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  1. 1. Cubism The little art style that.. Invented a whole new way of seeing the world Defined art of the 20 thcentury Influenced every major artist now and in the future
  2. 2. Once upon a time, in a land far, far away
  3. 3. An artists primary job was to paint pictures of people,Leonardo Da Vinci,The Mona Lisa, 1479
  4. 4. places and stories so that everybody could know what they looked like.Jacques Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii, 1784
  5. 5. Then one day, in the middle of the 1800s,someone invented a camera which could do the artists job perfectly.
  6. 6. The artists were free to paintJackson Pollock,Number 1 , 1949
  7. 7. And sculpt however they wanted .Umberto Boccioni,Continuation of a Figure in Space , 1912
  8. 8. So they ended up inventingabstract art , images and ideas that dont represent theway things are in real life.
  9. 9. Georges Braque,Glass On a Table,1909
  10. 10. Pablo Picasso one of the most famous artists in the world, and some of his friends
  11. 11. Were the first artists to make paintings that you really couldnt tell what they really are .Fernand Leger,The City , 1919
  12. 12. CubismPablo Picasso,Le pigeon aux petits-pois ,1912
  13. 13. Picasso ,much like other artists learning to be abstract, started out by painting realistically .
  14. 14. Pablo Picasso, Self Portrait with Uncombed Hair, 1896 As a young boy he was an amazing artist.This was painted at just 12 years old.
  15. 15. Later on,Picassostarted to change, or abstract his colors to fit his mood and his life.
  16. 16. Likebluewhen he was sad. during his Blue Period Pablo Picasso,The Old Guitarist,1902.
  17. 17. and pink , bright colors when he was happy.. during his Rose Period Pablo Picasso,Family of Saltimbanques , 1905
  18. 18. Picassofound inspiration in many places and wanted to take his painting beyond something you could see in real life or through a camera.
  19. 19. First, he like theAfricanart style which had lots of angles in its masks and sculptures.
  20. 20. Picassoliked that a sculpture was 3-dimensional and a person could see all sides.Paintings were limited because you could only see one side of an object.
  21. 21. GeorgesBraque ,was another artists in Paris, who was excited about PicassosCubistideas.
  22. 22. Cubismis a result of trying to combine the sculpture ideas andAfricanart ideas into a painting.
  23. 23. They createdCubismby turning all objects into geometricshapes ,
  24. 24. Georges Braque,Houses at L'Estaque 1908 Mountains are pyramids House a cube with a triangle on top. Objects look like they were build out of geometric blocks.
  25. 25. Still Life with Flowers, Juan Gris,1912 Flower Petals are slices of circles Lots of triangles at base
  26. 26. Pablo Picasso,Wine Glass, 1913.Triangle at top of wine glass Rectangles and circles around neck Curly-que at base
  27. 27. Looking at objects from multipleangles.
  28. 28. Front and side of heads Top and bottom of table Pablo Picasso,Three Musicians.1917
  29. 29. Front of Guitar Sides of Guitar Table Tops Juan Gris , The Guitar ,1918
  30. 30. Theartistsworked so closely together, some of their pictures ended up to look almost the same.
  31. 31. Georges Braque,Man with aGuitar,1911
  32. 32. Pablo Picasso,The Aficionado, 1912
  33. 33. Cubismwas an inspiration for other abstract artists andart movements , afterward.
  34. 34. You can see lots of geometric shapes in this abstract art from 1943. Piet Mondrian,Broadway Boogie Woogie,1943
  35. 35. Now that you have learned aboutCubism , lets try it out.We are going to draw Cubist faces.LikePicasso , we are going to draw real faces first. Next, we will draw faces using Cubist techniques likemultiple anglesandgeometric shapes .
  36. 37. Cubist faces are going to apply traditional face drawing proportions and elements. Leonardo Da Vinci,Face Drawing.
  37. 38. Start with an oval for a head, addguidelinesfor your facial features.Center lineHair Line Eyes Mouth
  38. 39. Eyes are almond shapes, pointy a corners.They shouldcrosstheguideline .Eyes are one eye width apart.
  39. 40. Nose and ears arein betweenthe eyeguidelinesand mouthguidelines .Nose shouldcrossthe centerguideline .
  40. 41. Mouth is between the chin andmouth guideline .It shouldcrossthecenter guideline .Your mouth always has two lips on theoutsideof mouth opening.
  41. 42. Adda neck and hair.Your hair should cover the top of your head and come down to thehair line guideline .
  42. 43. These faces are also going to apply Cubist elements ofgeometric shapes ,multiple perspectiveandabstraction .Juan Gris,Portrait of Picasso, 1912
  43. 44. Start with a face oval, in the middle of the face, draw a profile.So now you can see the face from the front and the side .
  44. 45. Add your facial features,Eyes Nose Mouth
  45. 46. andscrambleit up.but you can make them intogeometricshapes
  46. 47. You can finish your faces with additional shapes, hair, ears anda neck. No floating heads!
  47. 48. When youcolor
  48. 49. Take a tip fromPicassoand make sure yourcolorsare reflecting your personsfeelings .
  49. 50. Happy Sad
  50. 51. Using geometric shapes all over.Being able to see things from different angles and sides.
  51. 52. Cubism Faces should have the layout of a real face and use Cubism techniques.Pablo Picasso,Portrait ofDora Maar, 1917
  52. 53. So, what do we know? Cubismis the first Abstract art style.Picassocould paint really well and used colors to show his feelings Cubism usesgeometric shapesandmultiple angles
  53. 54. Now I can. Draw a realistic face AND draw an awesomeCubist Facethat uses color to show my persons feelings.
  54. 55. Images used:Boccioni, U. (1932).Unique Forms of Continuation in Space.[Bronze]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.michaelarnoldart.com/Umberto%20Boccioni%20Futurist%20Artist.htm Braque, G. (1909)Glass on a Table[Oil painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.tate.org.uk/collection/T/T05/T05028_9.jpg Braque, G. (1911)Man with a Guitar[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Braque, G. (1908)The Houses a LEstaque[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Da Vinci, L. (1479).Mona Lisa[Oil painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://portraitxpress.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/mona-lisa.jpg Da Vinci, L.Facial Proportions[Charcoal]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.globalgallery.com/enlarge/81941/ Gris, J. (1912).Portrait of Picasso.[Oil Painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/JuanGris.Portrait_of_Picasso.jpg Gris, J. (1912).Still life with Flowers.[Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Gris, J. (1918).The Guitar.[Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.
  55. 56. Leger, F. (1919).The City.[Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Louis, J. D. (1784).The Oath of the Horatii.[Oil Painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.jacqueslouisdavid.org/Oath-of-the-Horatii-large.html Mask Of Life[Wooden Mask]. (2006). Retrieved from Modern Images database.Mondrian, P. (1942).Broadway Boogie Woogie.[Acrylic painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/13/Mondrian_Broadway_Boogie_Woogie.jpg Okoye, C.Point of No Return.[Acrylic painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.chidi.com/images/cubism/smallphotos/history-of-cubism-pointofnoreturn.jpg Picasso, P. (1917).Le pigeon aux petits-pois[Oil painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://aroundthesphere.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/picasso-le-pigeon-aux-petits-pois-1911.jpg Picasso, P. (1917).Portrait of Dora Maar.[Oil painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://cgfa.acropolisinc.com/picasso/picasso22.jpg
  56. 57. Picasso, P. (1896).Self Portrait with Uncombed Hair[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Picasso, P. (1912).The Afficionado .[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Picasso, P. (1906).The Family of Saltambiques.[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Picasso, P. (1902).The Old Guitarist.[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Picasso, P. (1917).Three Musicians.[Oil painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.join2day.net/abc/P/picasso/picasso199.JPG Picasso, P. (1913).Wine Glass.[Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Pollock, J. (1949).Number 1.[Acrylic painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.Portrait of Georges Braque[Photograph]. (1915). Retrieved from http://www.chez.com/cubismatica/ artistes.htm Portrait of Pablo Picasso[Photograph]. (1955). Retrieved fromhttp://www.cheqway.us/northwood/art/pages/art%20links.aspx