safety & msds & equipment

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Process skills: C.1A demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigation; C.1B know specific hazards of chemical substances

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Safety & MSDS & Equipment. Process skills: C.1A demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigation; C.1B know specific hazards of chemical substances. Safety Rules. Read lab and be familiar with safety issues. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

Process skills: C.1A demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigation; C.1B know specific hazards of chemical substances

Page 2: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

Safety Rules• Read lab and be familiar with safety issues.• Tie back long hair, roll up sleeves, wear closed toe

shoes, and put on goggles and apron.• Never eat, drink, or apply make-up in lab.• Do not use burners near flammable materials.• Always point test tube away from you and others

when heating chemicals.• Never directly inhale a gas or vapor.• Always add acids or bases to water when making

dilutions. (A&W rootbeer)• Never use electrical equipment near water.• Report accidents to your teacher ASAP.• Wear a hat, long sleeves, and closed-toed shoes

during field investigations.

Page 3: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

SAFETY- Vocabulary

• Carcinogen – causes cancer• Corrosive – gradually destructive• Ventilation – circulate fresh air• Irritant – causes redness & itching, burning & is

harmful• Oxidizer – combines with oxygen and burns• Toxic – poisonous• Flammable – possible to burn• Fumes – vapor, gas, or smoke that can be harmful• Radioactive – damages tissues by removing

electrons or breaking bonds

Page 4: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

Chemical Symbols• Chemical Safety Symbols• Flammable

• Corrosive

• Environmental Hazard

• Poisonous

• Radioactive

Page 5: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

MSDS

There is an MSDS sheet for every chemical which gives:• Physical data: density, solubility, pH, etc.• Appearance and odor• Reactivity• Health hazards• Special precautions: gloves & goggles• First aid

Page 6: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

NFPA Diamond

• Used to identify hazards using graphic representation

• Used on chemical labels, buildings and transports

Page 7: Safety & MSDS & Equipment
Page 8: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

Laboratory EquipmentEquipment Purpose_____ ____________________________Beaker measures liquid volume in a wide mouth container

Burette dispenses precise liquid amounts via a vertical tube

Electric Balance measures mass; can “tare” (rezero)

Erlenmeyer Flask holds liquids; conical base and cylindrical neck allow liquids to be stoppered or swirled

Graduated Cylinder measures liquid’s volume; more precise than beakers

Pipette transfers small liquid amounts using a thin tube

Test Tube holds chemicals; glass tube with one open end

Thermometer measures the temperature (kinetic energy) of substance (C or K)

Volumetric Flask holds liquids; provides a precise measurement of a single volume (L or mL)Match Pictures with Equipment Name:

Page 9: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

• 1. All of these procedures must be followed when using the setup shown above except — a. putting on safety goggles b. handling the beaker with tongs c. securing loose clothing d. wearing rubber gloves

Page 10: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

• 1. All of these procedures must be followed when using the setup shown above except —

• d. wearing rubber gloves

Page 11: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

• 2. A science class is conducting an experiment that produces noxious fumes. Because of inadequate ventilation, some students begin to feel nauseated and dizzy. The first response should be to —

A neutralize the acid that is reacting to produce the noxious fumes

B carry the reactants outside, away from other students

C leave the room and go to an area with fresh airD spray the reaction with a fire extinguisher

Page 12: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

• 2. A science class is conducting an experiment that produces noxious fumes. Because of inadequate ventilation, some students begin to feel nauseated and dizzy. The first response should be to —

C leave the room and go to an area with fresh air

Page 13: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

3. An experiment requires the use of a lab apron, goggles, and insulated mitts or beaker tongs. The purpose of these safety items is primarily to protect against —

a. release of hazardous gasesb. contamination of chemicals and glasswarec. hot materials and spills of harmful liquidsd. staining of lab clothing

Page 14: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

3. An experiment requires the use of a lab apron, goggles, and insulated mitts or beaker tongs. The purpose of these safety items is primarily to protect against —

c. hot materials and spills of harmful liquids

Page 15: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

4. Which of the following is the proper method to dispose of a solid produced during a chemical reaction?

a. Wrap the solid in paper, seal it in a bag, and throw it in the trash

b. Place the solid in the designated container for solid waste

c. Dissolve the solid in a solvent and pour the solution down the drain

d. Carry out a reaction that will convert the solid into a gas under a fume hood

Page 16: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

4. Which of the following is the proper method to dispose of a solid produced during a chemical reaction?

b. Place the solid in the designated container for solid waste

Page 17: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

5. Which of these is the best reason to not eat or drink while in the laboratory?

a. Particles of food can contaminate chemical reagents.

c. Some foods produce toxic gases when mixed with acids.

b. Spilled drinks can make cleanup of chemicals difficult.d. Chemicals spilled on hands can be transferred to food.

Page 18: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

5. Which of these is the best reason to not eat or drink while in the laboratory?

d. Chemicals spilled on hands can be transferred to food.

Page 19: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

6. The anatomy of grasshoppers is being studied in a dissection lab. Working in groups of three, students make observations using a hand lens, forceps, and a scalpel. Two of the students in a group have finished their observations. These two students may do all of the following except —

A. remove their gogglesB. review their notesC. wash their handsD. assist their lab partner

Page 20: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

6. The anatomy of grasshoppers is being studied in a dissection lab. Working in groups of three, students make observations using a hand lens, forceps, and a scalpel. Two of the students in a group have finished their observations. These two students may do all of the following except —

A. remove their goggles

Page 21: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

7. This picture indicates that the chemical represented is —A. PressurizedB. CorrosiveC. FlammableD. Toxic

Page 22: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

7. This picture indicates that the chemical represented is —

B. Corrosive

Page 23: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

8. A science class is conducting an experiment that produces noxious fumes. Because of inadequate ventilation, some students begin to feel nauseated and dizzy. The first response should be to —

A. neutralize the acid that is reacting to produce the noxious fumes

B. carry the reactants outside, away from other students

C. leave the room and go to an area with fresh airD. spray the reaction with a fire extinguisher

Page 24: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

8. A science class is conducting an experiment that produces noxious fumes. Because of inadequate ventilation, some students begin to feel nauseated and dizzy. The first response should be to —

C. leave the room and go to an area with fresh air

Page 25: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

9. Reactions that produce toxic gases should be performed in a —

A. laboratory fume hoodB. beaker with a watch glass on topC. well-ventilated area of the labD. warm, airtight drying oven

Page 26: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

9. Reactions that produce toxic gases should be performed in a —

A. laboratory fume hood

Page 27: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

10. The label shown above contains information about some harmful effects of acetone. A group of students plans to use acetone to rinse out a glass container. A second group of students is working at the same lab table. Which of the following lab procedures should the second group of students avoid?

A. Heating water with an open flame

B. Pouring hydrochloric acid into a beaker

C. Filtering precipitates from a liquid solution

D. Collecting oxygen from plants in a test tube

Page 28: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

10. The label shown above contains information about some harmful effects of acetone. A group of students plans to use acetone to rinse out a glass container. A second group of students is working at the same lab table. Which of the following lab procedures should the second group of students avoid?

A. Heating water with an open flame

Page 29: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

11. For safety reasons, which of these labels is the most important to have on a reagent bottle?

A. pB. PC. PD. a

Page 30: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

11. For safety reasons, which of these labels is the most important to have on a reagent bottle?

C.

Page 31: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

13. Classification symbols for certain fire extinguishers are shown below. Which class of fire extinguisher should be used when a hot plate overheats and catches on fire?

A B

C D

Page 32: Safety & MSDS & Equipment

13. Classification symbols for certain fire extinguishers are shown below. Which class of fire extinguisher should be used when a hot plate overheats and catches on fire?

B