the bones of limbs the upper & the lower limbs by khaled na3im

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  • Slide 1
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  • The bones of limbs The upper & The lower Limbs By Khaled Na3im
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  • 1.The bones of upper limb Include shoulder girdle and bones of upper limb.
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  • Composition of the upper limb
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  • Humerus: Anterior Humerus Scapula Clavicle Radius Ulna Click R Button for Slideshow Greater tubercle Coracoid process Lesser tubercle Acromion process Glenoid fossa Deltoid tuberosity Medial epicondyle Trochlea Lateral epicondyle Coronoid fossa Capitulum
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  • Humerus: Anterior2 Humerus Scapula Clavicle Radius Ulna Greater tubercle Coracoid process Lesser tubercle Acromion process Glenoid fossa Deltoid tuberosity Medial epicondyle Trochlea Lateral epicondyle Coronoid fossa Capitulum
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  • Humerus: Posterior Right Arm, Posterior Scapula Spine of scapula Glenoid fossa of scapula Head of humerus Deltoid tuberosity of humerus Humerus Ulna Olecranon process of ulna Radius Greater tubercle of humerus Medial epicondyle of humerus Acromion of scapula Lateral epicondyle of humerus
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  • The shoulder girdle Clavicle Scapula
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  • Clavicle medial (or sternal) end lateral (or acromial) end: medial 2/3 is convex
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  • Scapula 1.two surfaces anterior surface: subscapular fossa dorsal surface: spine of scapula acromion supraspinous fossa infraspinous fossa 2. three borders:(superior,lateral,medial) superior border coracoid process 3. three angles (the superior, inferior and lateral ) lateral angle glenoid cavity inferior angle the 7 th rib
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  • Bones of upper limb 1.Arm:humerus 2.Forearm:radius )is the lateral bone ) ulna ( is the medial bone ) 3.Hand: carpal bones are 8, metacarpal bones are 5 and phalanges ( 14 )
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  • The humerus: is a long bone,has a body (shaft) and two ends (extremities) The upper (proximal) end : head of humerus lateral greater tubercle anterior lesser tubercle surgical neck Body: deltoid tuberosity sulcus for radial nerve The lower end: lateral capitulum medial trochlea coronoid fossa olecranon fossa lateral and medial epicondyles sulcus for ulnar nerve
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  • . Carrying angle
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  • Nerves related
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  • The radius The proximal end: a head, neck..and tuberosity . The shaft: interosseous border The distal end: styloid process The wrist joint is made up between radius and two carpal bones; the ulna does not share in formation of wrist joint.
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  • Forearm: Anterior Radius Ulna Humerus Lateral epicondyle of humerus Medial epicondyle of humerus Coronoid process of ulna Head of radius Coronoid fossa of humerus Capitulum of humerus Trochlea of humerus Radial tuberosity Styloid process of ulna Styloid process of radius
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  • Radius Ulna Humerus Lateral epicondyle of humerus Medial epicondyle of humerus Coronoid process of ulna Head of radius Coronoid fossa of humerus Capitulum of humerus Trochlea of humerus Radial tuberosity Styloid process of ulna Styloid process of radius
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  • The ulna The proximal end: olecranon coronoid process trochlear notch ulnar tuberosity The shaft: interosseous border The distal end: a head and a styloid process
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  • The bones of hand include three parts: the carpal bones, the metacarpal bones and phalanges
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  • The carpal bones ( the bones of the wrist ) The proximal row scaphoid, lunate, triquetral and pisiform bones The distal row :trapezium, trapezoid, capitate and hamate bones
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  • Mnemonic for Learning Carpals She Likes To Play Lunate In the moonlight Triquetrum The third T Bone Pisiform Pea-shaped Try To Catch Her Trapezium: Its by the thumb Trapezoid Is by its side Capitate Hamate A hambone With a hook Scaphoid A boat
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  • The Carpal bones Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
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  • . The metacarpal bones ( short long bones i.e has 3 parts : a shaft, and 2 ends a head, a base. The phalanges : 14 in number, two for the thumb and three for each of other digits. The metacarpal bones Are 5 :
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  • Hand Quiz C D E F G H J K A B
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  • Hand Quiz Answers C. Trapezium D. Scaphoid E. Lunate F. Triquetrum G. Pisiform H. Hamate J. Capitate K. Trapezoid B. Metacarpals A. Phalanges
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  • Anatomical Drawings Copyright Free Anatomical Drawings: Online: Grays Anatomy, 1918: 1250 free drawings with descriptions. Excellent quality, but heavily labeled. http://www.bartleby.com/107/ Carl Bock. Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. 1841. Put on the web by Ronald A. Bergman http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/index.shtml Great drawings; fewer labels than Grays. Old Books (UC Berkeley Biosciences Library: (Xerox, then scan): Cull, P., Ed. (1989). The Sourcebook of Medical Illustration. Park Ridge, NJ, Parthenon. Simple line drawings. Copyright free. Toldt, C. (1907). Anatomischer Atlas fur Studierende und Arzte. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg. The Limb Bones Powerpoint uses line drawings from Cull. This disc has examples of drawings from Grays & Bock (skull & pelvis) Make your own photographs & drawings using our models
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  • Medical Mnemonics Some are in books like this: Goldberg, S. (1984). Clinical Anatomy Made Ridiculously Simple. Miami, FL, MedMaster. There are many more on the Internet. The best site that I have seen is Medical Mnemonics: http://www.medicalmnemonics.com Try making up your own

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