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The Frick Collection Report

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Page 1: The Frick Collection Report 2001 · The Frick Collection Report 2001 the frick collection report 2001 The Frick residence under construction, c.1913. ... Juan Sabater Melvin R. Seiden

The Frick Collection Report

The Frick residence under construction, c.

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The Frick Collection Report

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Henry Clay Frick and his granddaughter Adelaide at Eagle Rock,Frick’s summer residence in Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, .

The image is one of hundreds of Frick family photographs from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives, recently preserved by the Library’s Conservation Department.

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The Frick Collection Report

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The Frick Collection Board of Trustees

Helen Clay Chace

Peter P. Blanchard III

Margot C. Bogert

I. Townsend Burden III

Walter Joseph Patrick Curley

L. F. Boker Doyle

Emily T. Frick

Henry Clay Frick II

Nicholas H. J. Hall

Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.

Howard Phipps

Juan Sabater

Melvin R. Seiden

Council of The Frick Collection

Young Fellows Steering Committee

Nicholas H. J. Hall, ChairmanJulian AgnewIrene Roosevelt AitkenJean A. BonnaW. M. BradyJonathan BrownVivien R. Clark Peter DuchinRobert GarrettMauro A. HerlitzkaJoseph L. Koerner, Vice ChairmanJon Landau

Douglas B. LeedsMartha Loring, ex officioDiane Allen NixonRichard E. OldenburgPaul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Marc PorterSamuel Sachs II, ex officioMelvin R. SeidenDeirdre C. StamWynant D. Vanderpoel IIINina Zilkha

Nathalie Kaplan, ChairmanElizabeth FlemingAmy Mazzola FlynnLisa Rossi GorrivanPhilip C. GorrivanJulian IragorriRobert LindgrenVictoria Lindgren

Martha Loring, SecretaryJennifer NillesVictoria RotenstreichJuan SabaterLouise SchliemannChristine ScornavaccaGenevieve Wheeler

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The Frick Collection Board of Trustees Council of The Frick Collection Young Fellows Steering Committee Report of the President Report of the Director A Tribute to a Tremendous Force Curatorial Exhibitions, Lectures & Publications


Frick Art Reference Library

Public Affairs Gifts & Grants

Fellows and Friends of The Frick Collection

Corporate Members

Autumn Dinner

A Tartan Ball

Financial Statements




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The Frick Collection participated in the exuberanceand successes of early with an expanding audienceand increased programming. Then came the tragediesof September in New York, Washington, and Penn-sylvania, which brought sadness to so many people anduncertainty to our institution. While many avoidedNew York City in the aftermath, those who remainedcould find refuge and solace in places such as TheFrick Collection. It was our privilege to join many ofour fellow museums in opening our doors free to thepublic in the days immediately following the attacks,as a gesture of welcome and unity.

We continue to struggle with the after-effects of lastfall. Attendance in the museum was at record levelsthrough August, but plummeted in the final quarter of. In September and October visitorship fell nearlyfifty percent from the prior year, and the two year-endmonths were only modestly better. The falloff in atten-dance was the most dramatic of many effects to ripplethrough the institution, and between September andDecember, we lost more than $ million in revenuebudgeted for . This situation exacerbated the finan-cial difficulties brought on by recession and a witheringstock market. Only through stringent belt-tighteningand aggressive fiscal management were we able to closethe books with a nearly balanced bottom line, as thefinancial statements on pages and attest. Theseeffects will certainly be with us in the year to come.

I extend my personal thanks to the Trustees of TheFrick Collection who are more dedicated than ever topreserving this institution and all that it represents.The Board has continued to move forward in cement-ing the stewardship of the organization. We have beeninvigorated by the addition of a new trustee, JuanSabater, who was elected to fill the vacancy created bythe resignation of Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, now Chair-man Emeritus. Juan has been an active participant inthe Young Fellows Steering Committee for many years.In addition to the keen acumen of an investmentbanker, he brings to the Board the unique perspectiveof our extraordinary group of Young Fellows, whoseSteering Committee, chaired by Nathalie Gerschel

Report ofthe President

Helen Clay Chace ,

Minturn V. Chace, Helen Clay Chace, Beth Sachs, and Samuel Sachs II at the Spring Party and opening reception for El Greco: Themesand Variations.

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Kaplan, has been so resolute and effective in its sup-port of our programs. Their very successful annualYoung Fellows Ball held in February is now a signa-ture event for the under-forty set and underwrites asignificant portion of our Education Program.

Board development is just one facet of the effortsthat have evolved from our strategic planning. Ourcommitment to providing the leadership and resourcesto support the mission of the Collection has resultedin greater outreach to the philanthropic community.A trustee sub-committee on Major Gifts has beenformed to provide the basis for continuing to buildour fundraising efforts, which are so necessary inorder to address our long-standing programmatic andphysical-plant needs. Our Buildings and GroundsCommittee continues to confer with our architecturaladvisors to assess the dual challenges of an agingplant and cramped working conditions that exist in alldepartments of the Collection and the Library. Thework of these two committees is part of the broaderplanning process for institutional preservation andenhancement. We are clear in our goal to maintain the historic pre-eminence of this exceptional museumand library.

Thanks to a major grant from and the continuingsupport of The Helen Clay Frick Foundation, aunique, collaborative effort has been launchedbetween the Frick Art Reference Library and the University of Pittsburgh to restore the extensive andcomplete archive of the personal papers of HenryClay Frick and his daughter, Helen Clay Frick. At thecompletion of this project, these valuable records willbe made available for the first time at our Library andat the Archives of Industrial Society in Pittsburgh.

Also, we are heartened by the broadening base ofcontributors who enhance our activities in so manyways. In that regard, we were particularly pleased, lastJanuary, at our annual Henry Clay Frick Fellows Dinner, tobe able to recognize Eugene V. Thaw, one of thosepersons who has steadfastly supported—often quietlyand behind the scenes—a wide range of programs atThe Frick Collection, throughout the city, and around

the nation. Gene is a leader in the art community, aconnoisseur, a collector, and a visionary who has con-tinually recognized the fundamental needs of artinstitutions and has provided encouragement for theseessential purposes. I am very glad to reiterate ourgratitude and indebtedness to him.

At our Autumn Dinner, held in October and generously chaired by Michel David-Weill, we welcomed back to New York an extraordinary couple,Neil and Angelica Rudenstine, who have done somuch for education and the arts. Their efforts onbehalf of Harvard University and The Andrew W.Mellon Foundation will enrich the humanities and thearts for generations to come. We value their commit-ment and hope that the Collection will benefit fromtheir remarkable example in our own endeavors. Theevening’s celebration was also a great financial success,providing badly needed support at a very difficulttime. We are especially grateful for the organizationand support of the Frick Council, chaired byNicholas Hall, which made this event possible.

On behalf of the Board of Trustees, I would liketo express our appreciation to the Director, SamuelSachs II, and his staff for their dedicated workthroughout this trying year. We are happy to have theopportunity to thank all our supporters who haveattended events, joined or renewed as Members, givento our first Annual Appeal, and in so many other wayscontributed to the vibrancy of this Collection andLibrary. I look forward to seeing you in the comingyear at the opening of one of our exhibitions, at aconcert or a lecture, at the Library, or simply spend-ing an hour of unqualified pleasure in the galleries ofThe Frick Collection.

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For much of last year, the Fifth Avenue Garden ofThe Frick Collection was surrounded by an imposingfence, which boldly announced “ Restoration.”While a few people telephoned to ask if this meantthat the Collection was closed to the public, mostwere not discouraged, and through the first eightmonths of the year a great many visitors lined up inrecord numbers to view the galleries and our threememorable exhibitions.

When the fence came down late in the winter,many were surprised to discover that they were unableto discern much change. Indeed, often when an his-toric landmark is restored, the most costly improve-ments are virtually invisible—gutters, roofs,foundation walls—all essential but very much behindthe scenes. In this case, upon closer examination, onediscovered that the beautiful but rusting wrought-ironfence designed by William H. Jackson had beenpainstakingly restored, and the limestone walls, whichwere previously cracked, seeping water, and patchedtogether, were solid once again. Following the tragicevents of September , these renewed signs of ourpermanence and longevity were most welcome.

While the exterior was being restored, we were sim-ilarly engaged in preserving and restoring the collec-tions and rooms. Some of the projects resulted inquite visible changes to the galleries. The opening upof the Boucher Room, following a beautiful restora-tion of its eighteenth-century parquet floor, allowsclose examination of the charming panels for the firsttime. Additionally, the removal of the stanchions inthe West Gallery and its subsequent reorganizationhave served to open that space and give greater promi-nence to our superb collection of Renaissance bronzesculpture.

Another subtle but equally important project wasthe re-creation of the draperies in the Fragonard Room.Based on the original designs—and similarly woven bythe firm of Prelle in Lyon—the new draperies, fringe,and tasseled tie-backs have brought renewed brillianceto that gallery. We are grateful to Brooke Astor forgenerously helping to make this possible.

Report ofthe Director

Samuel Sachs II

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Refurbishing the galleries is just one of the priori-ties identified in the space-planning component ofour strategic plan. Below stairs we have been activelypursuing a host of other initiatives that are key to thefurtherance of our mission. In addition to basicpreservation and safety issues, we are particularlyfocused on those aspects of the buildings that limitour programs, and we are eager to find solutions tosuch diverse issues as the need for better education,conservation, and exhibition spaces, and the finiteshelving in an ever-growing Library. As we enhanceour quality and scope in each arena, furthering ourmission of excellence, the need becomes more criticalfor adequate space for professional and support staff,for staging areas, and easily accessible exhibition gal-leries offering higher ceilings, dependable environmen-tal control, and flexible lighting.

In the interim, we have learned to live with suchlimitations, and they certainly did not prevent us frommounting an exciting exhibition program this pastyear. Master Drawings from the Smith College Museum ofArt, El Greco: Themes and Variations, and The Art of theTimekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest werewidely praised for their unique quality, interest, andcontribution to the New York art scene. The futurepromises more of the same, with an expanding rosterof first-class exhibitions planned for the years tocome.

The space situation at the Library has been madeall the more pressing by the arrival of the FrickArchives (some thirteen hundred linear feet), on long-term loan from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation.The extraordinary agreement between the Collection,the Foundation, and the University of Pittsburgh willeventually, and for the first time, provide public accessto the enormous trove of archival material fromHenry Clay Frick and his descendents, including doc-umentation of works of art now or previously in theCollection, photographs, home movies, and architec-tural and business records. This material is beingjointly documented, preserved, and made accessible bythe Collection and the University of Pittsburgh, and Samuel Sachs II, Director

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Workers in the Fifth Avenue Garden rebuild the stone wall and stairway after repairing deterioration caused by years of water damage.Whenever possible, original stones were recarved to remove damaged surface areas, then rebuilt into the repaired structures.

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represents an unprecedented contribution to ourknowledge of the Frick family, art, and business his-tory. The Frick Collection—indeed, the entire coun-try—owes a debt of gratitude to the trustees of TheHelen Clay Frick Foundation for their tireless effortsto make this material accessible and to support itslong-term preservation.

The Frick Archives is an exceptional addition toour outreach activities and dovetails perfectly withother scholarly initiatives currently underway or indevelopment. The Council of The Frick Collection,under the inspired guidance of Nicholas Hall, hastaken a leadership role in the encouragement of suchactivities both in the Library and in the Collection. Inparticular, our work in this area could not haveoccurred without the generous help of Dr. JonathanBrown, who not only aided in the conception and exe-cution of the El Greco exhibition, but also hasencouraged the Council’s support of our scholarlypursuits. Having an academician of his stature buildsstrength upon strength, and heralds a renewed com-mitment to first principles in our intellectual focus.We are deeply fortunate to have people of such cal-iber willing to give so much and so selflessly.

Our recent accomplishments in myriad activities

The restoration projectincluded repairing the wrought-iron fence that surrounds the FifthAvenue Garden. After beingstripped down to bare metal, thefence was hand-painted with arust-inhibiting primer before twocoats of black paint were applied.

are the result of a formidable team effort—a team ofTrustees, Staff, Council, the Young Fellows SteeringCommittee, and, indeed, all of our members anddonors who have contributed to our life this past year. All, I trust, share with me an appreciation ofour past and the vision of our future, a dedication to preservation, and the promise to meet tomorrow’sneeds. This center of art and scholarship began as thevision of one man, but in giving it to the public hecharged all of us with the responsibility for its evolu-tion. We stand at a critical moment in our history,when your commitment is sought and valued morethan ever before.

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On December , it was announced at the annual meeting ofthe Board of Trustees that Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, grandson ofthe Collection’s founder and a board member for forty-eight yearsand President since , had chosen to retire. The board voted toconfer on him the title of Chairman Emeritus. Fellow trustee PaulG. Pennoyer described his service to the Collection as follows:

Clay, as Dr. Frick was known to his friends and asso-ciates, was first elected to the Board of Trustees in. His father, Childs Frick, was then President ofthe board, and his aunt, Helen Clay Frick, was Secre-tary. In , Clay was elected Vice President, takingthe place of Junius Spencer Morgan. Clay’s fatherrelinquished the presidency a few months before hedied in . Soon after, Clay was elected President, aposition he held until his resignation in , whenhis niece Helen Clay Chace assumed this role.

During his tenure on the board, he served with fiveDirectors: Franklin Biebel, Harry Grier, Everett Fahy,Charles Ryskamp, and Samuel Sachs II. During hispresidency several remarkable paintings were added tothe Collection, including Three Soldiers by Brueghel,Comte and Chevalier de Choiseul by Drouais, Madonna andChild with Sts. Lawrence and Julian by Gentile da Fabriano,Portrait of a Man by Memling, and The Portal of Valenci-ennes by Watteau.

During his watch, the property adjoining the Col-lection was acquired, which allowed for the construc-tion of the Seventieth Street Garden as well as anaddition to accommodate visitor needs and specialexhibition galleries. Other major undertakingsincluded the publication of the complete Catalogue ofthe Collection, the inauguration of the exhibitionprogram, and, perhaps most significantly, the mergerof the Library with the Collection in followed bythe campaign to create the Library’s own endowment.Clay was instrumental in getting the drive started withan $. million grant from The Helen Clay FrickFoundation.

This cold recitation of historical events does notbegin to describe the role that Clay played as Presi-dent of the Trustees. Even though he inherited the

A Tribute to aTremendousForceDr. Henry Clay Frick II

Paul G. Pennoyer

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position, he bore its responsibilities heavily and withdeep concern not only for the institution, but also forthe staff and for each of us who were his colleagues.He ran board meetings with great sensitivity to theviews of its members, always letting them expresstheir opinions before delivering his own. Whenever hewas in the area, there were few weeks when he did notcome by the Collection two or three times to, in hiswords, “see how things were going.”

He is probably the last surviving Frick to have livedat the Collection, staying with his grandmother whileshe occupied the house during the s. Not surpris-ingly, he believed strongly in Henry Clay Frick’sadmonition to maintain the Collection as much aspossible like the home that it had been.

He was insistent over the years that the Collectioncontrol its spending. Although he had some difficultyunderstanding accounting, he spent many hours withthe Collection’s officers in charge of money matters

Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, Chairman Emeritus

trying to find out if the Collection was holding to itsbudget. Like many of us, he did not seem to be ableto understand that a negative expense was actually areduced expense. A negative sign to him was, after all,red ink. One could well say that thanks to Clay’sthrifty instincts, the Collection today enjoys a healthyendowment.

During his many years of service to the Collection,Clay provided wise and caring leadership as well asconstant loyalty and the warmth of his devotion tothe institution. As a result of his remarkable steward-ship, The Frick Collection remains the treasure thathis grandfather envisioned, and we offer heartfeltappreciation to him for leading us in the preservationand enhancement of this living legacy.

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The Frick Collection houses over eleven hundredworks of art from the Renaissance to the late nine-teenth century, including paintings, sculpture, workson paper, and objects of decorative art. Throughacquisitions, exhibitions, publications, conservationprojects, and programs for scholars, the public, andmiddle and high school students, the curatorial staffworks to maintain, develop, and interpret its collec-tions; preserve the historic site; and fulfill thefounder’s aim of “encouraging and developing thestudy of the fine arts, and advancing the generalknowledge of kindred subjects.”

Over the course of the year, the curatorial depart-ment presented four loan exhibitions (two of theminitiated in-house), a number of in-focus installationson objects in the collection, and special loans. Thesetemporary shows ranged in period from the GoldenAge of Spain, to eighteenth-century France, to Post-Impressionism, and focused on a variety of media,including painting, drawing, and the decorative arts.In addition, the department organized nine lecturesby scholars, a talk by a prominent contemporaryartist, and symposia; produced two catalogues andtexts to accompany the exhibitions; expanded its edu-cational offerings to middle and high school studentsand special audiences; and launched a comprehensivecollections management program. The year sawincreased activity in conservation, including the refur-bishment and presentation of the Winthrop Edeybequest of clocks and timepieces and the upgradingof the museum’s storage areas.

Loan Exhibitions

Magnificent sheets by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael,Peter Paul Rubens, François Boucher, William Blake,Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Georges Seuratwere among the highlights of some eighty works inThe Draftsman’s Art: Master Drawings from the NationalGallery of Scotland. The exhibition, organized by theAmerican Federation of Arts, was on display in the

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El Greco (‒), Purification of the Temple, c. , oil on canvas

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which Curator Susan Grace Galassi contributed anessay. Held in the Oval Room from May throughJuly , the exhibition received extensive press cover-age. Roberta Smith commented in her review of May in the New York Times: “…brevity is the soul of wit.At the Frick it is also the soul of intense visual con-centration, blissful savoring and a sense of artisticgrowth so compressed it can make the air crackle.”

A wide range of works from the Renaissance to thepresent was included in the exhibition Master Drawingsfrom the Smith College Museum of Art, held in the down-stairs galleries and Cabinet from June throughAugust . The drawings, which included examples byGrunewald, Fra Bartolommeo, Barocci, Gainsborough,Degas, Van Gogh, Mondrian, and Matisse, wereselected from the college’s extensive collection ofsome seventeen hundred sheets. Independent scholarAnn Sievers wrote the publication that accompanied

downstairs galleries and the Cabinet from December, , through February , . In conjunctionwith The Draftsman’s Art, a signature painting from theNational Gallery of Scotland, The Reverend Robert WalkerSkating on Duddingston Loch by Sir Henry Raeburn(‒), was loaned to the Frick for the durationof the exhibition. It was displayed in the Libraryalong with two other works by Raeburn from theCollection, James Cruikshank and Mrs. James Cruikshank.

El Greco: Themes and Variations featured five versionsand variations of two works in The Frick Collection(St. Jerome and Purification of the Temple). Along with the two Frick paintings, these five canvases—borrowed from museums and collections in theUnited States and Spain—demonstrated the artist’srepetition and reuse of his own compositions. Profes-sor Jonathan Brown was guest curator of the exhibi-tion and author of the accompanying catalogue, to

Leonardo da Vinci (‒), Studies of Paws of a Dog,c. , metalpoint on pink paper, National Gallery of Scotland

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (‒), Portrait of Henri-Gabriel Ibels, Painter, , brush and black ink with white heightening on beige tracing paper, Smith College Museum of Art

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the show, which later traveled to the Galleria degliUffizi in Florence.

The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the WinthropEdey Bequest featured twenty-one French, German, andEnglish clocks and watches dating from the sixteenthto the eighteenth century. On display in the down-stairs galleries from November , , through Feb-ruary , , the selected timepieces representedapproximately half of the items Edey left to the Col-lection in , together with his horological library.In her review in the Wall Street Journal on January ,

, Ann Berman referred to the “dazzling display”of timepieces from The Art of the Timekeeper as standing“in the very nexus of history, science, and art.” Anillustrated booklet by William J. H. Andrewes, GuestCurator, accompanied the exhibition.

In-focus Installations

To coincide with The Metropolitan Museum of Art’sloan exhibition Vermeer and the Delft School, The FrickCollection reinstalled its three paintings by the artistin early March on one wall at the foot of the GrandStaircase—the first time they have hung together inmore than fifty years.

Two French candelabra of gilt bronze and lapislazuli that are tentatively attributed to Pierre-PhilippeThomire (‒) were on display from March

through June in the Cabinet, providing visitors anintimate glimpse of these exceptional objects, whichare usually visible only from a distance on the landingof the Grand Staircase. The late eighteenth-centurycandelabra had been cleaned and treated in the Col-lection’s Conservation Studio.

Two works from the Collection were reinstalledand highlighted during . Gilbert Stuart’s GeorgeWashington, ‒, was featured in an installation inthe Cabinet from December , , to April ,

, while Anthony Van Dyck’s Marchesa GiovannaCattaneo, c. ‒, was installed in the East Gallery in November following restoration by Hubert von

Federico Barocci (?‒), Head of a Young Woman, studyfor the painting The Madonna del Gatto, c. , Smith CollegeMuseum of Art

Sonnenburg, Chairman of Paintings Conservation atThe Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Loans to The Frick Collection

The loan of six paintings from the former collectionof Mr. and Mrs. John Hay Whitney, which wasinstalled in the Garden Court in July , wasextended through April , . Generously lent bythe Greentree Foundation, the current custodian ofthe Whitney collection, the group included works byCorot, Degas, Manet, Picasso, and Redon.

Descent into Limbo by Andrea Mantegna, on loanfrom the Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collection sinceSeptember , continued to be displayed in theEnamel Room, alongside works from the Collectionby Piero della Francesca and Duccio.

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Scholarly Programs

IFAR LectureOn February , the International Foundation for ArtResearch (IFAR) hosted a lecture at the Collection byErnst van de Wetering, Chairman of the RembrandtResearch Project, entitled Thirty Years of the RembrandtResearch Project: the Tension Between Science and Connoisseur-ship in Authenticating Art. Dr. van de Wetering discussedthe methods employed by members of the RembrandtResearch Project in assessing Rembrandt’s oeuvre,including stylistic and scientific analyses, and pre-sented several case studies, concluding his talk with adiscussion of Rembrandt’s The Polish Rider.

Symposium on the History of ArtThe annual Symposium on the History of Art, sponsoredby The Frick Collection and the Institute of FineArts, New York University, was held on March and . Fourteen northeastern academic institutionsparticipated, each sending one graduate student topresent his or her original art historical research. Lec-tures included such diverse topics as Problems in Titian,Reconsidered; Maps, Landscapes, and Politics in Early QingChina; and Japonisme and Aestheticism in J. M. Whistler’sExhibition Designs.


The Conservation Department received a grant of$, from The Ahmanson Foundation in LosAngeles to strengthen the Collection’s conservationfacilities and to purchase tools, equipment, and stor-age units. William J. H. Andrewes conducted a surveyof the clocks and watches from the Winthrop Edeybequest in collaboration with Objects ConservatorBarbara Roberts; Jean Goodman, a third-year interncompleting her studies at New York University Con-servation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts; andLara Kaplan, a first-year intern studying at the Uni-versity of Delaware, Art Conservation Department.

Loans from The Frick Collection

• Pietà, attributed to the circle of Konrad Witz, was loaned to the exhibition The Mediterranean Renaissance:The Movement of Artists and Works of Art Between Italy,France and Spain in the Fifteenth Century at the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid and the Museo de Bellas Artes in Valencia.

• Andrea del Verrocchio’s sculpture Bust of a Ladywas loaned to the National Gallery of Art,Washington, for the exhibition Virtue and Beauty:Leonardo’s Ginevra de’ Benci and Renaissance Portraits of Women.

• Monet’s Vétheuil in Winter was loaned to the Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art in Japan for the Monet Retrospective exhibition.

Religieuse clock by Balthazar Martinot (‒; clockmaker)and André-Charles Boulle (‒; attributed casemaker),c. , ebony, pewter, tortoiseshell, ivory, oak case with gilt bronzemounts, brass and steel movement, bequest of Winthrop Edey

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• The oak floor in the Boucher Room was repaired and refinished by William Erbe and Company.Upon reopening, a modified display was intro-duced that allowed the public to circulate more freely in the room.

• The Persian carpets in the West Gallery were retired to storage.

• The bronze sculptures were redisplayed in the West and East Galleries.

• The Conservation Department, in conjunction with the Galleries Technicians, Operations, and Frick Art Research Library staff, made important inroads in cleaning and reorganizing the vaults.

• The third-floor room in the Collection that houses the photographic archive was repainted.

Conservation Technician William Trachet reinstalls the chandelier in the Fragonard Room.

Gilbert Stuart (‒), George Washington, ‒,

oil on canvas

• The Staff Emergency Handbook, initiated by the Conservation Department in conjunction with a team of staff representatives, was completed and distributed to all staff and volunteers.

• Extremely fine new drapery was hung in the Fragonard Room, thanks to a generous gift from Brooke Astor. In addition, the Fragonard Room’s chandelier was cleaned and rewired.

• Terry Drayman-Weisser, Director of Conservation at The Walters Art Gallery in Baltimore, surveyed more than half of the Collection’s enamels, which have been on continuous display since Mr. Frick acquired them between and . Discussions regarding appropriate conservation measures are ongoing.

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During the ‒ school year, more than sixteenhundred students from fifty classes visited The FrickCollection through the Education Program, whilemore than two hundred teachers participated in staffdevelopment sessions. Due to the tragic events ofSeptember , the last quarter of the year suffered adrastic decline in school visits.

For the first time, the Collection offered its four-part teacher training course for credit from the NewYork City Board of Education. The Collection alsooffered training courses to private and parochialteachers through the Leadership Program, studentteachers from Lehman College of the City Universityof New York, and teaching artists from Dreamyard,an organization that provides outreach to inner-cityschool students through the visual, performing, andliterary arts.

The Frick Collection/Weill-Cornell MedicalSchool collaboration, launched in , continued to elicit national and international interest from academic institutions as well as museums. Eighteenmedical students and seven faculty members partici-pated this year. In May, a group of twelve dermatol-ogy residents from Columbia Presbyterian Hospitalparticipated in a shorter version of the same visualobservation training program.

In collaboration with the National Shakespeare Company, students fromShallow Intermediate School in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, presentedtableaux vivants inspired by paintings in The Frick Collection.

Other special presentations and events:

• In collaboration with the National Shakespeare Company, students from Shallow Intermediate School in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, presented tableaux vivants inspired by paintings in The Frick Collec-tion, which were performed in the galleries. The students also wrote, illustrated, and published “Odes to The Frick Collection,” tributes to their favorite works from the museum.

• Colin B. Bailey announced the promotion of Amy Herman, Education Administrator from ‒,

to Head of Education. Curator Susan Galassi, who founded the program in , will now focus primarily on curatorial matters and research initia-tives, while remaining a valuable resource to the program.

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Head of Education Amy Herman discusses the paintings in the West Gallery with a group of seniors from Manhattan International High School.

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Exhibitions and Special Loans

Six Paintings from the Former Collection of Mr. and Mrs.John Hay Whitney on Loan from the Greentree FoundationJuly , – April ,

Mantegna’s Descent into Limbo, from the Barbara PiaseckaJohnson Collection September , – August

Raeburn’s The Reverend Robert Walker Skating onDuddingston Loch from the National Gallery of ScotlandDecember , – February ,

The Draftsman’s Art: Master Drawings from the NationalGallery of Scotland December , – February ,

Johannes Vermeer (–) at The Frick CollectionMarch – May ,

Thomire CandelabraMarch – May ,

El Greco: Themes and VariationsMay – July ,

Master Drawings from the Smith College Museum of ArtJune – August ,

The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey BequestNovember , – February ,

Stuart’s Portrait of George WashingtonDecember , – April ,

Exhibitions,Lectures &Publications

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The Image of a “Whole Republic:” Van Gogh’s Portraits from ArlesJudy Sund, Queens College, City University of New York

February Dead EndingsFrank Stella, artist

March Finding the Right Path: Conserving Botticelli’s The VirginAdoring the Sleeping Christ ChildMichael Gallagher, National Gallery of Scotland


Vermeer Teaching HimselfWalter Liedtke, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

May Waddesdon: A Rothschild Creation, to

Philippa Glanville, Waddesdon Manor


The Frick El GrecosSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered to Fellows ofThe Frick Collection

June The Transformations of El GrecoJonathan Brown, The Institute of Fine Arts, NewYork University


Signed all over: Master Drawings from the Smith CollegeMuseum of ArtAnn Sievers, independent scholar

September The Road to Armageddon: The Great War, ‒

Ian Kennedy, Dickinson Roundell, Inc.

Johannes Vermeer (‒), Officer and Laughing Girl,‒, oil on canvas. This was one of three works by Vermeer thatwas hung at the foot of the Grand Staircase in conjunction with TheMetropolitan Museum of Art’s Vermeer and the Delft School.

October Early French Painting and Jean FouquetHenri Zerner, Harvard University

December The Art of the TimekeeperWilliam J. H. Andrewes, Guest Curator

Curatorial Lectures Outside The Frick Collection


Manet’s Spanish DecadeSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered at the Hermitage Foundation at the Chrysler Museum in Norfolk, Virginia.

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April Chardin: Paradise RedefinedColin B. Bailey, nd Street Y. Dr. Bailey’s lecture onthe celebrated artist was interspersed with a concertof eighteenth-century music, performed by The FourNations Ensemble.

May – National Task Force on Emergency Response Mentor LecturesBarbara Roberts, program held in Andover,Massachusetts.


Buying British: Henry Clay Frick and Grand Manner Portraiture Colin B. Bailey, lecture delivered at Waddesdon/Mellon Symposium, Waddesdon Manor,Buckinghamshire, England.

June and The Impressionists, a series for A&E Television Colin B. Bailey was featured in various segmentsthroughout the program. Part I (The Road to Impression-ism) aired on Sunday, June 3, and Part II (Capturing theMoment) aired on Monday, June 4.


The Universal StudioSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered as part of asymposium, Creative Spaces: Artists and Their Studios inconnection with the exhibition Picasso: The Artist’s Studio,at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut.

October “Whoever wants to know something about me as an artist…must look attentively at my paintings”: The Many Faces ofGustav KlimtColin B. Bailey, lecture delivered as part of the DanielH. Silberberg Lecture Series at New York University’sInstitute of Fine Arts.


Perspectives on World War II Art RecoveryPanel discussion in which Colin B. Bailey participated,held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art for theFriends of the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center atVassar College.

October ‒

National Task Force on Emergency Response Mentor LecturesBarbara Roberts, program held at Ft. Bragg, NorthCarolina.

November What Are Museums For?Susan Grace Galassi, panelist in a symposium pre-sented by The Cooper Union for the Advancement ofScience and Art, New York City.

The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest was published in conjunction with the exhibition of twenty-one clocks and watches shown November , – February , .

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Notable publications for the year were the following:

El Greco: Themes and Variations, by Jonathan Brown and Susan Grace Galassi, edited by Joseph Focarino.A forty-four-page, full-color catalogue published by The Frick Collection in conjunction with the exhibition of seven paintings by El Greco shown May – July , .

The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop EdeyBequest, by William J. H. Andrewes, edited by JosephFocarino. A twenty-four-page, full-color cataloguepublished by The Frick Collection in conjunctionwith the exhibition of twenty-one clocks and watchesshown November , – February , .

In addition, saw the beginning of press produc-tion for Volume IX of The Frick Collection: An IllustratedCatalogue. This final volume, which deals with draw-ings, prints, and acquisitions made since , willcomplete a series that also includes Volumes I and II:Paintings; Volumes III and IV: Sculpture; Volumes V andVI: Furniture and Gilt Bronzes; Volume VII: Porcelains;and Volume VIII: Enamels, Rugs, and Silver. The Catalogueis edited by Joseph Focarino, published by The FrickCollection, and distributed by Princeton UniversityPress.

The Frick Collection also publishes three times a yearan announcement of concerts, special exhibitions, andlectures, available free on request.

All Frick publications, including books, color prints,color slides, posters, postcards, and greeting cards, areavailable from the Collection’s Museum Shop.

Other Scholarly Publications by the Curatorial Staff

Colin B. Bailey, “Not Greuze, but Bernard d’Agesci”(co-authored with Pierre Rosenberg), Burlington Magazine (No. CXLIII, pp. -), April .

Colin B. Bailey, “Pierre Auguste Renoir Woman witha Parrot,” in Thannhauser: The Thannhauser Collection of theGuggenheim Museum (Matthew Drutt ed., New York,, pp. -).

Colin B. Bailey, Gustav Klimt (‒): Modernism inthe Making (Harry N. Abrams, Inc, published in associ-ation with the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa,). In addition to writing the catalogue essay,“Prolegomena: A Klimt for the Twenty-first Century,”Dr. Bailey was the general editor of the catalogue andcurator of the exhibition.

Colin B. Bailey, “Poussin’s L’Enfance de Bacchusnewly identified in two eighteenth-century collec-tions,” in Mélanges en homage à Pierre Rosenberg, ed. A.Cavina, J. P. Cuzin, M. Laclotte, A. Schnapper, Paris, pp. -.

Susan Grace Galassi, “In Delacroix’s Harem,” essayin the exhibition catalogue Picasso: Las Grandes Series,Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid,March .

Susan Grace Galassi, “Rearranging Rosa Corder”(with a biographical note by Timothy J. Cockerill),Apollo, October , pp. -.

Amy Herman (with Charles L. Bardes, M.D. andDebra Gillers, M.A.), “Learning to Look: DevelopingClinical Observational Skills at an Art Museum,”Medical Education, : -, December .

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The Frick Collection has presented classical musicconcerts since . During its distinguished history,the concert program has been host to major soloistsand ensembles, such as Gregor Piatigorsky, ArturSchnabel, Josef Szigeti, Wanda Landowska, Kiri TeKanawa, Kathleen Battle, Ian Bostridge, and theBudapest, Tokyo, and Guarneri quartets. In ,

there were fourteen concerts, of which eight weredebuts.

The circular Music Room—with its glass dome,damask-covered walls, and seats—conveys theatmosphere of a private salon. Not only is the Collec-tion an important venue for music played on periodinstruments, it also has become prestigious for Euro-pean musicians to make their New York debuts here.

All concerts were offered free of charge and wereunderwritten with the support of the Fellows of TheFrick Collection. The concerts were recorded andsubsequently broadcast locally by WNYC-FM (.),with selections carried by NPR’s Performance Today.


The Zehetmair Quartet

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Excerpts from Reviews

Eroica Quartet“A performance of irrestistible energy.”—New York Times

Nikolai Demidenko, piano“Demidenko unleashed a ferocious fire and intensity;those octaves were more akin to lightning than tothunder… . The audience cheered wildly—and under-standably—after the completion of this enthrallinggroup of masterpieces.” —American Record Guide

Daniel Taylor, countertenor“The audience hung on every note….a voice ofunblemished tonal purity, precise intonation, and sub-tle command of vocal coloration….Taylor…is defi-nitely among the very best.” —New York Magazine

Duo Tal and Groethuysen“The partners followed each other through every anticwith uncanny unanimity, and at the conclusion I satspellbound—having ridden an emotional rollercoaster that left me limp….this was a truly specialconcert.” —American Record Guide

Anne Queffélec, piano“She produced feasts of superb coloring….harmoniceffects, too, were properly expressive.”—New York Times

St. Petersburg String Quartet“They clearly feel particularly close to Russian music,whose rhythmic freedom and idiomatic inflections areas natural to them as their native tongue.”—Strings Magazine

The Zehetmair Quartet“The Zehetmair Quartet…is, you might say, redolentof Tradition, yet also refreshingly iconoclastic. Theculminating Schumann Quartet in A was played tothe hilt.” —American Record Guide

Performers Appearing During

Helicon Winds with January

Pedja Muzijevic, fortepiano

Eroica Quartet February

Nikolai Demidenko, piano February

New York debut

Haffner Wind Quintet March New York debut

Alban Gerhardt, cello, and April Cecile Licad, piano

Daniel Taylor, countertenor, with April

Sylvan Bergeron, luteNew York debut

Duo Tal & Groethuysen, four-hand piano May New York debut

Anne Queffélec, piano July New York debut

St. Petersburg String Quartet August

Christian Gerharer, baritone, with October Gerold Huber, pianoNew York debut

Flanders Recorder Quartet October

Babette Hierholzer, piano November

Zehetmair Quartet December New York debut

Les Boréades, period instrument ensemble December New York debut

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More than ever, the activities of the Library, Archives,and Information Systems staff reached across depart-ments and beyond walls. Consultation and collabora-tion with Collection staff have produced scholarlyresearch initiatives and a collections management sys-tem for the works of art. Outreach programs forinterns and volunteers are on the rise, and the Librarynot only has acquired new resources that are uniquelyavailable in the United States, but has expanded thenumber of its resources identifiable through its web-site. Perhaps most significantly of all, after four yearsof collective effort and a prolonged court dispute,more than thirteen hundred linear feet of historicmaterial from The Helen Clay Frick FoundationArchives were delivered to the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary in December. The disposition provides forcollaboration with the University of Pittsburgh in theeffort to organize, evaluate, preserve, and, ultimately,make accessible these valuable materials.

Public Services

The first three quarters of saw an unprecedentedrise in attendance that gave way to a dramatic declinein the months following September . By mid-November, however, usage and services were slowly on the rise again, particularly in areas relating to theLibrary’s electronic resources.

The last stage of reorganization of the Frick ArtReference Library was completed with the restructur-ing of the Reference Department into the new PublicServices Department, headed by Lydia Dufour. Morethan any single resource, the staff of reference librari-ans, reference assistants, pages, receptionists, andthose from other departments called upon to providetheir expertise and assistance have helped to create anatmosphere that welcomes new as well as long-termreaders to the Frick Art Reference Library.

New equipment was acquired, including a secondmicrofilm and fiche reader-printer with improvedspeed and quality, which was installed in the SmallReading Room.

Frick Art Reference Library

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Helen Clay Frick, c. . The image is one of hundreds of Frick family photographs from The Helen ClayFrick Foundation Archives, recently preserved by the Library’s Conservation Department.

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The Research Collections

The Library’s collections continued to expand withsignificant purchases and gifts of books, photographs,electronic resources, microforms, and auction cata-logue subscriptions. Notable among Photoarchiveacquisitions was the purchase of the second install-ment of thirty-five hundred photographs of works of art in French private collections and storerooms of provincial museums. The final installment, to be purchased early in , will complete the set of tenthousand images and will enable the Library to offerthe research community access to this rare collection,otherwise available to researchers only at the CaisseNationale des Monuments Historiques de France andthe Getty Research Institute. The purchase of morethan three thousand microfiches of Art Sales Catalogues,‒, providing full text of auction catalogueslisted in Frits Lugt’s Répertoire des catalogues de ventespubliques intéressant l’art ou la curiosité (), complementsan equivalent number of the same family of micro-fiches already owned by the Library for the period

from ‒. The third part of the set will be pur-chased in if special funding is forthcoming.

A letter campaign begun in and directed atthe smaller and newer auction houses resulted in stillmore complimentary catalogue subscriptions fromhouses in Australia, Belgium, Israel, Mexico, Romania,and Spain. New exchange agreements with museumsin central Europe, including the Estonian ArtMuseum and Fine Art Museum of Budapest, wereestablished, and depository arrangements with numer-ous art dealers, galleries, and museums continued.

The Museum of Modern Art’s Photo-file, consist-ing of more than forty-seven thousand photographs,was moved to the Frick Art Reference Library in June.MoMA’s artist files will significantly add to theLibrary’s holdings of twentieth-century material, onceprocessing begins in . As a reciprocal gesture, theLibrary donated to the Museum of Modern Art sixboxes of exhibition pamphlets pertaining to artistsactive only after the mid-twentieth century.

Cornell University donated approximately threethousand photographs of European art from their A. D. White collection. This reflects the continuedspirit of collaboration between the Frick and Cornelllibraries, a relationship first established in .

A record describing the books and documentsbequeathed in by Winthrop Kellogg Edey wasadded to FRESCO; information on individual titles is available through a finding-aid.

Sales of out-of-scope and duplicate gift and othermaterial brought $, in revenue for special bookfunds designated for the purchase of rare or out-of-print titles. Because books on prints and on pre-twentieth-century Russian and Eastern European artwere not collected in the Library’s early years, fillingin gaps with basic works when they come on the market is costly, yet essential. Most significant amongsuch recent purchases were catalogues raisonnés ofprints by Munch, Nolde, and Rembrandt, as well asseventy-six Russian imprints that fill lacunae in thecollection.

Eighty years’ worth of duplicate periodicals were

Helen Clay Frick Foundation President Adelaide Trafton signs theagreement that brought the archives to New York. Witnessing the signingare (left to right) Archivist Sally Brazil, Board President Helen ClayChace, Director Samuel Sachs II (seated), and Chief of CollectionsPreservation Don Swanson.

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exceptional dedication to monitor the archives’ storageconditions while still in Pittsburgh and to arrange fortheir transfer to New York.

While the department devoted considerable timeto The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives, severalother initiatives and projects were undertaken. TheGladys Krieble Delmas Foundation awarded a grantof $, to the Library to organize and makeaccessible the archival material of the Collection andthe Library, their founders, and early institutionalprograms such as lectures and concerts. Architecturalrecords in the Old Vault were reviewed in preparationfor a project to preserve them and to reproduceselected plans. Archivist Sally Brazil interviewedHolmes Wolfe, Helen Clay Frick’s former attorney, aspart of the Oral History Program.

The processing of Henry Clay Frick’s correspon-dence and the other archival material relating to hisart purchases and the furnishings of his SeventiethStreet residence was completed in the fall. These myriad materials represent critical sources that willprovide future researchers with a more complete

reviewed and subsequently sold for $, to an anti-quarian book dealer based in the Netherlands. Inanother project, summer interns sorted through thevoluminous Dr. Innarella and Schweitzer Photoarchivegifts, removing out-of-scope and duplicate materialand reducing the contents by a third. The remainingmaterials will be stored off-site to await digitizing.

In September, a new web version of FRESCO, theonline catalog, was unveiled. Users may now linkdirectly to electronic databases and websites from aFRESCO record. The web catalog was part of anoverall upgrade of the Innovative Interfaces Inc.library management system implemented in .

This new “Millennium” system introduced manyenhancements to the software modules used for order-ing, invoicing, and cataloging books and periodicals.One of the new features allows orders to be down-loaded from vendor websites directly to FRESCO,eliminating the need to key text by hand. In addition,a new database used to track and acknowledge gifts ofbooks was added. The Library renewed its partner-ship with the Getty Research Institute as a contribu-tor of abstracts to the Bibliography of the History of Art.A monthly list of Newly Cataloged Titles is nowavailable online through the FRESCO website, as wellas in printed form in the Reading Room.

Archives & Special Collections

In late December, The Helen Clay Frick FoundationArchives were deposited at the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary, where archives and conservation staff imme-diately began to inventory, process, and preserve themfor future users. Evaluation of all materials will becompleted in , at which time those archival mate-rials relevant to industrial history will be returned towestern Pennsylvania to be placed on deposit at theUniversity of Pittsburgh. This represents a new phasein the life of the Archives Department, and an expan-sion of resources for the users of archives. Don Swan-son, Chief of Collections Preservation, worked with

Conservation Assistant Lisa Jensen repairs torn pages in one of themany scrapbooks from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives thatwere treated in the Library’s Conservation Lab.

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or damaged were repaired. In May, the ConservationDepartment reordered its priorities in order to attendto fifty-three exhibition catalogues that sustainedwater damage from the terrace before it had beenrefurbished.

The Negative Duplication Project focused on con-serving negatives of furniture and decorative artsin the Collection, taken in by staff photographerIra W. Martin. These images were then used by TheFrick Collection’s Conservation Department for a sur-vey of objects. As part of the ongoing negative preser-vation project, spoiled acetate and glass negatives wereseparated, and glass negatives were cleaned andrehoused in refurbished cabinets. A scanning stationdesignated for reprographic services and archivespreservation, as well as the institution’s first digitalcolor copier (Minolta CF-), were installed in the Conservation Department as a service to readersand the staff.

The most important issue facing the Library is theneed for additional stack space, compact shelving, andpossibly off-site storage. In September, the reconfigu-ration of the stacks, a six-month undertaking, wascompleted. The consolidation allows for a maximumof five to seven additional years of growth, untilspace-planning projects are implemented.

The renovation of the basement areas for the newlyexpanded Information Systems technical support andnetwork operations was completed in June, and theadjoining stack space was renovated to house TheHelen Clay Frick Foundation Archives. Additionalenhancements to the Library included task lights for staff workstations on the sixth floor and solarwindow blinds and improved lighting for the Conservation Lab.

Data and Digital Conversion Programs

The Millard Meiss Project, begun in February andfunded by The Helen Clay Frick Foundation, willfacilitate online access to more than five thousand

picture of Mr. Frick’s tastes as a collector.Requests for information and research held steady

from last year. The staff assisted with approximatelytwo hundred requests in , half from within theinstitution and half from outside. Examples ofrequested information included Miss Frick’s researchon Houdon and Mr. Frick’s purchases of Whistlerpaintings and Gilbert Stuart’s portrait of GeorgeWashington.

Preservation Program

In January, with funding from The Helen Clay FrickFoundation, the Conservation Department acceleratedits efforts to preserve the visual materials and otherendangered items in the Frick Foundation Archivesthat had been transferred from Pittsburgh to NewYork for priority treatment. Beginning with theprocess of mold-removal from targeted portions ofthe archives, more than one hundred albums andscrapbooks received initial treatments and housing,and more than one thousand negatives, includingnitrate negatives, were digitally scanned and stored onCD-ROMs.

Other conservation activity was prioritized accord-ing to urgency and in response to special projects.More than fifteen hundred items identified as needingrepair received conservation treatment. In someinstances, advanced treatment and rebinding wererequired, as was the case for the three-volume auctionsales catalogue of the Cabinet de M. Davila, Paris, .

To prepare Photoarchive material for eventual digiti-zation, the Conservation Department processed abacklog of more than forty-seven thousand items that were earmarked for integration into the Pho-toarchive. Preservation of the Library’s unique butfragile collection of ephemeral exhibition pamphletsreceived treatment in anticipation of the next phase of the Retrospective Conversion (Recon) Program.The books in Henry Clay Frick’s Library in the Col-lection were examined, and those that were unstable

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photographs of illuminated manuscripts from thestudy collection of Professor Millard Meiss. The one-year project will establish a model for the catalogingof illuminated manuscripts for the future. ICON-CLASS, the international standard for subject access,was adopted for the project.

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the GettyResearch Institute called a meeting in February of sixof the largest European and American photoarchives,to discuss the possible role of these scholarly resources in a large-scale digital initiative to be known as ARTStor. Prior to the meeting, the Library conducted a survey, funded by the Mellon Founda-tion, which analyzed the sources of images in thePhotoarchive with respect to photographers andphoto suppliers. The survey was requested as a pre-liminary study of intellectual property issues relatedto photoarchives.

With partial support from a two-year planninggrant of $, from The New York Times Company Foundation, the Library’s Digital PlanningCommittee identified the Library’s fifty-six thousandnegatives from the Library’s photo campaigns as aunique component of its collection, and, therefore,the next element that should be digitized.

Entering its fourth year, with funding provided bythe bequest of Paul Mellon, the RetrospectiveConversion Program proceeded on schedule. DuncanSystems completed the first phase of conversion ofthe pre- card catalog records to online form. Thesecond phase, consisting of records for exhibition cat-alogues, is a more complex undertaking, due to theheavily indexed nature of the records. The specifica-tions sent to Duncan Systems ensure that the rich andunique annotations, such as names of all artists andmuseums involved in an exhibition, will be retained inthe online data. The conversion of these records willrequire the project to be extended into , beyondthe original five-year plan.

Electronic Scriptorium, an outside contractor,converted the card file of nearly thirty-two thousandartist names represented in the Photoarchive to

electronic form. This project, a joint undertaking of book catalogers and photoarchivists, paves the way for incorporating the artist records intoFRESCO in , thereby making the Photoarchive’sholdings available through the website to researchersworld-wide.

Work began on the technical specifications to bringinto FRESCO the Library’s seventy thousand recordsin SCIPIO, the international sales catalogue database.In the process, more than eleven thousand sale cata-logues owned by the Frick Art Reference Library havebeen identified as rare or unique.

Research Program

In its second year, the Library’s Research Programcontinued to complement and augment the Collec-

Reference Librarian Irene Avens assists one of the hundreds ofresearchers who, each year, use the Library’s vast resources to answerquestions about exhibitions, provenance, and authenticity, among others.

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tion’s scholarly and public programs through paneldiscussions, small-scale exhibitions, and e-publicationsthat reflect the strengths of the research and archivecollections with themes that focus particularly onobject-based research and the history of collecting.

The Library mounted its third small-scale exhibi-tion, Kelly Edey in Life and in Memoriam (‒),which coincided with the Collection’s opening ofThe Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop EdeyBequest. The exhibition displayed a disassembled clockalong with material and memorabilia from the KellyEdey Library and Archives, housed at the Frick ArtReference Library.

The second annual “Dialogues on Art” panel dis-cussion and reception, co-sponsored by The FrickCollection and Knoedler & Co., took place in May.The discussion topic, “The Art Market and the Col-lector: Past, Present, and Future,” was enthusiasticallyreceived, and the event well attended, with proceedsdesignated for the benefit of the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary. Jonathan Brown served as moderator, andColin B. Bailey, Grace Glueck, Agnes Gund, NicholasHall, and Jean Strouse participated as panelists.

On May , Professor John Michael Montias pre-sented his database for primary documents on the his-

tory of collecting in Holland to an invited group ofDutch scholars and researchers. A reception in theLibrary’s Reading Room celebrated the inaugurationof the Montias database. The Library is the onlyNorth American site for access to this database. Sinceits implementation, numerous queries for informationhave been submitted to the Library from, for example,Utrecht University and the Center for AdvancedStudies in the Visual Arts (Washington, D.C.).

At the spring meeting of the Association ofResearch Institutes in Art History (ARIAH), IngeReist, representing both the Collection and Library,presented the prospectus for The Frick Collection’snewly invigorated Scholarly Initiatives Program andthe research role of the Library. In September, TheFrick Collection and Art Reference Library was for-mally voted in as a member of this distinguishedgroup of seventeen research institutions. As a member,The Frick Collection’s opportunities for collaborationand grants will be enhanced.

Information Systems and Support

In July, the Information Systems Department movedinto improved quarters in the Library’s basement. Thenetwork servers, wiring, and the T-1 line were movedinto an air-conditioned LAN room with adjoiningwork areas for the technical support staff.

With the new Help Desk Manager position createdin , the department became more responsive tothe expanding computer network and desk-top userneeds. New equipment was purchased and outdatedPCs were replaced as part of a large-scale networkupgrade. The underlying structure of the website wasredesigned for better synchronization and mainte-nance of calendars for concerts, lectures, membership,and related events. Liaisons from primary areas of theCollection and Library were designated to maintainup-to-date departmental information and to reviewdesign changes and enhancements. In consultationwith the education staff, a new section called “Focus

Kelly Edey in Life and in Memoriam (‒) displayed a few of Edey’s personal effects, including match boxes that he used tostore spare clock parts, his preferred nib pens and India ink, and a mid-sixteenth-century gilt brass French table clock.

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libraries of Europe and the United States.The internship and volunteer programs attracted

excellent candidates. Along with the eleven undergrad-uate summer interns who volunteered primarily in thePhotoarchive, a library school intern from LongIsland University completed a semester-long intern-ship in the Book Department, while a student fromthe Book Arts Center at Wells College completed aninternship in the Conservation Department. Thenumber of year-round library volunteers grew to fiveby year’s end. In reciprocal visits, staff and interns ofKnoedler & Co. visited the Library’s ConservationLab to be instructed on handling and storage of bookand archival materials.

During separate visits in October, Rush Miller,Director of Libraries at the University of Pittsburgh,and Danforth Fales, Trustee and Acting Director ofthe Pittsburgh Frick Art & Historical Center, metwith the staffs of the Library and the Collection todiscuss the move of The Helen Clay Frick Founda-tion Archives and opportunities for collaborationinvolving education, conservation, and informationresources.

Staff met with Mary Louise Christovich, Presidentof the Board of Directors of the Historic NewOrleans Collection, on her fact-finding visit. TheLibrary’s resources, particularly with regard to nine-teenth-century portraits in New Orleans collections( negatives from the Library’s photographicexpedition there), are of potential help to them intheir research.

The French photographer Marc Jeanneteau visitedthe Library for a tour of the Photoarchive as a follow-up to the purchase of his photographs.

The sixth annual Dealers’ Breakfast, held in Mayto coincide with the International Fine Arts Fair, waswell attended, with a high proportion of Europeandealers present.

The second annual Staff Education Day includedCollection and Library staff participation in lectures,training sessions, and an art show featuring works bytwenty-one staff members.

on Art” was developed to feature prominent works in the Collection. In addition, the web pages forFRESCO and the Library’s Guide to Electronic Resourceswere designed and integrated into the main Frickwebsite.

Embark, the collections management system, wasimplemented in January, and staff were trained in dataentry and digital image management. With future col-lections management needs in mind, a cost-benefitanalysis for an in-house digital photography lab wasprepared.

Following the loss of voice and data T-1 lines afterSeptember , alternative methods for e-mail andFRESCO access were established, along with a redun-dancy plan to avoid the loss of service in case offuture network or server breakdown. Permanent emer-gency back-up communication lines were configuredand off-site storage of the back-up tapes containingall network information was established. Overall stor-age space was increased and new servers installed,including a faster mail server and separate servers forthe Blackbaud development and accounting systems andfor Embark and the increased image production. Thesecond technology plan, prepared for the annual“Universal Service Discount Program,” was approvedby the State Education Department, Division ofLibrary Development, for years ‒.

Outreach Programs

The annual orientations for local graduate programscontinued with visits from Bard Graduate Center,St. John’s University School of Library and Informa-tion Science, and from Sotheby’s and Christie’s education programs. Inge Reist represented the Frickon the board of the Center for the Documentation ofLooted Art (CEDOLA), recently established by theGerman researcher, Willie Korte. Photographer Can-dida Hofer, affiliated with Sonnabend Gallery, held aphoto session at the Library as part of her ongoingproject to exhibit and publish her photographs of the

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Notable Acquisitions

Gift and Depository Program

The Photo-file of the Museum of Modern Art, con-sisting of more than , photographs; gift of thetrustees of the Museum of Modern Art, New York

Leuchtendes Mittelalter, Neue Folge II, Rotthalmünster, ;

gift of John Lawrence Sharpe III

Arthur R. Blumenthal, Cosimo Rosselli: Painter of the Sis-tine Chapel, Winter Park, FL., ; gift of the author

Toulouse-Lautrec: Woman as Myth [exhibition], Andros,; gift of the Basil and Elise Goulandris Foundation

Victor Nieto Alcaide, et al., La vidriera española: del góticoal siglo XXI, Madrid, and Rumbos de la esculturaespañola en el siglo XX, Madrid, ; gifts of the Fun-dación Santander Central Hispano

Eric Bertin, Works by J.A.D. Ingres Temporarily Exhibited inthe United States During the ‒ Period, ; gift ofthe author

Isadora Rose-de Viejo, La Imagen de Manuel Godoy,Mérida, ; gift of the author

Daniel Wildenstein, Gauguin, premier itinéraire d’unsauvage: Catalogue de l’oeuvre peint, ‒, Paris, ;

gift of the Wildenstein Institute

One hundred sixty-three photographs of works by Arthur Devis; gift of Ellen D’Oench, curator ofthe Devis exhibition at the Yale Center for BritishArt,

Janez Höfler et al., Kristus na Oljski gori: poznogotska tabla sKoritnega nad Cadramom, Ljubljana, 2001; gift of theNarodna Galerija

One hundred ten books and exhibition catalogues;gift of Michele Moss

Fifty-three exhibition catalogues; gift of the NationalGallery of Canada Library

Seventy-eight books and periodicals transferred fromThe Frick Collection Conservation Department

One hundred fifty-one photographs; gift of ProfessorMichael Milkovitch, frequent donor of scholarlymaterial to the Library

One of eighty-one photographs purchased from Professor Anne MarkhamSchulz’s most recent photography campaign in Venice; this one shows a statue of St. Paul from the Dalla Rosa Altar, S. Andrea, Chioggia.

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Purchase Program

Online subscription to ART Bibliographies Modern,Bethesda, MD,

Three thousand five hundred photographs of worksof art in French private collections and museumstorerooms, taken by Marc Jeanneteau and docu-mented by the curatorial staff of the MuséesNationaux de France

Art Sales Catalogues, ‒ [ microfiches basedon Frits Lugt’s Répertoire des catalogues de ventes publiques…,La Haye, ], Leiden, ; purchased through thegenerous support of the Florence Gould FoundationFund

Eighty-one photographs of sculpture in and aroundVenice, Italy, taken by Anne Markham Schulz

Twenty-nine reprints by Editions Minkoff, Geneva,chiefly of nineteenth-century French sources in arthistory, purchased through the generous support ofthe Gerschel Fund, in memory of André Meyer,including the following:

• Blondel, Jacques François. L’homme du monde éclairé par les arts... publié par M. de Bastide. Paris and Amsterdam,

• Winckelmann, Johann-Joachim. Recueil de différentes pièces sur les arts, comprenant les Réflexions sur l’imitation des artistes grecs dans la peinture et la sculpture.... Paris,

• Dezallier d’Argenville, Antoine-Joseph. Abrégé de la vie des plus fameux peintres, avec leurs portraits gravés en taille-douce…et la manière de connaître les desseins et les tableaux des grands maîtres. Paris,

Die Porträtsammlung der Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel, Munich,

Catalogue raisonné du Salon des Independants, ‒: LesIndependants dans l’histoire de l’art, Paris, ; purchasedthrough the generous support of the Gerschel Fund,in memory of André Meyer

Marie-Christine Maselis, The Albums of Anselmus deBoodt (‒): Natural History Painting at the Court ofRudolph II in Prague, Ramsen,

Gustav Schiefler, Verzeichnis des graphischen Werks EdvardMunchs, Oslo,

H.W. Singer, ed., Complete Etchings of Rembrandt, vols.New York, ‒

Gustav Schiefler, Das Graphische Werk Emil Noldes bis ,


Emilia Talamo, Codice cantorum: miniature e disegni nei codici della Cappella Sistina, Florence, ; purchasedthrough the Homeland Fund

Lacerba, (Italian futurist periodical), ‒ (reprint),Florence,

English Art in the Public Galleries of London, vols.,London,

Catalogues for two auction sales of the Williamand Samuel Daniell Collection

Forty-six auction sales catalogues, ‒, for auctions held at Bukowski’s, Stockholm

Microforms of the runs of three rare nineteenth-century American art journals, The Art Collector(‒), The Collector and Art Critic (‒),and Brush and Pencil (‒)

Sixty pre- titles on Australian art

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Public Affairs

Historically, The Frick Collection has depended uponits national and international audience for two-thirdsof its admissions and shop sales; through most of thes, those revenues followed the growth curve ofthe booming local tourist economy. Until the fall of, the Frick was on course for a banner year. In thewake of the events of September , however, the situ-ation changed as tourism in New York City declined.

The role of contributions remains critical to thefinancial health of the institution, and we are there-fore deeply appreciative of the generous support ofour donors and members, as well as the foundations,corporations, and government agencies that havehelped the Frick to maintain its high standard ofexcellence. Perhaps most importantly, the steadyupward trend of these gifts in recent years hasstrengthened the Frick’s position with the IRS, as itseeks to make its status as a public charity permanentat the conclusion of a five-year trial period endingDecember .

Many of the department’s programs and activitiesduring the past year could not have been accom-plished without contributed support. We are gratefulto those listed in the following pages, who, over theyears or more recently, have become involved in the

Nathalie Gerschel Kaplan, Aerin Lauder Zinterhofer, Lauren du Pont,and Jane Lauder at February’s Tartan Ball, one of the most talkedabout events of the season.

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life of the institution, thereby perpetuating and build-ing upon the legacy of Henry Clay Frick.

FellowsThe Fellows of The Frick Collection, numberingalmost seven hundred members, gave nearly $,

in . The most promising growth was among theYoung Fellows, many of whom responded to the pub-licity surrounding our winter benefit, A Tartan Ball.Named one of the top parties of the year by the NewYork Times, A Tartan Ball matched the phenomenal suc-cess of last year’s Edwardian Ball, raising more than$, (nearly double that benefit’s total) for theFrick’s education program.

Special exhibition openings for Fellows were heldthroughout the year, including receptions for El Greco:Themes and Variations on May , Master Drawings from theSmith College Museum of Art on June , and The Art of theTimekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest onNovember .

The Frick’s major fundraiser of the year, theAutumn Dinner, took place on Monday, October .

More than two hundred supporters of the Collectiongathered for cocktails in the Seventieth Street Garden,followed by a dinner in the Garden Court. Honoreeswere Neil Rudenstine, the recently retired president ofHarvard University and Chairman of ArtSTOR, aprogram funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Founda-tion, and his wife, Angelica Rudenstine, Museum Pro-gram Officer at The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Under the guidance of Frick Council ChairmanNicholas Hall, in partnership with the evening’sChairman, Michel David-Weill, the Autumn Dinner’sresults surpassed all previous events, yielding net pro-ceeds of $, for the advancement of the Collec-tion and Library.

FriendsAt the close of , there were more than two thou-sand Friends of The Frick Collection. While thefourth quarter of the year posed unique challengesdue to September , the Frick continued to benefitfrom healthy on-site membership enrollment. TheFrick’s annual year-end direct mail campaign—so central to refreshing the Friends rolls—producednearly three hundred new members, primarily fromthe New York metropolitan area.

Corporate MembershipDue to its heavy reliance on the financial servicesindustry, the Frick’s corporate program was hardesthit by the effects of September . The early fall wasmarked by a near total turndown in business, followedby the slowest November and December since theinception of the program. In spite of these handicaps,the program posted $, in contributions andrelated fees. We are deeply appreciative of this sup-port and are pleased to list on page those corpora-tions that contributed to the Collection during thecourse of the year.

The Young Fellows Steering Committee: (back row) Julian Iragorri,Jennifer Nilles, and Amy Flynn; (middle row) Juan Sabater, GenevieveWheeler, Christine Scornavacca, Philip Gorrivan, Victoria Rotenstreich,Elizabeth Fleming, Robert Lindgren; (seated) Lisa Gorrivan, MarthaLoring, Nathalie Kaplan, and Victoria Lindgren.

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New InitiativesTwo new giving programs were launched in . InNovember, the first annual fund drive was begun withthe mailing of a handsome appeal card featuring theDining Room, which was sent to four thousand cur-rent and former contributors to The Frick Collection.The appeal results easily exceeded its goal anddemonstrated that the friends of the Frick value andunderstand its unique capacities and needs. TheFounder’s Society, a planned giving program, wasdeveloped to reflect Mr. Frick’s grand legacy and tohonor the generosity of present-day contributors tothe Collection.

To advance the development effort, the Board ofTrustees created a sub-committee on major gifts,chaired by Margot Campbell Bogert. Other commit-tee members are Howard Phipps and Melvin Seiden.

In March, the Frick inaugurated a highly successfulwomen’s luncheon series hosted by Board PresidentHelen Clay Chace. The first luncheon featured gallerytalks given by Chief Curator Colin B. Bailey and Mrs.Chace. In June, Horticultural Designer Galen Leespoke about the Russell Page garden in a unique pro-gram presented in the Seventieth Street Garden, andin November, Objects Conservator Barbara Roberts

Special GiftsA generous bequest from the estate of Louise A.Pierot was received in . A memorial concert wasgiven in her name by Babette Hierholzer, a Germanpianist, in November.

The Ahmanson Foundation provided a grant tohelp fund the restoration of the handsome Jacksonwrought-iron ornamental fence, which surrounds theFifth Avenue Garden.

A challenge grant for El Greco: Themes and Variations,offered by Trustee Melvin Seiden, was met by giftsand grants from Lladró, Iberia Airlines, the RobertLehman Foundation, the Arthur Ross Foundation,Helen Clay Chace, Janine Luke, and others. Anotherchallenge grant, made in honor of Guest CuratorWilliam J. H. Andrewes and designated for The Art ofThe Timekeeper, was met by contributions from MontresBreguet, Janine Luke, The Heimbold Foundation,The Thorne Foundation, Brooke Astor, Richard andRonay Menschel, James S. Marcus, David Owsley,The Ridgefield Foundation, Stanley and Betty DeFor-est Scott, and the support of the Fellows of TheFrick Collection.

Chief Curator Colin B. Bailey,Guest of Honor Neil Rudenstine,Board President Helen Clay Chace, andGuest of Honor Angelica Rudenstine at the Autumn Dinner.

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gram through A Tartan Ball, which was held in Febru-ary. Among the magazines and newspapers to featurethis benefit were Town & Country, Vogue, Harper’s Bazaar,Vanity Fair, and the New York Times. Coverage ofevenings such as the Autumn Dinner also underscoredthe importance of fundraising events and the generos-ity of our supporters.

Special presentations drawn from the permanentcollection—such as the installation of the Frick’sthree paintings by Vermeer—continued to drawattention to the institution’s significant riches. Alsorewarding were the reviews and commentary inspiredby El Greco: Themes and Variations, results that helpedhighlight the success of the museum’s commitment to focused, scholarly offerings. Viewers of Charlie Roseon PBS television enjoyed an on-site interview with ElGreco Guest Curator Jonathan Brown. Simultaneously,the exhibition of works from the Smith CollegeMuseum of Art received favorable reviews. In the fall,coverage in international newspapers, magazines, andimportant horological journals appeared in abundanceto mark the installation of The Art of the Timekeeper:Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest.

lectured on the activity of her department. Concur-rently, an early-morning breakfast series was begunwith Director Samuel Sachs II providing commentaryon selected paintings, following a buffet breakfast in the Director’s Dining Room. Both series are ongoing.

Attendance and Museum Shop SalesUntil September , The Frick Collection was ontrack for its best year ever with admission revenue andShop sales, with peaks during the summer. June

was a record-breaking month, in fact, posting thehighest monthly attendance in the history of the Collection, with a total of , visitors. The eventsof September resulted in an abrupt slowdown, how-ever, which was reflected in the lowest attendance andShop figures for the fourth quarter in many years.

As with our sister institutions around town, atten-dance began to show signs of improvement inNovember, followed by a reasonably healthy holidayseason. Many thanks are due to our regular MuseumShop customers, who continued the much-neededsupport of the Collection with their patronage duringthe very quiet fall months. Even with the downturn,both attendance revenue and Shop sales provided percent of the operating revenues for .

Media Relations & MarketingThe Media Relations & Marketing Department (for-merly Communications) expanded, enhancing theinstitution’s ability to provide information about itsactivities to the media. The institution also partici-pated in a number of public-oriented marketing pro-grams, such as Culture Fest, which was organized byNYC & Co. to inform New Yorkers about the richesof the city. Held in October, this weekend-long festi-val was one of many important group activities inwhich the Frick participated after September , in aneffort to encourage the public to use the institution asa resource for comfort and contemplation.

One of several media-related high points in

was the attention garnered for the Young Fellows pro- saw the launch of a new full-color Members’ Magazine, publishedthree times a year.

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We deeply appreciate the generosity of the followingindividuals, foundations, and corporations who madesubstantial contributions to the museum and Libraryduring the course of the year.

Nearly percent of the Collection’s budget forongoing activities must be found annually fromsources other than the endowment. Capital projectsand special programs require additional resources aswell. These listings reflect gifts and grants that pro-vide vitally needed general operating funds, as well assupport for a range of projects including special exhi-bitions and publications, Library acquisitions andendowment, services to scholars, the middle-schooleducation program, conservation equipment andmaterials, landscaping, seminars, Photoarchive survey,and the annual Symposium on the History of Art.In addition, the demands of our beautiful, but aging,building require an increasing investment of capital.

We are most grateful to our expanding member-ship for its thoughtful and steadfast support of ourprograms and services.

Special Gifts

The Founder’s SocietyHelen Clay ChaceVivien R. ClarkLouise A. Pierot*

FoundationsThe Achelis FoundationAcorn Foundation Inc.Ahmanson FoundationCharina Foundation, Inc.Consulate General of SpainThe Cowles Charitable TrustThe Curtis W. McGraw FoundationF. M. Kirby Foundation, Inc.The Gladys Krieble Delmas FoundationThe Helen Clay Frick FoundationHorace W. Goldsmith Foundation

Gifts & Grantsduring

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The Little River FoundationThe Nautilus FoundationThe New York Times Company FoundationNY State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic

PreservationOceanic Heritage FoundationThe Ridgefield FoundationRobert Lehman Foundation, Inc.Sage FoundationSamuel H. Kress FoundationThe Thorne Foundation

IndividualsMorton Abromson and Joan NissmanVirginia AdamsKim C. and Gloria S. AndersonMrs. Vincent AstorPeter P. Blanchard IIIMr. and Mrs. Minturn V. ChaceCatherine G. CurranElizabeth de CuevasThe Estate of Winthrop K. EdeyDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIMr. and Mrs. John J. GilbertReverend Davis GivenDr. Mark GrossmanGordon and Llura GundEnid A. HauptMrs. Horace HavemeyerMrs. Charles HeimboldProfessor Joseph L. KoernerEugene M. and Theresa LangJanine LukeJames MarcusJames R. McCredieJoseph F. McCrindleTamara MellonRichard and Ronay MenschelMr. and Mrs. Peter NitzeDavid T. OwsleyMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Elaine L. Rosenberg

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur RossMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichCharles RyskampMarianne and Alan SchwartzMr. and Mrs. Stanley DeForest ScottMelvin R. SeidenMr. and Mrs. Gilbert B. SilvermanHarold and Nicki TannerMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawJune deH. and Henry H. WeldonDr. and Mrs. Malcolm Wiener

CorporationsBloombergIberia Airlines of SpainJPMorgan ChaseLladró USA, Inc.Montres BreguetSotheby’sW Magazine


The Frick Collection makes every effort to recognize gifts asrequested. Corrections may be directed to Kathleen Helal at --.

The Frick Collection provides individual and corporate membership benefits through the Friends, Fellows, and Corporate Membership programs. For more information aboutthese programs or other donor recognition and sponsorshipopportunities, please call Martin Duus, Manager ofDevelopment, at --. For information aboutmajor gift opportunities, including bequests, gifts of securities,and special projects, please contact Margaret Touborg, SpecialAdvisor to the Director, at --.

The Frick Collection welcomes matching gifts. If your com-pany has a matching gift program, you can magnify the impactof your gift to the Collection by participating. A full list ofparticipating corporations appears on page .

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Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. BeineckeNancy BiallerMr. and Mrs. Marco P. BloemsmaGary M. BloomStanley and Roberta BogenW. Mark BradyDr. and Mrs. Goodwin M. BreininProfessor Jonathan M. BrownAnne BufordMrs. Jackson BurkeEric G. CarlsonGuy CaryCarroll J. Cavanagh and Candida N. SmithDr. Richard A. ChaseMrs. Thomas H. ChoateMr. and Mrs. Christopher T. ClarkMr. and Mrs. Howard L. Clark, Jr.T. A. CoxRobert DanceMr. and Mrs. Michel David-WeillElizabeth de CuevasHester DiamondMarshall DillDouglas DurstMrs. Charles H. DysonMr. and Mrs. John L. EastmanBruno and Silvia EberliMr. and Mrs. Walter A. EberstadtRobert EdselJohn W. Eichleay, Jr.Joseph ElmalehMarianne Elrick-ManleyMr. and Mrs. Anthony T. EndersThomas Epstein and Florence TeicherMr. and Mrs. Anthony B. EvninMr. and Mrs. Walter P. FekulaJerald Dillon FessendenP. J. FischerMrs. Anastassios FondarasDavid B. FordMr. and Mrs. Donald T. FoxMrs. William Fox, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Bert FreidusElise D. Frick and John A. GarratyDr. Suzanne FryeMr. and Mrs. Leandro S. Galban, Jr.Stephen A. GeigerMr. and Mrs. Bruce GeismarMr. and Mrs. Bruce GelbMr. and Mrs. Peter A. GeorgescuMr. Joachim Gfoeller, Jr.Abby GilmoreWilliam T. GoldenRobert B. Goldsmith and Teresa A. CarboneJoan and Donald GordonMr. and Mrs. Philip C. Gorrivan

Fellows of The Frick Collection

Fellows’ gifts provide unrestricted annual support to The Frick Collection.

Honorary FellowsThe Honorable and Mrs.

Walter H. AnnenbergMr. and Mrs. Perry R. BassLe Comte d’HaussonvilleTheodore DellMr. and Mrs. John L. MarionMrs. Paul MellonEdgar MunhallCharles RyskampMrs. William SuhrMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawFrederica von Stade

Henry Clay Frick FellowsMr. and Mrs. Peter P. Blanchard IIIMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah M. BogertDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIEnid A. HauptMr. and Mrs. Henry R. KravisMr. and Mrs. Henry Luce IIIDiane Allen NixonMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Juan A. Sabater

Sustaining FellowsMr. and Mrs. Stephen M. KellenGianluigi and Claudia QuentinMartin J. and Renate F. Zimet

Supporting FellowsMr. and Mrs. I. Townsend Burden IIIMr. and Mrs. Minturn V. ChaceCatherine G. CurranMr. and Mrs. Christopher DavisNelly Arrieta de BlaquierMr. and Mrs. C. Douglas DillonMr. and Mrs. Steven EinhornMr. and Mrs. Robert F. ErburuJoanne duPont FosterMrs. Henry J. Heinz IILindsay McCrumMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank IIIRoland F. PeaseMarc PorterDavid RockefellerDr. and Mrs. Nathan Saint-AmandMr. and Mrs. Robert L. ShaferSuzette de Marigny Smith

Mr. and Mrs. Robert K. SteelSue Erpf Van de BovenkampMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel IIIDr. and Mrs. Malcolm WienerNina and Michael Zilkha

Contributing FellowsMr. and Mrs. Anthony AmesKim C. and Gloria S. AndersonMr. and Mrs. Henry H. ArnholdAnne H. BassMrs. Christopher C. Y. ChenMrs. William Stratton ClarkThe Honorable and Mrs. Walter J. P. CurleyMr. and Mrs. Robert GarrettThe Honorable Sir David and Lady GibbonsMartha HareMr. and Mrs. G. Raymond Hodil, Jr.Peter W. JostenMr. and Mrs. Phillippe Khuong-HuuFrederick R. KochMr. and Mrs. Douglas B. LeedsArthur L. LoebRoss MagowanRachel Mauro and Ian Glen KennedyDiana Mercer and Heather Sue MercerCharles A. Miller, Jr. and Chas A. Miller IIIMr. and Mrs. Peter NitzeMr. and Mrs. Bernard G. PalitzMr. and Mrs. H. Charles PriceMr. and Mrs. W. D. RooseveltMr. and Mrs. Samuel Sachs IIRoberta and Irwin SchneidermanMr. and Mrs. George WachterMr. and Mrs. Ira D. WallachHonoré T. WamslerBrenda Weeks-NerzWilliam J. Williams, Jr. and Barbara A. ReuterEmily A. Youssouf

FellowsMr. and Mrs. Neale M. AlbertMr. and Mrs. Armin Brand AllenMrs. C. Robert AllenBert AmadorDr. Madelyn AntoncicMrs. J. Sinclair ArmstrongCarol Aronson and Don ShobrysEdgar AronsonVera Miller AryehMr. and Mrs. Ronald R. AtkinsElizabeth A. BaltzSharon and Stephen BassockMr. and Mrs. Jonathan S. BeanDavid BeattieDonald and Jan Beddie

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Harvey S. Shipley MillerRuth A. MuellerGabriel and Marilyn NahasDavid NashOtto NaumannJill NewhouseAnn Kendall NitzeThomas E. O’BrienRichard E. OldenburgMrs. Sheldon OliensisDavid T. OwsleyMr. and Mrs. Gregory K. PalmMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Sarah PeterIvan and Winifred PhillipsJohn B. PierceMr. and Mrs. Donaldson C. PillsburyDr. and Mrs. Simon B. PoytaMr. and Mrs. H. Charles PriceMr. and Mrs. Samuel F. Pryor IVSheila PullingMr. and Mrs. Eben W. PyneYvonne QuinnDr. and Mrs. James J. ReardonScott N. ResnickFrank E. RichardsonMrs. Robert RiggsJeannette and Jonathan RosenMr. and Mrs. Arthur RossDr. and Mrs. George RoushDr. Caroline Rubinstein and Phillip WinegarRobert RufinoMr. and Mrs. Winthrop Rutherfurd, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. SacerdoteMr. and Mrs. John H. SackAlan E. SalzAubrey SarvisMrs. Henry SchachtC. M. SchamrothCaroline F. and Stuart B. SchimmelMr. and Mrs. Herbert D. SchimmelRaffaela SchirmerArthur Schlechter*Mary Coxe SchlosserMichael and Dafna SchmerinMr. and Mrs. Stanley DeForest ScottLarry SharMr. and Mrs. Constantine Sidamon-EristoffDr. Robert B. SimonJ. L. H. SimondsDonald G. SislerMrs. Olcott D. SmithMr. and Mrs. Robert A. SmithDaisy and Paul SorosIra SpaniermanGeorge Spera and Jane Ginsburg

Elizabeth M. StaffordMr. and Mrs. Kenneth I. StarrGarrick C. StephensonMr. and Mrs. George E. StephensonAdam and Tracy SternMr. and Mrs. Gerald StiebelIrving and Anna StrausAudrey Kurtzman and George SulaPatricia and Henry TangGregory F. TaylorMrs. Henry J. TaylorMr. and Mrs. Rodman K. Tilt, Jr.Susan and Joel TirschwellThe Honorable John TrainPaul UnderwoodMarilyn UngarIsabel B. Van DineMr. and Mrs. Mark L. VenrickJudith Mann VillardDr. and Mrs. Anthony Robert VolpeMr. and Mrs. John L. WardenElizabeth and Robert WebsterLee WeissmanMr. and Mrs. Karel WesterlingThe Honorable John C. WhiteheadAllison WhitingWheelock Whitney IIIDr. and Mrs. Robert D. WickhamIsabel S. WilcoxMrs. Walter W. WildsFrancis H. WilliamsReid WilliamsFloreine J. WinthropSerita WinthropMorton and Esther WohlgemuthDiane R. WolfWilliam H. Wright IIDavid and Constance YatesBaroness Maria Zerilli-Marimo

Non-Resident FellowsKatrin Bellinger and Harald WeinholdRobert BrobergDianne A. BruceMr. and Mrs. Childs Frick BurdenMr. and Mrs. Todd G. ColeClarence C. DayBaron Alexis de RedéAnne Faircloth and Frederick Beaujeu-DufourMr. and Mrs. Lucius L. FowlerStephen A. HanselC. Stephen MetzlerMarsha and Jeffrey MiroWendy and Robert ReillyMartha Frick Symington SangerAdrian Sassoon

John and Jennifer GouraryMrs. Oliver R. GraceMr. and Mrs. David GrangerMr. and Mrs. Marco GrassiMr. and Mrs. Gordon K. GreenfieldAntonia and George GrumbachMr. and Mrs. Henry A. GrunwaldMr. and Mrs. Kenneth E. GustafsonCharles Hack and Angella HearnNicholas H. J. HallRuth Ann and William HarnischDr. Lucinda A. HarrisMr. and Mrs. Carl B. HessGeorgia HidenMarli L. HinckleyWilliam F. HinsonMrs. M.T. HirschlerFrank L. Hohmann IINancy and Charles HoppinDr. Bruce C. HortenVal HoytMr. and Mrs. John W. IngrahamMr. and Mrs. William Jordan, Jr.Denise and Morton JoselsonElizabeth R. KablerMrs. Allan H. KalmusHelene L. and Mark N. KaplanWilliam W. KaratzShahab Samuel KarmelyClinton and Mary KendrickAngie Z. KozlowskiMr. and Mrs. Abraham KrasnoffMrs. H. P. KrausMr. and Mrs. Thomas W. LambertGonzalo D. Las HerasJane Lattes and Norbert SwislockiMr. and Mrs. Ronald S. LauderLinda LeiningerJohn J. LeiserDale and Chari LeMastersMr. and Mrs. William D. LeseMrs. James B. LewisLawrence E. Lewis IIIMr. and Mrs. John L. LindseyGail P. LloydAnne and Michael LoftusSandra Ann MabrittoMr. and Mrs. John MacAskillMr. and Mrs. Peter MalkinNorma B. Marin and Joan C. MeyersMichael T. MartinJames R. McCredieMr. and Mrs. John McGarryRichard M. McGonigal and Ellen E. HauslerJohn and Veronica McNiffMr. and Mrs. Christian A. Melhado

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Mrs. John R. StevensonElizabeth P. Streicher and Lionel C. Epstein

Young FellowsNicholas AcquavellaEdward A. AllenHenry AllsoppR. Martin AndersonsKimberly B. AntlerChristopher T. AquilinoJim Ardrey and Stefanie LallyAngelo Cianciulli ArnoneDeLaney BagwellMelissa BerkelhammerHermione Birtwistle and Mark FranksSarah BoardmanMr. and Mrs. C. F. David BoitNatasha F. S. BoncompagniDr. Catherine BozemanJoseph BrunelleHelen Metcalf BurnhamDina BurnsEmily and Anthony CalendaThomas Cannon, Jr.Shawn CanterJohn Carley and Lynn YenMr. and Mrs. Christopher D. CaseyAndrew CatapanoDorothy M. CavanaghMichael ChangPaul R. ChristensonMargaret F. ClarksonMarina Rust Connor and Ian ConnorRachel M. ConronEllisa CooperPaolo CostagliChris CrainMargaret M. de CagnyMr. and Mrs. Frank-Willem de WitTeresa Maria Deluca and

William D. BiscegliaMr. and Mrs. Brendan DillonAlicia DohertyBenjamin F. DollerMr. and Mrs. Glenn B. Dorr IIIMr. and Mrs. Eleuthere Paul du Pont IIIMr. and Mrs. Stephane C. DujarricElizabeth DuntonMr. and Mrs. John F. DurocherJean-Louis B. Ecochard and Judi FleischnerCarolyn Falbee and Susanne FalbeeTamara FecciAlisa Feinstein and Joshua SwidlerJamee FieldTonya Finley and Jeff KemplerJohn Leopoldo Fiorilla

Elizabeth A. FlemingAmy Mazzola Flynn and Tad FlynnRhonda S. ForemanAndrea and Marius FortelniJeffrey S. FreemanAmber and Timothy FrumkesMelanie GallowayLee White Galvis and Sergio GalvisAnn Powell Dewart GleasonJohn Stuart GordonMarne Grainger and Todd CavaluzziAnn Marie GrassoJennifer GrunebaumRebecca GuthartYvonne Handler and Marie Antoinette HandlerBriana HandteTripp Hardy and Paige Ethington HardyMr. and Mrs. Peter HarwichSachiko HashimotoMark Anthony HatsisKelly HensleyGregory A. HerrGeorge HoMr. and Mrs. Jonathan B. HoughDavid IngramCarol A. IrishJulian IragorriLaura G. JohansenNina and Adrian JonesJennifer R. KaplanJennifer Stern and Matthew KaplanNathalie and Edward KaplanSean Patrick Kavanagh and Sandra V. MozeskyAbigail KeelerImran KhanJames J. Killerlane IIIMichael KimAlexander KlabinElena Morris KornbluthPeter Kuntz and Connie RodriguezCharlene KuoRebecca A. LawtonLaura Cowles Le GréHarrison LeFrakJulius R. Leiman-CarbiaDonna and Robert LiebowitzMr. and Mrs. Richard LightburnMr. and Mrs. Robert K. LindgrenBrandi LiptonMr. and Mrs. Nicholas LonganoMartha and Thomas LoringLaura Seale LovelaceAntonio and Audrey MacielAnn Carol MadoniaAdele and David MalpassPaul J. Mateyunas

J. Parrish McCormackMadeline S. McEneneyJean McGillicuddyMr. and Mrs. John L. McWilliams IVRudolf Kniase MelikoffPamela and Robert MillerMr. and Mrs. Sylvester Miniter IVAlison MintonJacqueline and Alan MitchellMr. and Mrs. John Henry MoultonMr. and Mrs. John J. Mulligan IIIMark MurrayChandi NeubauerJennifer J. NillesCristin M. O'Hara and Michael S. SullivanDagmar Smek and Arman OrucMr. and Mrs. Luke PalmerleeGregory PamelNami ParkUlla and Kevin ParkerRoxana PecheroG. E. PeraertzMr. and Mrs. Robert S. Pitts, Jr.Julia E. Power and David E. BurnsJohn Paul PrimianoDiana D. PullingMr. and Mrs. Jean PutzerNorman D. RauMr. and Mrs. Walter C. Reisinger, Jr.Mitchell RiederBeatrice Rossi-LandiMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichRichard RoyceA. Joseph Rudick and Jennifer Ash RudickFiona Howe RudinAlexander J. A. SachsStuart M. SalengerNancy and Joseph SambucoDanielle SapseScott and Elizabeth SchefrinClaudia Scheuring-BrodaCharlie SchlangenLouise and Benjamin SchliemannChristine ScornavaccaAlexander W. SeligsonErica M. SelimoticR. Andrew ShoreMr. and Mrs. Edward L. Shugrue IIIGwendolyn SiskaWhitney Sudler SmithMr. and Mrs. Ian Kendall SnowTracy and Adam SternMolly M. Sullivan and William P. KellyMr. and Mrs. J. Fife Symington IVKimberly S. ThomsenMichelle Thomson

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Leo M. TilmanAlexander V. TitomirovMartin J. TornbergIsabel TraftonMr. and Mrs. Will TraftonRichard L. TurnureEleonora Von BressensdorfElizabeth WeinmanJulia Power Weld and

Edward Kingman WeldMelissa WellsGenevieve WheelerDonna M. WhittakerLaura WintersJennifer WrightMr. and Mrs. Andrew W. YoungMr. and Mrs. Jim Yuhas

Sustaining FriendsMr. and Mrs. Mark R. AltherrMr. and Mrs. Michael Nash AmblerAlexander ApsisMartha and Thomas ArmstrongAnn BaderJill V. and Lewis W. BernardEileen S. and Stephen A. CohenJan CowlesMr. and Mrs. L. Jay CrossAnthony P. CutugnoGary DelemeesterMilton and Eunice FormanP. R. FrederickDavid HandlemanFrederic K. HowardMr. and Mrs. John R. HupperWalter E. and Marjorie H. JoyceMr. and Mrs. John J. KenneyPauline MetcalfMr. and Mrs. Donaldson C. PillsburyMr. and Mrs. J. J. PiraquiveBeverly M. PurisJennifer Rogers and Frances RogersAlfred and Jane RossRobert M. Saunders and Susan GaumKatherine A. SchickNancy SchwartzMrs. Anthony J. ServinoMr. and Mrs. Howard SosinAnne SteanJane Ungar and Elizabeth UngarDr. and Mrs. Anthony Robert VolpeVivien WeissmanAnna K. Weisz

Supporting FriendsIrving and Alicia Albert

E. Clive Anderson and Beatrice CromwellMark and Gail AppelAndrew and Amy ArkinPage AshleyMr. and Mrs. Seymour R. Askin, Jr.Mrs. Salvador J. AssaelCaroline and James BaconSaretta BarnetMarvin and Mary Ellin BarrettSarah BillinghurstAnders and Amy BragLaurel Ann BrienBrian and Susannah BristolMerle J. BushkinGiosetta CapriatiDebrah CharatanLeonard G. Cohn and Jules ArnoldMr. and Mrs. Stephen DanielRichard and Peggy DanzigerDana C. Gallo and Michael DavisFrederick DonerMr. and Mrs. Bruce A. FactorRichard E. FordMr. and Mrs. Peter FrelinghuysenMonica GaffneyMarcia GoldbergJoel M. GoldfrankMr. and Mrs. Jerry GoodwinMarjorie GrinnellStephane GroueffMimi Halpern and Stephen MorrowJohn Hartje and Carol CamperInge HeckelThomas C. HillsRobin MacDermott and Robert W. HolmesMr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Hudson, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Edward Hyman, Jr.Alan JonesAlan KanzerPatricia H. KeeseeDr. and Mrs. Jules V. LaneJudith MacDonald and James MacDonaldDr. Edward A. MainzerPauline MarchMr. and Mrs. Edwin MarksNancy McAllister and Richard M. CardDr. and Mrs. Maclyn McCartyMichael and Regina McCormickAnn Bell McCoyKay McCroskyAlexander MebaneMr. and Mrs. Eugene Mercy, Jr.Richard and Barbara MooreMr. and Mrs. James J. MurthaJohn and Barbara NelsonEmily H. Trueblood and Ernest T. Patrikis

Diana M. PhillipsMarilyn B. PoliteWilbur and Audrey RabinowitzRory J. Radding and Nina S. DuchaineDorothy MurphyJames J. RochlisEdythe RolandFrank SchiffDr. and Mrs. Thomas SculcoStephen M. SiegelStanton and Mary Beth SmithPeace SullivanMarzena SzczeniowskiGary ThalheimerMr. and Mrs. James F. TomlinsonMrs. Edward TownsendAlicia R. WestmorelandBeth Copeland WilliamsAndrea WoodnerJohn YoungAlice Jean Zuccaire

Charter Annual Fund DonorsHelen AbdooJonathan J. G. AlexanderWilliam H. AlexanderGrace AllenMr. and Mrs. Robert F. R. BallardMrs. Henry I. BarbeyTheodore A. BeadlePhilip and Susan BerganJosephine L. Berger-NadlerInez BergquistMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah M. BogertGlen B. Boggs IIEllen BowersPierce A. BrennanPhillip A. BrunoKatryna B. CarothersJulie C. ConnellyJan CowlesKaren Crennan and Allen TomanNigel and Gael CrouchGeorge Dandridge and Marcos TychbrojcherBecca Davies and Jeremy KramerStanley and Ellen DeutschMr. and Mrs. R. K. DevenneyMarianne DolanMr. and Mrs. Dennis DrayerMr. and Mrs. John F. DurocherMr. and Mrs. Robert F. ErburuBerta EscurraElizabeth C. Evans-IliesiuHelen FergusonBarbara G. FleischmanMr. and Mrs. Lucius L. Fowler

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Mr. and Mrs. Peter FrelinghuysenAlan K. GageWilliam A. GlaserWilliam GoldmanRebecca G. GoodmanJames N. GoodmanPeter A. GordonJoan and Donald GordonDr. A. F. GovoniMartin and Inez GroverMr. and Mrs. Randolph Guggenheimer, Jr.C. Martin HamesJohn A. HardyElizabeth R. HennessyGeorge G. HerrickMargaret P. HighMr. and Mrs. Clark HinkleyWilliam and Sona JohnstonMrs. Allan H. KalmusMr. and Mrs. Edward W. KeaneHans W. KertessDolores KreismanDr. Marion Leathers KuntzElinor and Judson LevinMr. and Mrs. Robert K. LindgrenArthur L. LoebRose Frances McArdleMary Sara McCartneyMrs. John P. McGrathMr. and Mrs. DeCourcy Eyre McIntoshRichard and Ronay MenschelZareen Taj MirzaMitchell and Teresa MosallemMr. and Mrs. Winthrop R. MunyanCharles R. NelsonJoseph A. O’Connor, Jr.Lady Florence PackerMarian PappMara PopperDr. Donald PosnerYvonne QuinnLouise RansomDr. Perri Lee RobertsDaniel RossiterThomas and Lynn RussoMr. and Mrs. Peter G. SachsLawrence B. SalanderBarbara and Bill SaltzmanClaudia Scheuring-BrodaMarie-Louise SchmidtPeter A. SepeMr. and Mrs. Peter L. SheldonMr. and Mrs. Gilbert B. SilvermanMary Beth SmithLeona SobelKarol M. Sokol

Edmund and Elizabeth SpeerJohn B. SpringerVeronica M. StubbsRavenna TaylorDorothy E. TeffeauMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawMr. and Mrs. William TingueMargaret TouborgHelen S. TuckerGeorge and Mildred WeissmanAnna K. WeiszNicolette Wernick and Bill MarkellRichard and Joan WhalenMr. and Mrs. Patrick WilmerdingMr. and Mrs. John G. WinslowGeorge W. Young

Corporate Members

$, and aboveRolls-Royce & Bentley Motor CarsTiffany & Co.

$, – $,The Armand Hammer FoundationBanco ItauHillcrest Health Service System Inc.Lladró USA Inc.Marlborough Gallery Inc.Montres BreguetNew York Stock Exchange Foundation, Inc.Nomura Securities InternationalParamount Group, Inc.RolexThomson Financial Corporate Group

$, – $,BurberryIberia Airlines of SpainSotheby’sTown & Country

$, – $,The Bank of New YorkBloombergThe H.W. Wilson FoundationJPMorgan ChaseUBSW Magazine

$, – $,ABC, Inc.American Express CompanyArt & Auction MagazineChanel

HSBC Bank USAJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.Liz Claiborne FoundationMoët & Chandon ChampagneRandom House, Inc.W.P. Carey & Co., Inc.Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati

Matching Gift CompaniesThe AES CorporationAmerican International Group, Inc.AOL Time Warner, Inc.AT&T FoundationBank of AmericaBunge Corporation FoundationThe Charles Schwab Corporation FoundationThe Chase Manhattan FoundationComputer Associates International, Inc.ExxonMobil FoundationThe Harry Frank Guggenheim FoundationIBM CorporationJ.P. Morgan & Co., Inc.John Wiley & Sons, Inc.The May Department Stores Company

FoundationMayer, Brown & PlattThe McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.Moody’s CorporationNatexis BanqueThe New York Times Company FoundationPfizer FoundationPhilip Morris Companies, Inc.Rockefeller Financial Services, Inc.The St. Paul Companies, Inc. FoundationTelcordia TechnologiesTime Warner Foundation, Inc.The Times Mirror FoundationUBS Matching Gift ProgramZiff Brothers Investments, LLC

Autumn DinnerHonorary Gala ChairmanMichel David-Weill

Gala Co-ChairsMrs. Henry Clay Frick IIRichard E. Oldenburg

Chairman, Council of The Frick CollectionNicholas H. J. Hall

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Mr. and Mrs. Walter A. EberstadtJohn L. FiorillaRichard E. FordMrs. William Fox, Jr. and

Lord Benno BordigaMrs. Roswell L. GilpatricJean GoldenJoel M. GoldfrankAgnes Gund and Daniel ShapiroFrederick D. HillMrs. Bruce Duff HootonMr. and Mrs. John W. IngrahamSamuel H. Kress FoundationMr. and Mrs. Douglas B. LeedsArthur L. LoebRachel MauroJames R. McCredieMr. and Mrs. Frederick MelhadoAnka Kriser PalitzMr. and Mrs. Bernard G. PalitzRobert S PirieDr. and Mrs. Simon B. PoytaClaudia QuentinDr. and Mrs. James S. ReibelJane L. RichardsDavid RockefellerMr. and Mrs. Felix G. RohatynMr. and Mrs. Jerome RubinDr. Caroline Rubinstein and

Phillip M. WinegarMr. and Mrs. Stanley D. ScottPenelope Hunter-Stiebel and

Gerald G. StiebelPatricia Chace SupperJames ThompsonMrs. James H. Van AlenDr. and Mrs. Karl WamslerDr. and Mrs. Robert D. WickhamHenry Steinway Ziegler and Jourdan

Arpelle-ZieglerMr. and Mrs. Martin J. ZimetDr. and Mrs. Jonathan Zizmor

ContributorsPatty AuchinclossMrs. Robert F. AugustElizabeth E. BartlettJosephine L. Berger-NadlerPatti C. BirchW. Mark BradyMr. and Mrs. Howard L. ClarkAntonia Paepcke DuBrulMr. and Mrs. Peter FrelinghuysenMr. and Mrs. Marco GrassiDr. and Mrs. Vartan GregorianAlexis Gregory

Gordon and Llura GundKitty Carlisle HartThe H. Frederick Krimendahl FoundationMartha and Thomas LoringRichard and Ronay MenschelDale and Mariza PrecodaElaine L. RosenbergMr. and Mrs. Robert RothschildMr. and Mrs. James D. WolfensohnIrene Worth

A Tartan BallChairmenMarina Rust ConnorLauren du PontViscount LinleyAerin Lauder Zinterhofer

Vice ChairmenPhilip GorrivanNathalie Kaplan

Event CommitteeLord Rufus AlbermarlePeter BacanovicSamantha BoardmanSerena BoardmanGinny BondTory BurchTia Fuhrmann ChapmanHilary DickCarmen GautilleLloyd and Christina GerryMark Forrest GilbertsonKarla HarwichMary JudelsonDayssi Olarte KanavosAndrea Lans DonahueMr. and Mrs. Gerard de LisserCynthia LufkinRobert L. MortimerMimi MoultonBrooke and Emilio de OcampoAngus and Katherine ParkerRachel PetersTodd RomanoAlexander J.A. SachsRena SindiBaroness Lillian Schenk von StauffenbergJim TaylorRachel WagleAnne WatermanAlannah Weston

BenefactorsMr. and Mrs. Russell B. AitkenMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.Mrs. Charles Wrightsman

PatronsMichel David-WeillDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIThe Helen Clay Frick Foundation*Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas H.J. HallMr. and Mrs. Michael A. HammerJon and Barbara LandauDr. Charles RyskampMr. and Mrs. Juan A. SabaterLawrence and Julie SalanderMelvin R. Seiden and Janine LukeSuzette de Marigny SmithMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel IIIMr. and Mrs. Michael Zilkha

*At the request of Helen Clay Chace

SupportersMr. and Mrs. Peter P. Blanchard IIINelly Arrieta de BlaquierMr. and Mrs. I. Townsend Burden IIIChristie'sMrs. William S. ClarkMarina Rust Connor and Ian ConnorThe Honorable and Mrs. Walter J. P. CurleyCatherine G. CurranMr. and Mrs. Douglas DillonMr. and Mrs. L.F.B. DoyleMr. and Mrs. John R. Hearst, JrCarl B. and Ludmila S. HessMr. and Mrs. Michael MilesMr. and Mrs. R.W. MillerThe Lizabeth and Frank Newman Charitable

FoundationDiane A. NixonMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, JrMr. and Mrs. Samuel Sachs IISotheby’sMr. and Mrs. Ira D. WallachYoung Fellows Steering Committee

FriendsAnonymousMrs. Philip AlperdtBunty and Tom ArmstrongDr. and Mrs. Hugh R. K. BarberMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah M. BogertHorace “Woody” BrockGuy CaryMr. and Mrs. Minturn V. ChaceJan Cowles

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SponsorsBurberryRolls-Royce & Bentley Motor CarsTiffany & Co.Town & CountryMoët & Chandon Champagne

BenefactorsMr. and Mrs. Keith BarksdaleMelissa BerkelhammerGeoffrey N. BradfieldAnne BufordAngelo Cianciulli ArnoneMarina Rust Connor and Ian ConnorBenjamin F. DollerJean-Louis B. Ecochard and Judy M. FleischnerSusan Fales-HillJuliette FlintAmy Mazzola Flynn and Tad FlynnAmber and Tiffany FrumkesAlexandra W. GolinkinMr. and Mrs. Philip C. GorrivanDr. Lucinda HarrisJulian IragorriJockey Hollow FoundationTimothy C. JohnsonNina and Adrian JonesMr. and Mrs. Paul KanavosCraig KinosianFrederica LauderSerena Harding-Jones Lese and William LeseSimone Martel-Levinson and

David W. LevinsonMr. and Mrs. Robert K. LindgrenMartha and Thomas LoringPaul J. MateyunasAlison MazzolaJohn E. MeadLaura and Lance MerovA. Craig NatielloJohn Paul PrimianoDaniel RomualdezMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichMr. and Mrs. Juan A. SabaterStuart M. SalengerMr. and Mrs. Paul C. Schorr IVThe Honorable and Mrs. Jay SnyderSotheby’sGuy SpierTracy and Adam SternMartin J. TornbergLee WeissmanDonna M. WhittakerMr. and Mrs. Andrew W. YoungMr. and Mrs. Eric Zinterhofer

PatronsEleanor H. AcquavellaBruce W. AddisonJill K. AlcottR. Martin AndersonsKate Ayrtan and Peter A. BordesPeter BacanovicBadgely MischkaKim BatesDr. Paul BelskyBruce and Virginia BensonCraig BergstromMr. and Mrs. C.F. David BoitNatasha F. S. BoncompagniBarbara BonessiChristina BootheMelissa Biggs Bradley and

Michael T. BradleyHerve Pierre BriallardMr. and Mrs. Clifford V. Brokaw IVG. BrokawDylan C. Brown and Felicia TaylorCarol BryantLouise BucheitTory BurchPeter CallahanMaria-Elena CarrionMr. and Mrs. Erik M.W. CaspersenLucy CavendishMichael ChaePaul R. ChristensonMargaret ClarksonMary P. CoggerWilliam J. CookPaula CooperEllisa CooperJames CorlLouis S. CorelloMr. and Mrs. Lawrence CreelMr. and Mrs. George CreelMonica and Michael CulosoKeith CunninghamJames K. Damron and Michael C. DeanCharles DanielsVincent DaudinHenry P. Davison II and Kristina DavisonMr. and Mrs. Gerard de LisserMr. and Mrs. James DeGivenchyMr. and Mrs. Morgan A.G. DejouxAnthony DickMr. and Mrs. E. John DilatushMr. and Mrs. Brendan DillonLucille DiMatteoMr. and Mrs. Thomas DonahueMr. and Mrs. Michael DonahueKimberly Donaldson and Andre Kikoski

Mr. and Mrs. Stephane C. DujarricMr. and Mrs. Eleuthere Paul du Pont IIILauren and Richard du Pont Suzzara DurocherJohn A. D’Urso, Jr.Thomas EwaldAlisa FeinsteinLydia FenetPatricia FinneganJohn Leopoldo FiorillaMelissa B. FisherElizabeth A. FlemingRhonda S. ForemanAndrea and Marius FortelniChristine FrankenhoffJeffrey S. FreemanAdam S. FrischKatharine FuhrmannBertram Gabriel IIIRalph GainesMary GallagherJennifer GerstenfeldMark Forrest GilbertsonMatthew GilmoreKaren and Thomas S. GloverDavidson GoldinAmerica GonzalezJared GossDon GrahamMartha M. GregoryMr. and Mrs. Andrew GundlachJames Hall and Anna HargravesConrad Hanson and Joel LasherLeigh Harrington and John HastingsLois Harrison and Paul A. MinigielloMr. and Mrs. Peter HarwichMark Anthony HatsisMarlene and Thomas HaysMaureen HebbelerLindsay C. Herkness III *Bettina HeuschMr. and Mrs. Arthur E. ImperatoreDavid IngramSteven IsozJeff JoyceMary and Roy JudelsonDeanna KangasNathalie and Edward KaplanJennifer KaplanMr. and Mrs. Sanford Bull Kaynor, Jr.Thomas KennedyKathy KielSusan KittenplanJoseph KnightEmily Davis KnightJill Kopelman

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Elena Morris KornbluthCarolyn KoschnickEmily and James KronenbergPeter Kuntz and Connie RodriguezCharlene KuoKaryn LambJane LauderDavid LaurenDylan LaurenRebecca A. LawtonHarrison LeFrakAlmudena LegorretaSam J. D. LehrEleanor LemboHilary LewisNicole LiarakosDonna and Robert LiebowitzMr. and Mrs. Mario LoretoLaura Seale LovelaceChris LukasJennifer LynchChristine and Richard MackScott MacWhinnieKevin Mahaney and Diana BuddenhagenEvelyn Tompkins MandyStacey MatthewsKathleen MaxwellJean McGillicuddyDerek McNultyHarris C. MehosRudolf Kniase MelikoffTimsley MercerNatalie MilaniMark MillerPamela MillerAlison Minton and Michael O'HanlonMr. and Mrs. George B. MooreBrian MoranRobert L. MortimerMr. and Mrs. John Henry MoultonSusan MunnMark MurrayRobin and Peter NaylorKim NesbitJennifer J. NillesLars NilssonLouisa OliverMichael O’NealMr. and Mrs. Gunnar S. Overstrom IIIAmy and Charles PalellaKatherine ParkerJennifer E. PettitMr. and Mrs. Frank PiaseckiRussell PiccioneMr. and Mrs. Robert S. Pitts, Jr.Tanya Poetzl

Julia E. Power and David E. BurnsAlex PowersDiana P. PullingIlona Theodora Rand and

William Joseph DotsonNorman D. RauMiguel RaurellLiz RichCharles RockefellerTodd RomanoRuth RosenbergBeatrice Rossi-Landi and Richard MillerMarisa RothmanAndrew W. RussellTimothy RustoAlexander J. A. SachsMortimer D. A. SacklerNancy and Joseph SambucoDanielle SapseErnest and Daphne ScalamandreMichele M. ScaringellaClaudia Scheuring-BrodaDavid B. SchiffHelen Lee and Timothy SchifterLouise and Benjamin SchliemannBruce SchwebelChristine ScornavaccaErica M. SelimoticJohn SerbinWendy ShapssMr. and Mrs. Andrew ShiftanPaddy ShonahanLauren ShorttRena SindiMaartje and Esteban SkareWhitney Sudler Smith Stephanie L. SnyderRandall StemplerKaren SugarAndrew W. SweetWhitney Olin SymingtonLiadhain TaitPeyton E. TansillLeo M. TilmanFlavia TomoyoIsabel TraftonMr. and Mrs. Will TraftonRichard L. TurnureCharles D. UrstadtBronson Van WyckKim VernonVanessa von BismarckAshley and Alexander von PerfallBaron and Baroness

Damian von StauffenbergMark Voss

Rachel and Richard WagleCharlotte WagsterAndreas Waldburg-WolfeggJudith WallVisse WedellAbby WeismanGenevieve WheelerJohn and Charlotte WickhamThomas WilliamsLaura WintersChristina and Ned WoodJennifer WrightRoya YaghoobianRichard Ziegelasch and Lionel GenesteBettina Zilkha


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Statement ofFinancial PositionDecember , , with comparativeDecember , , totals (Note )

AssetsDecember ,

Cash and cash equivalents $ ,, $ ,,Contributions receivable , ,Accrued interest and dividends , ,Due from broker

for securities sold , ,,Other current assets , ,Inventory , ,Investments, at market:

Museum ,, ,,Library ,, ,,

Fixed assets, at cost:Museum ,, ,,Library ,, ,,

Prepaid pension cost ,, ,,__________ __________

Total assets $ ,, $ ,,__________ ____________________ __________

Liabilities and Net AssetsAccounts payable

and accrued expenses $ ,, $ ,,Due to broker for

securities purchased , ,,Accrued post-retirement health

and other benefits ,, ,,__________ __________

Total liabilities ,, ,,

Net assetsUnrestricted ,, ,,Temporarily restricted ,, ,,Permanently restricted ,, ,,__________ __________

Total net assets ,, ,,__________ __________

Total liabilities and net assets $ ,, $ ,,

__________ ____________________ __________

Note For purposes of brevity, the December , , and finan-cial information presented herein is excerpted from our auditedfinancial statements as prepared by the independent accountingfirm of PriceWaterhouseCoopers, L.L.P., which rendered anunqualified opinion as to those statements in conformance withgenerally accepted accounting principles. This excerpted infor-mation does not include the Statement of Cash Flows or thefootnotes which are integral to a full presentation of the Collec-tion’s financial position. A complete Report of the IndependentAuditors is available by writing to the Development Office ofThe Frick Collection.

Note : Measure of OperationsThe Collection includes in its definition of operations all revenues and expenses that are an integral part of its programsand supporting activities. The measure of operations includesinvestment income equal to the . percent spending rate (seeNote below), and excludes investment return in excess of the .percent spending rate, changes in net assets relating to Collectionitems, and unrestricted contributions designated by the Board forlong-term investment.

Note : Spending RateThe Frick Collection’s investments are pooled to facilitate theirmanagement. The Collection manages its pooled investments on a total return basis. To preserve the investments’ long-term purchasing power, the Collection makes available to be spenteach year . percent of the investment portfolio’s average marketvalue for the twelve quarters ending the September prior to thebeginning of the year. This amount, net of investment and cus-todial fees, is the spending rate.

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Statement of Activities For the year ended December , , with comparative totals for

Board Temporarily Permanently Total All Funds December ,General Designated Totaljy Restricted Restricted

Operating support and revenuesNet investment return – . percent spending policy $ ,, $................... $ , $ , $................... $ ,, $ ,,Other interest income , , , , , ,Contributions ,, , ,, , ,, ,,Admission fees ,, ,, ,, ,,Membership ,, ,, ,, ,,Bookstore sales & miscellaneous , , ,, ,, ,,

,, , ,, ,, ,, ,,Net assets released from restrictions

and reclassifications , (,) , (,) - -

Total operating support and revenues ,, , ,, , ,, ,,

Operating expensesMuseum programs:

Operations ,, , ,, ,, ,,Special exhibitions, concerts, and lectures , , , ,Bookstore, including cost of sales , , , ,

Total museum programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,

Library programs:Operations ,, , ,, ,, ,,Special programs , , , ,

Total library programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,

Total programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,

Supporting services:General and administrative ,, , ,, ,, ,,Fundraising ,, ,, ,, ,,

Total supporting services ,, , ,, ,, ,,

Total operating expenses ,, , ,, ,, ,,

Excess (deficiency) of operating support andrevenues over operating expenses , (,) (,) , (,) ,,

Nonoperating support and revenuesContributions ,Net investment return designated for

long-term investment (,,) (,,) (,) (,,) (,,)

Total nonoperating support and revenue (,,) (,,) (,) (,,) (,,)

Change in net assets , (,,) (,,) (,) (,,) (,,)

Net assets, beginning of year $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,,

Net assets, end of year $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,,

See accompanying notes on page .


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D. Brian HealyAnn JaffeChristine Kim Tracy NeilanAllison RuddockMonica SandsJessica SimonBrindalyn WebsterMarcia WellerSales and Information Staff (p.t.)

Building & Security Department

Dennis SweeneyManager of Buildings and Security


Joseph CorselloChief Engineer

Colm McCormacAssistant Chief Engineer

Vladimir KeylinJohn KowalskiHarold MillinThomas PugliaMikhail ShustermanJoseph TurtonEngineers

Wilfred MaldonadoElectrician

Maintenance Division

Brian A. AndersonSenior Galleries Technician


Mireya RomeroSupervisor of Housekeeping

Winston McLeodAssistant Housekeeping Supervisor

Nilo AlcainHildefonso ArriagaJohn BensonMarie BrannCarmen CalderonSoeurette EtienneBerthie LazareRonald MoliereLouisa MoreauFritz PierreJairo RodriguezHousekeepers


José Antonio HuebeKitchen Manager

The Frick CollectionStaff During

Samuel Sachs II Director

Yuri Ito Executive Secretary to the Director

Margaret TouborgSpecial Advisor to the Director

Jason HerrickManager of Special Projects

Administration & Finance Department

Robert Goldsmith Deputy Director

Martha Hackley Executive Assistant

Michael Paccione Controller

Chuyon YiFinancial Analyst

Diane Oatman Payroll/Benefit Coordinator

William Traylor Accounting Coordinator

Lisa FoersterPurchasing and Supply Room Assistant

Curatorial Department

Colin B. BaileyChief Curator

Margaret IaconoCuratorial Assistant to the Chief Curator

Susan Grace GalassiCurator

Christine MinasCuratorial Assistant

Barbara O. RobertsObjects Conservator

William TrachetConservation Technician

Jean GoodmanConservation Intern

Amy HermanHead of Education

Brian BoucherEducation Liaison

Joseph FocarinoEditor

Richard di LibertoPhotographer

Rosa Berland (p.t.)Data Entry for EmBARK Project

Eric Rucker (p.t.)Art Handler for EmBARK Project

Department of External Affairs

Martin DuusManager of Development

Andrea AndrewsDevelopment Assistant

Rebecca BrookeManager of Publications, External Affairs

Hilary EwingManager of Special Events

Kathleen HelalMembership Coordinator

Lucy RocheDevelopment Associate

Heidi Rosenau Manager of Media Relations & Marketing

Stephanie RuggieroMedia Relations & Marketing Coordinator

Public Program Department

Joyce BodigCoordinator of Concerts and Special Events

Sales and Information Department

Katherine GerloughManager of Sales and Information

Kristin CollinsAssistant to the Manager of Sales & Information

Nancy McGeorge (seasonal)Sales and Information Coordinator

Susan Tabor (seasonal)Sales and Information Coordinator

Elise AlexanderAmanda AltmannScott AltmannMuriel BalashDeborah BlackNina CoatesJennifer CullenJanice DuganBarbara FeldkampCoral Groh

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Konstantin PagiAssistant Kitchen Manager

Joanne DudaFirst Cook

Theana BernadotteImmacula CadetConceptia SaintilKitchen Assistants

Horticulture Division

Karl Galen LeeHorticultural Designer

Bernadette Morrell (p.t.)Flower Arranger

Security Division

Neil OatmanHead of Security

Daniel CharlesDominic PhillipsLieutenants

Gloria Blanc-JaitehWillie BryantDigna DelanceEdward PeanaSergeants

Kolja BerisajDelroy SlaterSupervisors

Antoine SmallwoodRelief Night Supervisor

Ainsworth Anderson Sabane AndersonPierre BernadotteDwain BredwoodThomas ButlerDaniel CampbellDora CastroThomas DeMariaLesly DesmanglesBorgia EspinalMara GjelajAna GutierrezLance HartmanDevaindranauth JamunaprasadHerve Jean-BaptisteBilly Jean-ElyseePierre Jean-FrancoisValentina KekovicJoanel LegisteJoseph LevasseurRoko LjucovicJames LoBosco Jean MayardHugh McMorrisRiviere MoreauFernando PerezWellesley Robertson

Natasha SinghJames SmithRichard SpencerShivekarran TillackGuards

Frick Art ReferenceLibrary Staff During

Patricia BarnettAndrew W. Mellon Librarian

Mary Ann E. Kelly Assistant to the Chief Librarian/Coordinator for Library Administration

Birsen Ozbilge Library Assistant for Administration

Public Services Department

Lydia DufourChief, Public Services

Irene AvensReference Librarian

James MitchellAssistant Reference Librarian

Mariko IidaReference Associate

Carol YoshimuraLibrary Associate for Public Services

James Gleeson (p.t.)Eddie Jones (p.t.)Receptionists

Ian TitusManager of Pages

Lorenzo De Los Angeles Anthony ReddingAlexis ThompsonSenior Pages/Technicians

Warren Bobb (p.t.)Felix Esquivel (p.t.)Pages/Technicians

Conservation Department

Don SwansonChief, Collections Preservation

Jerilyn DavisAssociate Conservator

Kelli PiotrowskiAssistant Conservator

Kelly Rose FrankPreservation Associate (Digital & Reprographic Services)

Rhonda Rouget Conservation Associate

Lisa JensenConservation Assistant

Darlene Louis (p.t.)Clerk

Luke Barnett (p.t.)Luciano Johnson (p.t.) Mark Schmidt (p.t.)Stack Reconfiguration Project

Book Department

Deborah KempeChief, Collections Management & Access

Mark BresnanHead, Bibliographic Records

Paul SchuchmanPatricia SiskaAssociate Catalogers

Eric WolfAssistant Cataloger

Rodica Preda Coordinator (Recon Project)

Christina Peter (Acquisitions)Jesse Sadia (Auction Sale Catalogues)Amy Schwarz (Periodicals)Cataloging Associates

Charles BasmanLotte Falkenberg (p.t.)Cataloging Assistants

Anthony JonesElizabeth Duffy (p.t.)Aimee Genell (p.t.) Acquisitions Assistants

Michael Houk (p.t.) Alida Lasker (p.t.) Sean M. McCarthy (p.t.) Recon Project Assistants

Photoarchive Department

Inge ReistChief, Collections Development & Research

Kerry SullivanHead, Photographic Records

Louisa Wood RubyAssociate Photoarchivist

Dorothy Devenney (p.t.)Rita Havivi (p.t.)Ellen Prokop (p.t.) Assistant Photoarchivists

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Copyright © The Frick Collection East Seventieth StreetNew York, NY


Editor: Rebecca BrookeDesign: The Oliphant PressPrinter: Thames Printing


Richard di Liberto: Front cover, pp. , , (top), , , , © The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives: pp. , Kara Glynn: p. Christine A. Butler: pp. , , , (bottom), , , , , , Ray Ellis: p. © American Federation of Arts: p. (left)Stephen Petegorsky: p. (right), Franz Sattler: p. Cutty McGill: p. Alan Klein: p.

Front Cover

In March , a plywood “fence” was erected as restorationwork began on the stone walls and wrought-iron fence surrounding the house and gardens along Fifth Avenue and Seventieth Street. The work was completed in February .

Back Cover

The Frick residence under construction, c.

Rudie Hurwitz (p.t.)Coordinator (Meiss Project)

Scott MangieriPhotoarchive Associate

Meredith Watson Valeria Kondratiev (p.t.)Margaret Rose (p.t.)Henry Sturtevant (p.t.)Photoarchive Assistants

Archives & Records Management Department(Institution-wide)

Sally Brazil (p.t.)Chief, Archives & Records Management

Susan Chore Assistant Archivist

Christopher Hauser (p.t.) Archives Assistant

Informations Systems Department (Institution-wide)

Floyd SweetingHead, Information Systems

Brian NicholsManager of Information Technology

Vivian GillManager of Digital Information

Julie Shean Database Coordinator

Spencer Sutton Help Desk Coordinator

John NgNetwork & PC Support/Technical Assistant

Kenneth Doerhoff (p.t.)Reginald Oleus (p.t.)Technical Assistants

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The Frick Collection Report

The Frick residence under construction, c.