personal protective equipment

86
Personal Protective Personal Protective Equipment Equipment Your Last Line of Your Last Line of Defense!” Defense!”

Upload: disastermaster

Post on 21-Dec-2014

6.563 views

Category:

Documents


1 download

DESCRIPTION

 

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Personal Protective EquipmentEquipment

““Your Last Line of Defense!”Your Last Line of Defense!”

Page 2: Personal Protective Equipment

Presented byPresented by

LT Russell PetersonLT Russell Peterson

Shift Safety OfficerShift Safety Officer

Station 3/B-ShiftStation 3/B-Shift

Page 3: Personal Protective Equipment

A little about me…A little about me…

• Born in Valdosta, GA;Born in Valdosta, GA;• ““Air Force Brat”;Air Force Brat”;• Eagle Scout; Eagle Scout; • AS in physical science AS in physical science

from Sinclair College, from Sinclair College, Dayton OH;Dayton OH;

• BA in economics from BA in economics from Univ of Tenn, Univ of Tenn, Knoxville;Knoxville;

• MS in industrial MS in industrial technology & safety technology & safety from Middle Tenn from Middle Tenn State;State;

• Entered the fire Entered the fire service in 1979service in 1979

• Joined BFD in 1987;Joined BFD in 1987;• Promoted to Engineer Promoted to Engineer

in 1988 and in 1988 and Lieutenant in 1992;Lieutenant in 1992;

• Fire Instructor I, Fire Fire Instructor I, Fire Officer II, EMT-IV, HM Officer II, EMT-IV, HM Specialist, member of Specialist, member of FD Safety CommitteeFD Safety Committee

• Specialist in safety, Specialist in safety, HM, and WMD…HM, and WMD…

Page 4: Personal Protective Equipment

Now…Now…

Tell me a Tell me a

little aboutlittle about

yourself!yourself!

Page 5: Personal Protective Equipment

IntroductionIntroduction

• What’s your name?…What’s your name?…• Where are you from?…Where are you from?…• Do you have a college degree? Do you have a college degree?

What’s it in?What’s it in?• Where else have you worked?Where else have you worked?• What attracted you to Brentwood?What attracted you to Brentwood?• What can you do to make Brentwood What can you do to make Brentwood

a better department?a better department?

Page 6: Personal Protective Equipment

You are now called a You are now called a Meercat!!!Meercat!!!

Page 7: Personal Protective Equipment

Our Objectives TodayOur Objectives Today

• To approach today’s lesson with To approach today’s lesson with “newbees” eyes – “clean your slate”“newbees” eyes – “clean your slate”

• To better understand PPE, the “total To better understand PPE, the “total safety concept”, and the role it plays safety concept”, and the role it plays in your personal safetyin your personal safety

• To learn and understand the BFD To learn and understand the BFD Operational Guidelines as they Operational Guidelines as they pertain to PPE, PPE Inspection, and pertain to PPE, PPE Inspection, and PAS.PAS.

Page 8: Personal Protective Equipment

Firefighter InjuriesFirefighter Injuries

• Over the past ten years, 99,535 firefighters Over the past ten years, 99,535 firefighters have been injured annually, many due to have been injured annually, many due to inappropriate protective equipment;inappropriate protective equipment;

• Over the same time period, fires have Over the same time period, fires have decreased by 39%decreased by 39%

• Why haven’t injuries decreased by 39%?Why haven’t injuries decreased by 39%?• Additionally, the fire service averages 100 Additionally, the fire service averages 100

to 120 fatalities each year, most due to to 120 fatalities each year, most due to some aspect of physical fitness or PPE some aspect of physical fitness or PPE failure/non-use.failure/non-use.

Page 9: Personal Protective Equipment

Firefighter InjuriesFirefighter Injuries

• Cuts – result from lack Cuts – result from lack of PPE, including of PPE, including glovesgloves

• Burns – result from Burns – result from lack or improper use of lack or improper use of PPEPPE

• Inhalation - result from Inhalation - result from lack or improper use of lack or improper use of SCBASCBA

• Eye irritation – lack of Eye irritation – lack of protective eyewearprotective eyewear

Page 10: Personal Protective Equipment

Firefighter fatalities…Firefighter fatalities…

Page 11: Personal Protective Equipment

Our primary mission is Our primary mission is to…to…

Save lives, protect property, Save lives, protect property, and… and…

to make sure that each other to make sure that each other makes it home in the makes it home in the

morning!!!morning!!!

Page 12: Personal Protective Equipment

Introducing…Introducing…

The The

““Upside – DownUpside – Down

Inside – Out” Inside – Out”

Approach Approach

to Firefighter to Firefighter SafetySafety

Page 13: Personal Protective Equipment

The “Inside Out – Upside The “Inside Out – Upside Down” Down” Approach to Firefighter SafetyApproach to Firefighter Safety• This approach to Firefighter Safety is This approach to Firefighter Safety is

based on “layering” your safety starting based on “layering” your safety starting with:with:– Your core organs;Your core organs;– Your personal protective equipment;Your personal protective equipment;– Your crew; and finallyYour crew; and finally– Your environmentYour environment

• Think starting at the top going down and Think starting at the top going down and from the inside going out.from the inside going out.

Page 14: Personal Protective Equipment

The “Layering” ApproachThe “Layering” Approach

Your degree of the need for Your degree of the need for safety decreases as you move safety decreases as you move

away from the core of the away from the core of the body.body.

Page 15: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Core OrgansYour Core Organs

• Starting from the “Upside-Down”, we have:Starting from the “Upside-Down”, we have:– The BrainThe Brain– The HeartThe Heart– The Lungs The Lungs – The SkinThe Skin

• The criticality of body systems diminishes as The criticality of body systems diminishes as you move down the body; organs higher and you move down the body; organs higher and closer to the core are more critical. closer to the core are more critical.

Page 16: Personal Protective Equipment

The BrainThe Brain

• The “central The “central processing unit” for processing unit” for the bodythe body

• Injury and damage to Injury and damage to the organ can cause the organ can cause severe or terminal severe or terminal dysfunction.dysfunction.

• Injury and damage Injury and damage can be prevented by can be prevented by using common sense using common sense and a helmet.and a helmet.

Page 17: Personal Protective Equipment

The HeartThe Heart

• Central pump for Central pump for circulating oxygenated circulating oxygenated to the body and to the body and deoxygenated blood to deoxygenated blood to the lungs.the lungs.

• Injury and damage to Injury and damage to the organ can cause the organ can cause severe or terminal severe or terminal dysfunction.dysfunction.

• Injury and damage can Injury and damage can be prevented by be prevented by aerobic exercise, good aerobic exercise, good nutrition, and stress nutrition, and stress management.management.

Page 18: Personal Protective Equipment

The LungsThe Lungs

• Organ that facilitates gas Organ that facilitates gas exchange with the blood.exchange with the blood.

• Injury and damage to Injury and damage to the organ can cause the organ can cause severe or terminal severe or terminal dysfunction.dysfunction.

• Injury and damage can Injury and damage can be prevented by using be prevented by using common sense and common sense and wearing and using your wearing and using your SCBA.SCBA.

Page 19: Personal Protective Equipment

The SkinThe Skin

• Protective outer layer Protective outer layer that provides a that provides a “container” for the “container” for the body.body.

• Injury and damage to Injury and damage to the organ can cause the organ can cause moderate to terminal moderate to terminal dysfunction.dysfunction.

• Injury and damage can Injury and damage can be prevented by using be prevented by using common sense and common sense and wearing protective wearing protective turnout gear, gloves, turnout gear, gloves, and hood.and hood.

Page 20: Personal Protective Equipment

Do whatever you can and Do whatever you can and whatever is necessary…whatever is necessary…

……at any price, to protect your at any price, to protect your core organs and skin…core organs and skin…

Page 21: Personal Protective Equipment

Your personal protective Your personal protective equipmentequipment

• Think “Upside down – Think “Upside down – Inside out”Inside out”– Helmet and eye Helmet and eye

protectionprotection– SCBA and PASSSCBA and PASS– Turnout coat and pantsTurnout coat and pants– Boots, hood, gloves, Boots, hood, gloves,

and flashlightand flashlight– Hearing protectionHearing protection– PASPAS– Physical fitness, stress Physical fitness, stress

management, and management, and common sense!!!common sense!!!

Page 22: Personal Protective Equipment

Never, Never, Ever…Never, Never, Ever…

Wear your gear in the fire Wear your gear in the fire station…station…

Keep our stations (and its’ air) Keep our stations (and its’ air) cleanclean!!!!!!

Page 23: Personal Protective Equipment

Your HelmetYour Helmet

• Helmets must comply with Helmets must comply with NFPA 1972NFPA 1972

• Issued helmet is the Issued helmet is the Morning Pride LiteForce 5 Morning Pride LiteForce 5 or the Cairns Metro 660Cor the Cairns Metro 660C

• Personal helmet may be Personal helmet may be the Cairns Classic 1000, the Cairns Classic 1000, 1010, or Sam Houston.1010, or Sam Houston.

• Helmet colors are white for Helmet colors are white for the Chief, red for the the Chief, red for the Officers, yellow for Officers, yellow for Firefighters, and blue for Firefighters, and blue for the Safety/Training Officer.the Safety/Training Officer.

Page 24: Personal Protective Equipment

This helmet…doesn’t fit!!!This helmet…doesn’t fit!!!

Page 25: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Helmet…Your Helmet…

• Impact absorptionImpact absorption– Provided by suspension Provided by suspension

systemsystem

• PenetrationPenetration– Provided by outer shell Provided by outer shell

• Heat ResistanceHeat Resistance– Provided by composition Provided by composition

of materials and layers of materials and layers of materialsof materials

• Face ProtectionFace Protection– Provided by SCBA mask, Provided by SCBA mask,

face shield, or gogglesface shield, or goggles

Page 26: Personal Protective Equipment

Your helmet must have…Your helmet must have…

• Eye protectionEye protection– Face shield or gogglesFace shield or goggles

• Chin strapChin strap• Label providing Label providing

manufacturing manufacturing informationinformation

• Addition of rubber Addition of rubber straps, wooden straps, wooden wedges, flashlights, wedges, flashlights, and other items may and other items may void NFPA compliancevoid NFPA compliance

Page 27: Personal Protective Equipment

SCBA and PASSSCBA and PASS

• This department uses the This department uses the Scott Aviation AirPak with Scott Aviation AirPak with 4500 psi carbon fiber 4500 psi carbon fiber wrapped/spun aluminum wrapped/spun aluminum cylinderscylinders

• We use the AV-2000 face We use the AV-2000 face piece with voice amplifierpiece with voice amplifier

• Weight is around 30 Weight is around 30 poundspounds

• Useful air life is Useful air life is approximately 30 to 40 approximately 30 to 40 minutesminutes

• All frontline SCBA have All frontline SCBA have integrated PASS devicesintegrated PASS devices

Page 28: Personal Protective Equipment

When do I wear my SCBA???When do I wear my SCBA???

Page 29: Personal Protective Equipment

TurnoutsTurnouts

• The department issues The department issues Morning Pride “tailed Morning Pride “tailed turnouts” to every memberturnouts” to every member

• Turnout outer material is Turnout outer material is “Advance” which is a 60% “Advance” which is a 60% Kevlar and 40% Nomex Kevlar and 40% Nomex blend incorporating the blend incorporating the heat resistance of Nomex heat resistance of Nomex and the tear resistance of and the tear resistance of Kevlar.Kevlar.

• Breakdown temperature of Breakdown temperature of Advance is around 700 Advance is around 700 degrees F. degrees F.

Page 30: Personal Protective Equipment

Turnout constructionTurnout construction

• Consist of three Consist of three layers:layers:

– Outer shell Outer shell

– Vapor/moisture Vapor/moisture barrierbarrier

– Thermal barrierThermal barrier

Page 31: Personal Protective Equipment

Outer ShellOuter Shell

•The purpose of the outer shell is The purpose of the outer shell is to provide flame resistance and to provide flame resistance and protection from cuts and protection from cuts and abrasionsabrasions

•Our gear use “Advance” materialOur gear use “Advance” material

•““Advance” is a Nomex/Kevlar Advance” is a Nomex/Kevlar blendblend

Page 32: Personal Protective Equipment

Vapor BarrierVapor Barrier

•Prevents transfer of liquid Prevents transfer of liquid from the environment to the from the environment to the thermal barrierthermal barrier

•Our gear uses “Crosstech” Our gear uses “Crosstech” which is a Gore product that which is a Gore product that functions like Goretexfunctions like Goretex

Page 33: Personal Protective Equipment

Thermal BarrierThermal Barrier

•The purpose of the thermal The purpose of the thermal barrier is to absorb perspiration, barrier is to absorb perspiration, to provide thermal protection, to provide thermal protection, and to keep body warm in cold and to keep body warm in cold weather.weather.

•Our gear uses a Nomex E89 Our gear uses a Nomex E89 hybridhybrid

Page 34: Personal Protective Equipment

All turnouts must have…All turnouts must have…

• Label attached to the outer shell of coat and Label attached to the outer shell of coat and pant giving directions for maintenance and pant giving directions for maintenance and useuse– Includes Manufacturer’s name, address, and Includes Manufacturer’s name, address, and

country of manufacture;country of manufacture;– Lot number or serial numberLot number or serial number– Month and year of manufactureMonth and year of manufacture– Model name, number, or designModel name, number, or design– Size or size rangeSize or size range

• Must have at least 235 sq in of reflective Must have at least 235 sq in of reflective material on coat and not less than 125 sq in material on coat and not less than 125 sq in visible from the front of the coat.visible from the front of the coat.

Page 35: Personal Protective Equipment

Boots – Gloves - HoodBoots – Gloves - Hood

• Issued boot is standard Issued boot is standard rubber knee length bootrubber knee length boot

• Personal boot may be Personal boot may be any leather boot that is any leather boot that is NFPA approved (NFPA NFPA approved (NFPA 1974)1974)

• Issued and personal Issued and personal gloves must meet NFPA gloves must meet NFPA 19731973

• Hoods must meet NFPA Hoods must meet NFPA 19711971

Page 36: Personal Protective Equipment

Hearing ProtectionHearing Protection

• On-board Intercom systemsOn-board Intercom systems– On all large apparatusOn all large apparatus– Also at pump panel Also at pump panel

compartmentcompartment

• Ear MuffsEar Muffs– At stationary locations such At stationary locations such

as air fill station, as air fill station, woodworking and metal woodworking and metal shop, lawn mower, etc.shop, lawn mower, etc.

• Ear plugsEar plugs– Issued to everyone with Issued to everyone with

PPEPPE– To be used whenever To be used whenever

operating power toolsoperating power tools

Page 37: Personal Protective Equipment

Station/Work UniformsStation/Work Uniforms

• Our station uniforms are NOT fire-Our station uniforms are NOT fire-resistant!!!resistant!!!

• Pants and shirts are 65% polyester/35% Pants and shirts are 65% polyester/35% cotton – will burn if it gets hot enough…cotton – will burn if it gets hot enough…

• Boots are not steel-toed or steel-Boots are not steel-toed or steel-shanked…shanked…

• Which means that it is EVEN MORE Which means that it is EVEN MORE IMPORTANT THAT YOU WEAR YOUR IMPORTANT THAT YOU WEAR YOUR PPE!!!PPE!!!

Page 38: Personal Protective Equipment

Personnel Accountability Personnel Accountability System (PAS)System (PAS)• The department utilizes a modified The department utilizes a modified

Seattle/Fairfax County type accountability Seattle/Fairfax County type accountability system with the addition of a task tracking system with the addition of a task tracking system.system.

• Used by all adjoining fire departments Used by all adjoining fire departments except Nashville (Franklin, Nolensville, & except Nashville (Franklin, Nolensville, & Rescue Squad) Rescue Squad)

• System incorporates Accountability Tags, System incorporates Accountability Tags, PASPorts, and PASBoards.PASPorts, and PASBoards.

• The system works no better than the The system works no better than the individuals using it.individuals using it.

Page 39: Personal Protective Equipment

How it works…How it works…

• Place your Accountability Tag on the Place your Accountability Tag on the apparatus PASPort each shift at the apparatus PASPort each shift at the beginning of the shift (Don’t forget!!!).beginning of the shift (Don’t forget!!!).

• During an incident, the company officer During an incident, the company officer carries the PASPort to the primary carries the PASPort to the primary PASBoard before crew enters the hot zone.PASBoard before crew enters the hot zone.

• Upon arrival, the Incident Manager obtains Upon arrival, the Incident Manager obtains the PASBoard and accountability is the PASBoard and accountability is established at the command post.established at the command post.

Page 40: Personal Protective Equipment

Physical Fitness (with the Physical Fitness (with the Titans!)Titans!)

Page 41: Personal Protective Equipment

Physical fitness…Physical fitness…

• The Combat Test is The Combat Test is only a portion of the only a portion of the physical fitness goalphysical fitness goal

• Your ultimate Your ultimate physical fitness goal physical fitness goal should be fireground should be fireground fitness (ability to fitness (ability to give that extra effort give that extra effort in an emergency in an emergency situation) and situation) and increased stress increased stress resistance.resistance.

Page 42: Personal Protective Equipment

On Common Sense…On Common Sense…

Don’t be a Don’t be a Clown…Clown…

Before all Before all else…else…

THINKTHINK!!!!!!

Page 43: Personal Protective Equipment

Do’s and Don’ts of PPE Do’s and Don’ts of PPE UsageUsage• DODO wear it whenever you wear it whenever you

might need it - it’s better might need it - it’s better to wear it and not need it to wear it and not need it then to need it and not be then to need it and not be wearing it!!!.wearing it!!!.

• DO DO wear it when operating wear it when operating forcible entry tools and forcible entry tools and equipment.equipment.

• DODO wear at least your wear at least your helmet when working on or helmet when working on or near a roadway.near a roadway.

• DODO use a face shield or use a face shield or goggles when operating goggles when operating hand or power tools.hand or power tools.

Page 44: Personal Protective Equipment

Do’s and Don’ts of PPE Do’s and Don’ts of PPE UsageUsage• DODO wear gloves whenever working with wear gloves whenever working with

your hands (raising ladders, testing hose, your hands (raising ladders, testing hose, or reloading hose).or reloading hose).

• DODO wear your helmet whenever working wear your helmet whenever working with ladders or hose (training, testing, or with ladders or hose (training, testing, or reloading).reloading).

• DODO check your PPE on a daily basis before check your PPE on a daily basis before going on duty. going on duty. IT IS YOUR LAST LINE IT IS YOUR LAST LINE OF DEFENSEOF DEFENSE!!!!!!

Page 45: Personal Protective Equipment

Do’s and Don’ts of PPE Do’s and Don’ts of PPE UsageUsage• DON’TDON’T dress out while in a moving dress out while in a moving

vehicle. Wait until you get there if already vehicle. Wait until you get there if already out of quarters. DO dress out fully before out of quarters. DO dress out fully before leaving quarters on a fire incident.leaving quarters on a fire incident.

• DON’TDON’T use PPE that’s not NFPA approved. use PPE that’s not NFPA approved.

• DON’TDON’T rely on PPE to save your life…rely rely on PPE to save your life…rely on your training and common sense!!!on your training and common sense!!!

Page 46: Personal Protective Equipment

Note on Personal Note on Personal EquipmentEquipment

The department is not The department is not responsible for the repair or responsible for the repair or

replacement of personal replacement of personal equipment…equipment…

Page 47: Personal Protective Equipment

Non-Issued Protective Non-Issued Protective EquipmentEquipment

• Non-department issued personal Non-department issued personal protective equipment will be limited to:protective equipment will be limited to:– HelmetHelmet– HoodHood– GlovesGloves– BootsBoots

• All other items worn must be department All other items worn must be department issuedissued

• ““Comply before you Buy!”Comply before you Buy!”

Page 48: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your PPEInspecting your PPE

• Since Since YOURYOUR PPE is PPE is YOURYOUR last line of last line of defense, no one but defense, no one but YOUYOU is responsible for is responsible for ensuring that it is able to provide for your ensuring that it is able to provide for your protection.protection.

• Inspect your PPE before each shift as if Inspect your PPE before each shift as if you are guaranteed to have a fire that you are guaranteed to have a fire that day!!!day!!!

• Report problems immediately to your Shift Report problems immediately to your Shift CommanderCommander

Page 49: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your HelmetInspecting your Helmet

• Criteria for the REPAIR of a helmet Criteria for the REPAIR of a helmet include:include:– Missing face shield nuts and adaptersMissing face shield nuts and adapters– Face shield excessively scratchedFace shield excessively scratched– Chin strap and assembly broken or tornChin strap and assembly broken or torn– Helmet liner worn, shredded, split or Helmet liner worn, shredded, split or

crackedcracked– Webbed suspension brokenWebbed suspension broken

Page 50: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your HelmetInspecting your Helmet

• Criteria for REPLACEMENT of helmet Criteria for REPLACEMENT of helmet include:include:– Severely stained or split face shieldSeverely stained or split face shield– Helmet with visible cracksHelmet with visible cracks– Helmet which is warped or bubbled from Helmet which is warped or bubbled from

heat exposure or dropheat exposure or drop– Helmet which has been exposed to mist Helmet which has been exposed to mist

or fumes which are known to weaken or fumes which are known to weaken polycarbons.polycarbons.

Page 51: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your HoodInspecting your Hood

• Criteria for REPLACEMENT of Hoods:Criteria for REPLACEMENT of Hoods:– Holes or tearsHoles or tears– Not NFPA approvedNot NFPA approved– Stretched out of shape or do not provide Stretched out of shape or do not provide

adequate coverage of face or neck adequate coverage of face or neck surfacessurfaces

Page 52: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your TurnoutsInspecting your Turnouts

• Criteria for REPAIR of Turnouts include:Criteria for REPAIR of Turnouts include:– Broken snapsBroken snaps– Rivets pulled loose from fabric and from Rivets pulled loose from fabric and from

the objects they securethe objects they secure– Stitches missingStitches missing– Holes or rips in outer shellHoles or rips in outer shell– Reflective stripes which are burned, Reflective stripes which are burned,

cracked, melted, or torncracked, melted, or torn

Page 53: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your TurnoutsInspecting your Turnouts

• Criteria for REPLACEMENT of turnouts:Criteria for REPLACEMENT of turnouts:– Coat or pants that are unrepairableCoat or pants that are unrepairable– Ripped or torn linersRipped or torn liners– Charring or evidence of significant fire Charring or evidence of significant fire

damagedamage– Improper fitImproper fit– Soiled with oil, tar, fuels to the point that Soiled with oil, tar, fuels to the point that

they cannot be cleanedthey cannot be cleaned

Page 54: Personal Protective Equipment

A Note on Washing GearA Note on Washing Gear

• DON’TDON’T over-wash gear! Twice a year is what over-wash gear! Twice a year is what is recommended and should be enough. is recommended and should be enough. Scrubbing with a brush and soap and rinsing Scrubbing with a brush and soap and rinsing it off with a garden hose should take care of it off with a garden hose should take care of most post-fire contamination. Over-washing most post-fire contamination. Over-washing causes the gear to lose some of its’ causes the gear to lose some of its’ protective qualities.protective qualities.

• DODO wash it whenever you’ve been exposed to wash it whenever you’ve been exposed to a hydrocarbon (gasoline, diesel, other fuel oil)a hydrocarbon (gasoline, diesel, other fuel oil)

• NEVERNEVER dry clean your turnouts!!! dry clean your turnouts!!! NEVERNEVER use use bleach or bleach additives when washing bleach or bleach additives when washing turnouts!!!turnouts!!!

Page 55: Personal Protective Equipment

Inspecting your BootsInspecting your Boots

• Criteria for REPLACEMENT of Boots:Criteria for REPLACEMENT of Boots:– Severely crackedSeverely cracked– Holes or tearsHoles or tears– Improper fitImproper fit

Page 56: Personal Protective Equipment

Additional checksAdditional checks

• Flashlight – bright beam? Need batteries? Flashlight – bright beam? Need batteries? See your Station Officer!See your Station Officer!

• Portable radio – battery charged? Will it Portable radio – battery charged? Will it transmit? Can you get to it?transmit? Can you get to it?

• SCBA mask – is it clean? SCBA mask – is it clean? • SCBA voice amplifier – check to see if SCBA voice amplifier – check to see if

YOURS is working – don’t forget it in the YOURS is working – don’t forget it in the AM!AM!

• CHECK YOUR OWN SCBA !!! – the life it CHECK YOUR OWN SCBA !!! – the life it saves may be your own (the Engineer saves may be your own (the Engineer won’t be wearing it) !!!won’t be wearing it) !!!

Page 57: Personal Protective Equipment

Final ChecksFinal Checks

• Are you physically fit to respond?Are you physically fit to respond?– Are you injured or otherwise impaired?Are you injured or otherwise impaired?– Would you pass the Combat Test today?Would you pass the Combat Test today?

• Are you medically fit to respond?Are you medically fit to respond?– Are you ill or otherwise impaired?Are you ill or otherwise impaired?– Would you pass a medical exam today?Would you pass a medical exam today?

• Are you mentally fit to respond?Are you mentally fit to respond?– Do you have the proper attitude to respond Do you have the proper attitude to respond

today?today?

Page 58: Personal Protective Equipment

A Note on Mental A Note on Mental PreparednessPreparedness• The body does not recognize the The body does not recognize the

difference between real stress and difference between real stress and perceived stress (fight versus flight).perceived stress (fight versus flight).

• The best way to emulate real and The best way to emulate real and perceived stress is through intense perceived stress is through intense physical activity.physical activity.

• By exercising, you can increase your By exercising, you can increase your resistance to perceived stress by resistance to perceived stress by increasing your exposure to real stress.increasing your exposure to real stress.

• Don’t avoid stress – seek out stress!Don’t avoid stress – seek out stress!

Page 59: Personal Protective Equipment

Mental Preparedness and Mental Preparedness and NutritionNutrition

• Avoid alcoholAvoid alcohol• Avoid caffeineAvoid caffeine• Avoid high fat foodsAvoid high fat foods• Tired? Eat a light, low fat that 50% Tired? Eat a light, low fat that 50%

carbohydrate/50% proteincarbohydrate/50% protein• Sleepy? Eat some proteinSleepy? Eat some protein• Wired or nervous? Eat some Wired or nervous? Eat some

carbohydratescarbohydrates

Page 60: Personal Protective Equipment

Do yourself a favor…Do yourself a favor…

Read either “Stress for Success” Read either “Stress for Success” by James Loehr orby James Loehr or

““The Corporate Athlete” The Corporate Athlete” by Jack Groppelby Jack Groppel

Page 61: Personal Protective Equipment

Your CrewYour Crew

• Your crew will become your most Your crew will become your most important “life preservers”.important “life preservers”.

• Team building and teamwork are essential Team building and teamwork are essential to safe and effective operations.to safe and effective operations.

• Know in advance the aptitude and Know in advance the aptitude and limitations of the crew you work with…limitations of the crew you work with…emphasize the aptitudes and don’t push emphasize the aptitudes and don’t push the limits!the limits!

• Know YOUR role within the team! What Know YOUR role within the team! What are you expected to do? And what can you are you expected to do? And what can you expect from others?expect from others?

Page 62: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Crew…Your Crew…

• The crew that The crew that PLAYS together, PLAYS together, STAYS together!!!STAYS together!!!

• Work and play Work and play together enough together enough that you learn that you learn each other habits, each other habits, likes and dislikes; likes and dislikes;

Page 63: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Crew…Your Crew…

Train together Train together enough so you enough so you learn each learn each others others aptitudes and aptitudes and limitations; andlimitations; and

Page 64: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Crew…Your Crew…

Exercise Exercise together together enough that enough that you learn you learn each others each others physical physical strengths and strengths and limitations.limitations.

Page 65: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

You can You can CONTROL the CONTROL the environment environment around you…around you…

……or let the or let the environment environment CONTROL you!CONTROL you!

Page 66: Personal Protective Equipment

Our “office” is hazardous!!!Our “office” is hazardous!!!

Page 67: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

• Your environment Your environment consists of:consists of:– HeatHeat– SmokeSmoke– DarknessDarkness– PanicPanic– ChaosChaos– DisorderDisorder

Page 68: Personal Protective Equipment

The environment is The environment is changing!changing!

Changing fuel Changing fuel loadsloads……– Maple wood has Maple wood has

8211 BTU’s/lb 8211 BTU’s/lb – Nylon has Nylon has

15,902 BTU/lb15,902 BTU/lb– and it’s toxic, and it’s toxic,

too…too…

Page 69: Personal Protective Equipment

Toxic EnvironmentsToxic Environments

• ToxicityToxicity– Carbon MonoxideCarbon Monoxide– Hydrogen ChlorideHydrogen Chloride– Hydrogen CyanideHydrogen Cyanide– Carbon DioxideCarbon Dioxide– Nitrogen DioxideNitrogen Dioxide– PhosgenePhosgene– AmmoniaAmmonia– ChlorineChlorine

Page 70: Personal Protective Equipment

IDLHIDLH

Page 71: Personal Protective Equipment

When do I use my SCBA?When do I use my SCBA?

Whenever you are in Whenever you are in an IDLH an IDLH

environment!environment!

Page 72: Personal Protective Equipment

Carbon MonoxideCarbon Monoxide

Page 73: Personal Protective Equipment

Hydrogen ChlorideHydrogen Chloride

Page 74: Personal Protective Equipment

Hydrogen CyanideHydrogen Cyanide

Page 75: Personal Protective Equipment

Carbon DioxideCarbon Dioxide

Page 76: Personal Protective Equipment

Nitrogen DioxideNitrogen Dioxide

Page 77: Personal Protective Equipment

PhosgenePhosgene

Page 78: Personal Protective Equipment

AmmoniaAmmonia

Page 79: Personal Protective Equipment

ChlorineChlorine

Page 80: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

• You can control You can control your environment:your environment:– Survive in the Survive in the

heat with your heat with your PPEPPE

– Thrive in smoke Thrive in smoke with your SCBAwith your SCBA

Page 81: Personal Protective Equipment

Your environment…Your environment…

– Illuminate the Illuminate the darkness with your darkness with your flashlight, andflashlight, and

– Control panic, Control panic, chaos, and disorder chaos, and disorder with your ability, with your ability, aptitude, and aptitude, and mental and physical mental and physical toughness.toughness.

Page 82: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

LOOK UP First! LOOK UP First! (these things (these things willwill kill you!) kill you!)– Power linesPower lines– Falling walls, Falling walls,

roofs, and roofs, and other debrisother debris

Page 83: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

LOOK OUT LOOK OUT (these things (these things cancan kill you)! kill you)!– Fire Fire

conditionsconditions– Moving Moving

vehiclesvehicles

Page 84: Personal Protective Equipment

Your Environment…Your Environment…

LOOK DOWN LOOK DOWN (these things (these things can hurt you)!can hurt you)!

•Trip hazardsTrip hazards

•Holes in Holes in floorsfloors

Page 85: Personal Protective Equipment

In Conclusion…In Conclusion…

• PPE is just one component of your total safety PPE is just one component of your total safety package.package.

• You can increase your safety by knowing your You can increase your safety by knowing your crew and by controlling your environment - crew and by controlling your environment - Above all, protect your core organs!!!Above all, protect your core organs!!!

• Physical fitness, stress management, and good Physical fitness, stress management, and good thinking/common sense are safety multipliers.thinking/common sense are safety multipliers.

• PPE is your last line of defense…check it daily PPE is your last line of defense…check it daily and use it when you need it.and use it when you need it.

Page 86: Personal Protective Equipment

Welcome to the Brentwood Fire Welcome to the Brentwood Fire Department and Good Luck Department and Good Luck

with your career…Stay Safe!!!with your career…Stay Safe!!!