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Super Science Bowl. Plate Tectonics. The theory of ______ ________ states that the earth’s surface is composed of slow moving plates that move due to forces deep within the earth. The movement of plates explains the location of many ___________ , volcanoes and mountain ranges. earthquakes. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Super Science Bowl

  • The theory of

    ______ ________ states that the earths surface is composed of slow moving plates that move due to forces deep within the earth.

  • The movement of plates explains the location of many

    ___________, volcanoes and mountain ranges.

  • During the process of

    _______________, rocks are broken down by air, ice, water, chemicals, and living things.

  • During the process of

    ____________, weathered rocks are moved by water, wind, and ice

  • During the process of

    ___________, eroded materials are deposited in locations such as rivers, valleys, deltas, and beaches.

  • The ________ _______ is the continuous changing of rocks on the earth.

  • _______________rock is formed by the cooling of melted rock.

  • ___________ rock is formed by the pressing and cementing of layers of sediments.

  • ________________rock is formed by the application of heat and/or pressure to sedimentary or igneous rock.

  • In several layers of sedimentary rock, the oldest rock would be found

    in the_____________ layer.

  • __________ _________ can be replaced within a reasonably short period of time. Ex. Trees, fish

  • ______________ _______ cannot be replaced once they are used up. Ex. Gas, oil, coal (all are fossil fuels)

  • Renewable resources that cannot be used up are called

    _________ __________. Ex. Sunlight , wind

  • Water covers ________ % of the earths surface.

  • Most of the earths water is

    _____________.

  • Less than ____ % of the earths water is fresh water.

  • Less than _______% of water is drinkable.

  • Name at least 4 sources of fresh water.

  • In the water cycle, ocean water evaporates, but the

    ______ does not.

  • When the water falls as

    rain, it is __________ water.

  • In the water cycle, water _________ from the earth and its oceans, rises into the atmosphere,_________, falls to the earth as ___________, runs over the ground or sinks, eventually finds its way back to the oceans, and begins again.

  • The main source of energy in the water cycle is the

    __________.

  • The _________ __________ is the process by which certain gases in the atmosphere absorb heat and keep the earth warm.

  • The temperature of a nearby body of water can

    affect the _____________ of the land.

  • Addition of excess greenhouse gases to the atmosphere can increase the greenhouse effect, causing

    __________ _________.

  • The sun heats the

    Earth ________. The

    ________ cools and heats faster than water.

  • Deposition can result in new areas of rich soil and in new landforms, such as

    __________ and beaches.

  • ____________are formed by the deposition of sand by waves along a shoreline.

  • _________in rock layers tell about changes in the earths climate and land features and can be used to determine the age of the rock.

  • _____ ________ _______ show a trees age.

  • Landforms are a result

    of____________ and

    __________forces such as deposition of sediment and weathering.

  • How do you determine the age of a tree?

  • The Sun is the energy source of many things on earth. Name at least 3.

  • The layer of soil with the most capacity to retain

    water is ___________ .

  • Loam is a mix

    of _______ ,________,

    and _______.

  • Stalagmites and Stalactites are examples

    ____________, or build up of minerals in a cave.

  • _____________are big holes in the ground where garbage was dumped and left to pile up.

  • What would be the effect of not having a clay or plastic lining beneath a landfill?

  • __________ _________ is a change when the substance does not become a different substance. Ex. Peanuts=peanut butter

  • What force would cause the most rapid change to the Earths surface? Erosion caused by a river ora volcano?

  • How is a glacier a form of erosion?

  • How does wind build land?

  • A ________________ allow electricity to continue flowing.

  • Force causes a change

    in _______________.

  • On the moon your

    ________ (weight or mass) would stay the same and your

    _______ would change. (weight or mass)

  • _____________

    is the bending of light.

  • The energy of motion is known as

    ____________

    ______________.

  • A roller coaster at the top of a hill has

    _________ ____________

  • A hydroelectric plant

    changes the _______energy of moving water to

    _______ energy that powers homes.

  • When wood burns, chemical energy stored as potential energy in the

    wood changes to ________

    and __________ energy.

  • When gasoline burns in a cars engine, engine parts move. Chemical energy turns to _________ energy.

  • Energy can NEVER be

    ___________ or

    __________.

    It only changes form.

  • The changes in form during the stages of the life cycle is called

    _____________________

  • How are mosquitoes adapted to get food?

  • What purpose does a thorn on a rosebush serve?

  • Why are coconut seeds adapted to float on water?

  • How are dolphins adapted to get oxygen?

  • Photosynthesis

    Sun light + Water + ________________ =

    Sugar + _____________

  • What do the arrows in a food web represent?

  • Draw and label the water cycle

  • Draw and label the Nitrogen CycleNitrogen compounds in soilBacteria change nitrogen gas to nitrogen compoundsDecomposers return nitrogen compounds from dead organisms to the soilNitrogen gas in the atmosphereBacteria change nitrogen compounds to nitrogen gas

  • Draw and label the Carbon CyclePlants take incarbon dioxideduring photo- synthesisPlants release oxygen during photo-synthesisAnimals breathe out carbon dioxide

  • Water is a universal

    ______________.

  • Name two forms of energy that travel in waves

  • _______________ is a form of energy produced by vibrating objects.

  • A lens that is thicker in the middle than the edges and refracts light toward one another is called a ___________

  • A lens that is thicker at the edges than in the middle refract light away from one another is called a

    ___________

  • A __________ is a push or a pull.

  • Name at least 3 types of forces

  • A ____________ is an animal that has hair or fur and feeds its young with milk produced by the mother.

  • Loam is a mix

    of _______ ,________,

    and _______.

  • Stalagmites and Stalactites are examples

    ____________, or build up of minerals in a cave.

  • _____________are big holes in the ground where garbage was dumped and left to pile up.

  • What would be the effect of not having a clay or plastic lining beneathe a landfill?

  • What force would cause the most rapid change to the Earths surface? Erosion caused by a river orA volcano

  • How is a glacier a form of erosion?

  • How does wind build land?

  • A ________________ allow electricity to continue flowing.

  • Force causes a change

    in _______________.

  • A roller coaster at the top of a hill has

    _________ ____________

  • A hydroelectric plant

    changes the ______energy of moving water to

    _______ energy that powers homes.

  • When wood burns, chemical energy stored as potential energy in the

    wood changes to ________

    and __________ energy.

  • When gasoline burns in a cars engine, engine parts move. Chemical energy turns to _________ energy.

  • Energy can NEVER be

    ___________ or

    __________.

    It only changes form.

  • The changes in form during the stages of the life cycle is called

    _____________________

  • How are mosquitoes adapted to get food?

  • What purpose does a thorn on a rosebush serve?

  • Why are coconut seeds adapted to float on water?

  • How are dolphins adapted to get oxygen?

  • PhotosynthesisSun light + Water + ________________ =

    Sugar + _____________

  • What do the arrows in a food web represent?

  • A __________ is a push or a pull.

  • Landforms are a result

    of____________ and

    ___________ forces such as deposition of sediment and weathering.

  • What would be the effect of not having a clay or plastic lining beneathe a landfill?

  • Force causes a change

    in _______________.

  • _____________

    is the bending of light.

  • Super Science Bowl