdodajd aj oj ajtfjsafi strotfdac rfcruatmfjt compoadj. Aj HQ

    ;7??, tlf odfjcy wa`` uta`azf jfw oji ajjbvotavf rfcruatmfjt strotfdafs ajc`uiajd tlf usf bh sbcao` mfiao, tordftfi

    rfcruatmfjt fbrts oji cb``okbrotavf portjfrslaps watl butsaif drbups. Ylf rfcruatmfjt opprbocl wa`` cbjtajuf

    tb rf`y lfova`y bj tlf pfrsbj-tb-pfrsbj fbrts bh tlf f`i kosfi rfcruatfrs aj tlf jajf rfdabjo` bfficfs aj brifr tb

    kua`i o vb`ujtffr cbrps tlot rffcts tlf iavfrsaty bh Omfraco.

    Wfocf Cbrps Ajjbvotabj oji AY AjhrostructurfYlrbudlbut ats lastbry, tlf Wfocf Cbrps los oioptfi oji rfspbjifi tb tlf assufs bh tlf tamfs. Aj oj fvfr-clojdajd

    wbr`i, Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs lovf mft jfw clo``fjdfs watl ajjbvotabj, crfotavaty, iftfrmajotabj, oji cbmpos-

    sabj. Wfocf Cbrps prabratafs slbu`i rffct currfjt d`bko` rfo`atafs oji tlf ifvf`bpmfjto` prabratafs bh tlf cbujtrafs

    aj wlacl Xb`ujtffrs wbre. Aj HQ ;7??, Wfocf Cbrps drbwtl wa`` hbcus bj sfctbrs sucl os hbbi sfcuraty, fiucotabj

    (ajc`uiajd tfoclajd Fjd`asl os o hbrfadj `ojduodf), lfo`tl oji LAX/OAIS, fjvarbjmfjt, oji rfjfwok`f fjfrdy.

    Xb`ujtffrs hocf mojy bh tlf somf clo``fjdfs aj tlf f`i tbioy os Xb`ujtffrs iai aj Wfocf Cbrps ajatao` ioys. Wbv-

    frty, iasfosf, homajf, oji a``atfrocy orf assufs tlot cbjtajuf tb clo``fjdf ifvf`bpajd cbujtrafs oji aj sbmf cosfs

    orf fxocfrkotfi ky currfjt prbk`fms `aef c`amotf clojdf, dbvfrjmfjt ajstoka`aty, oji joturo` iasostfrs. Lbwfvfr,

    tlf tbb`s tlot Xb`ujtffrs uta`azf lovf clojdfi. Ybioy, jfor`y 17 pfrcfjt bh Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf f`i lovf cf`` plbjfs.

    Xb`ujtffrs orf usajd tlas typf bh tfcljb`bdy tb prbvaif lfo`tl ajhbrmotabj tlrbudl mbka`f plbjf kosfi SMS

    mfssodajd oji tb ossast hormfrs tb aifjtahy tlf kfst moreft pracfs aj tlfar orfo. Aj HQ ;7??, tlf odfjcy wa`` sffe

    tb crfotf jfw woys tb lorjfss tlf ajjbvotabj oji crfotavaty bh bur Xb`ujtffrs tb fjlojcf Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs

    ampoct oji prbnfct sustoajoka`aty.

    Aj oj fbrt tb suppbrt tlf Wrfsaifjts prabratafs hbr ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` fmplosazf

    ajjbvotabj oji trojsporfjcy tlrbudl tlf uta`azotabj bh jfw tfcljb`bdy oji tlf mbifrjazotabj bh tlf odfjcys

    ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy p`othbrm. Aj brifr tb suppbrt drbwtl aj tlf cbmajd yfors, ajvfstmfjts aj ajhbrmotabj

    tfcljb`bdy oji bvfrsfos sto oji ajhrostructurf wa`` kf moif aj HQ ;7??.

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B Jvaaa

    Wfocf Cbrps 67tlOjjavfrsoryAj ;7??, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` cf`fkrotf ats 67 tlojjavfrsory. Ylf Wfocf Cbrps `fdocy bh puk`ac sfrvacf as aj drfot

    mfosurf iuf tb tlf ajiavaiuo`s wlb lovf ifiacotfi tlfmsf`vfs tb prbmbtajd wbr`i pfocf oji hrafjislap. Ylf odfjcy

    wa`` usf tlas lastbrac bccosabj tb ajcrfosf puk`ac oworfjfss oji hurtlfr suppbrt hbr tlf odfjcys massabj ky lbjbrajd

    ats post, spbt`adltajd ats currfjt prbdroms, oji oivojcajd tlf odfjcys tlari dbo` tlrbudl fjlojcfi fiucotabj oji

    fjdodfmfjt bh tlf Omfracoj puk`ac. Aj ;7??, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` lbjbr tlf cbjtrakutabjs oji occbmp`aslmfjtsbh Xb`ujtffrs, sto, oji lbst cbujtrafs bvfr tlf `ost vf ifcoifs. Fjcburodajd puk`ac sfrvacf ombjd tlf Omfracoj

    pfbp`f los o `bjd troiatabj aj tlf Vjatfi Stotfs oji as o prabraty bh tlas oimajastrotabj. Ylf Wfocf Cbrps los p`oyfi

    o crataco` rb`f aj tlot troiatabj hbr jfor`y 67 yfors oji wa`` cbjtajuf tb ib sb aj tlf cbmajd yfors.

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    Wfocf Cbrps Opprbpraotabjs @ojduo

    Hbr jfcfssory fxpfjsfs tb corry but tlf prbvasabjs bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps Oct (;; V.S.C. ;67?;6;3), ajc`uiajd tlf purclosf bh jbt

    tb fxcffi vf possfjdfr mbtbr vflac`fs hbr oimajastrotavf purpbsfs hbr usf butsaif bh tlf Vjatfi Stotfs, $998,?67,777, tb rfmoaj

    ovoa`ok`f ujta` Sfptfmkfr 37, ;7?;> Wrbvaifi, Ylot jbjf bh tlf hujis opprbpraotfi ujifr tlas lfoiajd slo`` kf usfi tb poy hbr okb

    tabjs> Wrbvaifi hurtlfr, Ylot tlf Iarfctbr bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps moy trojshfr tb tlf Hbrfadj Currfjcy H`uctuotabjs Occbujt, os outl

    razfi ky ;; V.S.C. ;6?6, oj ombujt jbt tb fxcffi $6,777,777> Wrbvaifi hurtlfr, Ylot bh tlf hujis opprbpraotfi ujifr tlas lfoiajd

    jbt tb fxcffi $9,777 moy kf moif ovoa`ok`f hbr fjtfrtoajmfjt fxpfjsfs.

    K V I D F Y A J H B [ M O Y A B J

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J;

    HQ ;771Octuo`

    HQ ;7?7Fstamotf

    HQ ;7??Fstamotf

    IA[FCY XB@VJYFF[ BWF[OYABJS

    Bvfrsfos Bpfrotabjo` Mojodfmfjt

    Bhcf bh D`bko` Bpfrotabjs - 677 877

    Ohraco 4;,777 13,777 ?78,777Furbpf, Mfiatfrrojfoj, oji Osao 9

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Hajojcao` Bhcfr ?9,877 ?;,177 ?9,?77

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Hajojcao` Bhcfr Cfjtro``y Mojodfi [fsburcfs 4,977 ;,677 ;,677

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Ajhbrmotabj Bhcfr 1,?77 ?7,

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J9

    WFOCF CB[WSHQ ;7?7?? Xb`ujtffrs oji Wrbdrom Hujis

    [fdabjs

    Bj Kbori Strfjdtl bjSfptfmkfr 37

    Wrbdrom Hujis($777)

    HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7?? HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Ohraco ;,8;7 ;,197 13,777 ?78,377

    Furbpf, Mfiatfrrojfoj, oji Osao ;,8?8 ;,

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    WFOCF CB[WSHQ ;7?7?? Xb`ujtffrs oji Wrbdrom Hujis

    Cbujtry

    Bj Kbori Strfjdtl bjSfptfmkfr 37

    Wrbdrom Hujis($777)

    HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7?? HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Fcuoibr ?43 ;?9 9,3

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J8

    WFOCF CB[WSHQ ;7?7?? Xb`ujtffrs oji Wrbdrom Hujis

    Cbujtry

    Bj Kbori Strfjdtl bjSfptfmkfr 37

    Wrbdrom Hujis($777)

    HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7?? HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Jomakao ?7? ?71 ;,

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    Wfocf Cbrps Outlbrazotabjs oji Opprbpraotabjs | HQ ?18;HQ ;7??(aj tlbusojis bh ib``ors)

    Hasco` Qfor Outlbrazfi Kuidft [fqufst o/ Opprbpraotfi o/ Yroajff Ajput Xb`ujtffrs oji

    Yroajffs Bj Kborik/

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    o/ Stortajd aj HQ ?11;, hujis tb rfmoaj ovoa`ok`f hbr twb yfors.

    k/ Hbr HQ ?14; tlrbudl HQ ?111, tlas as tlf ovfrodf jumkfr

    bh Xb`ujtffrs tlrbudlbut tlf yfor. Hbr HQ ;777 tlrbudl

    tlf sco` yfor bh tlf prfsaifjts kuidft, tlas as tlf jumkfr

    bh troajffs oji Xb`ujtffrs bj kbori bj 37 Sfptfmkfr bh

    tlf sco` yfor, ajc`uiajd Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf oji VjatfiJotabjs Xb`ujtffrs.

    c/ Ajc`uifs rfopprbpraotfi hujis aj ?183 ($3.

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    W F O C F C B [ W S B W F [ O Y A B J O @ O [ F O S

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    Y L A S W O D F T O S A J Y F J Y A B J O @ @ Q @ F H Y K @ O J E

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    Solf` Copf Xfrif, Ylf Domkao, Mo`a, Mouratojao, Jadfr, Sfjfdo`

    Cbosto` Tfst oji Cfjtro` Ohraco Kfjaj, Kureajo Hosb, Comfrbbj, Dlojo, Duajfo, @akfrao, Safrro @fbjf, Ybdb

    Fostfrj Ohraco Ftlabpao, Efjyo, Moiodoscor, Mo`owa, Mbzomkaquf, [wojio, Yojzojao, Vdojio

    Sbutlfrj Ohraco Kbtswojo, @fsbtlb, Jomakao, Sbutl Ohraco, Swoza`oji, ^omkao

    OH[ACO [FDABJ

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Ohraco [fdabj

    Sajcf ?18?, mbrf tloj 84,777 Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs

    lovf sfrvfi aj cbujtrafs tlrbudlbut Ohraco. Ot tlf fji

    bh HQ ;771, Ohraco loi ;,

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    FV[BWF, MFIAYF[[OJFOJ, OJI OSAO [FDABJ

    Ko`eojs oji Jbrtl Ohraco O`kojao, Ku`dorao, [fpuk`ac bh Mocfibjao, Mbrbccb

    Cfjtro` oji Fostfrj Furbpf Mb`ibvo, [bmojao, Veroajf

    Maii`f Fost oji tlf Coucosus Ormfjao, Ozfrkoanoj, Dfbrdao, Nbrioj

    Cfjtro` Osao Eozoelstoj, Eyrdyz [fpuk`ac, Yuremfjastoj

    Osao Comkbiao, Clajo, Ajibjfsao, Mbjdb`ao, Wla`appajfs, Yloa`oji

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Furbpf, Mfiatfrrojfoj, oji Osao

    Sajcf tlf Wfocf Cbrps ajcfptabj aj ?18?, mbrf tloj

    6;,777 Xb`ujtffrs lovf sfrvfi aj tlf Furbpf, Mfia-

    tfrrojfoj, oji Osao (FMO) rfdabj. Ot tlf fji bh HQ

    ;771, FMO loi ;,33? Xb`ujtffrs oji troajffs wbreajdaj ?< cbujtrafs. Aj Ifcfmkfr ;771 tlf Wfocf Cbrps

    sadjfi o cbujtry odrffmfjt tb fstok`asl o prbdrom aj

    Ajibjfsao. Ylf rst Xb`ujtffrs orf fxpfctfi tb orravf

    aj Morcl ;7?7.

    Xb`ujtffrs aj FMO sfrvf aj vf bh tlf odfjcys

    prbdrom sfctbrskusajfss ifvf`bpmfjt, fiucotabj,

    fjvarbjmfjt, lfo`tl oji LAX/OAIS, oji ybutl.

    Aj oiiatabj, mojy Xb`ujtffrs oii o crbss-sfctbrao`

    iamfjsabj ky ajcbrpbrotajd ajhbrmotabj oji cbmmu-

    jacotabj tfcljb`bdy (ACY), dar`s fiucotabj, oji hbbi

    sfcuraty os tlfy wbre watl cbmmujatafs, sclbb`s, c`aj-acs, kusajfssfs, cbbpfrotavfs oji bco` jbjdbvfrjmfj-

    to` brdojazotabjs (JDBs), mujacapo` dbvfrjmfjts,

    oji ujavfrsatafs. Aj oiiatabj, tlf Wfocf Cbrps prbvaifs

    troajajd hbr Xb`ujtffrs aj mbrf tloj 37 `ojduodfs. (Sff

    Oppfjiax C hbr iftoa`s.) Ylas fjok`fs Xb`ujtffrs tb

    ffctavf`y `avf oji wbre aj tlfar cbmmujatafs.

    Bvfr tlf `ost ?7 yfors, Xb`ujtffrs fbrts aj tlf

    kusajfss sfctbr lovf fvb`vfi hrbm kusajfss cbjsu`tajd

    tb oj ajcrfosf aj cbmmujaty fcbjbmac ifvf`bpmfjt,

    fmplosazajd sustoajoka`aty, trojsporfjcy, cbmmujaty

    vb`ujtffrasm, oji `foifrslap troajajd. Ylas ajc`uifswbreajd iarfct`y watl fjtrfprfjfurs, dbvfrjmfjto`

    brdojazotabjs oji JDBs, fiucotabjo` ajstatutabjs,

    cbmmujaty drbups, oji mbtavotfi ajiavaiuo`s.

    Fiucotabj cbjtajufs tb kf tlf `ordfst sfctbr aj tlf

    rfdabj, watl tfoclajd Fjd`asl os o hbrfadj `ojduodf

    (YFH@) aifjtafi os tlf pramory octavaty. Xb`ujtffrs

    orf port bh jotabjo` oji `bco` fbrts tb strfjdtlfj

    pramory, sfcbjiory, oji ujavfrsaty fiucotabj copoc-

    aty tlrbudl c`ossrbbm ajstructabj, prbhfssabjo`

    ifvf`bpmfjt hbr tfoclfrs, oji cbmmujaty rfsburcfifvf`bpmfjt.

    Tbreajd watl sclbb`s, ybutl drbups, oji jbjprbt

    brdojazotabjs, fjvarbjmfjt sfctbr Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf

    FMO rfdabj prbmbtf o drfotfr ujifrstojiajd bh `bco`

    fcb`bdy oji fjvarbjmfjto` assufs. Xb`ujtffrs ajcrfosf

    oworfjfss tlrbudl fcb-c`uks, comps, trff-p`ojtajd

    compoadjs, oji sama`or cbmmujaty fbrts. Ylfy o`sb

    oiirfss fcb`bdaco` assufs sucl os sohf wotfr, frbsabj,

    oji bvfrusf bh pfstacaifs oji hfrta`azfrs. Btlfr Xb`-

    ujtffrs wbre tb amprbvf ruro` huf` oji fjfrdy usodf

    tlrbudl tlf prbmbtabj bh o`tfrjotavf huf` bptabjs,troaj duaifs ot jotabjo` pores, br amprbvf sojatotabj.

    Lfo`tl Xb`ujtffrs fiucotf ajiavaiuo`s, lbusf-

    lb`is, sfrvacf prbvaifrs, oji cbmmujatafs okbut tlf

    ampbrtojcf bh lfo`tl prbmbtabj oji iasfosf prf-

    vfjtabj. Ylf moaj hbcus as bj strfjdtlfjajd lfo`tl

    fiucotabjwlftlfr aj sclbb`s, tfoclajd ajstatutabjs,

    br cbmmujatafsky usajd o prfvfjtotavf lfo`tl corf

    opprbocl. Mbst Xb`ujtffr prbnfcts ottfmpt tb ajc`uif

    LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj oji `ahf sea``s fiucotabj.

    Qbutl ifvf`bpmfjt octavatafs orf ajcrfosajd`y

    ampbrtojt aj tlf FMO rfdabj, wlfrf lo`h tlf pbpu`o-tabj as ujifr tlf odf bh ;6. Ampbrtojt orfos bh octavaty

    ajc`uif ahf-sea``s troajajd hbr fmp`bymfjt, fjtrfprf-

    jfurslap oji foifrslap troajajd, prbmbtajd tb`frojcf

    oji sf`h-fstffm, oji cbjact rfsb`utabj.

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    Cfjtro` Omfraco Kf`azf, Cbsto [aco, F` So`voibr, Duotfmo`o, Lbjiuros, Mfxacb, Jacoroduo, Wojomo

    CorakkfojIbmajacoj [fpuk`ac, Fostfrj Corakkfoj (Ojtaduo/Korkuio, Ibmajaco, Drfjoio/Corraocbu,St. Eatts oji Jfvas, St. @ucao, St. Xajcfjt/Drfjoiajfs), Nomoaco

    Sbutl Omfraco Kb`avao, Fcuoibr, Duyojo, Woroduoy, Wfru, Surajomf

    Wocac Hfifrotfi Stotfs bh Macrbjfsao oji Wo`ou, Hana, Sombo, Ybjdo, Xojuotu

    AJYF[OMF[ACO OJI YLF WOCAHAC [FDABJ

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Ajtfr-Omfraco oji Wocac

    Sajcf tlf Wfocf Cbrps ajcfptabj aj ?18?, mbrf tloj

    4

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J? odracu`turf, kusajfss ifvf`bpmfjt, fiucotabj,

    fjvarbjmfjt, lfo`tl oji LAX/OAIS, oji ybutl.

    Oiiatabjo``y, Xb`ujtffrs aj o`` sfctbrs ajcbrpbrotf

    mfojajdhu` wbre aj ajhbrmotabj oji cbmmujacotabj

    tfcljb`bdy (ACY), wbmfj aj ifvf`bpmfjt/dfjifr

    oji ifvf`bpmfjt (TAI/DOI), LAX/OAIS, oji ybutlifvf`bpmfjt ajtb tlfar pramory oji sfcbjiory octava-

    tafs. O iascussabj bh focl sfctbrs wbre bknfctavfs oji

    fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr octavatafs oppfor aj Oppfjiax I.

    Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf

    Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf prbvaifs rfturjfi Wfocf Cbrps

    Xb`ujtffrs tlf bppbrtujaty tb sfrvf odoaj aj rfwori-

    ajd, slbrt-tfrm ossadjmfjts. Sajcf ats ajcfptabj os

    tlf Crasas Cbrps aj ?118, Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf los

    sfjt bvfr ?,;77 rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs tb mbrf tloj 98

    cbujtrafs. Aj HQ ;771, Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf f`ifi4< Xb`ujtffrs. Aj HQ ;7??, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` sadja-

    cojt`y ajcrfosf tlf jumkfr bh Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf

    Xb`ujtffrs (WC[Xs), jfor`y trap`ajd tlf jumkfr bh

    WC[Xs tlot sfrvfi aj rfcfjt kuidft yfors.

    Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf prbvaifs quo`afi rfturjfi

    Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs tlf bppbrtujaty tb doaj

    oiiatabjo` ajtfrjotabjo` fxpfrafjcf wla`f amportajd

    tfcljaco` fxpfrtasf crataco` hbr portjfr brdojazotabjs

    oji tlf cbmmujatafs aj wlacl tlfy sfrvf. Wfocf

    Cbrps [fspbjsf Xb`ujtffrs orf ok`f tb moef vo`u-

    ok`f cbjtrakutabjs kfcousf tlfy cbmf fquappfi watl

    tlf `ojduodf, tfcljaco`, oji crbss-cu`turo` sea``s

    jffifi tb lovf oj ammfiaotf ampoct. Ossadjmfjts

    rojdf hrbm tlrff mbjtls tb bjf yforovfrodajd sax

    mbjtls aj iurotabjwatl o krafh brafjtotabj upbj

    orravajd aj-cbujtry. Xb`ujtffrs wbre watl lbst cbujtry

    dbvfrjmfjt ajstatutabjs sucl os majastrafs bh fiuco-

    tabj oji majastrafs bh lfo`tl. Ylfy moy o`sb wbre

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    watl ajtfrjotabjo` oji JDB portjfrs sucl os CO[F,

    tlf Vjatfi Jotabjs Cla`irfjs Huji (VJACFH), oji

    Wrbnfct LBWF.

    Ylf sax moaj prbdrom orfos hbr Wfocf Cbrps

    [fspbjsf orf> odracu`turf oji fjvarbjmfjt5 kusajfss/

    JDB ifvf`bpmfjt oji ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy5 cbm-mujaty oji ybutl ifvf`bpmfjt5 iasostfr prfporfi-

    jfss oji rfspbjsf5 fiucotabj oji tfoclfr troajajd5

    oji LAX/OAIS oji lfo`tl. Os tlf odfjcy sffes tb

    strotfdaco``y drbw ats prfsfjcf orbuji tlf wbr`i, tlf

    Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf prbdrom prbvaifs tlf odfjcy

    watl mu`tap`f kfjfhats. Hbr ajstojcf, Wfocf Cbrps

    [fspbjsf los kffj uta`azfi succfsshu``y os o coto`yst

    hbr jfw cbujtry fjtrafs oji o``bws tlf odfjcy tb

    jamk`y rfspbji tb rf`afh fbrts orbuji tlf wbr`i watl

    troajfi Xb`ujtffrs.

    Aj ;771, Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf sfjt Xb`ujtffrstb Kureajo Hosb oji Wfru aj rfspbjsf tb iasostfrs5

    cbjiuctfi iasostfr prfporfijfss oji rf`afh octavatafs

    aj tlf Fostfrj Corakkfoj5 oji rfspbjifi tb Yyplbbj

    Bjiby aj tlf Wla`appajfs. Hbr tlf sfcbji stroadlt yfor,

    WC[Xs aj @akfrao ossastfi watl tlf rfcbjstructabj bh

    tlf cbujtrys lfo`tl oji fiucotabj systfms ky mfj-

    tbrajd tfoclfr troajfrs, troajajd lfo`tl prbhfssabjo`s,

    oji strfjdtlfjajd cbmmujaty portjfrslaps tlrbudl

    Worfjt Yfoclfr Ossbcaotabjs oji rfsburcf `akrorafs

    hbr tfoclfrs. Aj ;7?7, WC[Xs wa`` kf ombjd tlf rst

    Xb`ujtffrs tb orravf aj Ajibjfsao oji Safrro @fbjf.Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf wa`` o`sb p`oy o prbmajfjt rb`f

    aj tlf odfjcys pfjiajd rffjtry ajtb Loata. Wfocf Cbrps

    [fspbjsf Xb`ujtffrs, mojy bh wlbm lovf Loataoj

    Crfb`f `ojduodf sea``s, orf currfjt`y owoatajd ifpor-

    turf hbr Loata wlfrf tlfy wa`` suppbrt tlf jotabjo`

    rfcbvfry oji rfcbjstructabj fbrts.

    Oiiatabjo``y, Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf cbjtajufs tb

    strfjdtlfj ats portacapotabj aj tlf dlt odoajst LAX/

    OAIS tlrbudl tlf Wrfsaifjts Fmfrdfjcy W`oj hbr

    OAIS [f`afh (WFWHO[) prbdrom. WC[Xs strfjdtlfj

    tlf ajataotavfs bh `bco` JDBs, cbmmujaty- oji hoatl-

    kosfi brdojazotabjs, oji dbvfrjmfjt fjtatafs. WC[Xs

    watl oivojcfi ifdrffs aj puk`ac lfo`tl, sbcao` wbre,

    oji rf`otfi f`is prbvaif tfcljaco` fxpfrtasf aj tlf

    orfos bh mbjatbrajd oji fvo`uotabj, strotfdac p`oj-

    jajd, cbmmujaty-kosfi brdojazotabjs cbbriajotabj

    fbrts, troajajd/wbreslbp hoca`atotabj, ioto ojo`ysas,

    oji rfpbrtajd.

    Vjatfi Jotabjs Xb`ujtffrs

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps portacapotfs aj tlf Vjatfi Jotabjs

    Xb`ujtffr prbdrom ky rfcruatajd Omfracoj vb`ujtffrs

    oji prbvaiajd tlfm watl sbmf jojcao` oji bdastaco`

    suppbrt.

    Bvfrsfos Bpfrotabjo` Suppbrt

    Cfjtro``y Wrbcfssfi Bvfrsfos

    Fquapmfjt oji Supp`afs

    Bvfrsffj ky tlf Bfficf bh Mojodfmfjt, tlas occbujt

    hujis tlf purclosf bh supp`afs (mfiaco` eats, fyf-

    d`ossfs, mbsquatb jfts, ftc.) hbr Xb`ujtffrs oji

    vflac`fs tb suppbrt Xb`ujtffrs.

    Hfifro` Fmp`byffs Cbmpfjsotabj Oct (HFCO)

    Vjifr HFCO, tlf Wfocf Cbrps rfamkursfs tlf Ifport-mfjt bh @okbr hbr iasoka`aty poymfjts oji mfiaco`

    cbsts hbr rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs oji sto wlb fxpfrafjcf

    sfrvacf-rf`otfi ajnurafs br sacejfss. O vost monbraty bh

    tlfsf cbsts rf`otf tb Xb`ujtffrs c`oams. Sto c`oams

    orf majamo`.

    Mfiaco` Sfrvacfs Cfjtro``y Slorfi [fsburcfs

    Ylfsf orf iarfct Xb`ujtffr mfiaco` fxpfjsfs, ajc`ui-

    ajd corf oji trovf` hbr mfiaco` fvocuotabjs oji tlf

    cbsts bh prf- oji pbst-sfrvacf plysaco` fxomajotabjs.

    Wravotf Sfctbr Ajataotavfs (BWSA)

    Ylas bfficf mojodfs pravotf sfctbr hujis oji aj-eaji

    cbjtrakutabjs rfcfavfi ky tlf Wfocf Cbrps. Ylfsf

    hujis orf usfi tb suppbrt Xb`ujtffr prbnfcts.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps Wortjfrslap Wrbdrom (WCWW)

    as o tbb` ky wlacl Xb`ujtffrs moy rfcfavf hujiajd

    hbr prbnfct wbre. Ylf Bfficf bh Wravotf Sfctbr Ajatao-

    tavfs mojodfs WCWW oji fjsurfs cbjtrakutabjs orf

    aj cbmp`aojcf watl rf`fvojt pb`acafs oji prbcfiurfs.

    O`` ibjotabjs orf tox ifiuctak`f oji ?77 pfrcfjt bh

    ibjotabjs moif tb tlf Wortjfrslap Wrbdrom orf usfi

    hbr prbnfct purpbsfs.

    Wortjfrslap Wrbdrom prbnfcts lovf moif o trfmfj-

    ibus ampoct aj cbmmujatafs ocrbss tlf d`bkf sajcf

    tlf prbdrom wos `oujclfi aj ?189. Aj HQ ;771, WCWW

    rfcfavfi ibjotabjs hrbm ?7,616 ibjbrsoj ajcrfosf

    bh 1.6 pfrcfjt bvfr HQ ;77

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J;7

    prbnfcts aj 87 cbujtrafs. O majamum ;6 pfrcfjt cbm-

    mujaty cbjtrakutabj as rfquarfi hbr o prbnfct tb rfcfavf

    Wortjfrslap Wrbdrom ossastojcf. Aj HQ ;771, tlf

    octuo` cbmmujaty cbjtrakutabjs wfrf jfor`y 96 pfr-

    cfjt bh tlf tbto` prbnfct cbsts, watl opprbxamotf`y $?.8

    ma``abj aj cosl oji aj-eaji cbmmujaty cbjtrakutabjs.Wortjfrslap Wrbdrom prbnfcts kfjfhatfi bvfr

    89;,777 ajiavaiuo`s, fjsurajd tlot Wfocf Cbrps Xb`-

    ujtffrs coj cbjtajuf tb prbmbtf sustoajok`f ifvf`-

    bpmfjt, pfocf, hrafjislap, oji ujifrstojiajd aj tlf

    cbmmujatafs tlfy sfrvf.

    [famkursfmfjts tb tlf

    Ifportmfjt bh Stotf (ACOSS)

    Ylfsf orf poymfjts tlf Wfocf Cbrps moefs tb tlf

    Ifportmfjt bh Stotf hbr oimajastrotavf suppbrt.

    Sbmf jojcao` mojodfmfjt suppbrt as o`sb ajc`uifitlrbudl tlfsf poymfjts, o`tlbudl tlf Wfocf Cbrps

    los iarfct`y prbvaifi mbst hajojcao` mojodfmfjt

    suppbrt tb ats bvfrsfos pbsts sajcf tlf fji bh HQ ?11

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    Xb`ujtffr Bpfrotabj s Suppbrt Sfrvacfs ajc `uifs

    stojiori cbmpbjfjts hbuji aj tlf oimajastrotabj

    bh mbst hfifro` odfjcafs, sucl os oimajastrotabj oji

    lumoj rfsburcfs, puk`ac butrfocl, oji kuidftajd oji

    ocquasatabjs. Aj oiiatabj tb typaco` hujctabjs, sucl

    bfficfs ot tlf Wfocf Cbrps lovf tlf oiiatabjo` dbo` bh

    suppbrtajd Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf f`i aj brifr tb oclafvf

    tlf Wfocf Cbrps massabj.

    Ylari Dbo` Wrbdroms

    Bhcf bh Wuk`ac Fjdodfmfjt

    Ylf Bfficf bh Wuk`ac Fjdodfmfjt, hbrmfr`y tlf Bfficf

    bh Ibmfstac Wrbdroms, mojodfs ajataotavfs tlot lf`p

    tlf Wfocf Cbrps mfft ats tlari dbo`tb lf`p prbmbtf

    o kfttfr ujifrstojiajd bh btlfr pfbp`fs bj tlf port

    bh Omfracojsoji lf`ps rfturjfi Wfocf Cbrps Xb`-

    ujtffrs ([WCXs) trojsatabj koce tb tlf Vjatfi Stotfs

    ohtfr tlfar sfrvacf. Ylf Bfficf bh Wuk`ac Fjdodfmfjt as

    p`ocajd rfjfwfi fmplosas bj lorjfssajd tlf pbtfjtao`

    oji fjtlusaosm bh tlf jfor`y ;77,777 Omfracojs wlb

    lovf sfrvfi os Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs sajcf ?18?.

    [fturjfi Xb`ujtffr Sfrvacfs ([XS)

    Ylas bhhacf ifvf`bps oji amp`fmfjts tlf odfjcys

    corffr oji trojsatabj suppbrt sfrvacfs hbr rfturjfi

    Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs. [XS wbres iarfct`y watl

    currfjt Xb`ujtffrs, rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs, Wfocf Cbrps

    sto, oji puk`ac oji pravotf sfctbr foifrs tb ifvf`bp

    corffr-rf`otfi puk`acotabjs, corffr fvfjts, oji corffr

    ku``ftajs tlot lf`p rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs trojsatabj koce

    tb tlf Vjatfi Stotfs.

    Hf``bws/VSO

    Ylf Hf``bws/VSO prbdrom prbvaifs oj bppbrtujaty

    hbr rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs tb wbre tbwori droiuotf

    ifdrffs oji tb doaj prbhfssabjo` fxpfrafjcf cbjcur-

    rfjt`y aj sucl f`is os tfoclfr fiucotabj, cbmmujaty/

    fcbjbmac ifvf`bpmfjt, jursajd oji puk`ac lfo`tl, oji

    fjvarbjmfjto` stuiafs.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps cf`fkrotfs tlf Hf``bws/VSO prb-

    droms ;6tl ojjavfrsory aj ;7?7. Wortacapotajd droiu-

    otf sclbb`s prbvaif jojcao` ossastojcf tb rfturjfi

    Xb`ujtffrs fjrb``fi aj vorabus oivojcfi ifdrff prb-

    droms. Ot tlf somf tamf, rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs moef o

    cbmmatmfjt tb wbre aj oj ujifrsfrvfi bco` cbmmu-

    jaty os tlfy pursuf tlfar droiuotf ifdrffs. Xb`ujtffrs

    coj portacapotf aj tlf Hf``bws/VSO prbdrom ot ojy

    pbajt ohtfr tlfy jasl tlfar Wfocf Cbrps sfrvacf. Aj

    HQ ;771, 94; rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs wfrf fjrb``fi aj

    droiuotf ifdrff prbdroms ot Hf``bws/VSO portjfrsclbb`s. Sajcf tlf prbdroms ajcfptabj aj ?1

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    oji tlf vo`uf bh cbmmujaty sfrvacf. Ombjd tbb`s

    usfi orf oj owori-wajjajd sfrafs bh cbujtry-spfcac

    vaifbs watl occbmpojyajd tfoclfrs duaifs, Xb`ujtffr-

    wrattfj atfroturf suppbrtfi ky stojioris-kosfi fssbj

    p`ojs, pbicosts, oji jorrotfi s`aif slbws.

    Focl bh tlfsf CTTS prbdroms fjnbyfi succfss ajHQ ;771. Jfor`y 6,777 Xb`ujtffrs slorfi tlfar Wfocf

    Cbrps fxpfrafjcfs watl bvfr 977,777 stuifjts aj o`` 67

    stotfs oji tlf Iastract bh Cb`umkao tlrbudl tlf CTTS

    Cbrrfspbjifjcf Motcl prbdrom5 mbrf tloj 677

    rfturjfi Xb`ujtffrs portacapotfi aj tlf CTTS Spfoe-

    frs Motcl prbdrom5 oji tlf Wfocf Cbrps CTTS

    wfksatf ottroctfi mbrf tloj ;.6 ma``abj vasatbrs.

    Odfjcy Oimajastrotabj

    Ocquasatabjs oji CbjtroctsYlas bfficf as rfspbjsak`f hbr odfjcy prbcurfmfjt pb`a-

    cafs oji prbcfiurfs, fjsurajd cbmp`aojcf watl Hfifro`

    Ocquasatabj [fdu`otabjs oji tlf Wfocf Cbrps Oct. At

    prbvaifs tfcljaco` duaiojcf oji oivacf tb odfjcy sto

    wbr`iwaif bj prbcurfmfjt mottfrs oji loji`fs o``

    prbcurfmfjt octabjs hbr ibmfstac bfficfs.

    Cbmmujacotabjs

    Ylf Bfficf bh Cbmmujacotabjs mojodfs o`` bfficao`

    cbmmujacotabjs, ajc`uiajd moreftajd oji oivfrtas-

    ajd, vaifb prbiuctabj oji plbtbdroply, oj fxtfrjo`wfksatf, prfss rf`otabjs, oji odfjcy puk`acotabjs. Aj

    oiiatabj, tlf bfficf prbiucfs rfcruatmfjt tbb`s tlot

    suppbrt tlf Bhhacf bh Xb`ujtffr [fcruatmfjt oji

    Sf`fctabj (X[S). Ylf bfficf prbvaifs fiatbrao` duai-

    ojcf hbr tlf odfjcy oji mojodfs ifsadj, prbiuctabj,

    oji if`avfry bh o`` rfcruatmfjt oji btlfr prbmbtabjo`

    prbiucts, ajc`uiajd jotabjo` oivfrtasfmfjts oji o``

    cb``otfro` motfrao`s. Cbmmujacotabjs pfrsbjjf` o`sb

    wbre watl puk`ac ooars spfcao`asts aj tlf jajf rfdabjo

    rfcruatmfjt bfficfs.

    Cbjdrfssabjo` [f`otabjs

    Ylf Bfficf bh Cbjdrfssabjo` [f`otabjs ifvf`bps tlf

    Wfocf Cbrps fdas`otavf strotfdy, cbbriajotfs octavatafs

    rf`otfi tb o`` fdas`otavf assufs oji ajtfrfsts, oji sfrvfs

    os tlf bfficao` `aoasbj kftwffj tlf Wfocf Cbrps Iarfc-

    tbr oji mfmkfrs bh Cbjdrfss oji cbjdrfssabjo` sto.

    Iarfctbrs Bhcf oji Ossbcaotfi Bhcfs

    Ylf Bfficf bh tlf Iarfctbr prbvaifs fxfcutavf-`fvf`

    iarfctabj tb tlf Wfocf Cbrps, bvfrsffajd ats prbdroms

    oji octavatafs oji fstok`aslajd odfjcy pb`acy aj occbr-

    iojcf watl tlf tlrff dbo`s bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps, aj oiia-

    tabj tb fjsurajd cbmp`aojcf watl tlf Wfocf CbrpsOct. Ylf Iarfctbrs Bfficf o`sb ajc`uifs tlf Bfficf bh

    Omfracoj Iavfrsaty Wrbdroms, tlf Bfficf bh Ajtfrdbv-

    frjmfjto` Ooars, oji tlf Bfficf bh Ajjbvotabj.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Omfracoj Iavfrsaty Wrbdroms

    Ylas bhhacf ifvf`bps oji corrafs but tlf odfjcys

    ohharmotavf fmp`bymfjt prbdrom5 fjsurfs fquo`

    bppbrtujaty hbr Xb`ujtffrs, fmp`byffs, oji opp`acojts

    hbr Xb`ujtffr sfrvacf br fmp`bymfjt5 oji prbvaifs

    duaiojcf tb mojodfmfjt tb ib tlf somf.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Ajtfrdbvfrjmfjto` Ooars (ADO)

    Ylas bfficf as rfspbjsak`f hbr ifvf`bpajd oji amp`f-

    mfjtajd tlf Iarfctbrs pb`acy oji strotfdy hbr kua`iajd

    oji moajtoajajd rf`otabjslaps watl btlfr V.S. dbvfrj-

    mfjt odfjcafs aj brifr tb cu`tavotf jfw odrffmfjts

    oji portjfrslaps. Ylf ADO cbjtrakutfs tb odfjcy

    drbwtl ky aifjtahyajd pbtfjtao` portjfrs oji syjfrdafs

    tb moxamazf tlf Wfocf Cbrps cbjtrakutabj tb bjdb-

    ajd ajtfrjotabjo` ifvf`bpmfjt fbrts. Oj fxomp`f as

    oj odrffmfjt tlot tlf Wfocf Cbrps fjtfrfi ajtb watl

    VSOAI hb``bwajd tlf fortlquoef aj Loata tb ossadjWfocf Cbrps sto oji Xb`ujtffrs tb suppbrt V.S. dbv-

    frjmfjt rf`afh fbrts tlfrf.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Ajjbvotabj

    Ylas bfficf wa`` hbcus bj lbw tlf odfjcy coj uta`azf

    mbifrj tfcljb`bdy tb fjlojcf Xb`ujtffr ampoct

    oji prbnfct sustoajoka`aty. Ylf bfficf wa`` sfrvf os oj

    ajtfrjo` rfsburcf tlot mojodfs o kbttbm up prbcfss

    tlot clo``fjdfs sto tb ajjbvotf oji prbmbtfs clojdf

    tlot suppbrts drbwtl. Oiiatabjo``y, at wa`` aifjtahy kfst

    proctacfs tlot lovf o monbr ampoct wlfj slorfi waif`y

    tlrbudlbut tlf odfjcy.

    Dfjfro` Cbujsf`

    Ylf Bfficf bh tlf Dfjfro` Cbujsf` prbvaifs fdo` oivacf

    oji sfrvacfs tb tlf Iarfctbr oji bvfrsfos oji ibmfstac

    sto oji ossasts aj tlf ifvf`bpmfjt bh odfjcywaif

    pb`acafs.

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    Ajspfctbr Dfjfro`

    Ylas bfficf hu```s tlf mojiotfs bh tlf Ajspfctbr Dfj-

    fro` Oct bh ?14

    Lumoj [fsburcf Mojodfmfjt, Oimajastrotavf Sfr-

    vacfs, oji tlf Hrffibm bh Ajhbrmotabj/Wravocy Oct/

    [fcbris Mojodfmfjt Bfficf.

    Bhcf bh Mojodfmfjt Cfjtro``y

    Mojodfi [fsburcfs

    Ylfsf hujis ajc`uif Dfjfro` Sfrvacfs Oimajastro-

    tabj rfjt hbr lfoiquortfrs oji ibmfstac rfcruatajd

    bfficfs, moa` sfrvacfs, oji kua`iajd moajtfjojcf ojirfhurkaslmfjt.

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Hajojcao` Bhcfr (BCHB)

    Ylf BCHB bvfrsffs o`` hajojcao` mojodfmfjt

    octavatafs rf`otajd tb tlf prbdroms oji bpfrotabjs

    bh tlf odfjcy5 moajtoajs oj ajtfdrotfi odfjcy kui-

    dft occbujtajd oji hajojcao` mojodfmfjt systfm5

    prbvaifs jojcao` mojodfmfjt pb`acy duaiojcf oji

    bvfrsadlt5 oji mbjatbrs tlf jojcao` hbrmu`otabj bh

    tlf odfjcy kuidft oji tlf jojcao` fxfcutabj bh tlf

    kuidft aj rf otabj tb octuo fxpfjiaturfs.

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Hajojcao` Bhcfr Cfjtro``y

    Mojodfi [fsburcfs

    Ylfsf rfsburcfs orf pramora`y hbr sto cbsts sucl os

    ujfmp`bymfjt cbmpfjsotabj, sfvfrojcf poy, tfrmajo`

    `fovf poymfjts, hbrfadj currfjcy uctuotabjs, oji

    bvfrsfos sto mfiaco` fvocuotabj.

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Ajhbrmotabj Bhcfr (BCAB)

    Ylas bhhacf as rfspbjsak`f hbr tlf ifvf`bpmfjt oji

    opp`acotabj bh ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy aj suppbrt bh

    tlf Wfocf Cbrps massabj ot lfoiquortfrs, V.S. rfdabjo`

    rfcruatajd bfficfs, oji bvfrsfos pbsts.

    Ylf BCAB prbvaifs cbjjfctavaty, sfcuraty, cb`-

    `okbrotabj, oji ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy (AY) sb`utabjs

    tlot fjok`f pbsts oji Xb`ujtffrs tb pfrhbrm tlfar

    hujctabjs. Ylf BCAB bvfrsffs d`bko` tfcljaco` ossfts

    (loriworf, sbhtworf, oji cbmmujacotabjs), AY p`oj-

    jajd oji troajajd (ajc`uiajd troajajd hbr bvfrsfos AY

    spfcao`asts), oji opp`acotabj systfms ifvf`bpmfjt oji

    moajtfjojcf.

    Bhcf bh tlf Clafh Ajhbrmotabj

    Bhcfr Cfjtro``y Mojodfi [fsburcfsYlfsf hujis ajc`uif tlf cbsts bh tf`fcbmmujacotabjs,

    ioto cfjtfr bpfrotabjs, moajhromf oji iastrakutfi

    cbmputajd fjvarbjmfjts, bvfrsfos fquapmfjt, iasos-

    tfr rfcbvfry, oji fjtfrprasf ajhbrmotabj orclatfcturf.

    Bhcf bh Strotfdac Ajhbrmotabj, [fsforcl, oji

    W`ojjajd (BSA[W)

    Ylas bfficf mfosurfs odfjcy pfrhbrmojcf, fjlojcfs

    tlf stfworislap oji dbvfrjojcf bh ioto, oji mfosurfs

    oji fvo`uotfs odfjcy-`fvf` prbdroms. BSA[W pfrhbrms

    tlrff efy odfjcy-`fvf` hujctabjs> pfrhbrmojcf p`oj-jajd oji rfpbrtajd, fvo`uotabj oji mfosurfmfjt, oji

    ioto mojodfmfjt.

    Wfocf Cbrps Jotabjo` Oivasbry Cbujca`

    Vjifr tlf Wfocf Cbrps Oct, tlf Wfocf Cbrps Jotabjo`

    Oivasbry Cbujca` as o Wrfsaifjtao` oivasbry cbmmattff

    oppbajtfi ky tlf Wrfsaifjt watl tlf oivacf oji cbjsfjt

    bh tlf Sfjotf. Davfj tlf ojtacapotfi sadjacojt drbwtl

    aj tlf octavatafs oji prbdroms bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps, os

    wf`` os tlf jojcao` rfsburcfs kfajd ifvbtfi tb tlf

    Wfocf Cbrps, bvfr tlf jfxt hfw yfors, tlf Wrfsaifjtkf`afvfs at as ampbrtojt tb lovf oj oivasbry cbujca`

    aj p`ocf. Mfmkfrs bh tlf Cbujca` orf rfspbjsak`f hbr

    rfvafwajd tlf octavatafs bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps tb fvo`uotf

    tlf occbmp`aslmfjts oji pbtfjtao` copoka`atafs bh tlf

    odfjcy. Ylf Cbujca` as o`sb clordfi watl moeajd rfc-

    bmmfjiotabjs hbr tlf purpbsf bh duaiajd tlf huturf

    iarfctabj bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps oji bh lf`pajd tb fjsurf

    tlot tlf purpbsfs oji prbdroms bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps

    orf corrafi but aj woys tlot orf fcbjbmaco`, ffficafjt

    oji rfspbjsavf tb clojdajd jffis bh, oji rf`otabjslaps

    watl, tlf cbujtrafs oji pfbp`fs kfajd sfrvfi.

    Ylf Cbujca` wa`` cbjsast bh htffj vbtajd mfmkfrs

    oji hbur fx-bfficab jbj-vbtajd mfmkfrs cbjsastajd bh

    tlf Sfcrftory bh Stotf oji tlf VSOAI Oimajastrotbr

    (br tlfar ifsadjffs) o`bjd watl tlf Iarfctbr oji Ifp-

    uty Iarfctbr bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps. Sfvfj bh tlf vbtajd

    mfmkfrs must kf rfturjfi Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs

    oji jb mbrf tloj fadlt vbtajd mfmkfrs moy kf hrbm

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    tlf somf pb`ataco` porty. Aj oiiatabj, jb vbtajd mfmkfr

    bh tlf Cbujca` moy kf oj bfficfr br fmp`byff bh tlf

    Vjatfi Stotfs Dbvfrjmfjt. Ylf twb-yfor tfrms bh

    vbtajd mfmkfrs orf stoddfrfi oji jb vbtajd mfmkfr

    moy sfrvf bjdfr tloj twb cbjsfcutavf twb-yfor tfrms.

    Sohfty oji Sfcuraty

    Ylas bfficf cbbriajotfs oji prbmu`dotfs o`` wbr`iwaif

    Wfocf Cbrps sohfty oji sfcuraty pb`acafs, watl tlf

    fxcfptabj bh AY systfms sfcuraty wlacl, ky `ow, as tlf

    ibmoaj bh tlf clafh ajhbrmotabj bfficfr.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Sohfty oji Sfcuraty as clordfi watl

    mbjatbrajd oji matadotajd tlf rases hocfi ky Wfocf

    Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs, odfjcy pfrsbjjf` oji hoca`atafs, kbtl

    ibmfstaco``y oji bvfrsfos. Ylf bfficf bpfrotfs kbtl

    watlaj tlf structurf bh cbmp`fx hfifro` rfquarfmfjts

    oji aj tlf rfo`m bh crasas rfspbjsf tb prbvaif tamf`yoji opprbpraotf duaiojcf tb Xb`ujtffrs oji odfjcy

    `foifrslap o`aef.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps ifvbtfs sadjacojt rfsburcfs tb

    majamazf sohfty rases tb Xb`ujtffrs oji tb davf tlfm

    tlf troajajd, suppbrt, oji ajhbrmotabj tlfy jffi hbr

    o sohf fxpfrafjcf. Ylf Bfficf bh Sohfty oji Sfcuraty

    cb``okbrotfs c`bsf`y watl Wfocf Cbrps tlrff rfdabjs

    oji prbvaifs suppbrt iarfct`y tb pbsts tlrbudl ?7

    rfdabjo``y-kosfi Wfocf Cbrps sohfty oji sfcuraty

    bfficfrs (WCSSBs). Ylfsf bfficfrs sfrvf os sfcuraty

    cbjsu`tojts hbr cbujtry iarfctbrs oji tlf Bfficf bhSohfty oji Sfcuraty, prbvaiajd troajajd, tlrfot ossfss-

    mfjt, plysaco` sfcuraty duaiojcf, crasas mojodfmfjt,

    oji suppbrt tb Xb`ujtffrs wlb lovf kffj vactams bh

    cramf. Ot focl pbst, tlf Sohfty oji Sfcuraty ujat as

    rfspbjsak`f hbr sfttajd up systfms tb moxamazf oji

    ifjf fvfry sto mfmkfrs rfspfctavf rfspbjsaka`aty

    hbr tlf sohfty oji sfcuraty bh Xb`ujtffrs. Focl pbst

    los o iftoa`fi fmfrdfjcy octabj p`oj tlot as ifvf`bpfi

    aj cbbriajotabj watl Wfocf Cbrps lfoiquortfrs, tlf

    rfdabjo` sfcuraty bfficf bh tlf V.S. Fmkossy, oji Wfocf

    Cbrps lbst cbujtry cbujtfrports.

    Fmplosas as p`ocfi bj Xb`ujtffr rfspbjsaka`aty

    oji fxtfjsavf troajajd aj sbuji sohfty proctacfs. Ylas

    opprbocl as kosfi bj tlf hoct tlot Xb`ujtffrs coj mbst

    fhhfctavf`y majamazf tlfar sohfty rases ky kua`iajd

    rfspfcthu` rf`otabjslaps watl tlbsf aj tlfar cbmmujaty.

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps los ajstatutfi o krboi oji systfmotac

    opprbocl tb ajcrfosf Xb`ujtffrs copocaty tb effp

    tlfmsf`vfs sohf iurajd tlfar sfrvacf. Ylas opprbocl

    as kosfi bj sfvfro` hujiomfjto` tfjfts bh Xb`ujtffr

    sohfty oji sfcuraty, ajc`uiajd kua`iajd rf`otabjslaps,

    slorajd ajhbrmotabj, troajajd, satf ifvf`bpmfjt, ajca-

    ifjt rfpbrtajd oji rfspbjsf, oji fmfrdfjcy cbmmu-

    jacotabjs oji p`ojjajd. (Sff Oppfjiax L hbr tlf sohftyoji sfcuraty bvfrvafw tlot as prbvaifi tb Xb`ujtffrs,

    vao tlf Xb`ujtffr Lojikbbe.)

    Ylf Bpfrotabjs Suppbrt Iavasabj mojodfs tlf

    cramf ajcaifjt rfpbrtajd prbdrom oji cbbriajotfs

    watl pbsts, iap`bmotac sfcuraty, oji lbst cbujtry `ow

    fjhbrcfmfjt tb suppbrt tlf ajvfstadotabj oji prbsfcu-

    tabj bh cramfs odoajst Xb`ujtffrs. Ylf iavasabj o`sb

    sfrvfs os tlf odfjcys hbco` pbajt hbr plysaco` sfcuraty

    bh bvfrsfos bfficfs oji rfsaifjcfs.

    Sohfty oji Sfcuraty Cfjtro``yMojodfi [fsburcfs

    Ylfsf rfsburcfs orf pramora`y hbr ibmfstac sfcuraty

    duori cbjtrocts watl tlf Ifportmfjt bh Lbmf`oji

    Sfcuraty. Cramf rfspbjsf hujis orf o`sb mojodfi

    watlaj tlas occbujt. Sucl hujis coj kf iarfctfi tb ojy

    port bh tlf wbr`i wlfrf cramfs odoajst Wfocf Cbrps

    Xb`ujtffrs rfquarf o swaht rfspbjsf.

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    Xb`ujtffrs ky [fdabj

    Xb`ujtffr Wrbnfcts

    Xb`ujtffr Wrb`f

    Ybto`s moy jbt oii tb ?77 pfrcfjt kfcousf bh rbujiajd.

    O`` ioto currfjt os bh Sfptfmkfr 37, ;771.

    Xb`ujtffr Stotastacs

    ?6%> Kusajfss ifvf`bpmfjt

    ?9%> Fjvarbjmfjt

    6%> Qbutl

    6%> Odracu`turf

    9%> Btlfr

    Lfo`tl ojiLAX/OAIS

    ;;%

    Fiucotabj

    36%

    Odf 3731

    ;%> Odf 9791

    3%> Odf 6761

    9%> Odf 8781

    0?%> Odf 4741

    0?%> Odf Morrafi

    Hfmo`f87%

    Mo`f97%

    Ajtfr-Omfracooji tlf Wocac

    3;%

    Ohraco

    34%

    Furbpf,Mfiatfrrojfoj,

    oji Osao

    37%

    OWWFJIA\ O

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J;

    Ohraco

    KFJAJOino, Korako, Kotbju, Kao`a, Ifjia, Hbj, Hrfjcl,

    Dbuj, Aiotclo, @bepo, Majo, Jodbt, Jotfja,Wfu`l, Sb`o, Tomo, Qfjif, Qbruko, ^ormo

    KBYSTOJOSftswojo

    KV[EAJO HOSBKasso, Hrfjcl, Hu`hu`i, Du`mojcfmo,

    Durujssa, Laia, Atojaebm, Nu`o, Eojura, Eopsaea,Eorujhf, Eotsfjo, @bkara, @yf`f, Mojioro,

    Mbbr, Mujdoeo, Saombu, Qfmko

    COMF[BBJKomuj, Kosso, Koyoo, Ku`u, Waidaj Fjd`asl

    Hojd, Hrfjcl, Hu`hui, Dlbm o`, LousoCOWF XF[IF

    Kor`ovfjtb Erab`u, Wbrtudufsf,Sbtovfjtb Erab`u

    FYLABWAOOmlorac, Brbmaho, Yadrajyo

    YLF DOMKAONb`o, Mojiajeo, Wu`oor,Sorolu`f, Sfrffr, Tb`bh

    DLOJOKu`a, Iodorf, Iodkoja, Iojdmf, Fwf, Hojt, Do,

    Dlojoaoj Sadj @ojduodf, Dbjno, Duruja, Louso,Eosfm, Eusoo`, @aeapoepoo`u, Mompru`a, Mbor,

    Jojeom, Jzfmo, Sasoo`a, Yo`fja, Ywa, Too`f, Tosso

    DVAJFOHrfjcl, Eassaf, Epf`f, @bmo, Mo`ajef, Wu`oor , Sbussbu

    EFJQOEo`fjnaj, Efjyoj Sadj @ojduodf,

    Eaeuyu, Easwola`a, @ub, @uylo

    @FSBYLBSfsbtlb

    @AKF[AO

    @akfraoj Fjd`asl

    MOIODOSCO[Hrfjcl, Mo`odosy

    MO@OTAClaclfwo, Cla`omkao, Cla`bmwf, Clajio`a,

    Clasfjo, Clatbjdo, Clatumkueo, Clayob

    MO@AKomkoro, Kbmu, Ibdbj, Hrfjcl,

    Hu`hui, Elossbjef, Mo`ajef, Majaojeo,

    Sfjbuhbu, Sbjroa, Sbjajef, Yomoslfe

    MOV[AYOJAOOrokac, Hrfjcl, Lossyjao,

    Wu`oor, Sbjajef , Tb`bh

    MB^OMKA_VFClbpa, Cluokb, Ebta, @bmwf,

    Moeluwo, Moebjif, Jiou, Jlujdwf,Jyojno, Wbrtudufsf, [bjdo, Sfjo, Slojdojo,

    Slbjo, Yfwf, Yswo

    JOMAKAOOhraeoojs, Elbfelbfdbwok, Bslaewojyomo,

    Bslajibjdo, Btanlfrfrb, [uewojdo`a, Ylamkueuslo

    JADF[Hrfjcl, Hu`hui, Louso, Eojura,

    Yomoslfq, ^ormo[TOJIO

    Eajyorwojio

    SFJFDO@Komkoro, Iaolbjef, Hrfjcl, Hu`o Eujio,

    Mo`ajef, Mojiajeo, Wu`oor iu Jbri,Wu`o Huuto, Sfrffr, Sbussbu, Tb`bh

    SAF[[O @FBJFErab

    SBVYL OH[ACOOhraeoojs, asaJifkf`f, asa^u`u,

    Sfpfia, Sftswojo, saSwota,Jbrtlfrj Sbtlb, Xfjio, \aYsbjdb

    STO^A@OJIsaSwota

    YOJ^OJAOEaswola`a

    YBDBOefkbu, Oepbssb, Ko`ojeo, Kossor, Kasso,

    Fwf/Totcla, Hrfjcl, Dburmo, Lobusso, Ah (Ojo), Eokay,Eokb`f, Ebmebjko, Ebtbeb`a, @omko, Majo, Mbko,

    Jobifm (@bssb), Yomkfrmo, Yclomko, Yclbebssa (Ojbuhb)

    VDOJIOOtfsb, Ilbpoilb`o, @udojio, @udwfrf,

    @umosooko, @usbdo, [ujyoebrf, [ujyb`f,

    [ujybrb-[utbrb, Vlbpoilb`o^OMKAO

    Kfmko, Clasb`a, Eobjif, @ujio, @uvo`f,Momkwf, Jyojno, Jsfjdo, Ybjdo, Yumkueo

    OWWFJIA\ C

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J37

    @ojduodfs Spbefj ky Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs Ocrbss tlf Tbr`i>

    Furbpf, Mfiatfrrojfoj, oji Osao

    O@KOJAOO`kojaoj

    O[MFJAOOrmfjaoj

    O^F[KOANOJOzfrkoanoja (Ozfra)

    KV@DO[AOKu`doraoj

    COMKBIAOElmfr

    CLAJOMojioraj

    DFB[DAO

    Ozfra, Dfbrdaoj

    AJIBJFSAOKoloso Ajibjfsaoj

    NB[IOJOrokac

    EO^OELSYOJEozoel, [ussaoj

    EQ[DQ^ [FWVK@ACEyrdyz, [ussaoj

    MOCFIBJAOO`kojaoj, Mocfibjaoj

    MB@IBXO[bmojaoj, [ussaoj

    MBJDB@AOEozoel, Mbjdb`aoj

    MB[BCCBOrokac, Hrfjcl,

    Yomozadlt, Yoslf`lfft

    WLA@AWWAJFSOe`ojbj, Kaeb`-O`koy,Kaeb`-Jodo, Cfkuojb,

    La`adoyjbj, Ako`ba, A`beojb,Eojeojo-fy Eajoroy-o,

    Wojdosajoj, Yodo`bd, Toroy

    [BMOJAOLujdoraoj, [bmojaoj

    YLOA@OJIYloa

    YV[EMFJASYOJ[ussaoj, Yuremfj

    VE[OAJF[ussaoj, Veroajaoj

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    KF@A^FDorahujo, Efecla, Erab`, Mbpoj Moyo, Spojasl

    KB@AXAODuoroja, _ufcluo, Spojasl

    CBSYO [ACOSpojasl

    IBMAJACOJ [FWVK@ACSpojasl

    FOSYF[J CO[AKKFOJFjd`asl Crfb`f, Hrfjcl Crfb`f (Ewfyb`)

    FCVOIB[Eaclwo, Spojasl

    F@ SO@XOIB[ Spojasl

    HANAHanaoj, Lajia

    DVOYFMO@OOwoeotfcb, Axa`, Noco`tfcb, Eoeclaquf`, Mom,

    Wcbmcla, Wbpta, Wbqbmom, _ojnbko`,_fqcl, _uacl, Spojasl, Yzutula`

    DVQOJOCrfb`f

    LBJIV[OSSpojasl

    NOMOACOWotbas

    MF\ACBSpojasl

    MAC[BJFSAO oji WO@OVCluuefsf, Ebsrofoj, Mbrt`bceffsf,

    Mwboea`fsf, Wo`ouoj, Wajdf`opfsf, Wbljfpfaoj,Sopwuole, V`atlaoj, Tb`foaoj, Qopfsf

    JACO[ODVOSpojasl

    WOJOMOFmkfro, Jdokf, Spojasl, Tbujooj

    WO[ODVOQ

    Duoroj, Spojasl

    WF[V_ufcluo, Spojasl

    SOMBOSomboj

    SV[AJOMFOucoj, Iutcl, Soromoccoj, Srojoj Ybjdb

    YBJDOYbjdoj

    XOJVOYVKas`omo

    @ojduodfs Spbefj ky Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs Ocrbss tlf Tbr`i>Ajtfr-Omfraco oji tlf Wocac

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J3;

    Odracu`turf

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps odracu`turf prbnfcts orf ifsadjfi tb

    prbmbtf fjvarbjmfjto``y sustoajok`f hormajd proctacfs.

    O`bjd watl tlfar fjvarbjmfjt-sfctbr cbujtfrports, mojy

    odracu`turf Xb`ujtffrs lf`p hormfrs hbcus bj `bjd-tfrm

    prbiuctavaty ky moajtoajajd oji amprbvajd sba`s oji

    mojodajd wotfr. Ylfy ifmbjstrotf tlf ampbrtojcf bh

    wbreajd watl `bco`, joturo` ajputs tb cbjtrb` pfsts oji

    frbsabj. Ajcrfosajd`y, Xb`ujtffrs oji tlfar portjfrs orf

    prbmbtajd opprboclfs tb hormajd tlot orf kbtl sustoaj-

    ok`f oji brdojac os tlfy cbjtajuf tb wbre watl o krboi

    rojdf bh odracu`turo` prbiucts. Xb`ujtffrs orf o`sb lf`pajd

    tlfar lbst-cbujtry cbmmujatafs ifvf`bp tlfar odracu`turf

    sfctbrs tb amprbvf ajcbmf `fvf`s oji prbmbtf kfttfr

    jutratabj. Xb`ujtffrs systfmotaco``y ajc`uif wbmfj oji

    ybutl aj tlfar odracu`turf fxtfjsabj octavatafs. Ybioy, o

    Xb`ujtffr as os `aef`y tb kf wbreajd watl o wbmfjs ossb-

    caotabj br ybutl c`uk os watl o mo`f lfoi bh lbusflb`i.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf 974 odracu`turf

    Xb`ujtffrs prbvaiajd ossastojcf tlrbudl ?7 prbnfcts.

    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Yroajajd hormfrs oji fxtfjsabj odfjts tb ifvf`bp oji

    iassfmajotf succfsshu` hormajd proctacfs

    Amprbvajd troiatabjo` f`i-crbp systfms ky ajtrbiuc-

    ajd hormfrs tb kfttfr proctacfs oji tfcljb`bdafs sucl

    os jfw sba` cbjsfrvotabj tfcljaqufs, crbp iavfrsaco-

    tabj, oji odrb-hbrfstry strotfdafs

    Fxpojiajd tlf ovoa`oka`aty oji occfptojcf bh jbj-

    troiatabjo` crbps ky prbmbtajd oji strfjdtlfjajd

    vfdftok`f dorifjajd oji hruat trff prbiuctabj wla`f

    roasajd oworfjfss okbut tlf jutratabjo` vo`uf bh tlf

    hbbis prbiucfi

    Ajcrfosajd ejbw`fidf oji sea``s jffifi hbr smo``-

    ojamo` luskojiry, sucl os pbu`try, rokkats, sl, ojilbjfy prbiuctabj

    Lf`pajd prbiucfrs ajcrfosf tlf vo`uf bh tlfar odra-

    cu`turo` prbiucts ky ifvf`bpajd jfw prbiucts sucl

    os noms oji irafi hruat, os wf`` os amprbvajd stbrodf,

    fxpojiajd iastrakutabj, oji amp`fmfjtajd mbrf

    ffctavf mojodfmfjt oji moreftajd

    Xb`ujtffr Octavatafs ky Wrbdrom Orfo

    Kusajfss Ifvf`bpmfjt

    Ylf kusajfss ifvf`bpmfjt sfctbr ajc`uifs hbur suksfc-

    tbrs> cbmmujaty, mujacapo`, kusajfss, oji brdojazotabjo`

    ifvf`bpmfjt. Xb`ujtffrs watl o vorafty bh kusajfss

    fiucotabj oji prbhfssabjo` fxpfrafjcfs orf ossadjfi tb

    prbnfcts tlot hbcus bj kusajfss, brdojazotabjo`, oji cbm-

    mujacotabj sea``s aj `bco` dbvfrjmfjt bfficfs, jbjprbt

    odfjcafs, oji hbr-prbt kusajfssfs. Ylf hbcus bh wbre

    aj tlas sfctbr los slahtfi hrbm kusajfss cbjsu`tajd tb

    mbrf cbmmujaty fcbjbmac ifvf`bpmfjt, fmplosazajd

    sustoajoka`aty, trojsporfjcy, cbmmujaty vb`ujtffrasm,

    oji `foifrslap troajajd. Aj rfspbjsf tb tlf jffis bh o

    d`bko` fcbjbmy, tlf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` ajcrfosf tlf jum-

    kfr bh kusajfss Xb`ujtffrs aj oj fxpojifi fbrt tb ossast

    ujifrsfrvfi cbmmujatafs oji fjlojcf fjtrfprfjfurao`

    sea``s hbr wbmfj oji ybutl.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf ?,?9? kusajfss

    ifvf`bpmfjt Xb`ujtffrs prbvaiajd ossastojcf tlrbudl

    96 prbnfcts wbr`iwaif.

    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Yroajajd octavatafs aj cbmputfr oji Ajtfrjft usf

    Yroajajd fjtrfprfjfurs aj moreftajd, kusajfss p`oj-

    jajd, oji kbbeeffpajd

    Lf`pajd ortasoj cbbpfrotavfs moreft tlfar lojimoif

    dbbis

    Oivasajd wbmfjs drbups okbut occfss tb sovajds oji

    crfiat bppbrtujatafs, ajc`uiajd crfotajd ajifpfjifjt

    va``odf sovajds oji `boj ossbcaotabjs

    Fiucotajd ybujd pfbp`f tb fjtfr tlf wbre hbrcf oji

    portacapotf aj tlf moreft fcbjbmy

    Lf`pajd kusajfssfs ji morefts hbr troiatabjo` oji

    vo`uf-oiifi prbiucts

    Cbujsf`ajd kusajfssfs, ajc`uiajd macrbjojcf ajsta-

    tutabjs, bj brdojazotabjo` assufs Yfoclajd jojcao` mojodfmfjt tb jbjdbvfrjmfjto`

    brdojazotabjs (JDBs)

    Tbreajd watl cbmmujatafs tb p`oj fcbtburasm prbn-

    fct p`ojjajd tlrbudl cbmmujaty-kosfi rfsburcf

    mojodfmfjt

    OWWFJIA\ I

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    Fiucotabj

    Fiucotabj rfmoajs tlf Wfocf Cbrps ordfst prbdrom sfc-

    tbr. Aj rfo`aty, o`` Xb`ujtffrs orf, tb sbmf fxtfjt, fiucotbrs.

    Mojy lbst cbujtry jotabjo`s ifscrakf lbw o Xb`ujtffr wlb

    toudlt tlfm yfors odb bpfjfi jfw vastos hbr tlfar huturf

    oji fmpbwfrfi tlfm tb moef o iafrfjcf. Fiucotabj

    prbnfcts ajc`uif tfom-tfoclajd cbursfs aj motl, scafjcf,

    lfo`tl, fjvarbjmfjt, oji cavacs br sea``s-kosfi c`ossfs aj

    Fjd`asl oji `atfrocy. Fiucotabj Xb`ujtffrs strfjdtlfj

    `bco` copocaty ky troajajd oji mfjtbrajd tfoclfrs aj E-?;

    sclbb`s, tfoclfr-troajajd cb``fdfs, oji ujavfrsatafs. Kosfi

    bj tlf jffis bh lbst cbmmujatafs, Xb`ujtffrs suppbrt

    prbdroms hbr vu`jfrok`f, mordajo`azfi br btlfr spfcao`-

    jffis cla`irfj. Ylfy o`sb crfotf ohtfr-sclbb` prbdroms,

    c`uks, oji comps hbr kbys oji dar`s tb prbmbtf LAX/OAIS

    prfvfjtabj oji `ahf sea``s. Fiucotabj Xb`ujtffrs troaj

    tfoclfrs tb fxpoji `forjajd bppbrtujatafs tlrbudl tlf usf

    bh ajhbrmotabj oji cbmmujacotabjs tfcljb`bdy (ACY),

    ajc`uiajd roiab, vaifb, oji cbmputfrs, wlacl orf ajcrfos-

    ajd`y ampbrtojt hbr occfssajd ajhbrmotabj, cbmmujacotajd

    prbhfssabjo``y, oji fquappajd stuifjts watl ;?st-cfjtury

    sea``s. Amprbvfi ACY krboifjs occfss tb fiucotabj, moefs

    `forjajd mbrf ajtfroctavf, prbvaifs tfoclfrs watl occfss

    tb c`ossrbbm motfrao`s, oji fjok`fs c`ossrbbms orbuji

    tlf wbr`i tb cbmmujacotf oji cb``okbrotf.

    Xb`ujtffrs orf o`sb moeajd sadjacojt cbjtrakutabjs

    tb dar`s fiucotabj oji dfjifr oworfjfss. Orbuji tlf

    wbr`i, Xb`ujtffrs prbmbtf octavatafs tlot lf`p fxpoji

    fiucotabjo` bppbrtujatafs hbr hfmo`fs aj kbtl hbrmo` oji

    jbjhbrmo` sfttajds. Hbr fxomp`f, Xb`ujtffrs cbjiuct

    summfr `foifrslap comps hbr dar`s, suppbrt cbmmujaty

    oworfjfss bh dar`s oclafvfmfjts oji pbtfjtao`, fjcbur-

    odf tlfar portacapotabj aj tlf c`ossrbbm, fstok`asl sohf

    fjvarbjmfjts hbr ohtfr-sclbb` stuiy, oji brdojazf corffr

    hoars hbr wbmfj. Sama`or`y, Xb`ujtffrs orf wbreajd watl

    kbys oji mfj tb fxp`brf dfjifr rb`fs, fxpfctotabjs, oji

    bppbrtujatafs aj o ropai`y clojdajd wbr`i.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf ;,4?1 fiucotabjXb`ujtffr s prbv aiajd ossa stojcf tlrb udl 69 prbnfct s

    wbr`iwaif.

    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Yfoclajd stuifjts tlrbudl c`ossfs oji fxtrocur-

    racu`or octavatafs

    Mfjtbrajd cbujtfrports oji troajajd tfoclfrs

    Oivasajd aj tlf ifvf`bpmfjt bh curracu`o oji tfocl-

    ajd motfrao`s

    Wrbmbtajd cbmmujaty oji sclbb`-kosfi rfsburcf

    cfjtfrs

    Oivasajd sclbb`-cbmmujaty brdojazotabjs, porfjt-

    tfoclfr drbups, oji cbmmujaty ifvf`bpmfjt

    prbnfcts

    Suppbrtajd oiu`t fiucotabj

    Wrbmbtajd iastojcf `forjajd

    Suppbrtajd spfcao`-jffis c`ossfs, sucl os ifoh

    fiucotabj, oji prbmbtajd dfjfro` oworfjfss aj tlf

    cbmmujaty hbr cla`irfj oji ybutl watl iasoka`atafs

    Fjcburodajd for`y cla`ilbbi fiucotabj

    Tbreajd watl roiab stotabjs tb tfocl Fjd`asl oji

    LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj

    Fjvarbjmfjt

    Xb`u jt ffrs wbr eajd bj fjv ar bjmfjt prbn fcts lf`p

    strfjdtlfj o cbmmujatys oka`aty tb sustoajok`y cbjsfrvf

    oji usf joturo` rfsburcfs. Ylfy wbre pramora`y ot tlf

    drossrbbts `fvf`, hbcusajd bj lumoj jffis oji sustoaj-

    ok`f o`tfrjotavfs. Xb`ujtffrs hbcusajd bj odrbhbrfstry,

    hbr fxomp`f, aifjtahy oji troaj `bco` `foifrs sb tlfy coj

    tfocl btlfr hormfrs lbw tb usf hbrfstry tb amprbvf tlf

    prbiuctavaty oji rfsburcf sustoajoka`aty bh tlfar f`is

    oji dorifjs. Sama`or`y, Xb`ujtffrs amp`fmfjt fiucotabj

    octavatafs butsaif tlf c`ossrbbm tlrbudl fjvarbjmfjto`

    c`uks oji fcb-comps. Ot sbmf pbsts, sclbb`s oji cbmmu-

    jatafs orf cbjjfctfi os porfjts oji ybutl wbre tbdftlfr

    tb aifjtahy nbajt prbnfcts, sucl os kbtt`f rfcyc`ajd br cbm-

    mujaty c`fojup ioys.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf ?,76; fjvarbjmfjt

    Xb`ujtffrs prbvaiajd ossastojcf tlrbudl 37 prbnfcts

    wbr`iwaif.

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    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Wrbmbtajd rfhbrfstotabj oji sba` oji wotfr cbjsfrvo-

    tabj watl ajiavaiuo` hormfrs

    Cb-tfoclajd c`ossfs aj sclbb`s, cbjiuctajd tfoclfr-

    troajajd sfmajors, oji ifvf`bpajd curracu`o rf`otfi

    tb fjvarbjmfjto` tbpacs

    Wrbmbtajd jbjhbrmo` fjvarbjmfjto` fiucotabj (f.d.,

    summfr comps, fcb-c`uks, Fortl Ioy fvfjts, oji

    tlfotfr iromos) oji wbreajd watl fjtrfprfjfurs oji

    ossbcaotabjs tb ifvf`bp br strfjdtlfj o`tfrjotavfs tb

    ujsustoajok`f lorvfstajd oji cu`tavotabj proctacfs,

    sucl os dfjfrotajd ajcbmf hrbm rfjfwok`f joturo`

    rfsburcfs

    Lfo`tl oji LAX/OAIS

    Xb`ujtffrs wbre aj lfo`tl prbnfcts tb prbmbtf prfvfj-

    tavf lfo`tl fiucotabj oji proctacfs watl oj fmplosas

    bj bvfro`` lfo`tl oji wf``-kfajd. Ylf scbpf bh tlfsf

    prbnfcts ajc`uifs> lydafjf oji sojatotabj5 wotfr systfms

    ifvf`bpmfjt oji fjlojcfmfjt5 jutratabj oji hbbi

    sfcuraty5 motfrjo` oji cla`i lfo`tl5 rfprbiuctavf lfo`tl5

    cbmmujacok`f iasfosfs5 clrbjac a``jfssfs5 oji lfo`tly

    `ahfsty`fs, fxfrcasf, oji ifcasabj moeajd. Xb`ujtffrs

    oji tlfar cbujtfrports oiirfss tlfsf assufs aj o vorafty

    bh woys, ajc`uiajd hbrmo` c`ossrbbm ajstructabj hrbm

    eajifrdortfj tb tlf ujavfrsaty `fvf`5 cbmmujaty-kosfi

    kflovabr clojdf cbmmujacotabj octavatafs tlrbudl tlf

    usf bh tlfotfr, roiab, tf`fvasabj, puppft slbws, muro`s,

    ftc.5 fiucotabjo` oji troajajd motfrao`s ifvf`bpmfjt oji

    iastrakutabj5 troajajd hbr oji tfcljaco` suppbrt tb lfo`tl

    corf prbvaifrs, pffr fiucotbrs, tfoclfrs, oji jbjhbrmo`

    cbmmujaty lfo`tl vb`ujtffrs5 oji sfssabjs usajd muro`s,

    tlfotfr, roiab, tf`fvasabj, oji puppft slbws.

    Mojy Xb`ujtffrs wbre tb matadotf tlf ifvostotajd

    ampoct tlot mo`orao los bj mojy cbmmujatafs, por-

    tacu`or`y ybujd cla`irfj. Xb`ujtffrs `` o jffifi jaclf

    aj corryajd but drossrbbts cbmmujaty-kosfi fiucotabj

    oji so`afjt lfo`tl fiucotabj octavatafs hbcusfi bj mo`oraocbjtrb`. Lfo`tl sfctbr Xb`ujtffrs, wbreajd o`bjdsaif tlfar

    cbujtfrports, hbcus bj mo`orao cbjtrb` tlrbudl amprbvajd

    ejbw`fidf oji kflovabr rf`otfi tb mo`orao trojsmassabj,

    ujifrscbrajd tlf ampbrtojcf bh ajtfrmattfjt prfsumptavf

    trfotmfjt hbr prfjoto` corf oji hoca`atotajd tlf iastraku-

    tabj oji uta`azotabj bh ajsfctacaif trfotfi jfts.

    Aj wotfr, sojatotabj oji lydafjf, Xb`ujtffrs wbre tb

    ajcrfosf tlf copocaty bh `bco` pfbp`f tb kua`i, mojodf, oji

    sustoaj tlfar bwj wotfr supp`y oji sojatotabj ajhrostruc-

    turf. Xb`ujtffrs o`sb prbmbtf lydafjf kflovabrs, sucl os

    loji woslajd watl sbop, tlot lovf kffj slbwj tb rfiucf

    tlf ajcaifjcf bh iaorrlfo oji pjfumbjao.

    Mojy Xb`ujtffrs hbcus bj LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj oji

    corf fxc`usavf`y br os port bh o cbmprflfjsavf cbmmujaty

    lfo`tl prbnfct. @ahf sea``s troajajd cbjtajufs tb kf ot tlf

    cfjtfr bh mucl bh Xb`ujtffrs LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj

    wbre, portacu`or`y wlfj tordftajd ybutl. Ajcrfosajd`y,

    Xb`ujtffrs orf ossad jfi tb LAX/OAIS-rf`otfi JDBs

    oji ossast aj ajcrfosajd tlf tfcljaco`, mojodfrao`, oji

    oimajastrotavf copocatafs bh sucl drbups. Xb`ujtffrs

    orf ujaquf`y suatfi tb wbre aj LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj

    kfcousf tlfy `avf oji wbre aj `bco` cbmmujatafs oji

    coj prfsfjt ajhbrmotabj aj cu`turo``y sfjsatavf woys. Ylf

    Wfocf Cbrps as cb``okbrotajd watl tlf V.S. Ifportmfjt

    bh Stotfs Bfficf bh tlf D`bko` OAIS Cbbriajotbr tb sup-

    pbrt tlf V.S. dbvfrjmfjts cbmmatmfjt tb wbr`iwaif

    LAX/OAIS corf, prfvfjtabj, oji trfotmfjt tlrbudl tlf

    Wrfsaifjts Fmfrdfjcy W`oj hbr OAIS [f`afh (WFWHO[).

    Aj HQ ;771, jajfty-vf pfrcfjt bh o`` Wfocf Cbrps pbsts

    orbuji tlf wbr`i cbjiuctfi LAX/OAIS octavatafs. Bvfr

    bjf ma``abj pfbp`f, ajc`uiajd sfrvacf prbvaifrs, kfjftfi

    hrbm Xb`ujtffr ajtfrvfjtabjs.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf ?,47< lfo`tl oji

    LAX/OAIS Xb`ujtffrs prbvaiajd ossastojcf tlrbudl 69

    prbnfcts wbr`iwaif.

    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Hoca`atotajd lfo`tl fiucotabj bj jutratabj (krfost-

    hffiajd, drbwtl mbjatbrajd oji prbmbtabj, wfojajd,

    tlrff hbbi drbups, ftc.) oji jutratabjo` rfloka`atotabj

    Wrbmbtajd lydafjf fiucotabj oji pojifmac prf-

    porfijfss (a.f., L?J? oworfjfss) aj cbmmujatafs

    oji sclbb`s

    Yfoclajd okbut lfo`tl oji LAX/ OAIS prfvfjtabj

    oji corf

    Fxpojiajd pffr fiucotabj tb urdf ybutl oji btlfrstb rfiucf rasey kflovabr

    Wrbmbtajd lfo`tly `ahfsty`fs, fspfcao``y hbr ybutl

    Suppbrtajd ybutl oji brploj octavatafs oji corf

    Wrbvaiajd lydafjf fiucotabj c`ossfs aj cbmmujatafs

    Wrbmbtajd fiucotabj okbut ajhfctabus iasfosfs,

    ajc`uiajd mo`orao cbjtrb` prfvfjtabj

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    Ossastajd aj prbmbtajd motfrjo` oji cla`i lfo`tl

    c`ajacs

    Strfjdtlfjajd JDB lfo`tl-if`avfry systfms5 cbj-

    structajd oji mojodajd wotfr systfms5 oji prbmbt-

    ajd proctacfs oji sfrvacfs sucl os tamf`y voccajotabj

    cbjtrb`

    Suppbrtajd cbmmujaty sojatotabj fbrts

    Strfjdtlfjajd `bco` oji ajtfrjotabjo` JDB sfrvacf

    if`avfry systfms

    Cbjstructajd oji moajtoajajd c`foj wotfr systfms

    Kua`iajd tlf copocaty bh lfo`tl oji wotfr, sojatotabj

    cbmmattffs

    Qbutl

    Sajcf tlf ajcfptabj bh tlf Wfocf Cbrps aj ?18?, Xb`ujtffrs

    lovf loi drfot succfss wbreajd watl ybutl. At as bhtfj

    ybujd pfbp`f aj o cbmmujaty wlb orf tlf Xb`ujtffrs

    rst `ojduodf cboclfs oji cu`turo` ajtfrprftfrs. Aj turj,

    ybujd pfbp`f vo`uf tlf bppbrtujaty tb `forj hrbm Wfocf

    Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs. Aj mojy bh tlf cbujtrafs aj wlacl

    Wfocf Cbrps wbres, jfor`y 67 pfrcfjt bh tlf pbpu`otabj

    as ujifr tlf odf bh ;6. Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf ybutl sfctbr

    orf duaifi ky tlrff efy prajcap`fs> prbmbtajd pbsatavf

    ybutl ifvf`bpmfjt, hoca`atotajd o drfotfr `fvf` bh ybutl

    portacapotabj, oji opprboclajd cbmmujaty ifvf`bpmfjt

    hrbm oj ossft-kosfi pbajt bh vafw. Xb`ujtffrs oji tlfar

    portjfrs ajtfdrotf tlfsf opprboclfs ajtb stoji-o`bjf

    ybutl ifvf`bpmfjt prbnfcts oji ajtb prbnfcts tlot crbss

    o`` prbdrom sfctbrs. Ylf Wfocf Cbrps opprbocl tb ybutl

    ifvf`bpmfjt suppbrts ffctavf, sustoajok`f wbre watl

    ybuj d pfbp`f, tlfar homa`afs, oji tlfar cbmmujatafs.

    Wrbnfcts o`sb oam tb kua`i tlf copocaty bh ybutl-sfrvajd

    brdojazotabjs oji tlf lbst cbujtry prbhfssabjo`s wlb

    wbre watl ybujd pfbp`f. Crataco` assufs ofctajd ybutl

    tlrbudlbut tlf wbr`i ajc`uif succfsshu``y moeajd tlf

    trojsatabj hrbm sclbb` tb wbre, ifvf`bpajd rf`fvojt sea``s

    tb prfporf tlfm hbr homa`y ahf, oji kfcbmajd fjdodfi oji

    octavf catazfjs aj tlfar cbmmujatafs.

    Xb`ujtffrs orf ujaquf y pbsatabjfi tb prbvaif `forj-ajd bppbrtujatafs tb dar`s oji kbys ot tlf drossrbbts fvf`.

    Xb`ujtffrs o`sb sfrvf o vo`uok`f rb`f aj rfoclajd spfcao`

    pbpu`otabjs, sucl os cla`irfj brplojfi iuf tb LAX/

    OAIS, strfft cla`irfj, oji btlfr vu`jfrok`f ybujd pfbp`f.

    Xb`ujtffrs wbre watl tlfar portjfrs tb amprbvf fmp`by-

    mfjt sea``s hbr iasfjhrojclasfi oji but-bh-sclbb` ybujd

    mfj oji wbmfj, oji prbvaif suppbrt tb ot rase ybutl.

    Mojy Xb`ujtffrs sfrvf os mfjtbrs hbr ybujd pfbp`f oji

    os cbujtfrports aj ybutl sfrvacf brdojazotabjs.

    Ot tlf fji bh HQ ;771, tlfrf wfrf 36< ybutl ifvf`bp-

    mfjt Xb`ujtffrs prbvaiajd ossastojcf tlrbudl ?< prbnfcts

    wbr`iwaif.

    Fxomp`fs bh Xb`ujtffr wbre ajc`uif>

    Ajcrfosajd fmp`byoka`aty sea``s, corffr p`ojjajd, oji

    fjtrfprfjfurslap troajajd

    Suppbrtajd troajajd hbr cbmputfr sea``s oji Ajtfrjft

    usf

    Ifvf`bpajd `foifrslap, cbmmujacotabj, oji tfom-

    wbre sea``s tlrbudl spbrts, rfcrfotabj, iromo, oji

    orts bppbrtujatafs

    Wrbvaiajd fjvarbjmfjto` fiucotabj oji cbmmujaty

    sfrvacf bppbrtujatafs

    Wrbvaiajd `ahf sea``s tlrbudl homa`y `ahf oji lfo`tly

    `ahfsty`fs troajajd, ajc`uiajd LAX/OAIS prfvfjtabj

    Wrbmbtajd pbsatavf `foifrslap oji catazfjslap

    ifvf`bpmfjt

    Ifvf`bpajd tlf sea``s bh tfoclfrs, ybutl prbmbtfrs,

    oji sbcao` wbrefrs tb kfttfr hoca`atotf portacapotbry

    `forjajd bppbrtujatafs hbr ybutl

    Tbreajd tb fjcburodf porfjts oji btlfr cbmmujaty

    oiu`ts tb suppbrt ybutl prabratafs

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    Ohraco

    Cbujtry Xb`ujtffrs

    Kfjaj

    Kbtswojo

    Kureajo Hosb

    Comfrbbj

    Copf Xfrif

    Ftlabpao

    Dlojo

    Duajfo

    Efjyo

    @fsbtlb

    Mo`owa

    Mo`a

    Mouratojao

    Mbzomkaquf

    Jomakao

    Jadfr

    [wojio

    Sfjfdo`

    Sbutl Ohraco

    Swoza`oji

    Yojzojao

    Ylf Domkao

    Ybdb

    Vdojio

    ^omkao

    YBYO@ ,

    Furbpf, Mfiatfrrojfoj, oji Osao

    Cbujtry Xb`ujtffrs

    O`kojao ?6

    Ormfjao

    Ozfrkoanoj ??

    Ku`dorao

    Comkbiao ??

    Clajo

    Eozoelstoj

    Eyrdyz [fpuk`ac

    Mocfibjao

    Mb`ibvo

    Mbjdb`ao

    Mbrbccb

    Wla`appajfs

    [bmojao

    Yloa`oji

    Yuremfjastoj

    Veroajf

    YBYO@

    Ajtfr-Omfraco oji tlf Wocac

    Cbujtry Xb`ujtffrs

    Kf`azf

    Cbsto [aco

    Ibmajacoj [fpuk`ac

    Fostfrj Corakkfoj*

    Fcuoibr

    F` So`voibr

    Hana

    Duotfmo`o

    Duyojo

    Lbjiuros

    Nomoaco

    Macrbjfsao oji Wo`ou

    Jacoroduo

    Wojomo

    Woroduoy

    Wfru

    Surajomf

    Ybjdo

    Xojuotu

    YBYO@

    Xb`ujtffrs Tbreajd aj LAX/OAIS Octavatafs Iurajd HQ ;771

    Droji Ybto`> ;,

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    Wfocf Cbrps Opp`acotabj Wrbcfss oji Wlosfs bh Xb`ujtffr Sfrvacf

    Wfocf Cbrps Opp`acotabj Wrbcfss

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps opp`acotabj tb ajvatotabj prbcfss usu-

    o``y toefs hrbm sax tb ?; mbjtls tb cbmp`ftf, kut moy

    toef `bjdfr aj cfrtoaj cosfs. Ylas as iuf tb o jumkfr

    bh hoctbrs, ajc`uiajd turjorbuji tamf hbr rfhfrfjcf

    clfces, o mfiaco` fvo`uotabj, iftfrmajajd opp`acojt

    suatoka`aty hbr ossadjmfjts, tlf ovoa`oka`aty bh ossadj-

    mfjts, oji wlftlfr oj opp`acojt jffis oiiatabjo`

    tamf tb bktoaj fxpfrafjcf tb kf o mbrf cbmpftatavf

    cojiaiotf. Ohtfr rfcfavajd oj ajvatotabj, mbst pfbp`f

    ifport hbr tlfar cbujtry ossadjmfjt watlaj twb tb

    tlrff mbjtls.

    Stfp Bjf>Opp`acotabj

    Ylf harst stfp tbwori kfcbmajd o Wfocf Cbrps

    Xb`ujtffr as tb prbvaif prf`amajory ajhbrmotabj. Mbst

    pfbp`f cbmp`ftf tlf opp`acotabj watlaj twb wffes.

    Iurajd tlas stodf opp`acojts sukmat o cbmp`ftfi

    opp`acotabj hbrm tlot ajc`uifs twb fssoys, tlrff rfhfr-

    fjcfs, fmp`bymfjt lastbry, rfsumf, cbmmujaty oji

    vb`ujtffr octavatafs, oji fiucotabjo` kocedrbuji5 o

    cbpy bh cb``fdf trojscraptsuj`fss tlfrf orf ?7 yfors

    opp`acok`f prbhfssabjo` fxpfrafjcf5 butstojiajd

    jojcao` bk`adotabjs5 oji o cbmp`ftf Lfo`tl Stotus

    [fvafw hbrm.

    Stfp Ywb>Ajtfrvafw

    Hbr opp`acojts iffmfi os pbtfjtao``y quo`afi coj-

    iaiotfs, oj ajtfrvafw dfjfro``y toefs p`ocf ohtfr o``

    opp`acotabj motfrao`s, ajc`uiajd rfhfrfjcfs, lovf kffj

    rfturjfi. Iurajd tlf ajtfrvafw, opp`acojts iascuss

    watl o rfcruatfr tlfar sea``s oji ajtfrfsts, nbk bppbr-

    tujatafs ovoa`ok`f, oji assufs sucl os fxaka`aty, oiopt-

    oka`aty, sbcao` oji cu`turo` oworfjfss, mbtavotabj, ojicbmmatmfjt tb Wfocf Cbrps sfrvacf.

    Stfp Ylrff> Jbmajotabj

    O jbmajotabj as o rfcbmmfjiotabj tlot oj opp`acojt

    mbvf bj tb tlf jfxt stodf bh cbjsaifrotabj, wlacl

    ajc`uifs mfiaco`, `fdo`, suatoka`aty, oji cbmpfta-

    tavf rfvafws. Ohtfr oj ajtfrvafw as cbmp`ftf oji o``

    rfqufstfi ibcumfjts orf rfcfavfi, tlf rfcruatfr

    fvo`uotfs oj opp`acojts cojiaiocy. Ah tlf rfcruatfr

    iftfrmajfs oj opp`acojt as quo`afi hbr Wfocf Cbrps

    sfrvacf, tlf opp`acojt as jbmajotfi tb sfrvf aj o

    dfjfro` wbre orfo oji rfdabj bh tlf wbr`i watl oj

    opprbxamotf ifporturf iotf.

    Stfp Hbur>Mfiaco`, @fdo`, Suatoka`aty,

    oji Cbmpftatavf [fvafws

    Bjcf oj opp`acojt los kffj jbmajotfi, lf br slf

    as moa`fi o Mfiaco` Hbrms poceodf tlot but`ajfs

    rfquarfmfjts hbr plysaco`, ifjto`, oji fyf fxoms. At

    as kfst tb rfturj o`` motfrao` hrbm tlf Mfiaco` Hbrms

    poceodf watlaj 96 ioys. Tla`f o monbraty bh opp`acojts

    orf iffmfi mfiaco``y quo`afi hbr Wfocf Cbrps sfr-

    vacf, sbmf opp`acojts moy kf iasquo`afi, ifhfrrfi,

    br `amatfi tb p`ocfmfjt aj cfrtoaj cbujtrafs. Ohtfr

    tlf mfiaco` rfvafw, opp`acotabjs orf rfvafwfi hbr

    f`adaka`aty kosfi bj tlf Wfocf Cbrps `fdo` duaif`ajfs.

    Mfiaco``y quo`afi oji fdo``y c`forfi opp`acojts orf

    tlfj fvo`uotfi ky o Wfocf Cbrps p`ocfmfjt bfficfr hbr

    suatoka`aty oji tlfar sea``s orf cbmporfi watl tlbsf bh

    btlfr cojiaiotfs. Cbmpftatavf oji suatok`f cojiaiotfs

    orf tlfj motclfi tb bpfjajds.

    Stfp Havf>Ajvatotabj

    Hbr quo`afi oji cbmpftatavf cojiaiotfs, tlf p`ocf-

    mfjt bfficfr wa`` fxtfji oj ajvatotabj aj wratajd hbr o

    spfcac cbujtry oji prbvaif o iftoa`fi nbk ifscrap-

    tabj. Ajvatotabjs orf typaco``y sfjt but twb tb tlrff

    mbjtls (ot fost sax wffes) aj oivojcf bh tlf prbdrom

    stort iotf.

    Stfp Sax>Wrfporotabj hbr Ifporturf

    Ylf Wfocf Cbrps trovf` bfficf wa`` assuf oj f`fctrbjactaceft hbr trovf` tb tlf prf-sfrvacf brafjtotabj satf (o`sb

    ejbwj os stodajd). Ammfiaotf`y prabr tb `fovajd hbr o

    cbujtry bh ossadjmfjt, Wfocf Cbrps troajffs mfft aj

    tlf V.S. tb prfporf hbr tlfar Xb`ujtffr sfrvacf. O slbrt

    tamf `otfr, tlfy y tb tlf ossadjfi cbujtry tb kfdaj

    aj-cbujtry troajajd.

    OWWFJIA\ H

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    3

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs rfpbrtajd troaj ajd prfporfi tlfm tb mojodf cu`turo` iafrfjcfs

    iurajd sfrvacf oifquotf`y br kfttfr

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    1?% 1;% 13%

    k. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts cbjiuctajd supfrvasbry/cbujtfrpor t troajajd bj wbreajd ffctavf`y

    watl Xb ujtffrs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 16% ojjuo``y

    c. Wfrcfjtodf bh lbst cbujtry jotabjo`s wlb lovf ajtfroctfi watl Xb ujtffrs wlb kf`afvf

    tlot Omfracojs orf cbmmattfi tb ossastajd btlfr pfbp`fs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Vjifr ifvf`bpmfjt kosfi bj bjdbajd f`i fvo`uotabjs

    i. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs rfpbrtajd tlot tlfar wbre lf`ps prbmbtf o kfttfr ujifrstojiajd

    bh Omfracojs bj tlf port bh tlf pfbp`fs sfrvfi

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    46%

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    Mfojs oji Strotfdafs>Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa``> Moajtoaj oji amprbvf systfms tb fjsurf opprbpraotf satf prfporotabj hbr Xb`ujtffrs, ajc`uiajd tlf sf`fctabj oji

    troajajd bh lbst cbujtry cbujtfrports

    Fjsurf tlot ffctavf crbss cu`turo` brafjtotabj bh lbst homa`afs, cbujtfrports, oji cbmmujaty

    portjfrs toefs p`ocf

    Ffctavf`y troaj Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf crbss-cu`turo` cbmpbjfjt bh Wfocf Cbrps sfrvacf

    Amp`fmfjt f`i fvo`uotabjs tb bktoaj hffikoce hrbm lbst cbujtry jotabjo` ajiavaiuo`s

    Xfracotabj oji Xo`aiotabj>Ylf Bfficf bh Strotfdac Ajhbrmotabj, [fsforcl, oji W`ojjajd (BSA[W) wa`` cb``fct oji ojo`yzf Xb`ujtffr survfy ioto

    tb prbvaif Xb`ujtffr hffikoce bj tlf ffctavfjfss bh tlf troajajd oji suppbrt tlfy rfcfavf tb fjok`f tlfm tb corry but

    tlfar crbss-cu`turo` massabj. Bvfrsfos Wrbdrommajd, Yroajajd, oji Suppbrt, [fdabjs, oji BSA[W wa`` wbre tbdftlfr bj

    cb``fctajd, rfvafwajd, oji vfrahyajd ioto bj vorabus cbujtfrport troajajds tlot toef p`ocf ot pbst. BSA[W wa`` o`sb rfvafw

    bvfro`` ioto oji ajhbrmotabj quo`aty.

    Oiiatabjo``y, BSA[W as bvfrsffajd o sfrafs bh cbujtry `fvf` stuiafs tb fvo`uotf tlf ampoct bh Xb ujtffrs bj tlf lbst cbuj-

    try jotabjo`s w atl wlbm tlfy `avf oji wbre. Ylf stuiy wa`` usf o mu`ta-mftlbi opprbocl tb dotlfr ajhbrmotabj, oji wa``

    ajc`uif butrfocl tb cbujtfrports, lbst homa`afs, oji cbmmujaty mfmkfrs, os wf`` os lbst cbujtry majastrafs oji btlfr

    brdojazotabjs.Ylf rfsu`t bh tlfsf stuiafs wa`` prbvaif mbrf tlari-porty ioto oji prbvaif o iffpfr pfrspfctavf bj tlf

    vafws bh lbst cbujtry portjfrs.

    Strotfdac Dbo` 3Hbstfr butrfocl tb Omfracojs tlrbudl odfjcy prbdroms tlot ossast Xb`ujtffrs oji [fturjfi Wfocf Cbrps Xb ujtffrs tb

    lf`p prbmbtf o kfttfr ujifrstojiajd bh btlfr pfbp`fs bj tlf port bh Omfracojs.

    Butcbmf Dbo`>3.? Omfracojs lovf ajcrfosfi oworfjfss oji ejbw`fidf bh btlfr cu`turfs oji d`bko` assufs

    Wfrhbrmojcf Dbo` 3.?.?>Xb ujtffrs slorf tlfar aj-cbujtry fxpfrafjcfs watl homa`y, hrafjis, oji tlf Omfracoj puk`ac

    Odfjcy @fvf` Wfrhbrmojcf Ajiacotbrs>

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs portacapotajd aj tlf Cbvfrif`` Tbr`i Tasf Sclbb` Wrbdrom

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    6;% 69% 68%

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J4

    o. [fifsadj tlf Xb ujtffr If`avfry Systfm oji amp`fmfjt rfcbmmfjiotabjs tb amprbvf

    ats ffctavfjfss

    Yordfts

    HQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Cbmp`ftf rfifsadj bh

    crataco` prbcfssfs oji

    prabratazf amp`fmfjto-

    tabj bh rfcbmmfjiotabjs

    Amp`fmfjt tbp 67% bh

    rfcbmmfjiotabjs

    Amp`fmfjt ko`ojcf

    (67%) bh

    rfcbmmfjiotabjs

    k. [fiucf tlf rfspbjsf tamf tb opp`acojts hrbm ?77 ioys aj HQ ;771 tb

    o. Jumkfr bh maicorffr oji odf 67 oji b`ifr opp`acojts

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    ?,677 ?,477 ?,177

    k. Jumkfr bh opp`acojts bh iavfrsf ftljacatafs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    ;,?77 ;,;77 ;,377

    Mfojs oji Strotfdafs>Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa``> Strfjdtlfj stoffijd copoka`atafs tb prbvaif tlf `fvf` bh suppbrt jffifi hbr tlf p`ojjfi ajcrfosfs aj tlf jumkfr bh

    Xb ujtffrs

    Fjcburodf bpfrotabjo` o`adjmfjt hbr ``ajd sea`` jffis tlrbudl pfrabiac Wrbdrom Oivasbry Drbup (WOD) mfftajds

    Lovf tlf tfom fvo`uotf oji moef rfcbmmfjiotabjs hbr tlf Xb`ujtffr If`avfry Systfm rfifsadj Ajstatutabjo`azf oji fjlojcf Tfk-kosfi opp`acotabj prbcfiurfs hbr prbspfctavf rfcruats

    Cbjtajuf tb mbiahy tlf Wfocf Cbrps fxtfrjo` wfksatf tb prbvaif o mbrf catazfj-cfjtfrfi fxpfrafjcf

    Vsf tlf wfksatf os o tbb` aj troajajd, fiucotajd, oji prfporajd Xb`ujtffrs hbr sfrvacf

    Ifvf`bp moreft hbrfcostajd copoka`atafs tb sffe but rfcruatmfjt bppbrtujatafs aj jaclf morefts

    [focl tordft pbpu`otabjs bh strotfdac sea``s, majbratafs, oji mai-corffr oji b ifr Omfracojs usajd crfotavf rfcruatajd

    tbb`s tlot orf cbst-ffctavf oji prbiuctavf

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    Xfracotabj oji Xo`aiotabj>Yroajff ajput, wlacl iarfct`y ofcts tlf jumkfr bh Wfocf Cbrps Xb`ujtffrs aj tlf f`i, wa`` kf trocefi ky tlf Wrbdrom

    Oivasbry Drbup (WOD). Ylf WOD rfpbrts tb tlf Xb`ujtffr If`avfry Systfm stffrajd cbmmattff oji as cbmpbsfi bh sto

    hrbm focl bh tlf tlrff bvfrsfos rfdabjs, tlf Bfficf bh Xb`ujtffr [fcruatmfjt oji Sf`fctabj, Xb`ujtffr Suppbrt, tlf Bfficf

    bh tlf Clafh Hajojcao` Bfficfr, tlf Bfficf bh tlf Clafh Ajhbrmotabj Bfficfr, tlf Bfficf bh Strotfdac Ajhbrmotabj, [fsforcl,

    oji W`ojjajd, oji Wfocf Cbrps [fspbjsf. Ylf drbup wa`` mfft rfdu`or`y tb mojodf assufs rf`otfi tb mfftajd tlf odfjcysojjuo` dbo`s hbr troajffs oji Xb`ujtffrs-bj-kbori, os wf`` os tb ifvf`bp strotfdafs hbr ko`ojcajd supp`y, ifmoji, oji

    strotfdac sea`` assufs.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Xb`ujtffr [fcruatmfjt oji Sf`fctabj (X [S) wa`` mbjatbr ats rfcru atmfjt fbrts oji amprbvfmfjt strotf-

    dafs usajd o stojioriazfi systfm tlot troces Wfocf Cbrps opp`acotabjs hrbm tlf ajataotabj bh tlf opp`acotabj prbcfss tb

    sukmassabj oji tlrbudlbut tlf suksfqufjt plosfs. X[S wa`` troce opp`acojts hrbm iavfrsf ftljacatafs oji mai-corffr

    oji b`ifr opp`acojts aj quortfr`y majbraty rfcruatmfjt rfpbrts, os wf`` os uta`azf p`ocfmfjt rfpbrts tb copturf sea``s

    motclfs. Sama`or`y, tlf Bfficf bh Mfiaco` Sfrvacfs wa`` uta`azf troceajd mfclojasms tb mbjatbr tlf tamf`ajfss bh tlf efy

    stfps jffifi hbr oj opp`acojt tb kf mfiaco``y fvo`uotfi hbr Wfocf Cbrps sfrvacf.

    Ylf Bfficf bh Strotfdac Ajhbrmotabj, [fsforcl, oji W`ojjajd wa`` uta`azf tlf prbcfss ifjatabjs bh tlf FjtfrprasfOrclatfcturf tfom tb ossfss oji rfpbrt bj tlf prbdrfss bh tlf Xb`ujtffr If`avfry Systfm rfifsadj. BSA[W wa`` o`sb rfvafw

    ioto oji ajhbrmotabj quo`aty.

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J6.? Xb ujtffrs orf sohf, lfo`tly, oji wf ` suppbrtfi tb fjsurf tlfar hbcus bj

    Wfocf Cbrps sustoajok`f ifvf`bpmfjt oji crbss-cu`turo` massabj

    6.; Wfocf Cbrps cbjtajuo``y amprbvfs ats sto oji crataco` wbre prbcfssfs oji mojodfs

    rfsburcfs aj oj ffctavf oji ffficafjt mojjfr

    Wfrhbrmojcf Dbo` 6.?.?>Fjlojcf tlf sohfty oji sfcuraty (S&S) bh Xb`ujtffrs

    Odfjcy @fvf` Wfrhbrmojcf Ajiacotbrs>

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs rfpbrtajd tlot tlfar S&S troajajd as oifquotf br kfttfr

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 16% ojjuo``y

    k. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts tlot lovf tlfar S&S p`ojs rfvafwfi ojjuo``y ky Wfocf Cbrps sohfty

    oji sfcuraty bfficfrs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O maja mum bh 33% ojjuo``y

    c. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts tlot amp`fmfjt crataco` rfcbmmfjiotabjs hbcusfi bj

    Xb ujtffr/Yroajff sohfty oji sfcuraty bj o tamf`y kosas

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    ?77% ojjuo``y

    i. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs wlb rfpbrt tlfy hff` usuo``y sohf oji vfry sohf wlfrf tlfy

    `avf oji wbre

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 17% ojjuo``y

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B J

    Wfrhbrmojcf Dbo` 6.?.;>Wrbvaif quo`aty mfiaco` oji mfjto` lfo`tl sfrvacfs tb troajffs oji Xb`ujtffrs

    Odfjcy @fvf` Wfrhbrmojcf Ajiacotbrs>

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh WCXs rfpbrtajd tlfar sotashoctabj watl lfo`tl corf rfcfavfi hrbm WC mfiaco`

    bfficfrs os oifquotf br kfttfr

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 17% ojjuo``y

    k. Wfrcfjtodf bh Xb ujtffrs rfpbrtajd tlf fmbtabjo` suppbrt tlfy rfcfavfi hrbm WC sto

    os oifquotf br kfttfr

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    47% 46% Wrbvaif ffctavf oji rfspbjsavf jojcao` mojodfmfjt tlot occurotf`y rffcts ibmfstac oji bvfrsfos bpfrotabjs

    Odfjcy @fvf` Wfrhbrmojcf Ajiacotbrs>

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts oji L_ bfficfs tlot mojodf rfsburcfs watlaj opprbvfi

    kuidfts oji bpfrotabjo` p`ojs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 16% ojjuo``y

    k. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts oji L_ bfficfs tlot ojjuo``y rfvafw rfsburcf mojodfmfjt

    rotabs hbr amprbvfmfjt

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 16% ojjuo``y

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    Y L F W F O C F C B [ W S C B J D [ F S S A B J O @ K V I D F Y N V S Y A H A C O Y A B JFjsurf tlf ffctavf mojodfmfjt bh Wfocf Cbrps rfsburcfs

    Odfjcy @fvf` Wfrhbrmojcf Ajiacotbrs>

    o. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbst prbnfcts tlot fjdodf lbst cbujtry bfficao`s aj tlfar hbrmu`otabj oji amp`fmfjtotabj

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    O majamum bh 16% ojjuo``y

    k. Wfrcfjtodf bh pbsts oji L_ bfficfs watl ibcumfjtfi pfrsbjjf` proctacfs tlot ajc`uif

    sto ifvf`bpmfjt, pfrhbrmojcf mojodfmfjt, oji oworis oji rfcbdjatabj pb`acafs

    YordftsHQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    47%

    o. Ojjuo``y rfvafw, strfom`ajf, oji amp`fmfjt amprbvfmfjts tb ot `fost bjf odfjcy

    massabj crataco` prbcfss

    Yordfts

    HQ ;771 HQ ;7?7 HQ ;7??

    Xb`ujtffr If`avfry

    Systfm oji Lumoj

    Copato` Mojodfmfjt

    O majamum bh bjf crataco ` prbcfss p fr yfor

    Mfojs oji Strotfdafs>Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa``> Cbjiuct sohfty oji sfcuraty troajajd hbr kbtl bvfrsfos sto oji Xb ujtffrs

    Ylrbudl tlf Wfocf Cbrps sohfty oji sfcuraty bfficfrs, prbvaif troajajd oji tfcljaco` ossastojcf sb pbsts mfft tlfar

    sohfty oji sfcuraty jffis

    Cbjiuct cbujtry rase ossfssmfjts bj sohfty oji sfcuraty cbjcfrjs uta`azajd Wfocf Cbrps sohfty oji sfcuraty bfficfrs

    aj tlf f`i

    [fvafw pbst cbmp`aojcf watl Wfocf Cbrps Mojuo`Sfctabj ;47 (MS ;47)Xb`ujtffr Sohfty oji Sfcuraty, oji tlf

    tamf`y amp`fmfjtotabj bh crataco` rfcbmmfjiotabjs

    Vsf ajhbrmotabj tfcljb`bdy tb amprbvf tlf lfo`tl corf systfm

    Amp`fmfjt rfsburcf mojodfmfjt proctacfs tlot amprbvf kuidft p`ojjajd oji fxfcutabj, pbst mojodfmfjt

    Crfotf wbreajd drbups tb rfifsadj oji amprbvf tlf Xb`ujtffr If`avfry Systfm oji tlf Lumoj Copato` Mojodfmfjt

    prbcfssfs

    Xfracotabj oji Xo`aiotabj>Ylf Wfocf Cbrps wa`` troce ats prbdrfss aj mfftajd sohfty o ji sfcuraty rfqu