philippines 1897 1899

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At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:

The struggle continues Philippines during 1897 1898 OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to: Discuss intelligently the different historic events that happened in the Philippines from1897 -1899 Appreciate the importance of Independence for the Filipino People To apply the importance of freedom in a short presentation THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR - Cuban Revolution won the sympathy of Americans Some influential Americans, like Theodore Roosevelt wanted war with Spain so that the American Navy could expand Spain was pre-occupied with two revolutions: one in Cuba and the other in the PhilippinesFebruary 15, 1898 The USS Maine (American battleship) exploded at Havana Harbor in Cuba. Spain was blamed for the mishap. More than 200 American sailors died. April 25, 1898 United States formally declared war on Spain Battle of Manila Bay Commodore George Dewey assigned to be the commander of the American Asiatic Squadron Admiral Patricio Montojo Commander of Samish squadron May 1, 1898 entered the bay in the early morning hours By 12:30 on the same day, Admiral Montojo s fleet was already destroyed Aguinaldo went to Singapore from Hongkong due to the pressure of the plagiarist of the Cuban Constitution to divide the Php 400,000 indemnity that was given by the colonial government to the rebels April 23, 1898 Aguinaldo and his companion arrived in Singapore Howard Bray visited Aguinaldo and asked Aguinaldo that E. Spencer Pratt (American Consul) wanted to interview him. In the Interview, Pratt told Aguinaldo that Aguinaldo should side with the Americans. He assured Aguinaldo that the US had no intention on making the Philippines a colony April 26, 1898 Aguinaldo and his companions sailed for Hongkong (British Colony at that time) Rounseville Wildman told that Dewey had left instructions for the return of Aguinaldo to the Philippines Wildman told Aguinaldo to establish a Revolutionary Government in the Philippines so that he could easily take steps to continue the revolution against Spanish

HONGKONG JUNTA Filipino Patriots in Hongkong Unanimously decided that Aguinaldo should return to the PhilippinesOther details before our independence from Spanish Authority FAILURE OF THE LAST DESPERATE EFFORT BY GOVERNOR GENERAL BASILIO AGUSTIN TO APPOINT MESTIZOS IN THE CONSULTATIVE ASSEMBLY THE SECRET AGREEMENT - GENERAL FERMIN JAUDENES (SUCCEEDED AUGUSTIN) AND DEWEY/ GENERAL WESLEY MERRITTTHE MOCK BATTLE OF MANILA AUGUST 13, 1898- WALLED CITY (INTRAMUROS MANILA

FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE Philippines during1898-1899 MAY 24, 1898 AGUINALDO FORMALLY ESTABLISHED DICTATORIAL GOVERNMENT WHICH HE DECLARED AS TEMPORARY FELIPE AGONCILLO ADVISED WAY BACK 1895 AGUINALDO TO LOOK FOR SOME PATRIOTIC AND DEDICATED MEN SUCH AS APOLINARIO MABINI OF TANAUAN BATANGASJUNE 12, 1898 - AGUINALDO SIGNED THE PROCLAMATION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE IN KAWIT CAVITEJULIAN FELIPE A MUSICIAN FROM CAVITE COMPOSED A MARCH TO BE PLAYED DURING THE INDEPENDENCE DAY CEREMONY MARCHA FILIPINA MAGDALO DECIDED BY AGUINALDO TO BE THE OFFICIAL MARCH OF THE PHILIPPINESMRS. MARCELA AGONCILLO - SEWN THE PHILIPPINE FLAG DESIGNED BY AGUINALDOAMBROSIO RIANZARES BAUTISTA PREPARED AND READ IN SPANISH THE ACT OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

JUNE 23, 1898 UPON THE ADVICE OF MABINI, AGUINALDO CHANGED THE GOVERNMENT FROM DICTATORIAL TO REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT Changed of title from Dictator to President Four Departments were created, namely: Department of Foreign Affairs, Navy and CommerceThe Department of War and Public WorksThe Department of Police and Internal Order, Justice, Education and HygieneThe Department of Finance, Agriculture and Manufacturing Industry REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT June 23 Creation of Congress later known to be Malolos Congress ( happened in Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan)

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS:

PRESIDENT : Pedro A. PaternoVICE PRESIDENT: Benito Legarda FIRST SECRETARY : Gregorio Araneta SECOND SECRETARY: Pablo Ocampo REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT January 21, 1899 Aguinaldo promulgated the Final version of the Constitution named as Malolos Constitution MALOLOS CONSTITUTION IMPORTANCE It was the first important state document that the Filipino people, speaking through their representatives, had ever produced. Provided for national and individual rights not only of Filipinos, but also for foreigners Safeguards against abuses were provided According to the Constitution, the government that was established was popular , representative, and responsible Three branches was also indicated: the executive, the legislative and the judicial Uniqueness of Malolos Constitution the assembly or the legislative branch was more powerful than the executive or the judicial branch it provided that when the Assembly was not in session, a Permanent commission, composed of the members of the Assembly would sit as a legislative body the Constitution established a unicameral legislature THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC JANUARY 23, 1899 INAGUARATION OF THE REPUBLIC. AGUINALDO TOOK HIS OATH OF OFFICE AS PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC TO MAKE THE EVENT MEMORABLE: AGUINALDO PARDONED ALL PRISONERS OF WAR WHO ARE NOT REGUKAR MEMBERS OF THE SPANISH ARMY AND SPANIARDS AND ALIENS WERE GRANTED THE RIGHT TO ENGAGE IN BUSINESS IN THE PHILIPPINESTHE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC EDUCATION Aguinaldo included an item for education amounting to php 35,000. Provided a decree for the improved curriculum of the Burgos Institute PERIODICALS OF THE REVOLUTION La Independencia most famous among nationalistic newspapers / Editor and part-owner was General Antonio Luna The First Philippine Republic Filipino Diplomats : Felipe Agoncillo- United States, Mariano Ponce and Faustino Lichauco Japan, Antonio Ma. Regidor England, Juan Luna and Pedro Roxas France, Eriberto Zarcal Australia Treaty of Paris Signed on December 10, 1898 between Spanish and American Peace Commissioners Spain turned over the Philippines to the United States for the sum of $ 20,000,000 as payment for the improvement made by Spain in the Philippines Some Americans established an Anti-Imperialist League GROUP ACTIVITY SHOW IN A SHORT ROLE PLAY THE IMPORTANCE OF FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE SEARCH FOR THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE PHILIPPINE- AMERICAN WARAssignment