romantic landscape

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  • 1.English and American Romantic Landscapes SonyaAntropova,Group752

2. William Wordsworth Landscapists were inspired by the spirit belonging to the age. 3. What isRomanticism?

  • Romanticism was a new intellectual movement at the end of the eighteenth century
  • Romanticism emphasized feelings, emotion and imagination as sources of knowledge

4. Characteristics of Romanticism

  • Emotion and feelings
  • Individualism
  • Interest in the past
  • Attraction to the exotic
  • Love of poetry
  • Worship of nature
  • Distrust of science

5. English Romantic Landscapes

  • John Constable, The Hay Wain, 1821
  • Painter of pastoral English scenery
  • Oneness with nature sought by Romantic poets
  • Man as a participant in the landscape
  • Sense of monumentality, rhythm, color, movement
  • Composed as if accidental
  • Clouds filled with color and light
  • Many colors in one: trees many shades of green, clouds, reflections, etc.
  • Cottage camouflaged by trees
  • Legend about the occupant of the cottage: he was 80 and spent only four nights of his life elsewhere. He and the cottage are a part of the natural landscape
  • Colors and light are flecked and vibrant and tend to obscure details

6. John Constable,The Hay Wain 7.

  • Joseph Mallord William Turner,The Slave Ship
  • 1833: slavery ended in Britain, but guilt of slave trade cannot be erased by an act of Parliament
  • Slave traders are the sharks
  • In 1783 an epidemic broke out on a ship,The Zong
  • Slaves thrown over board so that the owners could collect insurance money. Slaves dying of disease were uninsurable
  • Shipwrecks a common theme in English painting, 5000 people a year died at the sea
  • Color reflective of emotional state
  • Horror of mans inhumanity to man is stressed
  • Fast sketchy brushwork
  • Blood red sunset acts symbolically
  • Blurred forms

8. Joseph Mallord William Turner,The Slave Ship 9. American Romantic Landscapes

  • Thomas Cole,The Oxbow, 1836
  • Founder of the Hudson River School of landscape painting
  • Painted as reply to Captain Basil Halls bookTravels in North America , 1829, in which he alleged that America was indifferent to its natural blessings
  • Also alleged that American painters were incompetent and could not capture American scenery
  • To Cole, America possesses the sublime and the beautiful in its landscape
  • Wildness of landscape on left compared to the domesticated landscape on right
  • Left: contorted trunk, receding storm, wild mountains, impenetrable forest
  • Right: cultivated, orderly, man taming nature, but remaining in harmony with her

10. Thomas Cole,The Oxbow 11. Frederick Church,Twilight in the Wilderness

  • Coles only pupil and his successor
  • Awe-inspiring view of the sun setting over a majestic landscape
  • No trace of humanity
  • Idealistic and comforting view
  • Affirmation of the divine in nature
  • Strong horizontals interrupted by verticals and diagonals
  • Color used as spectacle
  • Great detail in leaves of trees and feathery clouds
  • Is it a symbol of the oncoming Civil War?

12. Frederick Church,Twilight in the Wilderness