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    Revolutionary War, 1775-1783

    From April 19, 1775 when Minutemen and British redcoats clashed at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts until September 3, 1783 when The Treaty of Paris was signed, American colonists fought a ragtag, difficult war for independence and self-government. Men and boys would enlist, serve a few months, go home to get in crops or recuperate from wounds, and then enlist again. Women struggled to care for families, farm, run businesses, and provide supplies to the troops.

    There seemed little doubt at the start of the conflict that England would prevail. An estimated

    7,200 soldiers and sailors lost their lives, cities were destroyed, commerce and farming disrupted, disease and hunger were often suffered. Success was elusive. When The British General Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown and open hostilities ceased on October 19, 1781, the inconceivable had occurred. The former British colonies were independent and a new nation of self- governing people could be formed. At the Yorktown surrender, Cornwallis realizing the enormity of change the colonists’ victory signified, asked his military band to play a popular tune of that time, “The World Turned Upside Down.”

    The United States would still have many years of struggle to define itself, create a workable

    constitution, and ensure that the union would endure. Some might argue we are still struggling to effect an ever more perfect union and realize the promise in the Declaration of Independence and the much later “Bill of Rights” in the American Constitution:

    We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created

    equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. Veterans of the Revolution not only returned home to take up their daily lives, many went on

    to pioneer and settle lands far to the west of the original thirteen colonies. Quite a few of these veterans came to live and eventually die and be buried in Wayne County, Indiana. Between Memorial Day 2009 and July 4, 2009, Morrisson-Reeves Library will be remembering these Revolutionary patriots. Original Photographs Courtesy of E. Duane Reed, Assisted by Angela C. Bell

    Mr. Reed graduated from Centerville High School in 1966. He served in the U. S. Air Force for twenty years, retiring in 1986. He has an Associate’s Degree in Education and has studied U. S. history concentrating on the Civil War and World War II. Mr. Reed is also a retired antique dealer. He has engaged in genealogical research for the last thirty-two years. Mr. Reed is currently working on a study of Wayne County tombstones.

    Angela C. Bell, daughter of Art and Judy Bell, is a graduate of Richmond High School. She is a life long resident of Richmond and is working on a study of Wayne County gravestones and cemeteries with Duane Reed.


  • Addington, John

    Dean – Land Entry; Doddridge, p.1; Greg Hinshaw Letter; INSSAR; Waters, p.3; Waters Supp., p.142 BORN: England, son of Henry (Henery) and Sarah Addington. SERVICE: The following information is from Dr. Greg Hinshaw a

    descendant of John Addington. Attached, please find material from two books on John Addington. The information that says he is buried in Ridgeville is wholly incorrect. While John did have two brothers who served in the Revolution, I don't think that there is any real evidence that he did. I also offer as evidence for my position the fact that he joined Friends (we are, theoretically pacifists, you know) in1774. He married in a Quaker ceremony in 1775. The records of Bush River Monthly Meeting, where he was a member, are complete for the period, and there is no evidence that he was disciplined for military activities. John Addington was my fifth-great grandfather. In the line of his second wife (Elizabeth Heaton) adds two additional generations of Friends to my line. John's son, Thomas, came to Randolph County, where he was a founder of Sparrow Creek Meeting. Thomas's daughter-in-law, Susannah, was a charter member of Bear Creek Meeting in 1874. My family has worshipped at Bear Creek in the years since. That is ten generations of Friends going back to the earliest years of the Society.

    PROOF: D. A. R. Vol.28, p.156. DIED: 1819, Chester, Indiana. BURIED: Ridgeville Cemetery, Randolph County.

    [Greg Hinshaw disputes that this is Addington’s burial site. He sent a few pages from Veda Addington Lindsey’s, Addington: The Family of Henry and Sarah Addington, Beginning in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, pp.29-34. On page 32, the pages from this work state, “It is believes that John and Elizabeth (Heaton) Addington are buried in the Quaker Cemetery on the edge of their land along with John’s mother Sarah.”]

    MARRIED: First Marriage to Mary Lamb, a Quaker of Bush River Monthly

    Meeting, Newberry County South Carolina, circa 1769. She died April 25, 1774. Second Marriage to Elizabeth Heaton, Bush River Monthly Meeting, Newberry County, South Carolina on May 3, 1775. She was the daughter of Joseph and Leada Heaton. She died in Chester, Indiana.

    CHILDREN: 1st Marriage: William Addington, born April 14, 1770;

    Alice Addington, born March 8, 1773, who married ? Garrett (disowned by the Cane Creek Monthly


  • Meeting, Union County, South Carolina (who was disowned: Alice, her husband, or both?);

    2nd Marriage: Joseph Addington, born July 21, 1776, died 1836- 1838, who first married Rachel Randal, Cane Creek Monthly Meeting in 1799 and second married Celia Townsend, born February 22, 1785, died circa 1853, on December 122, 1808. The license was issued in Preble County, Ohio, but he was living in Wayne County, Indiana. She was the daughter of John Townsend; John Addington, born October 13,1777; Thomas Addington, born December 1, 1778, died March 8, 1839, who married on October 11, 1807 Mary or Tamar Smith. She was born January 18, 1786, died April 25, 1845; Mary Addington, born November 2, 1780, died March 12, 1866, who married Thomas Roberds in 1803; Sarah Addington, born September 12, 1783, died August 26, 1814, who married Phineas Roberts in 1809; Elizabeth Addington, who married James Martindale in 1809; James Addington, who married Nancy Lewellyn on June 15, 1809. They were married in Preble County, Ohio, but he lived in Wayne County, Indiana.

    MISCELLANEOUS: [Dean – Land Entry: December 4, 1806.]

    Alexander (Alexandra), William

    Dean – Land Entry; Doddridge, p.1; INNSAR; Record, p.6; Roster Vol.1, p.36 BORN: 1752, North Carolina SERVICE: Enlisted in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in December 1775, as a private in

    Captain James Wilson’s Company, Colonel Irvine’s Pennsylvania Regiment. Was in the Battle of Three Rivers and discharged in March, 1777.

    PROOF: Pension Claim W. 9697. DIED: January 5 or 6, 1821. BURIED: ? MARRIED: 1789, Margaret Cull. CHILDREN: William Alexander, Jr., who married Elizabeth Parks. MISCELLANEOUS: Collected by Mrs. Glenn Beeson, Cambridge City, Indiana.

    [Dean – Land Entry: December 23, 1811.]

    Ashby, Bladen


  • Dean Land Entry; Doddridge, p.1; INNSAR; Roster Vol.1, p.44; Yount - Marriage, pp.4, 111 BORN: 1759, Bladensburg, Maryland. SERVICE: Enlisted as a private in Captain John Lemond’s Company 13th

    Virginia Regiment, September, 1777, under Colonel Russell. Also served in Captain Uriah Springer’s Company of Light Infantry 9th Virginia Regiment under Colonel John Gibson and with George Rogers Clark at the capture of Vincennes.

    PROOF: Will H. Henton, 704 College Street, Canton, Missouri and Mrs. H. B.

    Stauffer, Nappanee, Indiana (1938). DIED: December 28, 1828. BURIED: Buried on farm now owned (1938) by Mrs. Pearl Beck Clark, near

    Middleboro. Government marker placed by the Richmond Chapter D. A. R.

    MARRIED: Catherine Van Meter. CHILDREN: Milton Ashby, who married Polly White, January 20, 1811 [Yount -

    Marriage: Wayne County Marriage Record Book 1, p.1]; Abraham Ashby, who married Mariah Jones, August 28, 1824 [Yount - Marriage: Wayne County Marriage Record Book A, p.86]; Eleanor (Elenor) Ashby, who married Joseph Pemberton, 1813 [Yount - Marriage: Wayne County Marriage Record Book 1, p.12; (Marriage license applied for on December 13, 1813)]; Lavena (Lavina) Ashby, who married William Auston (Austin), February 14, 1828; [Yount - Marriage: Wayne County Marriage Record Book A, p.178]; Lettice Ashby, who married Andrew Penland, 1827 [Yount - Marriage: Wayne County Marriage Record Book A, p.152; There is listed an Andrew Penland who married a Sarah Ashby on August 1, 1827]; Elizabeth Ashby, who married Amos Smith, 1805; David Ashby; Gideon Ashby; Elijah Ashby; Hankerson Ashby; Thomas Ashby; Lutas Ashby.

    MISCELLANEOUS: Collected by Mrs. Paul Ross, Richmond, Indiana.

    [Dean – Land Entry: April 15, 1812.]


  • Ballenger, William (Ballinger)

    Dean – Land Entry; INNSAR; Yount – Marriage, pp.7, 82, 84 BORN: 1757. SERVICE: Enlisted in Culpepper County, Virginia. Served as a Sergeant in the

    Continental Army in the 10th Virginia Regiment which was later “reduced” to the 6th Regiment, because they had lost so many men. He served for exactly three years starting January 10, 1777 – wit


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