ranching and mining
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DESCRIPTIONRanching and Mining. NCSCOS Goal 4 Page 28. Open Range. -Great Plains area Texas to Kansas - No boundaries to man or cattle Open area free for cattle and men to roam -low population. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
NCSCOS Goal 4Page 28
Open Range-Great Plains areaTexas to Kansas
-No boundaries to man or cattleOpen area free for cattle and men to roam
The Open Range was mysterious to most Americans, as many had never settled West and had only heard stories about outlaws and Native Americans. Many moved to the Open Range following the Civil War to be ranchers and cowboys.
Cattle KingdomGreater urban populations demanded more foodIncreased demand for beefCattle drives to meet railroadsConnect open range with cities back EastChisholm Trail (major cattle drive trail)Abilene (major cow town)
Legend of the cowboyMexican InfluencesLearned to be cowboys from Mexicans
Cowboys worked 10-14 hours a day on a ranch and even more on the Trail, alert at all times for any dangers to the herd. A cowboys season might begin with the spring roundup (branding), followed by the long drive. The cowboy life was dangerous and lonely, which is why many celebrated in the cow towns (like Abilene) upon arrival.
We went back to look for him, and we found himhorse and man mashed into the ground as flat as a pancake.We tried to think that lightning hit him, and that was what we wrote his folksbut we couldnt believe it ourselves. Im afraid it wasnt the lightning. Im afraid.. They both went down before the stampede. ~Teddy Abbott, cowboy
The Old Chisholm Trail
Come along boys and listen to my tale, I'll tell you of my troubles on the old Chisholm trail.
Come a ti yi yippee, come a ti yi yea, Come a ti yi yippee, come a ti yi yea.
Oh, a ten-dollar hoss and a forty-dollar saddle, And I'm goin' to punchin' Texas cattle.
I wake in the mornin' afore daylight, And afore I sleep the moon shines bright.
It's cloudy in the west, a-lookin' like rain, And my durned old slicker's in the wagon again.
No chaps, no slicker, and it's pourin' down rain, And I swear, by gosh, I'll never night-herd again.
Feet in the stirrups and seat in the saddle, I hung and rattled with them long-horn cattle.
The wind commenced to blow, and the rain began to fall, Hit looked, by grab, like we was goin' to lose 'em all.
I don't give a darn if they never do stop; I'll ride as long as an eight-day clock.
We rounded 'em up and put 'em on the cars, And that was the last of the old Two Bars.
It's bacon and beans most every day, I'd as soon be a-eatin' prairie hay.
I went to the boss to draw my roll, He had it figgered out I was nine dollars in the hole.
Goin' back to town to draw my money, Goin' back home to see my honey.
With my knees in the saddle and my seat in the sky, I'll quit punchin' cows in the sweet by and by.
Home On The Range
Oh, give me a home where the buffalo roam Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day Home, home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day How often at night where the heavens are bright With the light of the glittering stars Have I stood there amazed and asked as I gazed If their glory exceeds that of ours Then give me a land where the bright diamond sand Flows leisurely down to the stream Where the graceful white swan goes gliding along Like a maid in a heavenly dream Oh I would not exchange my old home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where the seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day
Too many cattleOver-grazing the landBad weather leaves no food for cattleDiseaseKilled cattleDroughtDry summers and harsh winters wiped out herdsBarbed wire fences blocked open range
Mining TownsGold RushesPeople move West to get rich quickly California, 1849Sutters MillBlack HillsSouth DakotaComstock LodeNevada: discovered $300 million in silver and gold in 20 yearsAlaskaGhost TownsBoomtowns built quickly to accommodate miners, and they were abandoned just as quickly
Mining Life-large mix of peopleAll races, mostly men but a few women
-many opportunities for everyone
-saloons, gamblingViolent towns with no police
-hard luckMany made very little or no money and must stay in the West because they cannot
Wild West Legend of adventure Wild Bill Hickok Calamity Jane Wyatt Earp Jesse James Billy the Kid
Dime novels that told western talesRomanticized the West
Only lasted 30 years1860-1885
Wild Bill HickokCalamity JaneWyatt EarpJesse JamesBilly the Kid