russia and the cis physical geography russia is about twice the size of the continental u.s

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Physical Geography of Russia and the Republics

Physical Geography of Russia & the CIS

Commonwealth of Independent StatesRussia and the CIS

Physical GeographyRussia is about twice the size of the continental U.S.Russian Plains3North European PlainsAgricultural Zone- most of Russias farming is hereChernozem = black earth called the Black Earth Belt75% of population lives in plains & 3 largest cities- Moscow, St. Petersburg & KievUkraine= The Bread Basket of the region

North European Plains

West Siberian PlainsWorlds largest flat area-Covers an area of about 1.2 million square milesFormed by glacial deposits after the last Ice Age.

Turan PlainsDesert RegionKara Kum (black sand)Kyzyl Kum (red sand desert)

Central Siberian Plateau high plateaus highlands & mountains are the dominate landform.

Mountains of RussiaUral MountainsDivides Europe and Asia

Caucasus MountainsBetween the Black & Caspian Seas and forms border between Russia and Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia)Mount Elbrus (extinct volcano that is Russias highest point)

Mt. Elbrus18,510 ft

Russian Seas and LakesBlack SeaOnly warm water sea found in RussiaOutlet to the Mediterranean- IMPORTANT in Russians History!

Caspian SeaWorlds largest inland sea (actually a lake)Rivers run into the lake but no outlet to the OceanIt is a saltwater lakeLake is shrinking from evaporationHow does this effect the salt content?

This picture is taken in March- notice there is still ICE covering part of the Caspian Sea, lake divide equally, sea depends on length of coastline.Aral SeaRivers that drain into Aral Sea are being used for irrigation for cotton fields which causes Aral to shrink Aral Sea Video

Lake BaikalWorlds oldest & deepest freshwater lakeHolds 1/5 of earths fresh water (as much as all the Great Lakes combined)

Lake Baikal is:40 miles wide 400 miles long 1 mile deepHouston to Dallas = 226 milesOver 1200 species of plants & animals unique to the lakeRussian RiversRivers in RussiaLong & navigable Frozen most of the year= Makes trade difficultRivers used for irrigation, transportation routes or hydroelectric power for densely populated urban areasVolga RiverCalled Mother Volga- provides the needs for the peoplelongest river in Europe / 4th longest in Russiaprovides essential trade, communication, energy & waterCarries about 60% of Russias river trafficNatural Resources of RussiaNatural Resourcesgold worlds 2nd largest produceroil soon to rival Saudi Arabia in productionnatural gas worlds leading exporterhydroelectric power1/5th of the worlds timber supplyCoal and Iron

SiberiaMany natural resources are found hereDifficult to remove resources because of its harsh climate & rugged terrain (landscape)Most of Russias longest riverswhich supply 84% of the countrys waterare located in Siberia (only 25% of the population lives)Temperature fluctuates from about 50F to -90F

SIBERIA

Trans Siberian Rail RoadRussian ClimateRussias Climate ZonesClimates are effected by high latitude and the mountains to the southeastContinentality: Distance from the sea which effects climate and precipitation

Russias Climate ZonesHumid Continental & Subarctic climates dominate the northern & eastern regionSemiarid & Desert climate around Transcaucasia regionRussian Vegetation RegionsVegetation Regionssteppe wide, temperate grasslands in central Russia taiga vast woodland of evergreen foreststundra flat, treeless plains near Arctic Ocean