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    W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

    W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    WELCOMEIssue 32

    Photography for Beginners 3Share your shots at.. . photoforbeginners.com

    For more great photo tips, head to photoforbeginners.comGet in touch with us Ask questions, leave feedback on the magazine or share your shots via the following social sites

    For more great photo tips, head to photoforbeginners.com

    @PFBMag PFBMag PFB Magazine [email protected] photoforbeginners.com

    Welcome5 essential skillsyou will learnin this issue01 LIGHTING SKILLSLearn to manipulate the lightfor great shots on p18

    02 GROUP PORTRAITSDiscover the best settingsand composition tips on p38

    03 USING FILTERSTurn to p44 to see how an NDgrad can improve landscapes

    04 CONTROL APERTUREOn p52 we show you how toblur backgrounds and more

    05 ELEMENTS 12Master the latest version ofPhotoshop Elements on p58

    Photography is all about light. Its so important toget this fundamental element right if you want tocapture stunning shots, so this issue werebringing you a fantastic Beginners Guide tolighting on p18. Weve also got a guide to group

    portraits on p38 to help you get great shots offamily events and more and a 5 minute project onusing lters to improve landscapes on p44.

    Once youve perfected your shots, read our guideto Photoshop Elements 12 on p58 to enhancephotos even more. Dont forget to post yourcreations on the PFB gallery at www.photoforbeginners.com and you might justget to see it in the mag! Enjoy the issue.

    Amy Squibb Editor

    Follow us at @PFBMag

    WELCOMEIssue 33

    Photography for Beginners 3W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    SUBSCRIBE TO...

    48 GET MONEYOFF ISSUES!SHOOT18 Tricks for perfect lighting

    Techniques, skills and DIY methodsfor beautifully lit shots of any subject

    29 Unlock essentialphoto secrets todayTips for composing, focusing, settingsand more for amazing photos every time

    38 Great group portraitsTake your best ever group shots withadvice on poses, modes and more

    44 Use ND grad lters forbetter landscapesCapture all the tones in your scenewith this essential accessory

    46 Fantastic reworksLearn how to recreate this amazingrework capture with simple tips

    50 Share a photo a daywith the Blipfoto appShoot and share only your very bestshots on this image-based app

    52 Why control your aperture?Understand the key to creating softbackgrounds and sharp landscapes

    EDIT58 Master Elements 12The great new features of the software

    made easy in simple to follow guides

    64 Selectively colour changeAlter hues completely in just four steps

    66 Easily correct exposuresusing DxO Optics ProSteps for adding a bit of punch tophotos with simple edits

    SHARE70 Make a website to

    showcase your shotsA step-by-step guide to usingSmugMugs online photo service

    72 Create a photobook fromyour Facebook accountUse Blurb to make a stylish albumfrom your social network shots

    74 Design a collageusing PictureCollage MakerA great way todisplay yourphotos

    S h a r e y

    o u r s h

    o t s

    p h o t o

    f o r b e g i

    n n e r s

    O r s e a r c

    h f o r P F

    B M

    CONTENTSIssue 33

    29Tricks revealed for pro-looking images

    Unlock essentialphoto secrets

    Turn to p32 to master manual

    Get balanced exposures on p33

    For back issues & more go to

    52 Easily create soft backgroundsMaster aperture

    Learn all about RAW over on p36

    W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    6 Photography for Beginners

    Your photosWe love seeing the fantastic photos ourreaders send us each month, so wethought wed print our favourites right here! W I N!A S am sung 16G B memor y c ardE ve r y is s ue , on

    e w inner w i l l rece i ve a

    Samsung 16 GB SDHC me mor y

    ca rd

    or a pr i ze o f equa l va lue

    w w w. s am s ung.com/u k

    Fu l l te rm s a nd cond i t ion s

    a v a i l a b le on l ine

    6 Photography for Beginners

    READERS GALLERY

    W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

    W o r l d M a g s . n e t

    http://worldmags.net/http://worldmags.net/http://worldmags.net/http://worldmags.net/http://worldmags.net/http://worldmags.net/
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    photoforbeginners.com Photography for Beginners 7

    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    Tyne BridgeThis is the Tyne Bridge readyfor the Great North Run. I useda polariser and tried stickingan ND8 over the top.Shot on: Canon EOS 550D, ISO200, f22, 40secSent in via: Email

    Reader: Andy Dodds

    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    Photography for Beginners 7Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

    W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    8 Photography for Beginners8 Photography for Beginners8 Photography for Beginners

    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    Reader: Silvia LiMirror SunriseI have just moved to a new area andwas glad to nd this lake close tohome for a peaceful sunrise."Shot on: Canon EOS 650D, 8-16mmlens at 16mm, ISO 100, f22, 0.3sec

    Reader: Derek DonnellyArch Bridge"This is the spectacular thirteen-archviaduct at Haltwhistle. I had to walkalong the riverside to get the photo."Shot on: Canon EOS 60D, ISO 100,f22, 1/3sec with 4x ND lter

    Reader: Telina WillisButtery

    This macro photograph wastaken in a tropical buttery house

    in Seaford, Ireland.Shot on: Fujilm FinePix S4400,

    ISO 200, f12, 1/160sec

    Reader: Jamie AkhurstDawn On The HeathThis was taken at Hotheld Heathlandsin Kent. We arrived half an hour beforesunrise to scout out the best position.Shot on: Canon EOS 60D, 10-20mm lensat 10mm, ISO 100, f13, 8sec

    Reader: Dave FlynnBut I Dont Want A BathThe setup was quite simple. It was ina conservatory that had light comingthrough the windows from the left andabove through the skylights. Thebackground is a simple bed sheet andthe props were purchased from anearby shop.Shot on: Nikon D90, 18-70mm lens at31mm, ISO 200, f4, 1/100sec

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    Buildings, bridges, landmarks and statues all makefantastic photography subjects, and best of all,they are so easy to nd. Whether you explore yourlocal area or travel a little further away, you willnever run out of fascinating structures to shoot. Itis also possible to get stunning shots with anycamera, as even your cameraphone can producegreat architectural images. Of course, it helps if youknow exactly how to photograph buildings in orderto get the most striking and dramatic shots, as thecomposition, lighting and even the focal length you

    use can play a big part in the nal look of yourphoto. In Issue 32, we took you through ouressential tips and tricks for taking great photos ofbuildings, and thenwe challenged youto send in your bestshots. Here is aselection of some ofthe excellentarchitecture shotswe received.

    ArchitectureOur Beginners Guide to shootingarchitecture can be found in PFB Issue 32. Get back issues from

    WE CHALLENGED, YOU DELIVERED

    Your nextphoto challengePerfectly lit photography

    After reading this issues guide to great lighting, send usyour best well-lit shots that show you have been creativewith light. Enter by 27 December 2013 for a chance to win

    a MAGIX PhotoStory on DVD 2013 Deluxe.Prize may be substituted for an item of equal value.

    Full T&Cs available online.

    W IN!P hot oSt or y on DV D sof t w ar e Sendus y our shots for a chance to wina copyofMAGIX P hotoStory onDV D,cour tesyof w ww .mag ix.com.T hissof tware, which allows

    y ou to turnyourphotos into f antasticslideshows, iswor th70 / $7 0.

    St PaulsFor this shot, it was important to nd a

    vantage point that provided a frame. Iwas fortunate enough to nd some

    suitably positioned trees.Shot on: Nikon D90, 18-105mm lens at

    18mm, ISO 200, f10, 1/400sec

    Reader: Kevin Thornton

    10 Photography for Beginners

    READERS CHALLENGEArchitecture

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    Reader: Kathy OwnbeyTitle: Chapel In The Woods

    Reader: Amy-Lee WineldTitle: Warm Mill

    Reader: Tony WoodwardTitle: Gherkin

    Reader: Joe TylerTitle: Crazy Stairs

    Shar e y o ur s ho t s a t p ho t o f o r b e g i nne r s .c o mo r s ear c h P F B Mag o n

    REA DERS CHALLENGEArchitecture

    Reader: Janet GordonTitle: View From Platform 5

    Photography for Beginners 11W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    Share on our social sites Join the Facebook, Twitter and Flickr communities @PFBMag

    Click the Compose New Tweet box and selectAdd An Image. Find your shot and click Open.Write some text, include @PFBMag, then clickTweet and we will see your photo!

    PFB MagazineHit Upload to add images. Click on the imageyou want to share, then click Share>Grab thelink. Email it to [email protected] or post it to us on Facebook or Twitter.

    PFBMagSearch for PFBMag and click the tab. On ourpage, hit Photo/Video, then Upload Photo/ Video. Browse for your image, write a messageand click Post for it to appear on our wall!

    Also share on our website Head to www.photoforbeginners.com nowBecome our favourite!We pick our favourite shots tohighlight in our Featured Imagesection. This could be you soon,so get uploading!

    Create a galleryYou can showcase your favouriteimages by creating your owngallery page on our website. Itsquick and simple to set up.

    The best of the reston our great website

    ALSO ONLINE

    Enter theFace-Off Your shots areentered into ourFace-Offsection andpitted againstother peoples have funwatching yourscore rise!

    Be inspiredBrowse through all the differentcategories to be inspired byother readers photos and getideas of your own.

    Tips and tutorialsOur website is piled high with step-by-steptutorials and useful tips to help you takebetter photos of any subject.

    News and debateWe help you keep up-to-date with the latestindustry news and releases. You can alsoget stuck into hot topics with our debates!

    CompetitionsHead to www.photoforbeginners.com andenter our weekly competitions to win somereally fantastic prizes!

    12 Photography for Beginners

    SHARE YOUR SHOTSHeres how to show us your stunning snaps

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    14 Photography for Beginners

    NEED TO KNOWA snapshot of whats exciting us this month

    Olympus has launched a new camera to join thearmy of compacts with advanced features hitting

    the market. The STYLUS 1 has a large 12MP CMOSsensor on hand to produce high-resolution photosand a mode dial that contains manual modes toexplore for creative shooting. The lens alsofeatures a 10.7x optical zoom with versatile28-300mm focal range for shooting wide-anglelandscapes and zooming in on detail, plus itsconstant aperture of f2.8 is ideal for blurringbackgrounds and shooting in low light.

    As well as an LCD touch screen, the STYLUS 1also has the same 1.44 million dot electronicviewnder found on the OM-D E-M5, which can

    preview images with the cameras creative ltereffects so you can clearly see the effect before

    you shoot. A built-in ND lter will allow you to useslower shutter speeds than you typically would inbright conditions, and you can shoot in RAW tohave more control over your photo editing.

    Beginners taking their rst steps intophotography will be able to use iAuto to producegood shots quickly and the Olympus Live Guide tolearn more about their cameras other functions.All of this is packed into a pocketable body withdimensions of just 116 x 87 x 56.5mm, so you cankeep it on you wherever you go. The OlympusSTYLUS 1 is available with an RRP of 550/$700.

    Reasons why we cantwait to get our handson this camera

    01 We want to see if theimage quality produced bythe 12MP sensor is up to scratch

    02 Well test the handlingand the Hybrid ControlRing to see if it speeds things up

    03 Well inspect the buildquality to determine if itcan stand the test of time

    THE TOP 3

    Quick adjustmentsAdjusting exposure settings isquick and easy with the HybridControl Ring, or use it to controlzoom and focus in analogue

    Creative anglesYou can tilt the LCD touchscreen to frame your shotsfrom high or low angles, thentap to focus and shoot

    Easy framingThe electronic viewnder isuseful for framing shots inbright light and switches onwhen it senses your eye

    Creative control11 art lters and ve frame andart effects are on hand forproducing creative captures,and Photo Story+ lets youcreate instant collages

    Shoot and shareWirelessly transfer shots toyour smartphone by scanningthe QR code on the screen toconnect the two devices

    New compact comeswith premium specsDiscover advanced features with the Olympus STYLUS 1

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    Photography for Beginners 15Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    NEED TO KNOWNews

    Get Capture One Express 6 for freeTo get your hands on a copy ofCapture One Express 6 image editingsoftware, free for every reader, allyou have to do is head to our post onwww.photoforbeginners.com anduse the voucher code PFB2013.

    This month on photoforbeginners.comHow to avoid blurry photos

    Fixing blurry shots is very difcult tocorrect once theyve been taken, soits best to get it right in-camera.There are lots of tricks for keepingyour shots sharp using any camera,from a compact to a DSLR.

    PLUS ALL THIS How to fake asunset glow

    Top photo sharingwebsites

    The latest news andgreat competitions

    Learn skills at the AdventureTravel Show

    Discover more about your wildlifesubjects with World Of Animals

    Animals are fascinating subjects, and not just forphotography. With thousands of species all over theworld, there is so much to learn about the wildlife wewalk amongst. A brand new wildlife magazine fromImagine Publishing provides awe-inspiring imagesand engaging articles about creatures from acrossthe globe, and even gives you some advice on howto capture them on camera too. World Of Animals isavailable from all good retailers and online from

    www.imagineshop.co.uk. You can also get the digitaledition on your Android or iOS device from www.greatdigitalmags.com and check out the magazineswebsite at www.animalanswers.co.uk .

    Also be sure to follow the magazine on Twitter bysearching @worldanimalmag, and like the World OfAnimals Facebook page. Let us know what aspectsof wildlife youd like to know more about and you may

    just see it in the next issue!

    The Adventure Travel Show is returningto London in 2014, ready to inspirethose who enjoy visiting new andexciting places with their camera. As

    well as providing help and advice forbooking new adventures, the event willalso feature two travel photographyseminars, with tips for brushing up onyour photo skills and coming homefrom your trip with great shots. Youcan get an insight into the world oftravel photography from the

    professionals and nd out how to takeaward-winning photos.

    The Adventure Travel Show will takeplace at Londons Olympia on 25-26

    January. Tickets are available from 8,with entry to the seminars costingfrom 55. For more information, visitwww.adventureshow.com . We haveone seminar ticket and three showtickets to give away; just head towww.photoforbeginners.com to ndout how you can win.

    Uncover stunning animal images and helpful photo tips with thisexciting new magazine from Imagine Publishing

    Improve your technique with photographyseminars for adventurous shooters

    W in t ic k e t s !

    K

    e v i n R a b e r

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    Samsungs new SMART CameraWB250F puts great photo power atyour ngertips. You can shoot

    fantastic images for larger printswith its 14MP sensor, plus instantlyshare them with built-in Wi-Fioptions. Send shots when youre outand about or back up images to yourphone with MobileLink. You can evencontrol the camera from yoursmartphone, which is handy foravoiding camera shake.

    The WB250F boasts a slim andsleek body, which houses a great

    touch screen interface, full auto ormanual controls and full HD video.The 18x optical zoom will allow you

    to get in close, while its 24mm lensis great for framing wide vistas. Plustheres Low Light Shot mode, whichselects the best settings andmerges three shots for greatperformance in dim conditions.

    To nd out more about this newSMART camera, simply visit www.samsung.com/uk . For a chance toget your hands on this fantasticcamera, enter our competition now!

    TERMS AND CONDITIONSThis competition is open to residents of the United Kingdom and Ireland.Imagine Publishing has the right to substitu te the prize for a similar itemof equal or higher value. Camera colours may vary. Employees of ImaginePublishing (including freelancers), Samsung, their relatives or any agentsare not eligible to enter. The editors decision is nal and nocorrespondence will be entered into. Prizes can not be exchanged forcash. Full terms and conditions are available on request. From time totime, Imagine Publishing or its agents may send you related material orspecial offers. If you do not wish to receive this, please state clearly onyour competition entry.

    HOW TO ENTER:Send your name, contact details and your bestshot to us by 9 January 2014.

    Email: [email protected]: www.photoforbeginners.com

    A SamsungWB250F Plus three lucky runners-up will eachget a Samsung 8GB SDHC memory card

    W I N !

    P L U S ! A 16 G B S ams u ng me mo r y c ar d

    Photography for Beginners 17W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    Good lighting is often the secret to professional-looking shots, whetherits natural or articial

    18 Photography for Beginners W o r l d M a g s . n e t W o r l d M a g s . n e t

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    Gear guide Camera accessories to improve your lighting

    FlashgunGet powerful light with a ashgun suchas Nikons SB-300 (140/$150, www.nikon.co.uk ), which can be tilted up.

    Flash gelsColoured gels like Rogues UniversalFlash Gels Kit (30/$30) let youchange the colour of the ash light.

    Flash diffuserDiffusers like the Sto-Fen Omni-Bouncediffuser (approx 12/$20) soften ashlight, and are available in various sizes.

    ReectorA reector like Lastolites 30-inchcircular reector (42/$52) lets youbounce light back into the shadows.

    Photography is essentially the recording oflight to produce an image, so good lightingis particularly important if you want toproduce great shots. Mastering yourcameras exposure settings, such asaperture, shutter speed and ISO, will allowyou to adjust how your camera reads thelight, but for the best results you really needto get the light right to begin with. Of

    course, you cant have much control overthe natural light from the sun, but in thisfeature we will reveal a few secrets forusing it to your advantage. Controllingindoor lighting is much easier, but it canalso be quite easy to get wrong. A goodlighting setup takes careful consideration,but by reading on you can discover simpleadvice for getting it right every time.

    Its important to remember that yourcamera comes with its own light source aswell. Using flash is very useful for a numberof situations, but knowing which flash modeto pick for each scenario is vital. Over thecourse of this feature, we will show youeverything you need to know to masterperfect lighting, using equipment and kit tosuit any budget.

    TrickslightingUse our tips and techniques for perfectly lit shots

    for great

    Photography for Beginners 19

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    Position your light source for the best resultsIndoor lightingCreating your own light setup means thatyou can have plenty of control over thelighting for your indoor shots. You dontneed to splash out on expensive studiolights though, as a simple desk lamp or

    bright window will still allow you to get greatresults for your images.

    Whether you are using artificial or naturallight, considering the position of your lightsource can have a big effect on how your

    subject looks in your photographs. It can abe little daunting knowing where to startwhen creating your lighting setup, but hereare a few secrets to help you on your way toproducing beautifully lit photos.

    01 Change the angleLighting your subject from above orfront-on will suppress any texture inyour shot, so is useful if you want tosmooth wrinkles in a portrait.

    Lighting your subject from the sidewill help to emphasise texture andalso create shadows that can adddepth to your shot.

    03 Control the distanceThe shorter the distance between yourlight source and subject, the softer thelight will be. Moving the light closer will

    make it broader and create a more subtle

    effect (although bear in mind it will bebrighter). Moving it further away willcreate a narrow light source for deeper

    shadows and contrast.

    02 Size mattersA broad light source, such as alarge, bright window, will createsofter light, as the rays will hityour subject from more directionsto fill in shadows and reducecontrast. If you want harder light

    that increases shadows andtexture, use a direct, narrowsource such as a desk lamp.

    04 Background lightingPlacing your light source close to yoursubject will produce a greater falloff of lightin the background, making it dark. Movingthe light source further away will meanyour subject and backdrop are keptrelatively bright.

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

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    Move your subject orlight source to controlhow your shot is lit. Theangle, distance andsize of the light can allhave an effect

    06 Adjust thelights strengthIt may seem obvious, but it is

    important to remember that thefurther away your light source,

    the dimmer the light hitting yoursubjects will be. For brighter

    lighting, move it closer orintroduce an additional light

    source to the scene.

    05 Reect the lightUsing a matte surface to bounce light back into theshadows will also diffuse the light for a softer effect. Ashiny reflector will focus the light into a narrower area, so itwill therefore be a little stronger and harsher.

    Lightingyour subjectfrom theside will

    emphasisetexture

    and create

    shadows toadd depth

    Photography for Beginners 21

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    Make the most of natural lightand use the sun to your advantage

    Natural lightNatural lighting is of course the only sourceof light for daytime landscape shots, but itis also useful for lots of other types ofphotography. It can still come with its ownset of problems though, as both the time ofday and weather can affect the look of yourphotos. Knowing when to shoot will helpyou achieve the best results, but you canstill produce fantastic outdoor images at

    any point in the day. There are a few simpletricks for making the most of differentlighting conditions, and although you cantcontrol the position of the sun, moving yoursubject or your own position could meanthe difference between producing a goodshot and a great one. Read our guide on theright to learn how to make the most ofnatural light.

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

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    The timeof day

    Just after sunrise and just before sunset are thebest times of day to shoot outdoors. At thistime, the sun is low in the sky so it will create asofter, warmer light and project longer shadowsacross your scene for more depth and contrast.

    01

    Backlitsubjects

    If the sun is positioned behind your subject, itwill leave them in shadow. To combat this, use areector to bounce the light back into the darkareas. Alternatively, leave your subjectunderexposed to create a striking silhouette.

    04

    Use the shadeThe midday sun is positioned directly overhead and so

    could cause your shots to look a little at. The light can also bevery bright and harsh at this time, leaving your portrait subjectssquinting and overexposed. If this is the case, move into theshade for softer and more even light.

    02

    Cloudy skiesDont ignore overcast days, as clouds can help

    to diffuse the light from the sun for a softer and more even

    coverage of light. Slow your shutter speed down if your shotsare coming out a little underexposed.

    03

    Combat lens areShooting into the sun will create lens are. This cangive your shots a dreamy look, but if your want a more naturaleffect, use a lens hood or shade your lens with your hand toprevent it.

    05

    Low-light shootingAs the natural light fades, you will need to adjust your

    exposure to prevent dark shots. Use a wider aperture (smallerf-number) or slow down your shutter speed and use a tripod.Only raise your ISO as a last resort.

    06

    Use Mother Natures light for well-litshots outdoors. Here weve chosenthe golden hour for a warm effect

    You cant controlthe sun, but movingyour subject or yourown position couldmean the differencebetween a good shotand a great oneWhen shooting at sunrise or sunset, use a tripod and shutter priority modeset to around 1/10sec or slower to ensure enough light is let in

    Photography for Beginners 23

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    Fire the ash to illuminate your subjectUsing ashWhen there just isnt enough light availablefor your shot, your cameras flash is thereto help. Its a great tool for shooting inlow-light and indoor situations, such astaking portraits at parties and events.However, that bright burst of lightfrom your camera cansometimes have an unwantedand unflattering effect, soknowing the best flash modeto use is vital for if you wantto create natural-lookingphotos. Its also important

    to remember that your flashisnt just for illuminating yourshots in low light, as it canalso come in useful forpreventing underexposeddaytime images too. Read onto discover how to master yourflash and combat some of thecommon problems it can create.

    Switch to slow-sync ashFiring your ash in low lightcan cause your subject to

    appear well lit, but leave theirsurroundings shrouded in

    darkness. To illuminate both theforeground and background of your

    shot, use slow-sync ash to teamyour ash with a slow shutter

    speed to let in more light.

    Flash isn't just forlow-light shooting

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

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    Unattering ashWhen ash is red at your subjects dilated pupils in the dark, the lightreects off of their retina to make the pupils appear red. It can also create

    unwanted highlights and make skin appear shiny.

    Combat red-eyeRed-eye is a common problem caused by using ash in low light. To prevent it,use your cameras red-eye reduction ash mode, which res a pre-ash that

    causes your subjects pupils to contract.

    Use ll-in ashIf your subject is backlit,it can mean that when

    you take a shot the backdropof your shot is well lit, but thesubject is underexposed.Switching on your ash will llin the shadows to ensureyour entire shot is lit fromfront to back.

    Knowing thebest ash mode

    to use is vitalif you want tocreate natural

    looking photos

    Photography for Beginners 25

    In associat ion with

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    Use everyday itemsfor perfect lighting

    DIYlightingsetupsPhotography can be an expensive hobby, aseven after youve emptied your pockets for anew camera, there are plenty of gadgets and

    accessories to buy too. When it comes tolighting, you could splash out on expensivestudio lighting setups and flash accessories toensure your photos have a professional look.However, there are cheaper alternatives tothese expensive pieces of kit. With just a fewitems that are available on the high street or inyour cupboards at home, you can transformyour dull shots into bright works of art.

    Create a light tentA light tent will allow you to take still-lifephotos with a soft, even light cast overyour subject. You could buy one, but it isvery easy to create your own for a fractionof the price. All you need are three clearplastic folders. Tape two of the folderstogether to form the back and sides ofyour light tent, and then cut the thirdfolder in half and place it on top to formthe roof. Use it outside to diffuse the lightfrom the sun, or put lamps on either side.

    Bounceyour ash

    Firing your ash directlyat your subject can

    produce a harsh andunattering light. A simple

    trick for softening it is tobounce it off a reective

    surface. If you have aashgun with a tilting head,then point it at a bright wallor ceiling to diffuse the light

    before it bounces backtowards your subject. If you

    have a pop-up ash, thenplacing a piece of white paper in front of it

    at an angle will have the same effect.

    Softenthe lightThe simplest way to diffuse andsoften the light for your shot is topass it through some translucentmaterial that will scatter the rays. Tosoften the light from your ash, youcould cut the bottom off an empty milk

    carton and use it as a makeshiftashgun diffuser, or simply place a pieceof tracing paper in front of your pop-upash. You could also use tracing paper ortranslucent plastic to soften the lightfrom a desk lamp. When illuminating yourshot with natural light through a brightwindow, you can diffuse the light bytaping a piece of plain white paper or awhite bed sheet over the window.

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

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    Not just fordummies

    A clear, comprehensive series for people who want to start learningabout iPhone, iPad, Mac, Photoshop, photography and more

    BUY YOUR COPY TODAYPrint edition available at www.imagineshop.co.uk

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    Discover vital tips for taking great shots andavoiding common photo problems

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    30 Photography for Beginners30 Photography for Beginners

    Control depth of eldOne of the most important settings in a photographers toolkit isaperture. It can be used to brighten shots, as well as control howmuch of the image is in focus. Your aperture determines the size ofthe opening in your camera lens, and therefore how much lightreaches your sensor. It is measured in f-numbers, with a small

    f-number (wide aperture) creating a large opening in your lens thatlets in lots of light, and a large f-number (narrow aperture) creating asmall opening that lets in a little bit of light. See p52 for a full guide,but for now, switch your camera to Aperture Priority mode (you setthe aperture but the camera sets the rest) and have a play.

    When shooting portraits and still life, using a wideaperture (small f-number) will create a shallowdepth of eld. This will blur the background of

    your shot but keep your main subject sharp sothat it stands out in the frame and attracts the

    viewers attention. Use f5.6 or lower for a wideaperture and focus your shot carefully to makesure your subject is not blurry too.

    Blur the background

    Controlling your aperture allows you to adjustthe depth of eld of your image. If you are

    shooting architecture or a landscape and wantthe entire scene, from front to back, to be in

    focus, use a narrow aperture(large f-number) to create lots of

    depth of eld and keepeverything sharp. Anything

    above f5.6 is usuallyconsidered to be narrow.

    Keep everything in focus front to back

    30 Photography for Beginners

    Aperture can be used tobrighten shots, as well as control how

    much of the image is in focus

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    Photography for Beginners 31Photography for Beginners 31

    Capture movementYour shutter speed determines the length of time your shutter staysopen for when you press the shutter button, and it is measured inseconds and fractions of seconds. The slower it is, the longer theshutter is left open for and the more light is recorded, brightening upyour shots. To keep your shutter open for a shorter period of time

    and record less light, use a faster shutter speed. You need tobalance ISO and aperture with shutter speed to get great exposures,but use Shutter Priority mode and your camera will do this. Shutterspeed is also used to freeze or blur movement,so experiment to see what results you get.

    Shutter speed controls how you recordmovement in your shots. A fast shutter speed willallow you to freeze your subject in the frame forsharp, blur-free shots, allowing you to capture

    split-second moments in time. Use 1/100sec or faster to freeze the action.

    Freeze action

    Slowing your shutterspeed will record any

    motion in your scene asblur. This can help to showthe direction and speed oftravel of moving subjects.

    Anything slower than1/100sec should work.

    Capturesome blur

    Photography for Beginners 31

    F or por t r a it s , us e a f as t s hut t e r s pe e d s o t he came r a w ill s e t a w ide ape r t ur e f or blur r e d back g r ounds . W he n s hoot ing w ildlif e or spor t , a f as t spe e d is ide a l t o av oid blur . F or lands cape s , a s low s hut t e r spe e d w ill pr oduce nice blur in w a t e r and clouds

    W hat s hut t e r s p e e d s ho ul d I us e?

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    32 Photography for Beginners

    Get creative in manualYou can use Shutter and Aperture Priority modes to concentrate onone setting at a time, but to fully take control and get more creativeresults, switch to manual. In this mode, you also need to set the ISO.This determines how sensitive your cameras sensor is to the light.Raising the ISO will make your sensor more sensitive and brighten up

    shots, but it can create digital noise that reduces the quality. If youare shooting in bright conditions, keep your ISO on its lowest setting.When shooting in low light, try using a wider aperture (smallerf-number) and slower shutter speed to brighten up your shotsinstead, and only increase your ISO as a last resort.

    Manual modes not only let you ne-tuneexposures, but they also let you produce creative

    effects. Try capturing motion blur using a slowshutter speed, or creating a blurry backgroundwith a wide aperture. Get to know your camera

    and you'll produce much more pleasing images.

    Why use manual?

    32 Photography for Beginners

    Although mastering manual controls is great for producing creative effects, Auto mode

    has its uses. If an unexpected photoopportunity arises, you may not have time to pick your settings, so switching to Auto will

    mean you wont miss out on the shot.

    Auto has its place

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    34 Photography for Beginners34 Photography for Beginners

    Keep it sharpYour cameras standard autofocus mode will perform well most ofthe time, but to ensure the most accurate results, it's a goodidea to explore your other focusing options. Selective autofocuslets you pick a specic part of your shot to keep in focus. Manualfocus is particularly useful for macro photography, when yourcameras autofocus can sometimes struggle to lock onto your

    subject up close. Continuous autofocus will track a movingsubject to keep it sharp in the frame. You can also try pre-focusing your camera for an action shot. Half-press the shutter inautofocus or focus manually on the area you know your subjectwill move into, then fully press it to take the shot when thesubject is in the frame.

    Secure your camera onto a tripod or rest it on asturdy surface when using a slow shutterspeed to prevent blur. If you want to shoothandheld, keep the shutter speed above

    1/60sec, hold the camera with both hands andkeep your elbows tucked into your sides.

    Stay steady

    This focus mode is one of the mostoverlooked modes by beginners, andits often the secret to getting sharp

    shots of moving subjects. Select itand the camera will continuallyhunt for focus, meaning moving

    subjects remain pin-sharp.

    Continuous focus

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    Photography for Beginners

    Get a bettercompositionHow you frame your shot is reallydown to your own personal style, butthere are a few commonly usedguidelines that can help you if yourestruggling. Look for some foregroundinterest in your shot to avoid boring,

    open expanses and look for lines thatwill draw the eye through the image.Natural frames also work well. Whenshooting, think about what aspectratio you are using (square format,panorama etc), as this can dictatehow you compose. You can often setthis in-camera, or you can crop inafterwards in editing software.

    Photography for Beginners

    For landscapes, zoom outto give the viewer a senseof the entire scene. When

    shooting portraits andarchitecture, zooming in a

    little will help you avoidlens distortion, which can

    exaggerate features.

    Focal

    lengths

    The rule of thirds involvesimagining a nine-section grid

    over your image and positioning the main focal

    point over one of theintersections for a balanced

    photo. You can even bring upgridlines on most cameras

    to help with this.

    Go off-centre

    It is often a case of less is morewhen it comes to photography.Make sure that the main focal point really stands out in the

    frame and that there areno distracting elements

    surrounding it. Alsotry to include no

    more than threemain colours

    within thescene.

    Keep it simple

    Ge t int o t he habit of t ak ing y our came r a w it h y ou w he r e v e r y ou g o, as y ou ne v e r k now w he n a phot o oppor t unit y may a r is e . T ak e y our t ime g e t t ing t he s hot r ig ht and t hink about y our compos it ion be f or e y ou r e t he shut t e r

    R ememb e r t o t ak ey o ur c ame r a w i t h y o u

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    SHOOTINGGroup portraits

    38 Photography for Beginners

    Great group portraitsEssential tips for takingperfect group shotsWHAT YOULL NEED Digital camera TripodWE USEDNikon D3200Adobe PhotoshopElements 11

    YOU COULD USEAny cameraGIMP

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to take a great

    group portrait

    How to perfect andenhance your photoHow to create apersonalised card

    T hi nk abo ut t he c o l o ur s i n t he s c e ne . T r y t o g e t y o ur s ub j e c t s t o c o o r d i na t e t he i r c l o t hi ng and mak e s ur e t ha t t he bac k d r o p d o e s n t c l as h e i t he r

    Mat c h c o l o u r s f o r a p e r f e c t s ho t

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    SHOOTINGGroup portraits

    Photography for Beginners 39Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    Position your subjects

    01 Find a suitable location, consideringyour backdrop, and then get everyoneinto position. Try getting your subjects to sit orstand at different levels to avoid a dull shotwith everyone in a straight line.

    Control your aperture

    02 Set your camera to Aperture Prioritymode and choose f8. This should benarrow enough to keep everyone in focus, butwide enough to create some background blur.Keep the ISO low to avoid noise.

    Use the zoom

    04 To ensure everyone is in the frame,you may need to zoom your lens out.This may also capture some of the scenery toadd context. If you can, though, take a fewsteps back and zoom in to avoid distortion.

    Light the shot

    05 Try to make use of natural light byshooting outside or by a bright window.If you cant or any of your subjects faces arein shadow, re your ash to ll in these areas,or use a reector to bounce light back in.

    Getting the whole family or an entire group of friends together is agreat excuse to practise your group portrait skills, and is particularlyimportant for preserving precious memories if these occasions arerare. Group portraits can be trickier to get right than single portraitshots, as you need to pay attention to several subjects instead of

    just one. This can increase the chances of mistakes, such as peopleblinking or looking away from the camera in your photos.

    Luckily, there are some foolproof tricks that you can use toguarantee great photos quickly and easily, which is very useful whentrying to keep the attention of small children. Using blink detection orBurst mode will help you to get a photo where everyone is looking atthe camera, and some cameras even have a smile detectionfunction. It is also important to make your shoot fun for everyone, soyou could try out whacky poses and introduce humorous props tokeep everyone entertained. This will also help you to evoke natural

    smiles and facial expressions that convey your subjects personalityinstead of forced and cheesy grins. You could even give your shot atheme, maybe getting everyone to wear festive jumpers to give theshot a winter feel.

    In the rst part of our guide, we will show you how to set up yourgroup portrait shot and get yourself in the picture too. Then discoverhow to edit your photo for attering results, learning how to whitenteeth, remove blemishes and smooth problem skin. You can thennd out how to turn your photo into a great card to send to yourloved ones and give your message a personal touch.

    Alternatively, you could turn your shot into a canvas print to placeabove the mantelpiece or simply print it out for your photo album. Sowhether you are shooting a family portrait in the living room, orphotographing your best mates at the local park, follow our step-by-step guide to producing fantastic shots.

    Shoot! Get everyone together for a group portrait

    Get into the frame

    06 If you want to be part of the shot, setthe camera up on a tripod or sturdysurface and then switch on the self-timer.Once you press the shutter, quickly get intoposition before the shot is taken.

    Use Burst mode

    03 If your camera has a blink detectionfunction, use this to prevent the risk ofblinking eyes in your shot. Alternatively, useBurst mode to take a series of shots andincrease your chances of getting a good one.

    You could try out whacky poses and introduce props

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    SHOOTINGGroup portraits

    40 Photography for Beginners

    Items of kitfor portraits

    Camera with articulated LCDIf you want to get yourself in the shot, a camerawith an LCD that ips out or tilts up is great forframing. If your camera doesnt have this feature,set it up on a tripod and use the self-timer.

    FlashgunSometimes the ash on your camera can bequite harsh. External ashguns usually have tiltingheads that are perfect for bouncing the light off ofthe ceiling, for softer results.

    ReectorFill in any unattering shadows in your shot bybouncing the light back into the dark areas with areector. Dif ferent colours create differenteffects gold, for example, will cast a warm light.

    Portrait editingapplications

    3 OF THE BEST

    Facetune From 1.99/$2.99 (iOS)This app lets you make basic editssuch as teeth whitening and skinsmoothing, as well as enhancementslike reshaping facial features.

    PhotoWonder Free (Android & iOS)PhotoWonder has a Beauticationsection for specically enhancingportraits. Remove blemishes and evenenlarge eyes with a tap of your nger.

    Photo Editor FotolrFree (Android & iOS)This app has options for face and bodytrimming, wrinkle removing and haircolouring on top of the usual lters.

    Bring out the detail08 You may need to sharpen it up a bit.Go to Enhance>Unsharp Mask andincrease the Amount slider to sharpen, theRadius slider to determine the area and the

    Threshold slider to set the amount of contrast.

    Edit! Perfect your portrait using Photoshop Elements

    Brighten it up07 If your shot looks a little dark, go toEnhance>Adjust Lighting>Brightness/ Contrast and boost the Brightness slider. Youcan tweak the exposure further by going to

    Enhance>Adjust Color>Adjust Color Curves.

    Whiten the teeth10 Select the Dodge tool and set theRange to Midtones. Set the Exposurevalue to 50% and then brush over the teeth towhiten them. The longer you hold down thecursor, the whiter they will get.

    Remove imperfections09 To remove blemishes or stray hairs,select the Spot Healing Brush tool.Make sure the Content Aware option is on,adjust your brush size and then click or dragyour cursor over the problem area.

    Smooth the skin12 To smooth out areas of skin, select theBlur tool, set the Mode to Normal andset the Strength to around 40%, but itdepends on how smooth you want to go. Nowbrush over the skin to get it looking perfect.

    Brighten the eyes11 You can use the same technique tobrighten the whites of the eyes. Justmake sure that you use a small brush size toavoid brightening the iris and pupils of the eyetoo for an unnatural effect.

    3 OF THE BEST

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    SHOOTINGGroup portraits

    Photography for Beginners 41Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    Upload your photo

    14 Click the Upload button and create analbum to upload your photo into andpick an upload speed. There is an automaticphoto correction box you can tick if you want

    Snapsh to make basic edits to your shot.

    Share! Create a card with Snapsh

    Choose a template

    13 Go to www.snapsh.co.uk , click on theCards tab and choose the style of card we chose Greeting Cards then select thecard template. We went with Full Photo. Select

    an orientation and then click Create Card.

    Add some text

    16 Click on the Text button and positionthe text box where you want it on yourcard. Select the Edit Text icon and type yourmessage, choosing the font, size, colour andalignment of the text. Now click Done.

    Position your shot

    15 After you have uploaded your photo,click on the Front tab and drag anddrop the photo onto the front of your card.Click in the centre of your photo to drag it into

    a position you are happy with.

    Order your card

    17 Select the Inside and Back tabs to editthe rest of your card. You can even addmore photos inside. Finally, go to the Reviewtab and choose where you want your card tobe posted, then click Add To Cart.

    Extra spaceMake sure youleave enough roomfor the message onyour card when youtake the shot

    NaturalsmilesInteract with yoursubjects to helpthem relax and getnatural smiles

    Simple

    backdropFind a simple yetcolourful backdropto complement yourgroup of subjects

    Get togetherMake sure everyoneis close together toclose up any gapsand create anintimate photo

    Take your s ho t from a hig h

    ang le or a t e ye le ve l for the

    mos t a t te ring res ul ts . A

    lo w ang le will a ccen tua te

    chins and nos e s

    Cons ider yours hoo t ing ang le

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    Before

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    Before

    After

    After

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    Achieve amazing colors through selective coloradjustments.COLOR EDITOR

    before. Capture One Pro 7 will produce a crisp andnoise-free image.NOISE REDUCTION

    Adjust color channels and create beautiful Black &White images.BLACK & WHITE CONVERSION

    TOP 3 BENEFITSTOP 3 FEATURES

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    SHOOTING5 minute project

    Photography for Beginners 45Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    Get set up

    01 Set your lowest ISO to get maximumimage quality with minimum noise. Setyour exposure mode to Aperture Priority (A or

    Av). Choose a small aperture such as f16 toget maximum depth of eld and the camerawill set the shutter speed.

    Compose your shot

    02 Use a tripod to prevent camera shakeand allow small adjustments toframing. Position the horizon a third of the wayup, with strong foreground interest and anobvious focal point in the background. Focus athird of the way in, to maximise depth of eld.

    Take a test shot

    03 Once you have composed your shot,shoot a test frame and check theresults. As well as checking composition andsharpness, check the histogram for any overor underexposed areas (they are shown byblinking). Here the sky is overexposed.

    Attach the lter

    04 Screw the adaptor ring into the lterthread. Different lenses have differentlter sizes, so look for the symbol on yourlens to nd out what you need. Clip the holderonto the ring; it should be able to rotate freelyaround it.

    When we look at a scene with the nakedeye, we see detail in the full tonal range,from the deep shadows right through to thebright highlights. Unfortunately, cameras arenot as sophisticated as the eye, and cantcope with the same range of contrast. Inlandscape shots, for example, they will oftenoverexpose bright skies.

    One simple solution is to use a graduatedneutral density lter to balance the lightin-camera. These lters have a neutral greyhalf and a clear half, with a transition zonewhere the two halves meet. By placing thedark half over a bright sky, you can reducethe contrast in the scene to the point whereyour detail is retained in both the bright anddark parts.

    There are two types of lter: screw-inlters, which screw into the lter thread atthe front of the lens, and square orrectangular lters, which slot into adedicated lter holder attached to the lensvia an adaptor ring. The advantage of theslot-in lters is that its easier to combinetwo or more. In the case of graduated lters,placing the transition zone accurately on thehorizon is essential for good results. If thetransition line is too low, the dark half of thelter will cut into the land, and if it is toohigh, there will be a bright band of sky abovethe horizon. Slot-in lters can be moved upand down in the holder, allowing you toposition the transition zone precisely whereyou want it, and so are the best choice.

    Perfect skies Use graduated lters for great shots

    Align the lter to the horizon

    05 The transition line of the lter shouldsit on the horizon. Its not always easyto see this through the viewnder; if you havedifculty, try wiggling the lter up and down inthe holder. Review your shot, and if necessary,re-position the lter and re-shoot.

    Landscapeaccessories

    Wide-angle lensWith a wide-angle lens (focal length between12-18mm) you can get in close to foregroundsand create a dramatic perspective.

    TripodA tripod keeps everything steady and preventscamera shake when using long exposures, andalso slows you down to help you achieve a moreconsidered composition.

    Polarising lterA polarising lter reduces surface reections,which helps to boost colour saturation inlandscape photos and reduce the glare off waterin seascapes.

    3 OF THE BEST

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    SHOOTINGCreate this shot

    46 Photography for Beginners

    Capture a night full of celebration01 PositioningIts tempting to get up close to fireworkdisplays and enjoy the vibe of the show, butyour job is to capture exciting and vibrant skiesbursting with light. Step back from the actionand fill the frame with lots of sky.

    Fantastic fireworks

    SHOOTINGCreate this shot

    Use a sturdytripod. One withindependentmoving legsmeans you canangle it betterto include thesky in the shot

    Setting a high ISO will make your camera more sensitive tolight, but it will cause noise to appear. Its better to select anISO from 50-200 and a use a tripod and slow shutter speed

    02 CompositionCapturing spectacular reworks is half thebattle. What you also need to consider is theenvironment you are in. Look for interestinglandmarks or elements that will add anotherpoint of interest to your nal image.

    APERTURE: F8 ISO: 100 SHUTTER SPEED: 10SECOUR SETTINGS:

    WHAT YOULL NEED

    CameraTripod Torch for nding camerasettings in the dark

    WE USED

    Canon EOS 50D

    YOU COULD USE

    Gorillapod or at surfaceCable release to prevent

    camera shake

    WHAT YOULL LEARN

    How to capturereworks

    46 Photography for Beginners

    03 PeopleFirework displays attract a lot of people. Setup where you know you wont be interruptedby passing foot flow. People will be lookingskywards, and wont necessarily be looking outfor your camera equipment in the dark.

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    SHOOTINGCreate this shot

    Photography for Beginners 47Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    SHOOTINGCreate this shot

    06 SettingsChoose an aperture of f5.6-f8 and

    a shutter speed of 3-10sec. Ifyoure not confident in Manual, try

    Shutter Priority mode where you just need to set the shutter

    speed. Use a torch to do this.

    05 FocusSwitch to manual focus and use

    zoom to the maximum. Find a

    point on the ground close towhere the fireworks will be set off

    and use the focus ring tofine-tune the point of focus.

    04 Set yourwhite balance

    To ensure the colours in your shotare accurate, try setting a white

    balance of white fluorescent. Thisshould produce warm firework

    colours yet retain a cool hue forthe night sky.

    Have a go with Manual or Shutter Priority mode, but if youre not sure ofthese yet, your camera may have a Fireworks mode. Its worth using this if

    youre worried about missing the moment when hunting for settings

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    By narrowing the aperture, you will start to see more ofthe image come into focus

    Using a wide aperture willcreate a narrow area of focusand blur any background detailor light, for artistic shots

    52 Photography for Beginners

    SHOOTINGAperture

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    aperture?Why take control of

    The word aperture might not mean all thatmuch to you as a beginner, but we are hereto tell you why you should care about andeven treasure this vital setting. There aremany settings you have to learn about inorder to master your camera, but useaperture as a starting point and youll seean instant improvement in your shots rightaway. Choosing the right aperture value canmean the difference between a bad and a

    good shot, so well tell you how to pick thebest one every time.

    Over the next few issues, we will beshowing you how to get to grips with someof the other vital settings in photography,such as shutter speed and ISO, and howthese alongside aperture help to formperfect exposures. In this feature, though,we will concentrate on aperture and howthis affects how much of your image is in

    focus, as well as controlling how much lightis let into the lens. Read on to find out justwhat an f-stop is and which one to use incertain shooting scenarios, as well as howAperture Priority mode can help you to getout of Auto in a much easier way than divingheadfirst into Manual. With our help, youllsoon be able to put this skill to good use,resulting in artistically blurred backgroundsor pin-sharp shots from front to back.

    Find out how this setting can affect your images and

    learn how to use it to take professional-looking shots

    SHOOTINGAperture

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    In Aperture Prioritymode, you can set a

    wider aperture to geta shallow depth of

    eld, while thecamera does the rest

    In Auto mode your

    creative options arelimited, as thecamera will focuson setting theaperture andshutter speedevenly foran exposure

    Your rst steps into manual controlAperture PriorityIf youre keen to get out of Auto mode andwant to explore the creative possibilitiesthat aperture control has to offer, switch toAperture Priority, which is marked as A onNikon and other mode dials or Av on Canon.This mode is only available on higher endcamera models, however, so check yourcamera manual to see if its available to you.

    Aperture Priority mode is a great startingpoint for those who are keen to experiment

    with manual settings. Using this mode, youcan select your desired aperture settingwhile the camera takes care of the otherexposure settings. The camera will do thisby metering the light in the scene and takinginto account the aperture settings youveselected, so that it can then set anappropriate shutter speed for an evenexposure. Before long, youll be able toexplore full Manual mode.

    What is meant by

    an f-number?F-numbers determine how wide ornarrow your lens aperture is. Wideapertures are represented by smallf-numbers (f1.2-f8) and create anarrow depth of field. Narrowapertures are represented by highf-numbers (f8-f22), which keepeverything in focus. This can beconfusing, but with a little practiceyoull soon get the hang of it.

    Once youve selected AperturePriority mode, you can adjust yourf-number setting. However, not alllenses offer extremely wideaperture settings, such as f1.2, butmost kit lenses will enable you toshoot as wide as f4. You canpurchase whats known as fasterlenses that have wider apertures,but they can be pricey.

    SHOOTINGAperture

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    Discover which setting to use for different subjects

    Choosing apertures

    Close-up captures of your subject are idealif you want to show more detail and texture.Using a macro lens, youll be able to focusin closer to your subject and create ashallow depth of field effect by using a wideaperture (small f-number). Experiment withyour aperture settings in Manual orAperture Priority mode, but start with thelowest f-number youve got to let in morelight and blur out the background. Youllneed a tripod for steady shots, andalways ensure youre using the correctfocus settings.

    Challenging low-light conditions make itdifficult to shoot without your camerasflash automatically firing. This isnt alwaysideal, as your on-camera flash can be harshand drown out nice, warm tones fromnatural light. To overcome this, turn yourflash off manually and select AperturePriority mode. Work with wider apertures(low f-numbers) in order to get a brighterexposure. You could also up your ISOsettings if necessary to avoid slow shutterspeeds that can create shaky shotswithout a tripod.

    A good portrait should always highlight yourmodel as the focus of the frame. Wideapertures (low f-numbers) are ideal for thisas they blur out distracting elements in thebackground. F4 is a good aperture startingpoint as its wide enough to create ashallow depth of field effect, but not toowide that the focus area is greatly reduced,which means more of their features willappear sharp within the image. For groupportraits you may need to use a narroweraperture, as you need a wider point offocus. Start at around f5.6 in this case.

    Macro (f1.8) Low light (f3) Portraits (f4)

    56 Photography for Beginners

    SHOOTINGAperture

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    Ne x t is s uShut t e r s p

    mas t e r e

    When youre photographing architecture,youll need a relatively narrow aperture (highf-number) to ensure that most of thestructure appears sharp in your image.Work in Aperture Priority mode with thef-stop set to around f11 or higher. Thecamera will determine the shutter speed,but you may need to increase your ISOsettings if youre not using a tripod. As arule, only shoot handheld when the shutterspeed is above 1/60sec to avoid camerashake. If you havent got a tripod, rest yourcamera on a wall or other nearby structure.

    A good landscape should appear sharpfrom one end of the frame to the other.Youll need to increase the depth of field toensure this by using a narrow aperture ofaround f16. If youre planning to photographa landscape, always use a tripod, especiallywhen shooting in Aperture Priority mode, asthe camera will compensate for less lightby setting a slower shutter speed. Toensure optimum sharpness, focus a third ofthe way through the scene and turn offimage stabilisation if your camera or lenshas this option.

    Capturing movement is a great way toillustrate time or motion in your images, andyou dont always have to work in ShutterPriority mode to do this. By setting a narrowaperture in Aperture Priority mode, thecamera will automatically slow down theshutter speed for you. Ensure your camerais set up on a tripod, however, so that therest of the image appears sharp. Nextissue, we tell you all about how you can useshutter speed to capture motion anotherway, but for now, using Aperture Prioritymode can be effective.

    Buildings (f11) Scenery (f16) Motion (f22)

    SHOOTINGAperture

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    58 Photography for Beginners

    EDITING

    Learn to use the great features in Elements 12, makingediting and viewing snaps on the move easier than ever

    Intuitive interface

    01 The Elements interface is split intothree key modes: Quick, for simpletouch-ups; Guided, for step-by-step tutorialson common edits or creating cool effects; andExpert, which unleashes the full editing powerof the program into your hands.

    Elements 12s best bits The top features in this latest version

    Master PhotoshopElements 12 today

    WHAT YOULL NEEDStart images Adobe PhotoshopElements 12

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to use Content-

    Aware Move

    How to easily create a jigsaw effectA simple way to correctthe colour of pets eyes

    How to share albumswith your smartphoneor tabletHow to create simpleone-click effects

    Every time Adobe releasesa new version ofPhotoshop Elements,were impressed with thescope of features that thecompany has managed to

    pack in. Far from being alighter version ofPhotoshop, Elements is aphoto-editing powerhousein its own right. It takes themost cutting-edgetechnology introduced in

    Photoshop and repackages it to make it more user-friendly for beginner and advanced shooters alike.

    Elements 12 is no exception. In this version, theStraighten tool has been enhanced, now automaticallylling in backgrounds left bare by the straighteningprocess. Also, the new Content-Aware Move tool lets youroughly select any object in a scene and then move it to anew location Elements lls the gap and blends in theobject without any input from the user.

    And this is another thing that Elements does well; ittakes all of the legwork out of actually doing long-windededits and effects. Guided Edits has been around for along time, but there are new ones in each and everyversion. For Elements 12, this includes Zoom Burst,Puzzle Effect, and the ability to restore old photographs

    to look like new. For any Guided Edit, all the user needs todo is follow the instructions on the screen.

    Elements 12 retains the interface that weve got usedto, which is good as it is so user-friendly. There are subtlechanges though, such as the addition of a Share optiondirectly from the Editor, and there is further integrationwith Camera Raw, meaning that snappers can shoot RAWles and edit them in this one software. Sharing isbecoming more a part of the Elements experience,something that is helped with the new Mobile Albumsfunction, which uses the Adobe Revel app to view sharedalbums from Elements on the move. There is also thecapacity to share an image on Twitter.

    Photoshop Elements 12 is available now from www.adobe.com for 78/$100; owners of previous versionscan upgrade from 63/$80.

    New Guided Edits

    02 One of Elements best features hasalways been the Guided Edits, whichenable you to make complex-looking creationswithout a vast knowledge of Photoshop tools.New edits have been added to the oldfavourites, including Puzzle and Zoom Burst.

    Rescue old images

    03 Restore Old Photo is a Guided Edit thatenables you to scan in old photos andmake them look as good as new. This includesremoving scratches and blemishes and evendust removal! There will be a full tutorial onhow to do this in a future issue.

    EDITING

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    EDITINGPhotos hop Elements 12

    Photography for Beginners 59Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    JARGON BUSTERContent Aware

    Content Aware was introduced toPhotoshop a few versions back. Its atechnology that analyses a scene andpredicts what should ll a gap to makeit blend in with the rest of the image.

    Camera Raw integration

    06 If you prefer to shoot in RAW format,then you can still open and edit yourimages in Photoshop Elements. This isbecause it works with Adobe Camera Raw,enabling you to make edits and bring theminto Elements for further work.

    Frames, Effects & Textures

    04 In Quick mode, if you look in thebottom-right of the screen you will seeoptions to access Frames, Effects andTextures. These can be easily applied to yourphotographs to add a personal touch to themin seconds.

    View photo locations

    05 In the Elements Organizer, you can seea map view that shows you whereeach of your images has been taken, as longas the information is available in the metadatafrom your camera. You can also manually dragand drop your photos onto the map.

    Expert modeTo access the Content Aware Moveand Red Eye Removal tools, youneed to be in Expert mode. The RedEye tool has been enhanced withthe addition of a Pet Eye checkbox

    The organizerHit this icon at any time to accessthe Organizer features, like the mapview and Mobile Albums. This helps

    you to manage your photos andhow you view them

    Photo effectsIn Guided mode you can click here for some fantastic creative effectsto be applied to your image. We

    particularly like the Old FashionedPhoto option for a quick retro look

    Guided EditsThe Photo Play section in Guidedmode is where you can accessPuzzle Effect. Elements will talk youthrough the process, and weve gota full guide on p61 its so easy!

    The Elements 12 interface Locate all of the softwares key features

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    EDITING

    Photoshop Element s 12

    60 Photography for Beginners

    Adjust if needed

    03 You may nd that the whole of theeye isnt recoloured. If so, hit Undo,adjust the Pupil Radius and try again. Youmight need to alter where you click aswell. When youre happy, do the other eye.

    Correct yellowpet eyes

    Find the tool

    01 Open an image of a pet that hasyellow eyes. Zoom in so that youcan see the eyes clearly. Make sure youare in Expert mode, and then go down tothe Red Eye Removal tool in the toolbar.

    How to use Content-Aware Move

    Make a selection

    02 Zoom in and draw around the objectthat you want to move. The selectiondoesnt have to be very accurate, but it doesneed to include everything you want to move,including the smoke trail in this image.

    Find the tool

    01 Open up the image that you want toedit in Elements and make sure thatyou are in Expert mode. Select the newContent-Aware Move tool, located in theModify section of the left-hand toolbar.

    Adjustments needed

    04 There may be some areas that stillneed tidying up. We used the CloneStamp tool and covered over any patches.Some images will need more editing thanothers, but it saves a lot of time.

    Move into position

    03 You can now drag the object to thenew position. Once you let go of themouse, Elements will analyse the scene andreplace the background, then integrate theobject into its new position.

    Pet Eye mode

    02 You will see a box in the toolOptions panel labelled Pet Eye. Tickthis and set the Pupil Radius to around70%. Click on the rst eye and Elementswill attempt to correct the discolouration.

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    EDITING

    Photos hop Elements 12

    Photography for Beginners 61Share your shots at: photoforbeginners.com

    Create a fantastic puzzle effect

    Pick your puzzle

    02 Guided Edits walk you through thewhole process step by step. The rstthing that you need to do is pick the size ofthe jigsaw pieces you want to use. If you applyone and want to change it, just undo it.

    Open the edit

    01 Open the image that you want to addthe effect to and make sure that youare in Guided mode. Scroll down the panel onthe right-hand side to nd Puzzle Effect. Clickon it to open the Edit interface.

    Finish the effect

    04 Reposition the piece where you want it.You can repeat the last step to removemore pieces. If you remove two pieces next toeach other, a line will remain between them,so use the Eraser tool to remove it.

    Select and Extract

    03 The next two steps let you take outpieces from the puzzle and stackthem on top. Click on the Select Puzzle Piecebutton, then click on a piece in your image.Click Extract Piece and it will be removed.

    Add effects inElements 12

    Old Fashioned Photo

    03 Choose from the Old Fashionedpresets, add a tint and texture toage it further, and nally adjust the hueand saturation. Lots of customisationleads to great effects.

    Picture Stack

    01 This Guided Edit slices up yourphoto to make it look like lots ofphotos that piece together to form awhole image. You can adjust the borderand the background to suit.

    Lomo Camera Effect

    02 Give your image a twist by makingit look like it was taken with aLomo camera. Click once to apply theeffect and then you can choose to add avignette, which we have done here.

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    EDITING

    Photoshop Element s 12

    62 Photography for Beginners

    Set up Mobile Albums View albums on your smart device with Organizer

    Activate your account

    02 Click on the i icon next to MobileAlbums and you will be asked to signinto your Adobe account. You would have setthis up when you bought the software. It

    might take a moment to verify your details.

    Open the Organizer

    01 Open the Elements Organizer. Makesure that you have some photos inthere to start off with you can import froman existing library or just drag and drop from

    your desktop. Click the Mobile Albums option.

    Add pictures

    04 Back in the Organizer, you can nowdrag photos into your Mobile Album.Once they are in here, they are available to anyof your mobile devices. You can create newMobile Albums using the + icon.

    Access on the move

    05 If you have an iPhone or iPad, thendownload the Adobe Revel app. Openit and then sign in again with your Adobe ID.Your Mobile Albums are ready to view and youcan make simple edits on the move.

    Mobile options

    03 Elements will ask you whether youwant all of your albums in ElementsOrganizer to be available to your mobiledevices, or whether you want to select them

    individually. Make your choice and hit Next.

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    EDITINGColour change

    64 Photography for Beginners

    Color Touch Effects Free (Android)Create dramatic images with thisAndroid app by removing colours,bringing colour back into selected areasor changing them entirely.

    Color Splash Photo Free (Android)Create awesome images by convertingphotos to monochrome and applyingcolour. You can also apply fun effectslike sepia and vignettes.

    ColorChange 0.60/$0.99 (iOS)ColorChange allows you to take anyimage and manipulate the colours, andfeatures a magic selection tool whichautomatically selects a coloured area.

    Colour is one of the mostimportant elements we have inimage making to engage theviewers eye, and choosingcolours that complement eachother is the key to success. Butoften its not until youve seteverything up that you realise

    that somethings not quiteright. Even if colours dontclash, you might have beengoing for a particular feel thatthe colour choice just doesntconvey. Fortunately, the beautyof digital photography is that

    you can easily modify blocks of colour to better suityour message or their surroundings. The cake here,for example, has a much more striking feel with bluerather than brown icing. Follow our tutorials to learnhow to selectively colour chang