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Resettlement Planning Document Resettlement Plan for Kelijiang River Envrionmental Upgrading Subproject Document Stage: Final Project Number: 37596 February 2006 PRC: Guangxi Nanning Urban Environmental Upgrading Project Prepared by Nanning Xiangsihu New District Construction And Development Co. Ltd. The resettlement plan is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

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  • Resettlement Planning Document

    Resettlement Plan for Kelijiang River Envrionmental Upgrading Subproject Document Stage: Final Project Number: 37596 February 2006

    PRC: Guangxi Nanning Urban Environmental Upgrading Project

    Prepared by Nanning Xiangsihu New District Construction And Development Co. Ltd.

    The resettlement plan is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

  • ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

    RESETTLEMENT PLAN

    (FINAL)

    KELIJIANG RIVER ENVIRONMENTAL UPGRADING SUBPROJECT

    OF

    GUANGXI NANNING URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL UPGRADING PROJECT

    IN THE

    PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

    NANNING XIANGSIHU NEW DISTRICT CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD.

    FEBRUARY 2006

    NANNING – P. R. CHINA

  • i

    Letter of Commitment

    Asian Development Bank,

    The People’s Government of Nanning City has applied for a loan, through Ministry of

    Finance of the People’s Republic of China, from Asian Development Bank to finance this subproject. Therefore, it must be implemented in compliance with the guidelines and policies of Asian Development Bank for social safeguards. This Resettlement Plan is in line with the key requirement of Asian Development Bank and will constitute the basis for land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement of the subproject. The plan also complies with the laws of the People’s Republic of China and local regulations, as well as with some additional measures and the arrangements for implementation and monitoring for the purpose of achieving better resettlement results.

    The People’s Government of Nanning City hereby confirms the contents of this Resettlement Plan, and guarantees that budget as set in the Resettlement Plan will be covered by the total project budget and be made available on time. The People’s Government of Nanning City has discussed the draft Resettlement Plan with relevant units that have confirmed their acceptance, and authorizes Nanning Resettlement Management Office for ADB Financed Projects as the responsible agency to generally manage the implementation of the project and related resettlement activities, and the Governments of concerned Urban Districts to be responsible for implementation of the project and related resettlement activities within the respective Urban Districts. The Vice Mayor of the People’s Government of Nanning City ___________________ (Signature) __________________ (date)

  • I

    Abbreviations

    APs Affected Persons AVs Affected Villages Asian Development Bank ADB DMS Detailed Measurement Survey M&E Monitoring and Evaluation NMG Nanning Municipality Government PMO Project Management Office RP Resettlement Plan VCs Village Committees

    Notes

    Currency Unit -Yuan(Y) or RMB Y1.00 =$0.12 $1.00 =Y8.08

    1 ha =15mu

  • Definition of Working Terms for RP

    This Resettlement Plan is formulated on the basis of the laws, regulations and policies of the People’s Republic of China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Nanning city as well as the ADB’s policy on involuntary resettlement. The target is, through the action plans for resettlement and restoration, to benefit the affected people, improve their living standards and, at least to restore their production and livelihood after project implementation.

    Project Areas. Project areas refer to places where the project is located, normally

    referring to the administrative areas at or under the county level (city, county and town). The project areas of this Project cover Yongxin District and Nanning New & High-tech Industrial Development Zone of Nanning City, including Xinxu Town, Shibu Town and Shangyao Subdistrict Office.

    Affected People. Affected people (APs) refer to the group of people, due to the

    project construction, (1) whose living standards are adversely affected or, (2) whose houses, land (including the house land, farmland and grassland of their ownership and titles, as well as their various types of movable and immovable properties are temporarily or permanently acquired and occupied, or (3) whose production, operation, working and living are adversely affected. “Affected People” refer to the individuals who conform to the definition of the “Affected Population”.

    APs may refer to natural persons or legal persons (for example a company or a public institution etc.).

    Identification of the APs shall not be confined to those who conduct productive activities or reside in the affected areas being with or without legal registration and approval, nor be confined to those who do have or do not have the ownership of these properties. Therefore, APs shall include:

    (1) People who are affected by the project construction, regardless of the legal ownership of the properties that are acquired by the project.

    (2) People who live in the affected areas even without being approved. Therefore, all these people shall be considered and registered as the APs, regardless

    of their legal status of the properties, land and location. Restoration. Restoration refers to the recovery of the resources capacities of the

    APs, enabling them to continue their productive activities at the levels that are higher than or at least not less than those they had when the project was not constructed and, at least restore to or be higher than their previous living standards.

    Replacement. Replacement refers to making necessary arrangement for the APs

    for production and living, enabling them to restore to the previous productive and living standards and be benefited from the project construction. Mainly including:

    (1) To arrange the living areas; (2) To provide with suitable employment for the APs who have lost their jobs or

    seriously affected by the project; (3) To restore or compensate the productive resources that are affected by the project

  • III

    construction, such as land, working site, trees and infrastructure; (4) To restore the living standards (quality) for the APs who are adversely affected by

    the project construction through land acquisition, indirect resettlement effects or other negative impacts;

    (5) To restore or compensate the private or public-own enterprises that are affected by the project, and.

    (6) To eliminate the negative effects on the cultural facilities and communal properties. Methods for Resettlement:

    (1) Monetary resettlement. This is to make compensation to villagers who will dispose the money at their will in restoring production and living. Monetary compensation accompanied by suitable resettlement shall be made for the losses of business investment and equipment incurred to the floating population.

    (2) Compensation in-kind. This refers to the subsidies in kind. Normally, the demolition unit shall construct comprehensive commercial and residential buildings for the purpose of resettlement; or provide with commercial and industrial buildings for the rural collective economic organizations to manage.

    (3) Resettlement with reserved land. This is also called to reserve industrial land. It serves as a complementation to the monetary compensation. Subject to the requirement of planning, some lands shall be reserved preferentially for rural collective organizations of which lands have been requisitioned for the purpose of development operation. The reserved land shall enable the rural collective organizations and households to gain stable benefits through legal operation. There are three types of reserved lands for resettlement: reserved state-owned land; reserved collectively-own land; reserved construction land use quota. Normally, as for these three types of reserved land resettlement, the proportion of the reserved land shall not be over 20% of the total lands that have been requisitioned by the project.

    (4) Re-employment resettlement for the rural people who have lost their land. The land-using units shall employ the labors; the labor administrative department shall make general arrangement; the rural people who have lost their lands are encouraged to make self-employment.

    (5) Resettlement through equity participation. The land acquisition compensation shall be concentrated as the business investment, and on annual basis, the rural people shall share the profits. The actual process in this connection shall be: the land acquisition and resettlement compensation shall be concentrated by the rural economic organization for special investment, such as construction of standard factory buildings and stores for leasing. The villagers group shall share the profits on regular basis each year according to respective areas of land that have been requisitioned. The shares shall be further distributed to the individual villagers. Or, the compensation shall be divided into shares and further quantified to individuals; the funds shall be operated by the rural economic organization. In this case, the annual profits shall be distributed according to the percentages of shares.

    (6) Social security resettlement. This is to ensure the social insurance premium in-place, i.e. making a 15-year lump-sum payment of the social insurance premium (endowment insurance, unemployment insurance and medical insurance) and a one-off payment of living subsidies.

  • Vulnerable groups. Vulnerable groups refer to the solitary elderly, the disabled,

    households headed by women, poverty-stricken families and ethnic minorities other than Zhuang. Identification of these vulnerable groups who might require special assistance is an important issue in the resettlement.

    (1) Poverty population. Poverty-stricken population refers to those who are below China’s poverty line, including the relative poverty-stricken population and absolute poverty-stricken population. According to the poverty identification standard of Nanning City, people with annual average income of lower than RMB650.00 (current year price) are classified as absolute poverty population, while those with annual average income between RMB650-RMB882 are classified as relative poverty population.

    (2) Households headed by women. Refer to the families that are without dependence on male while headed by women. In these households, the wives may have been widowed or divorced or, whose husbands are disabled and lost their labor capacities; accordingly, all production and living of the whole households are headed by the women.

    3) The solitary elderly people. Refer to the old people of above 70 years old who are living separately, such as those aged separated from their children; or the adults who are working and living in fields, such as the guards in orchards and forest etc.

    (4) The disabled. Refer to those who are psychologically, physically and body abnormal. Due to the loss of some body functions, they have totally or partially lost their capacities in engaging in some activities. The livelihoods for the disable people are very difficult. They cannot take care of themselves and shall be the special groups needed to focus on.

    This report shall define the population that have separated from their households for

    over half a year as the floating population, i.e. the population coming from other places other than Nanning city who have resided in the project areas for over half a year.

    Public participation. Public participation is an important work at the project identification stage or the preparatory stage of the project construction. In views of sociology, public participation refers to the social activities that are participated by social masses, social organizations, units or individuals that act as the main bodies within their respective rights and obligations. The target of public participation is to be generally accepted by the publicity and, the project construction shall not damage or endanger the public benefits, thus to achieve the unification of economic benefits, social benefits and environmental benefits.

    The term of public herein refers to the stakeholders, being a natural person or a legal entity, of which, the target groups are:

    (1) Directly-affected people: People with expected benefits, organizations with direct risks, organizations with related benefits etc., most of them are within the project areas or in the areas affected by the project.

    (2) Affected public representatives: Representatives of the governmental departments of the state or provincial levels, local governmental officials, local institutions and representatives from private sectors.

    (3) Other organizations having the interests: including local NPC deputies, members of CPPCC, mass organizations, academic organizations and representatives

  • V

    from subdistrict offices. Grievance. Grievance refers to the activities in stating reasons and appealing to

    the state organs for the redressing of the concerned rights. These include the grievances respectively with lawsuit and without lawsuit. In the former, if the litigant parties or other citizens refuse to accept the legal judicial judgments, they may appeal to the People’s court or procuratorate for re-consideration. In the latter, in case that the working staff of the state organs, political parties and members of organizations refuse to accept the disciplinary punishment, they may appeal to the higher authorities for re-consideration.

    Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E). M&E is a means of management constituting

    an effective part of the project management. Monitoring is a continuous evaluation both on the implementation of the project

    plans and on the utilization of project investment, infrastructure construction and service for project beneficiaries etc., also including the evaluation on the aspects of engineering, society and economy. The main goal of monitoring is to provide with continuous feedback of the project implementation, find out the existing and the potential problems and make prompt necessary adjustment. It is an effective means to improve the project management level, minimize the possibilities of failures, promote project construction and improve project quality.

    Evaluation is the periodic assessment and judgment where summary and suggestion are proposed. It aims to evaluate the feasibility, situation of implementation and results of implementation of the identified project. Evaluation normally requires collection of necessary additional information of the project for comparative analysis, such as information of population, economy and time etc. Evaluation covers two aspects: one is to evaluate the issues that have happened, while the other is to deduce the issues that have not occurred according to the available information.

  • VI

    Background

    Nanning Kelijiang River Comprehensive Environmental Upgrading Subproject (Kelijiang subproject) is a component of Nanning Urban Environmental Upgrading Project. In order to mitigate the impacts caused by land acquisition and demolition and enable the APs to restore to their previous living standards in short term, in accordance with ADB policies and international practices, Nanning City Xiangsihu New District Construction and Development Company Limited of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region entrusted Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences to undertake the compilation of Resettlement Plan for Kelijiang subproject. The social impact surveys were mainly conducted by National Economy Research Institute of Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences. Zhong Qiquan, the researcher and deputy director of Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences offered great supports and guidance for the survey.

    On December 16, 2004, Guangxi Academy of Social Science undertook the resettlement survey until December 30 of the year. On this basis, the compilation group developed this resettlement plan.

    On January 12 of 2005, we submitted the draft as per the schedule. On January 26, 2005, according to IA and project adjustment, the draft was promptly

    revised and submitted for examination and approval. On March 9, 2005, in accordance with the suggestions by the ADB’s PPTA consultants, IA

    has made some adjustments on the project feasibility study. Therefore, we made another field survey and re-estimated the quantities in-kind and data in the RP, and re-identified the measures for land acquisition, demolition and resettlement.

    The compilation of this RP is prepared based on Feasibility Study Report on Kelijiang River Comprehensive Environmental Upgrading Subproject of Nanning City prepared in July 2005 by Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute. Due to the constant changes of the components in the feasibility study report, this RP is also revised in corresponding to the adjustment. Therefore, the data of land acquisition and demolition as provided herein the RP are dynamic.

    The RP was compiled by Zhao Minglong, Long Yuwei, Zhao Jiazhen, Long Huifeng and Lin Hai. Zhao Minglong compiled Chapter 2 and 5; Long Yuwei Chapter 3; Zhao Jiazhen Chapter 4; Nong Huifeng Chapter 6 and 7; Lin Hai Chapter 1 and 2 plus Annex II Resettlement Information Handbook. The whole RP was cross-revised and finalized by Zhao Minglong.

    In the process of survey on land acquisition and demolition, the collection and consultation of concerned laws and regulations, the RP compiling group has gained great supports from Nanning Xiangsihu New District Administration Committee, Nanning Development and Reform Commission, Nanning Finance Bureau, Nanning Land Administration Bureau, Nanning Land Acquisition and Demolition Office and other departments concerned. We also attained the assistance and cooperation from the town and village committees. We would like to express our heartfelt appreciation to the above-mentioned governmental departments and committees, especially to Mr. Li Dahong and Ms. Chen Shaojun, the ADB’s PPTA consultants for their kind guidance and assistance.

    October 30, 2005

  • VII

    CONTENTS

    Executive Summary ............................................................................................................................. I

    1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 1

    1.1 Background ............................................................................................................................ 1 1.2 Project description.................................................................................................................. 1 1.3 Objectives of project construction .......................................................................................... 4 1.4 Impacts of the project ............................................................................................................. 4 1.5 Total project investment and fund sources............................................................................. 5 1.6 Mitigation measures ............................................................................................................... 5 1.7 Project institutions .................................................................................................................. 6 1.8 Due Diligence on Resettlement Issues for West Xiangsihu Road Construction Project. ...... 7

    2 Project Impact Analysis .............................................................................................................. 8

    2.1 Affected land .......................................................................................................................... 8 2.1.1 Acquisition of rural collective land................................................................................ 8 2.1.2 Land in Revier-Courses.................................................................................................. 9 2.1.3 Temporary land occupation .......................................................................................... 10

    2.2 Demolition of rural houses ................................................................................................. 10 2.3 Affected institutional units ...................................................................................................11

    2.3.1 Permanent occupation of state-owned land of institutional units ..................................11 2.3.2 House demolition of institutional units ....................................................................... 12

    2.4 Floating Population. ............................................................................................................. 13 2.5 Vulnerable groups ............................................................................................................... 14 2.6 Ethnic Minorities.................................................................................................................. 15 2.7 Affected population .............................................................................................................. 15 2.8 Infrastructure facilities and land-attached structures ....................................................... 16 2.9 Assessment and conclusion................................................................................................. 16

    3 Profile of Social Economy of the Project Areas ..................................................................... 17

    3.1 Project areas ........................................................................................................................ 17 3.1.1 The historical evolution of Nanning city........................................................................ 17 3.1.2 Economic characteristics of Nanning City .................................................................... 17

    3.2 Profile of affected areas ....................................................................................................... 18 3.2.1 Yongxin District .......................................................................................................... 19 3.2.2 Nanning New & High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (Gaoxin District) ................. 19

    3.3 Social and economic profile of affected towns..................................................................... 20 3.3.1 Shangyao subdistrict office........................................................................................... 20 3.3.2 Shibu sub-district office ................................................................................................ 20 3.3.3 Xinxu town .................................................................................................................... 20

    3.4 Social and economic profile of affected villages .................................................................. 21 3.4.1 Objects and methods of survey.................................................................................... 21 3.4.2 Social and economic situation of affected villages....................................................... 21

    3.5 Social and economic survey on the affected households.................................................... 25

  • 3.5.1 Sample distribution of households for social impacts survey....................................... 25 3.5.2 Profile of affected households ...................................................................................... 25

    3.6 Profile of affected institutional units...................................................................................... 32 3.6.1 Guangxi Agricultural Occupational College.................................................................. 32 3.6.2 Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science .................................................................... 32 3.6.3 Guangxi Economic Management Cadre College ......................................................... 33 3.6.4 Guangxi Vocational College for Electrical and Mechanical Technologies.................... 33

    4 Laws, Policies and Compensation Standards for Resettlement........................................... 34

    4.1 Policy framework for resettlement........................................................................................ 34 4.1.1 Laws for resettlement ................................................................................................... 34 4.1.2 Legal basis for resettlement ......................................................................................... 34 4.1.3 Policy Basis .................................................................................................................. 34 4.1.4 ADB Policy.................................................................................................................... 35

    4.2 Applicable stipulations for resettlement ............................................................................... 35 4.2.1 Relevant regulations specified in Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China 35 4.2.2 Regulations specified in Regulations for Implementation of Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China.................................................................................................... 37 4.2.3 Regulations in Provisions of the People’s Republic of China on Tax on Occupation of Cultivated Land............................................................................................................................ 38 4.2.4 Regulations in Guidelines for Strengthening Land Acquisition Compensation and Relocation System issued by Ministry of Land and Resources................................................... 38 4.2.5 Regulations specified in Methods of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on Implementation of Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China ......................... 40 4.2.6 Methods of Compensation and Relocation for Acquisition of Collective Land and House Demolition (provisional) ............................................................................................................... 43 4.2.7 Regulations specified in Implementation Methods for Management of Urban Building Demolition and Relocation (provisional) ...................................................................................... 46 4.2.8 Stipulations of Policy on Involuntary Resettlement of Asian Development Bank ............... 48

    4.3 Procedures for land acquisition and house demolition. ....................................................... 49 4.4 Compensation policy and standards for this subproject ...................................................... 50

    4.4.1 Identification of eligibility............................................................................................. 50 4.4.2 Policies for land in River-Courses .............................................................................. 51 4.4.3 Compensation standards for acquisition of rural collectively-owned land.................... 51 4.4.4 Compensation standards for temporary land occupation ......................................... 52 4.4.5 Relevant charges and taxes relating to land acquisition .......................................... 53 4.4.6 Compensation standards for demolition of rural houses.............................................. 54 4.4.7 Houses of institutional units and working staff ............................................................. 55 4.4.8 Compensation standards for basic facilities and land-attachments......................... 57 4.4.9 Occupation of state-owned land of institutions............................................................. 57 4.4.10 Assistance policies for vulnerable groups ................................................................. 57 4.4.11 Assistance policies for floating population................................................................. 58 4.4.12 Support policies for ethnic minorities ......................................................................... 58

  • IX

    4.4.13 Entitlements Matrix...................................................................................................... 60

    5 Resettlement Rehabilitation Plan............................................................................................. 63

    5.1 Objectives of resettlement and principle of planning ........................................................... 63 5.1.1 Guideline....................................................................................................................... 63 5.1.2 Objectives of resettlement ............................................................................................ 63 5.1.3 Principle for resettlement.............................................................................................. 63

    5.2 Emphasis of resettlement..................................................................................................... 64 5.2.1 Focus of resettlement ................................................................................................... 64

    5.3 Village rehabilitation plan ..................................................................................................... 64 5.3.1 Rehabilitation plan for Chenxi village ........................................................................... 65 5.3.2 Rehabilitation plan for Silian village.............................................................................. 70 5.3.3 Rehabilitation plan for Xinxu village ............................................................................. 74 5.3.4 Hede village and Ximing village ................................................................................... 76

    5.4 Resettlement for institutions and staff affected by the project ............................................. 77 5.4.1 Guangxi Agricultural Occupational College.................................................................. 77 5.4.2 Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science .................................................................... 78 5.4.3 Guangxi Economic Management Cadre College and Guangxi Vocational College for Electrical and Mechanical Technologies...................................................................................... 78

    5.5 Resettlement of vulnerable groups. ..................................................................................... 78 5.5.1 Resettlement plan for poverty households ................................................................... 79 5.5.2 Resettlement plan for households headed by women ................................................. 80 5.5.3 Resettlement for the solitary elderly. ............................................................................ 80 5.5.4 Resettlement plan for the disabled............................................................................... 81 5.5.5 Protection measures for women’s entitlements............................................................ 81

    5.6 Resettlement for floating population. ................................................................................... 81 5.6.1 Resettlement plan for floating population of plantation households............................. 81 5.6.2 Resettlement plan for floating population engaging in breeding .................................. 82 5.6.3 Resettlement plan for floating population engaging in the tertiary industry ................. 82

    5.7 Ethnic minority rehabilitation plan ........................................................................................ 83

    6 Budget......................................................................................................................................... 85

    6.1 Cost estimate ....................................................................................................................... 85 6.2 Funds management. ............................................................................................................ 85

    6.2.1 Funding Source ............................................................................................................ 85 6.2.2 Principle for payment of resettlement funds. ................................................................ 85 6.2.3 Flow direction of resettlement funds............................................................................. 94

    6.3 Management of resettlement cost........................................................................................ 94

    7 Institutional Organizations, Implementation and Management for Resettlement .............. 96

    7.1 Institutional framework ......................................................................................................... 96 7.1.1 Institutional establishment ............................................................................................ 96 7.1.2 Responsibilities of institutional organizations ............................................................... 96 7.1.3 Measures for strengthening institutional capacities...................................................... 98

    7.2 Implementation plan for resettlement actions ...................................................................... 98

  • 7.3 Grievance........................................................................................................................... 101 7.3.1 Departments accepting grievance.................................................................................. 101 7.3.2 Means of Grievance ....................................................................................................... 101

    8 Public Participation ................................................................................................................. 103

    8.1 Significance and targets of public participation.................................................................. 103 8.2 The objectives of participation............................................................................................ 103 8.3 Methods of public participation........................................................................................... 103

    8.3.1 Preparation of resettlement booklet ........................................................................... 103 8.3.2 Public disclosure of the materials relating to resettlement, land acquisition and demolition................................................................................................................................... 104 8.3.3 Information campaigns ............................................................................................... 104 8.3.4 Socio-economic survey .............................................................................................. 104 8.3.5 Public consultation meetings ...................................................................................... 105 8.3.6 Consultation meetings for land acquisition and demolition on urban district level ..... 105 8.3.7 Information disclosure ................................................................................................ 105

    8.4 Schedule of public participation ......................................................................................... 106 8.4.1 Participation in the phase of project preparation ........................................................ 106 8.4.2 Compilation and participation of Resettlement Plan................................................... 106 8.4.3 Participation in the implementation of resettlement plan............................................ 107

    9 Monitoring and Evaluation.......................................................................................................111

    9.1 Meanings of monitoring and evaluation ..............................................................................111 9.2 Reasons and targets of monitoring and evaluation.............................................................111 9.3 Internal Monitoring .............................................................................................................111

    9.3.1 Purpose and task.........................................................................................................111 9.3.2 Institution and staffing..................................................................................................112 9.3.3 Monitoring contents .....................................................................................................112 9.3.4 Monitoring procedure...................................................................................................113 9.3.5 Reporting .....................................................................................................................113

    9.4 External Monitoring .............................................................................................................116 9.4.1 Purpose and task.........................................................................................................116 9.4.2 Institution and staffing..................................................................................................116 9.4.3 Major indicators of monitoring and evaluation.............................................................116 9.4.4 Monitoring and evaluation measures ..........................................................................117 9.4.5 Reporting .....................................................................................................................119

    Appendix I: Implementation Scheme for Improvement of Village within City in Xiangsihu New District...................................................................................................................................... 120

    Appendix II Resettlement Information Booklet ...................................................................... 126

    Appendix III Outline for Village Level Resettlement Survey................................................... 140

    Appendix IV Outline of Survey for Resettlement of Enterprises and Institutional Units .... 142

    Appendix V. A Letter to Households........................................................................................... 143

  • XI

    Appendix VI: Questionnaire for Household Survey.................................................................. 144

    Appendix VII Due Diligence Report......................................................................................... 149

  • LIST OF TABLES

    Table 2-1 Summary of Project Affected Areas .................................................................................... 8 Table 2-2 Acquisition of Rural Collective Land ................................................................................. 9 Table 2-3 APs Affected by Acquisition of Rural Collective Land (for Permernent Population) ........... 9 Table 2-4 Summary of Temporary Land Occupation ...................................................................... 10 Table 2-5 Summary of Demolition of Rural Houses........................................................................ 10 Table 2-6 Summary of APs of House Demolition.............................................................................11 Table 2-7 Permanent Occupation of State-owned Land of Institutional Units by the Project ............11 Table 2-9 Summary of house demolition impacts on institutional units ............................................ 12 Table 2-10 Summary of affected staff of institutional units ............................................................... 12 Table 2-11 Classification of Affected Floating Population of the Project........................................... 13 Table 2-12 Summary of Affects on Vulnerable Groups................................................................... 14 Table 2-13 Total Population Affected by the Project ....................................................................... 15 Table 2-14 Summary of Infrastructure Facilities and Land-Attached Structures .............................. 16 Table 3-3 Age Structure and Educational Background of APs........................................................ 26 Table 3-4 Marriage Status of APs ................................................................................................... 27 Table 3-5 Employment Classification of APs .................................................................................. 27 Table 3-6 Summary of Annual Income of Rural People of Project Areas in 2004 ............................ 28 Table 3-7 Summary of Average Per-capital Household expenses for APs in 2004.......................... 29 Table 3-8 Summary of Average Per Capita Net Income for Affected Rural Households in 2004. 30 Table 3-9 Types of Residential Houses of APs of Project Areas in 2004 ......................................... 30 Table 3-10 Summary of Durable Productive and Living Articles of APs in 2004 .............................. 31 Table 3-11 Summary of Average per Household Occupation of Cultivated Land of all Subprojects in

    2004 ............................................................................................................................................. 31 Table 4-1 Average Regional Land Acquisition Price......................................................................... 51 Table 4-2 Summary of Average Per-capita Cultivated Land Coefficient........................................... 52 Table 4-3 Compensation Standards for Crops.................................................................................. 52 Table 4-4 Compensation Standards for Temporary Land Occupation ............................................ 52 Table 4-5 Summary of Relevant Taxes and Charges Relating to Land Acquisition ......................... 53 Table 4-7 Compensation Standards for Demolition of Collective Non-Residential Houses (incl. land

    price) ............................................................................................................................................ 54 Table 4-8 Monetary Compensation Standard for Demolition of other Houses (exclu. Land price) .. 54 Table 4-9 Standards for replacement costs for demolition of houses built on rural collectively-owned

    land (land price excluded)............................................................................................................ 55 Table 4-10 Standards for Demolition of Houses with unregisted Built on Rural Collectively-owned Land

    (land price excluded) ................................................................................................................... 55 Table 4-11 Standards for Moving Subsidies for Demolition of Houses Built on Collectively-owned

    Land ............................................................................................................................................. 55 Table 4-12 Monetary Compensation Standards for Demolition of Residential Houses of Working Staff

    in Institutional Units (land price included) .................................................................................... 56 Table 4-13 Monetary Compensation Standards for Demolition of other Houses of Institutional Units

    (land excluded) ............................................................................................................................ 56

  • XIII

    Table 4-14 Standards for House Demolition Subsidies for Institutional Units and Working Staff ..... 56 Table 4-15 Compensation Standards for Land Attachments ............................................................... 57 Table 4-16 Entitlements Matrix ............................................................................................................ 60 Table 5-1 Impact Analysis for Land Acquisition............................................................................... 64 Table 5-2 Summary of Impacts Caused by Land Acquisition ........................................................... 65 Table 5-3 Summary of Impacts Caused by Land Acquisition.............................................................. 65 Table 6-1 Resettlement Cost Estimate ............................................................................................. 86 Table 7-1 Schedule for Land Acquisition and House Demolition of Kelijiang Subproject............... 100 Table 8-1 Attitudes of Residents in Project Area to Project Construction....................................... 107 Table 8-2 Public Participation during Distribution of Resettlement Information Handbook ............ 108 Table 8-3 Plan for Public Participation ...........................................................................................110 Table 9-1 Progress Report on Land Acquisition, House Demolition and Resettlement ..................114 Table 9-2 Execution Progress on Funds Utilization.........................................................................115

  • LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1.1 Project Map ................................................................................................................... 2 Figure 3.1 Houses to be Demolished of Chenxi Village on Both East and West Banks of Kelijiang

    River............................................................................................................................................. 22 Figure 3.2 Cultivated Land to be Acquired and Vegetables ............................................................. 23 Figure 3.3 Houses Proposed to be Demolished............................................................................... 23 Figure 3.4 Aquatic Cultivation and Ducks Breeding in Kelijiang River ............................................. 25 Figure 3.5 Exhibition Center for Modern Agricultural Technologies of Guangxi Agricultural

    Occupational College................................................................................................................... 32 Figure 6.1 Flow of Resettlement Funds............................................................................................ 94 Figure 7.1 Institutional Framework for Project Land Acquisition and Demolition........................... 96 Figure 7.1 Means of Grievance.................................................................................................... 102

  • I

    Executive Summary

    Kelijiang subproject consists of five components respectively of: (i) river course treatment; (ii) sewage system; (iii) sewage pumping station; (iv) stormwater system; and (v) ecological restoration and landscaping. Xiangsihu New District Construction & Development Co. Ltd. is the project implementing agency (IA).

    This subproject will affect Shibu sub-district office, Shangyao Sub-district Office and five villages of Xinxu town. It will totally acquire 507mu permanent land, 1230mu land in river courses and temporarily occupy 37mu of rural collectively-owned land, affecting 274 households inclusive of 1113 people (including 51 floating households of 204 persons). In addition, the subproject will demolish 8277m² of rural houses, affecting 163 households inclusive of 551 persons (including 153 floating households of 527 persons). Project construction will affect 4 institutional units, permanently occupy 375mu of state-owned land and demolish 14850m², affecting 141 households of 435 persons. In all, the total population directly affected by the subproject is 578 households of 2102 persons (incl. 204 floating households of 731 persons).

    In order to avoid or minimize land acquisition and demolition impacts, close consultation on project site has been made with local government officials and villager’s committees during the feasibility study stage, and the best option is recommended by comparison with alternatives.

    This RP is based on the Land Administration Law of PRC and related matching policies, Decision of the State Council on Deepening Reform and Strictly Enforcing Land Administration (Ref. No. GF[2004] 28), and also related policies of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Meanwhile, the RP was prepared in compliance with ADB’s Policy on Involuntary Resettlement and relevant social safeguard policies. Based on the above policies and through consultation with local governments and APs, the resettlement principles for this subproject are established as follows:

    (i) Compensation and entitlements provided to APs are at least as adequate as to maintain their “without project” standard of living, with prospect of improvement; (ii) All APs, local or floating, titled or non-titled, are taken into account for compensation and resettlement assistance; (iii)Compensation shall be provided for APs in cash or kind or reserved industrial land, so that they can engage in other income-generating activities; (iv) All APs shall be adequately informed on eligibility for compensation, mode, rates and standards, restoration plans for livelihood and income, project timing etc. through public notices, and disclosure of the RP and the Information Booklets; (v) No land acquisition shall take place unless replacement land or sufficient compensation for resettlement are given to APs; (vi) The government and an independent agent will conduct monitoring of the compensation and resettlement; (vii) Vulnerable groups will be supported with special subsidies or arrangement so that their livelihood can be ensured, and all APs listed in the RP shall have the opportunity to benefit from the project; and (viii) Resettlement budget should be made fully and thoroughly to cover all aspects.

    All APs have been informed the major information of RP in various means, such as meetings, interviewing, village group discussions, public consultation, and community consultation etc. Representatives from all aspects have participated in the preparation of the RP, and their concerns have been incorporated in the RP. The RP of Chinese version has been submitted to the relevant governmental departments. The Booklet of RP were distributed to all affected villagers and households and RP was dissiminated to related villages on 10th of December 2005, The feedback comments have been collecting by the PMO, the finalized RP will be approved by NMG and ADB, and be disclosed on ADB’s website. The PMO will be

  • responsible for the monitoring, follow-up consultation and grievance redress for the implementation of RP. The grievance procedure has been described in details in RP.

    As for the permanent land acquisition and demolition, the compensation standards shall be in compliance with the latest policies of NMG. House demolition shall be compensated at replacement cost. The compensations shall be directly paid to the collective organization or individuals who are affected. Compensation for standing crops will be paid directly to the owners of the crops.

    Resettlement and income restoration policies include monetary compensation, development of reserved industrial land, subsidies in kind, skill training for APs, provisions of project-related job opportunities and other measures. APs who lose their farmland will find employment in organized farming work or non-agricultural employment to increase their income after related skill training.

    Land acquisition will be started from June 2006 and is scheduled to be completed by December 20071. Civil works will be started after full payment of compensations. In order to achieve the successful implementation of RP, besides the internal monitoring, an independent external agent will conduct external monitoring every six months.

    The cost estimate for land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement is RMB289 million (2005 current price), including the basic costs covering compensation for permanent land acquisition and temporary land occupation, related taxes and fees, and a contingency of 10% of basic costs. The budget for RP accounts for 38.6% of the total project budget, for which, the funding sources are from domestic bank loans and financial allocation.

    1 In order to minimize the impacts of land acquisition on the local farmers, during the construction period, the land acquisition will be arranged in different phases according to the actual requirement of the project construction. As such, the agreement signing and payment shall be also implemented according to the relevant laws, regulations and the principles of this RP. Detail schedule shall be addressed in the updated RP after detailed design.

  • 1

    1 Introduction 1.1 Background

    This Resettlement Plan is formulated on the basis of the laws, regulations and policies of the People’s Republic of China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Nanning City on land acquisition, demolition and resettlement, as well as on the basis of ADB’s policies on involuntary resettlement and other social assurance guidelines. This RP describes a policy framework that illustrates the mitigation measures for the negative impacts caused by Kelijiang subproject, including the resettlement plan for affected people, rehabilitation plan for the villages and floating population that are seriously affected by the project as well as the implementation timetable for these mitigation measures etc.

    The primary target of RP is to ensure that those people who unavoidably lose their land or properties shall restore to the previous or better standards for livelihood and living in the “without project” scenario. All policies, suggestions and compensation measures stated in this RP shall endeavor to achieve this target.

    The basis for preparation of this RP include:

    (1) Relevant documents: Feasibility Study Report on Kelijiang River Comprehensive Environmental Upgrading Subproject of Nanning City prepared in July 2005 by Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute.

    (2) Relevant State’s and local laws and regulations on land administration as well as the compensation policies for land acquisition and demolition.

    (3) Data analysis of affected people by the project (Sampling: 300 households).

    (4) Field investigation on the project areas according to the proposed planned alignments.

    (5) Consultation with concerned governmental departments, villages’ cadres and APs.

    (6) Social and economic survey on the affected households conducted in December of 2004.

    (7) Interviewing with representatives of all affected villages, discussing and formulating the measures and plans relating to their expected compensation and income restoration.

    1.2 Project description

    The range of Nanning Kelijiang subproject is: in the north, the dyke foot of Tianbao reservoir; in the south, the west dyke at the north bank of Yongjiang River; in the east, Qingchuan Road; in the west, outer ring expressway to west bank of Shibu River. Details are shown in Figure 1.1.

  • Figure 1.1 Project Map

    Kelijiang subproject consists of four components, respectively river course treatment,

    sewage system, sewage pumping station, and storm water system. The ecological restoration and landscaping2 is a construction component related to this subproject. Since this component is an additional project under the urban planning, it is also described in this report.

    (1) River course treatment. Kelijiang River course treatment covers 4.3 km in length, starting from dam foot of

    2 According to the relevant remarks in the FSR prepared by Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute, ecological restoration and landscaping shall not be covered by ADB finance.

  • 3

    Tianbao Reservoir next to the outer ring expressway, and stretching to Yongjiang River. The river course treatment shall be constructed along with flush water project.

    River course treatment shall be done according to the standard P=2% for flood control and P=5% for water-logging control. Xiangsihu Lake (an artificial lake) shall be constructed at the lower reaches of the river to store and regulate flood water. The lake shall cover an area of 1.4km2 and shall has a storage capacity of 9.98 million m³.

    Watercourse width: the upper reaches section shall be 110~250m wide (east watercourse) and 40~80m wide(west watercourse)and middle and lower reaches shall be 100~390m wide respectively. The river side shall be in the form of duplex trapezoidal section with the lower layer platform approaching average water level to facilitate people to access water. The upper platform is higher than the designed flood level. On both the upper and lower platforms are built with road in 5m width, where wharfs shall be built along the river. In addition, silt arrester and overflow weir shall be established at the east and west river head entrances of at the upper reaches.

    (2) The sewers and pumping station. The sewerage system shall be constructed on the basis of separate system according to

    the overall arrangement of the sewerage system of Nanning City, as well in combination of the urban development of Xiangsihu New District. The sewerage system shall be constructed along with the planned road. Wastewater in this district shall be collected at most and transferred to Jiangnan WwTP so to eliminate the pollution to the local water body and improve the regional living environment. The diameters of the reinforced concrete sewers are D=400-1500mm, and total length is 47.75km; sewer pressure pipes are of DN800mm, total length 3488m. The total length is 51.24 km.

    The sewage of Xiangsihu catchment are will enter Xiangsihu sewage pumping station, through which, the wastewater will be pumped to Wuyi Road sewer pipelines and ultimately transferred to Jiangnan Waste Water Treatment Plant. The treated wastewater will be discharged to Yongjiang River after reaching the standards.

    According to the special drainage planning of Nanning city, the capacity of Xiangsihu sewage pumping station is Q=1.20m³/s. It is located nearby the convergence of Ximingjiang river, having the service area of 2438ha. The planned land use area of the pumping station is 0.36ha. It will settle the problem of sewage pumping for the Xiangsihu New District, covering the area of the north and west of Yongjiang river, east of outer ring expressway and the places nearby Shibuhe river.

    (3) Storm system. Based on the separate system, the lagged drainage system shall be improved to

    settle the problem of water logging. Furthermore, in combination with the river course treatment, repeated construction and breaking of drainage pipelines after completion of such treatment shall be avoided and thus achieve a one-time target of upgrading. The size of storm water pipes shall be D=800~3000X3000, with total length of 47.57km.

    (4) Flush water engineering. Due to the uneven rainfall distribution in the river basin, the water volume in flood

    season accounts for about 80% of the total volume of the year. In low-water period, due to less rainfall, the flow is also less. According to the balance analysis of the water volume of Kelijiang artificial lake, the water body turn-over frequencies for short-term and long-term period shall be respectively: 9 times /year in high water period, 4 times / year in normal year while less than 1 time /year in low water period. Such cannot satisfy the

  • environmental water requirement, and will lead to the eutrophication of the lake. In order to prevent the deterioration of the water quality of the lake, the lake water must be renewed suitably. .

    (5) Ecological restoration and environmental landscaping3. Environment restoration and landscaping construction shall be carried out after the

    completion of the watercourse treatment. Such will not only comprehensively resume the eco-environment of Kelijiang River, but also demonstrate the basic style and features of Nanning— a garden city. And most importantly, the project will provide pleasant and human-oriented scenery and good eco-environment for the water bank area, thus enables Kelijiang River to become the green corridor of the new district in western part of Nanning city. The total length of the bank landscaping is about 4.3km, and the total width of the both sides of the watercourse is controlled to be 100m (50m on each). In addition, there will be squares and centralized lawns beyond the width of 100m.

    This related subproject will be financed by domestic funds. It is planed that the project preparation shall be done in 2006, and construction is to be commenced at the beginning of 2007 while completed in 2010. It is agreed that compensation policies for this subproject resettlement should be in accordance with the policy framework in this RP.

    1.3 Objectives of project construction

    Construction of drainage system— one of the infrastructures is needed for urgent construction and development of Xiangsihu New District. Kelijiang is located in the central area of Xixiangtang District. However, some structures have been built along both banks of the river and garbage is dumped into the river, thus occupying the river course and blocking the normal water flow. What is more is that the environment is deteriorating. Moreover, Kelijiang River runs through the core area of Xiangsihu New District which is to be developed in large scale. Xiangsihu Lake which locates at its lower reaches is also important water storage and regulating surface for the flooding discharging of Kelijiang basin. The coverage of this subproject, including river course treatment, sewage interception to Jiangnan WwTP via Xiangsihu pumping station, improvement of storm water system, construction of flood control channels and roads as well as ecological restoration etc., will completely improve the environmental situation along the Kelijiang river and the neighboring area. Such shall also help avoid repeated construction or “treatment after pollution”, thus achieve one-time improvement. .

    1.4 Impacts of the project

    This subproject will totally acquire 507mu, 1230 mu land in river course and temporarily occupy 37mu of rural collectively-owned land, affecting 274 households inclusive of 1113 people (including 51 floating households of 204 persons). In addition, the subproject will demolish 8277m ² of rural houses, affecting 163 households inclusive 551 persons (including 153 floating households of 527 persons). Project construction will affect 4 institutional units, permanently occupy 375mu of state-owned land and demolish 14850m², affecting 141 households of 435 persons. In all, the total population directly affected by the subproject is 578 households of 2102 persons (incl. 204 floating households of 731 persons). In addition, there are totally 4 types of infrastructure facilities and land-attached

    3 The ADB finance shall not cover this portion, which, however, is a related project under the urban planning.

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    structures affected by the project construction.

    1.5 Total project investment and fund sources

    The total investment of this subproject is RMB748.76 million, among which, RMB413.50million shall be settled by the urban construction funds of Nanning city; USD41.39 million (equivalent to RMB355.26 million) shall be from ADB’s loans, and the balance shall be settled from domestic commercial banks or state special funds. The total cost for land acquisition and resettlement shall be RMB 289 million, accounting for 38.6%, all of them shall be mobilized from domestic commercial banks and financial appropriation.

    1.6 Mitigation measures

    In accordance with the ADB policy on involuntary resettlement, the NPMO, the IA as well as the design institute have selected the project site carefully to minimize land acquisition and housing demolition. Meanwhile, all kinds of compensation measures have been prepared for the purpose of minimizing the adverse impact that may result from unavoidable land acquisition and temporary land occupation.

    As for land acquisition and demolition, the following mitigation measures shall be adopted.

    1) Land acquisition and house demolition impacts have been minimized. The FSR prepared in 2004 indicated that the proposed land acquisition of Kelijiang subproject was 2958mu, including 912mu of fish pond, 1727mu of vegetable land, and 319mu of paddy field, affecting 4 villages and 5 institutional units. The total population affected by land acquisition was 12336 people. The proposed total area of house demolition was 259,650m ² , including 193,858m ² of frame structure, 55,994m ² of brick-concrete structure, 1850m² of brick-wood structure and 1705m² of simple structures. The total population affected by house demolition was 10,365 people. Considering that there would be many villagers and urban citizens who will be affected by land acquisition and house demolition, in order to minimize the adverse impacts, upon the requests of the proposed affected people, the IA has then decided to take necessary measures to change the flood direction and reduce the construction scope and alignment. The construction was then proposed to be done along Kelijiang river. This measure has avoided a large amount land acquisition and house demolition, which would have impacted the Guangxi Agricultural Occupational College, Xixiangtang agricultural products market (Chenxi village), Guangxi Vocational College for Electrical and Mechanical Technologies, Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science, Guangxi Clay Fertilizer Station and others. The comparison is shown in the following table.

    Table 1-2 Comparison of Options for Project Site Selection

    Area of Land Acquisition Area of House Demolition Schemes

    Areas(mu) APs Areas(m2) APs Original Scheme

    2958 12,336 259,650 10,365

    Current Scheme

    882 1113 23,127 2102

    +/- -3091 -11,223 -236,523 -8263

  • 2) Improvement scheme for “villages within city” will be implemented, which will

    develop the reserved industrial land. This will help improve the productive and living conditions of the rural and urban residents and floating population that are affected by land acquisition and house demolition. Detailed rehabilitation measures are shown in Chapter 5. .

    3) During construction, local rural labors shall be employed at most to increase their incomes, such as cutting trees, earth transporting, planting flowers and grass, etc.

    4) In the aspects of cultivation and breeding, the government shall provide with as much as possible skill training for the rural people to upgrade their productive level, or guide the affected villages to set up large-scale breeding base so that they can have jobs.

    5)In addition to the skill training, other kinds of technical training corresponding to the urban employment requirement shall be organized so that the rural people may have more job opportunities.

    6) Interim measures for income restoration. Restoration of production and income will take some time. In order to ensure that the APs can increase their incomes within the shortest time, this RP includes many interim measures for such restoration (see Sections 5.3).

    7) Xiangsihu New District will be developed into a higher education base, and thus the local teaching and sci-tech research conditions will be improved.

    1.7 Project institutions

    Project Implementing Agency (IA). Xiangsihu New District Construction & Development Co. Ltd. Mr. Li Bin, the legal

    representative and general manager, has rich experiences in project management. Design Institute.

    Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute. In July of 2005, the Institute completed the preparation of Feasibility Study Report for Nanning Kelijiang River Comprehensive Environmental Upgrading Subproject. .

    Institute conducting social survey. Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences. This Academy is the largest comprehensive

    research institute on philosophy and social sciences having a group of professional researchers on sociology, nation science and anthropology. It has rich experiences in participating in the resettlement, social assessment and external monitoring of resettlement projects of Guangxi that are aided by the World Bank and ADB. The social impact survey is mainly conducted by National Economy Research Institute of Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences.

    Institutions in preparing RP. The RP was jointly accomplished by Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences and

    Nanning Xiangsihu New District Construction and Development Co. Ltd. The actual compilation of RP is organized by National Economy Research Institute of Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences.

    Implementing agency for implementation of RP Kelijiang Subproject and the RP shall be implemented by Nanning Xiangsihu New

    District Construction and Development Co. Ltd. (XNDCDC).

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    1.8 Due Diligence on Resettlement Issues for West Xiangsihu Road Construction Project.

    West Xiangsihu Road is on the west bank of Xiangsihu Lake, it is an integral part of Kelijiang River Environmental Upgrading Subproject. Due to the urban road construction, it was separately constructed but constituted an associated component to this subproject, and thus due diligence was required. Road construction was started on April 23, 2005 and scheduled to be completed by December 31 (Details are shown in Appendix VII). According to our investigation on the resettlement issues of this road construction project, we hold the opinions that (i) The APs are basically satisfied with the compensation policies; (ii) The appraisals for lands and houses are reasonable; (iii) The payment of compensation for land acquisition and demolition are fully in place; and (iv) Resettlement results are relatively good. Consequently, no remedial measures are required but the affected persons and businesses will be further evaluated as part of this Project.

  • 2 Project Impact Analysis This project covers Xixiangtang District (incl. former Yongxin district) the rural and urban

    areas of Gaoxin district, covering 1 town, 2 subdistrict offices and 5 administrative villages and 4 institutional units, as shown in Table 2-1.

    Table 2-1 Summary of Project Affected Areas

    Administrative areas

    Town / Street Villagers’

    Committee / Unit Impacts

    Shangyao subdistrict office

    Chenxi Village Both affected by LA and demolitionXixiangtang District

    Shibu sub-district office

    Ximing village Affected by LA

    Silian village Both affected by LA and demolition

    Xinxu village Affected by LA Gaoxin district Xinxu town

    Hede village Affected by LA

    Guangxi Agricultural Occupational College Both affected by LA and demolition

    Guangxi agriculture technical college Both affected by LA and demolition

    Guangxi Economic Management Cadre College Affected by LA

    Guangxi Farm Machinery School Affected by LA

    2.1 Affected land

    2.1.1 Acquisition of rural collective land

    The project shall make acquisition of the rural collective land, covering 3 towns (street), 5 administrative villages, totally 507 mu. Among them, there are 20mu dry land, 392 vegetable lands, 45mu of other agricultural land4 and 50mu house sites. Details are shown in Table 2-2. There are totally 223 local households (local residents), covering 909 persons. Details are shown in Table 2-3. Chenxi village is more seriously affected. There are 170mu of cultivated land to be acquired, accounting for 33.36% of the total 507mu.

    4 Hill and forest land used as spoil area.

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    Table 2-2 Acquisition of Rural Collective Land

    Type of Land (mu) Towns

    Affected Village Dry

    land Vegetable

    Land Other

    farmland House Sites

    Sub-Total (mu)

    Shangyao street

    Chenxi Village

    0 170 0 50 220

    Silian village 0 90 45 0 135 Xinxu village 0 120 0 0 120 Xinxu town Hede village 0 12 0 0 12

    Shibu sub-district office

    Ximing village

    20 0 0 0 20

    Total 20 392 45 50 507 Proportion (%) 3.9% 77.3% 8.9% 9.9% 100.0%

    Table 2-3 APs Affected by Acquisition of Rural Collective Land (for Permanent Population)5

    LA Impacts Affected villages

    Household (nos) Nos. of persons

    Chenxi Village 102 408

    Silian village 23 95

    Xinxu village 65 266

    Hede village 15 66

    Ximing village 18 74

    Total 223 909

    2.1.2 Land in River-Courses

    The proeject costruction will require 1230 mu6 land in river courses. Traditionally, the local villagers along Kelijiang river have been fishing on these river-course for years without permit, Nevertheless, the river-course lands are really the important income sources of the local villagers. It is observed that their income will be affected because of the project construction, Due to these affected lands having not been registered before, it is difficult to clarify the degree of impact by affected village now. This will be done during detailed measurement survey (DMS).

    5 Permanent population refers to local population. This figure is from the survey, which will be somewhat different from the actual APs. 6 It is estimated by Nanning municipal River Courses Management Department and Nanning municipal Land Administrative Bureau.

  • 2.1.3 Temporary land occupation

    Project construction requires temporary occupation of land for construction materials, construction equipment and temporary shelters etc.

    Moreover, according to the project design, laying of pipelines for sewage interception and storm-water shall be constructed along with the road construction, which will occupy the state-own land through green-belt excavation and the traffic and non-traffic lanes. The charges incurred by temporary occupation of state-owned land shall be covered by the project cost.

    The total area of temporary collective land occupation by the project shall be 37 mu, Including 22 mu of vegetable land and 15 mu of dry land. Details are shown in Table 2-4.

    Table 2-4 Summary of Temporary Land Occupation

    Temporary land occupation (mu) Town/street Village

    Vegetable Land Dry land Total (mu)

    Shangyao street

    Chenxi Village 2 6 8

    Shibu Town Ximing village 3 / 3 Silian village 7 4 11 Xinxu village 10 3 13 Xinxu town Hede village / 2 2

    Total 22 15 37

    2.2 Demolition of rural houses

    The total demolition area of rural houses shall be 8277m2, covering Chengxi village and Silian village. Among which, rural residential houses are 6027m2, collectively-own houses 2250m2. Details are shown in Table 2-5. There are 10 local households of 27 persons affected by demolition, including 4 owners and each owner had about 1500 m2

    houses affected. Details are shown in Table 2-6.

    Table 2-5 Summary of Demolition of Rural Houses

    House demolition area(m2) Affected Village

    Category Brick-concrete Structure

    Brick –wood

    Structure

    Simple Structure

    Total

    Collective operational houses

    560 240 0 800 Chenxi Village

    Residential houses 5067 5067 Sub-total 560 240 5067 5867

    Collective operational houses

    0 1450 1450 Silian village

    Residential houses 0 0 960 960 Sub-total 0 1450 960 2410

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    House demolition area(m2) Affected Village

    Category Brick-concrete Structure

    Brick –wood

    Structure

    Simple Structure

    Total

    Total 560 1690 6027 8277 Proportion (%) 6.77% 20.42% 72.81% 100.0%

    Table 2-6 Summary of APs of House Demolition

    Demolition Impacts Affected villages Household (nos) Nos. of persons

    Chenxi Village 9 23 Silian village 1 4 Total 10 27

    2.3 Affected institutional units

    The total affected institutional units shall be 4, permanent occupation of state-owned land is 375mu and house demolition area is 14850 m2, affecting 141 staff households and 435 persons.

    2.3.1 Permanent occupation of state-owned land of institutional units

    Permanent occupation of state-owned land of institutional units is 375mu, including paddy field 62mu, dry land 7mu, vegetable land 73mu, fish pond 101mu, garden 132 mu. Details are shown in Table 2-7.

    Table 2-7 Permanent Occupation of State-owned Land of Institutional Units by the Project

    Permanent occupation of land (mu) Name of Units Paddy

    Field Dry land

    Vegetable Land

    Fish Pond

    Orchard land

    Total

    Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute

    62 / 73 48 121 304

    Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science

    / / / 53 / 53

    Guangxi Economic Management Cadre College

    / 7 / / / 7

  • Permanent occupation of land (mu) Name of Units Paddy

    Field Dry land

    Vegetable Land

    Fish Pond

    Orchard land

    Total

    Guangxi Vocational College for Electrical and Mechanical Technologies

    / / / / 11 11

    Total 62 7 73 101 132 375

    2.3.2 House demolition of institutional units

    The project covers house demolition of two institutional units including Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute and Guangxi Agricultural Science Institute, with demolition area of 14850m2, including 4650m2 of Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute and 10200m2 of Guangxi Agricultural Science Institute Demolition houses of institutional units include three types: office buildings, workers' residential and storage houses. Details are shown in Table 2-8. There are 141 affected households covering 435 persons. Details refer to table 2-9.

    Table 2-9 Summary of house demolition impacts on institutional units

    Demolished Area (m²) Name of Units

    Category Frame Structure

    Brick-concrete Structure

    Brick –wood

    Structure

    Simple Structure

    Total(m2)

    Staff residential house

    520 1890 / / 2410

    Office buildings

    220 400 168 / 788

    Storage house

    360 350 162 580 1452

    Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute

    Sub-total 1100 2640 330 580 4650 Staff residential house

    9800 400 / / 10200 Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science Sub-total 9800 400 / / 10200 Total 10900 3040 330 580 14850 Proportion (%) 73.4% 20.5% 2.2% 3.9% 100.0%

    Table 2-10 Summary of affected staff of institutional units

    Affected institution Nos. of households APs (nos) Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute

    9 36

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    Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Science

    132 399

    Total 141 435

    2.4 Floating Population.

    The project area and the neighboring places belong to the joint part between the urban area and the outskirt. There are 8 agricultural products markets where trading is active. The tertiary industry is developed and thus attracts a large number of floating population to earn living here. The lands along Kelijiang river are fertile and plain where plantation and breeding are developed, serving as the bases for production of vegetables and meat for Nanning city. The floating population has their own house properties in their originally registered places and earns their livings through contracting the collective land. Earning more money is the major reason for their out-going work.

    According to the sample survey, the floating populations are mainly engaging in plantation, commerce, service and transportation etc. Due to the lack of the necessary conditions for production and operation (such as funds and equipments), about 85% of the floating population are laborers mainly depending on providing with labor services. The annual average per-capita income is about RMB3000. The living conditions of the floating population are closely related to their occupations, being normally at about 10m2 per capita. Generally, the people engaged in the secondary and the tertiary industries would rent houses of good conditions (frame structure or brick-concrete structure) from the nearby villages, while those engaged in the primary industry would normally live in the simple houses.

    Field investigation shows that the floating population affected by land acquisition and demolition are relatively concentrated on both southern banks of Kelijiang river, say in the triangle belt of Xiangsihu Bridge, engaging in the primary and tertiary industries. There are 204 floating households inclusive of 731 persons being affected by the subproject, including 51 houses inclusive of 204 persons affected by land acquisition and 153 households inclusive of 527 persons affected by house demolition. In terms of employment for the floating population, 204 persons are in primary industry, mainly engaging in breeding and planting; 527 persons in tertiary industry, mainly engaging in transport (manual tricycle), restaurant, hair-dressing, internet surfing bar and home industry etc. Details are shown in Table 2-11.

    Table 2-11 Classification of Affected Floating Population of the Project

    LA Impacts Demolition Impacts Total Village / Institution Households

    (nos) Persons

    (nos.) Households

    (nos) Persons

    (nos.) Households

    (nos) Persons

    (nos.) Chenxi Village

    13 60 121 426 134 486

    Silian village 13 48 11 42 24 90 Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute

    19 72 18 51 37 123

  • Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Science

    2 7 3 8 5 15

    Guangxi Economic Management Cadre College

    4 17 0 0 4 17

    Total 51 204 153 527 204 731

    The floating population affected by land acquisition is mostly concentrated in Chenxi village, Silian village and Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute, and is mainly engaging in vegetable and fish growing. Some of them are employed by Guangxi Agricultural Occupational Institute to guard fields. The people living in Chenxi village and Silian villager are doing business in the agricultural market nearby Xiangsihu lake, while those floating population in the Institute are mostly engaging in service work in Bagui Tianyuan Restaurant.

    2.5 Vulnerable groups

    According to the initial survey, there are 4 types of vulnerable groups in the affected villages, totally 56 persons, accounting for 2.75% of the total APs. Among them, there are 23 poverty-stricken persons7,5 households of 16 persons headed by women, 11 persons of solitary elderly and 6 disabled persons. Details are shown in Table 2-12.

    Vulnerable groups have three income sources: (i) Regular living subsidies by civil administration department. These living subsidies target to support the “five-guarantee households”, the solitary aged people, the disabled and the special poverty population. Such subsidies are normally paid by the civil administration department at the standard of RMB210/month each person. Such amount is enough to safeguard a basic living standard according to the current price level of Nanning city. (ii) Support from the collective organization. In addition to the subsidies given by the civil administration department, normally, in the traditional festivals, the village committee and the villagers’ group will give these vulnerable groups some grains and cash subsidies. For example in Chenxi village, the “five-guarantee household” can get RMB60 each month. (iii) Support from relatives and friends. According to the local folk-custom of the project area, the relatives and friends of these “five-guarantee household”, the solitary aged people, the disabled and the women-headed household will often take care of them by giving cash or daily articles. Sometimes, they will help these vulnerable groups to raise pigs, chickens or grow vegetables. All these will ensure their living standards not to be lower than the local living standards.

    Table 2-12 Summary of Affects on Vulnerable Groups

    7 Poverty households refer to those with annual average per-capita net income of less than RMB650.

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    Poverty households Household headed by

    women Village Household Persons Household Persons

    Solitary Elderly (nos)

    Disabled (nos)

    Chenxi 0 0 1 3 4 3 Silian 0 0 0 0 3 1 Xinxu 2 8 2 8 2 2 Hede 3 12 1 2 1 / Siming 1 3 1 3 1 / Total 6 23 5 16 11 6

    2.6 Ethnic Minorities

    Most of the APs belong to Han ethnic group who speak Ping Dialect. The number of ethnic minorities is less, only 82 persons in the initial identification, of which, 70 belong to Zhuang and 12 to other minorities8.

    The survey shows that the project area is a place concentrated by Han nationality; Zhuang and other minorities migrated to this place due to marriage and become the members of Han group. After years of urban community life, they have merged into the family of Han nationality, and accordingly, their living and cultural habits are similar to the Han living in Nanning9. In line with production, daily life and social status, these minorities enjoy the same treatment as the Han group does.

    2.7 Affected population

    In all, there are totally 578 households affected by the project, covering 2102 people. Details are shown in Table 2-13.

    Table 2-13 Total Population Affected by the Project

    SL. Project Impacts No. of Affected Households.

    Affected Population

    1 Affected rural households

    233 936

    1.1 Land acquisition 223 909 1.2 House demolition 10 27

    2 Demolition of institutional units

    141 435

    3 Affected floating population

    204 731

    3.1 Renting land 51 204 3.2 Renting house 153 527 4 Total 578 2102

    8 These APs are estimated according to the proportion of ethnic population in the affected area (7.73% for Zhuang ethnic group; 1.37% for other ethnic groups). 9 Many Han have lived in Nanning for generations and there was frequent intermarriage with the Zhuang.

  • 2.8 Infrastructure facilities and land-attached structures

    There are four types of infrastructure facilities and land-attached structures affected by the project construction, which are small ponds, weirs, fruit trees, woods, etc. Details are shown in Table 2-14.

    Table 2-14 Summary of Infrastructure Facilities and Land-Attached Structures

    Types Units Qty. Kelijiang River weirs no. 2 Ponds (concrete) no. 8 Fruit trees pcs 1500 Other trees pcs 1000

    2.9 Assessment and conclusion

    1. This subproject will acquire some land, demolish some houses and displace some population, and thus will surely bring some negative impacts on the local rural and urban production and living.

    2. The objective is to minimize or mitigate the impacts caused by land acquisition and house demolition through effective resettlement measures. After displacement, majority rural population and urban residents will enjoy better working and living environment through implementing the improvement measures for the “villages within the city”

    3. The implementation of this subproject will bring about remarkable social and environmental benefits as well as some economic benefits. Comparatively, land acquisition and house demolition will cause less adverse impacts. Therefore, the project is feasible.

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    3 Profile of Social Economy of the Project Areas

    3.1 Project areas

    Nanning Kelijiang subproject is located in the urban area of Nanning city of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

    Nanning city is located in the mid-south of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. It is the capital city of Guangxi, administering six counties, respec