Post on 21-Jan-2015
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Written By: George Bernard ShawPresentation By: Jackie Gibbs
Pygmalion and Galatea Pygmalion- Greek sculptor from Cyprus
He was disgusted by some local prostitutes, and lost all interest in women; he saw them as flawed creatures
He dedicated his time to creating a sculptor of a woman (ironically) named Galatea
It was thought that he wanted to correct the flaws he saw in women
Pygmalion and Galatea
After he finished his creation he fell in love with her
He would caress her, kiss her, bring her gifts and decorate her in jewelry
He fell in love with something that could not return it
Pygmalion and Galatea
He went to the temple of Aphrodite and asked for Galatea to be real
Aphrodite sent a signal of three flames shooting up from the offering Pygmalion burnt
When he returned to his studio, the statue was alive
What is it? Phonetics: the study and classification of speech sounds
Western philologists and linguists studied grammar and vocabulary much longer than pronunciation;
grammar and vocabulary were better understood by most language teachers than pronunciation.
wasn’t systemically studied until the beginning of the 20th century.
Two Approaches to Teaching
Intuitive-imitative approach: (Used mostly before the 19th Century) The learner listens and imitates sounds and rhythms without the intervention of stated information.
Analytical-linguistic approach: Utilizes information and tools, such the phonetic alphabet, charts, and other aids for listening, imitation and production. (Ex. The phonograph)
Higgins’s Method- Direct
Gained popularity in the 1800’s and early 1900’s
pronunciation is taught through intuition and imitation (like through a teacher or recording)
The Reform Movement
Part of the 1890’s Reform Movements
Influenced by Henry Sweet, Wilhelm Viëtor and Paul Passy
These men est. the Phonetic Alphabet which was/is used internationally.
International Organization Standards
The spoken language is primary and should be taught first
The findings of phonetics should be applied to language teaching
Teachers must have solid training in phonetics
Learners should be given phonetic training to establish good speech habits
The goal of pronunciation is to not make learners sound like native speakers of the English language, but to not reduce their ability to communicate.