the healing power of chinese herbs and medicinal recipes

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The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes Joseph P. Hou, PhD, AP Youyu Jin, MD The Haworth Integrative Healing Press® An Imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc. New York • London • Oxford

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and Medicinal Recipes
Joseph P. Hou, PhD, AP Youyu Jin, MD
The Haworth Integrative Healing Press® An Imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc.
New York • London • Oxford
Guide to Chinese Pin Yin Phonetics and the Wade-Giles System
Authors' Note
x ix
Introduction: Western Medicine versus Traditional Chinese Medicine 1
Modern (Synthetic) Medicine versus Herbal (Natural) Medicine 2
The Healing Benefits of Chinese Herbs 6 The Future of Chinese Herbal Medicine 8
Chapter 1. The Fundamentals of Chinese Medicine 13
Early Medical Philosophy 13 The Essence of Chinese Medicine 20 Methods of Diagnosis and Differentiation of Syndromes 24 Treatment Methods 25
Chapter 2. The Development of Ben Cao and Herbal Recipes 37
The Evolution of Ben Cao 37 The Evolution of Herbal Recipes 42
Chapter 3. Practical Herbalism 49 The Benefits of Medicinal Herbs 49 Practical Herbalism 53 How Medicinal Plants Are Processed 55 Chemical Components of Medicinal Plants 57 Properties of Medicinal Herbs 59 Dosage of Herbs 65 Factors That Influence the Efficacy of Herbs 68 How Chinese Medicinal Herbs Are Used 69
Chapter 4. Effective Herbal Recipes and Patent Medicines 73 Herbal Recipes (Formulas, Prescriptions) 73 How Herbal Recipes Are Modified 75 Patent Medicines and Modern Pharmaceutical Herbal
Preparations 76 Quality Control and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
. of Herbal Products 77 Where to Buy Chinese Herbs and Patent Medicines 78
Chapter 5. Miraculous Tonic Herbs: Strengthening the First Line of Defense and Fortifying the Immune System 81
Ginseng; Radix ginseng; Ren shen 87 Siberian Ginseng; Radix Acanthopanax senticosus;
Wit jia shen or Ci wu jia 94 Astragalus Root; Radix Astragali; Huang qi 97 Codonopsis; Radix Codonopsis Pilosidae; Dang shen 103 Licorice Root; Radix Glycyrrhizae; Gan cao 106 Chinese Yam; Rhizoma Dioscoreae; Shan yao 110 Schisandra Fruit; Fructus Schisandra; Wu wei zi 113 White Atractylodes; Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephala;
Bai zhu 118 Chinese Angelica Root; Radix Angelica sinensis;
Dang gui, Tang kuei, Dong quai 122
Processed Rehmannia Root; Radix Rehmanniae Preparata; Shu di huang or Shu di 127
White Peony Root; Radix Paeoniae Alba; Bai shao 131 Polygonum; Radix Polygoni multiflori; He shoii wu
or Shou wu 135
Chapter 6. Herbs That Adjust the Yin and Yang: Defending Homeostasis and Harmony of the Body 139
American Ginseng; Radix Ginseng Quinquefolium; Xi yang shen or Hua qi shen 145
Ophiopogon Root; Radix Ophiopogonis; Mai men dong or Mai dong 149
Lycium Fruit; Fructus Lycii; Gou qi zi 152 Polygonatum Root; Rhizoma Polygonati; Huang jing 156 Glehnia; Radix Glehniae; Bei sha shen 159 Asparagus; Radix Asparagi; Tian men dong or Tian dong 161 Epimedium; Herba Epimedii; Yin yang Into or Xiang ling pi 164 Eucommia Bark; Cortex Eucommiae; Du zhong 167 Psoralea Fruit; Fructus Psoraleae; Bu gu zhi 170 Cordyceps; Cordyceps sinensis; Dong chong xia cao 174 Morinda Root; Radix Morindae officinalis; Bα ji tian 178 Cistanche; Herba Cistanches; Ron cong rong 181 Cuscuta; Semen Cuscutae; Tu si zi 184 Cornus; Fructus Corni; Shan zhu yu 187 Curculigo Rhizome; Rhizoma Curculiginis
Xian mao 190 Pilose Antler; Cornu Cervi Parvum; Lu rong 192
Chapter 7. Herbs That Invigorate Circulation of Vital Energy, Qi, and Blood: Preventing Discomfort and Pain, and Cerebral and Coronary Heart Diseases 195
Tangerine (Orange) Peel; Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae; Chen pi 201
Immature Bitter Orange; Fructus Aurantii Immaturus; Zhi shi 204
Cyperus Tuber; Rhizoma Cyperi; Xiang fu 207 Aucklandia (saussurea) Root; Radix Aucklandiae; Mit xiang 210 Notoginseng; Radix Notoginseng; San qi (Tian qi) 213 Salvia Root; Radix Salvia Miltiorrhizae; Dan shen 216 Cnidium; Radix Ligustici Chuanxiong; Chuan xiong 221
Carthamus or Safflower; Flos Carthami; Hong hua Curcuma Root; Radix Curcitmae; Yujin Vaccaria Seed; Semen Vaccariae; Wang bit liu xing Achyranthes Root; Radix Achyranthes Bidentatae;
Huai niu xi Red Peony Root; Radix Paeoniae Rubra; Chi shao
or Chi shao yao Leonurus; Herba Leonuri; Yi mu cao or Kun cao Peach Kernel or Persica; Semen Persicae; Tao ren Pubescent Holly Root; Radix Ilicis Pubescentis; Mao dong
qing Acronychia; Lignum Dalbergiae Odorifera
Jiang xiang or Jiang zhen xiang Moutan Bark; Cortex Moutan Radicis; Mu dan pi
or Dan pi Ginkgo Biloba Leaves; Folia Ginkgo biloba; Yin xing ye
Chapter 8. Herbal Tranquilizers: Nourishing the Heart and Calming the Liver
Polygala Root; Radix Polygalae; Yuan zhi Ganoderma or Reishi Mushrooms; Ganoderma Lucidum;
Ling zhi Biota Seed; Semen Biotae; Bai zi ren Zizyphus; Semen Zizyphi Spinosae; Suan zoo ren Acorus; Rhizoma Acori Graminei; Shi chang pu
or Chang pu Apocynum; Herba Apocynum Venetum; Luo bu ma Albizzia Bark; Cortex Albizzia; He huan pi Gastrodia Tuber; Rhizoma Gastrodiae; Tian ma
Chapter 9. Herbal Diaphoretics: Relief of Common Colds, Allergies, and Headaches
Ephedra; Herba Ephedrae; Mα huang Cinnamon Twig; hamulus Cinnamomi Cassiae; Gui zhi Cinnamon Bark; Cortex Cinnamomi; Ron gui or Gui pi Siler; Radix Ledebouriellae; Fang feng Angelica or Dahurian Angelica Root; Radix Angelicae
dahuricae; Bai zhi Ginger; Rhizoma Zingiberis; Gan Jiang or Shengjiang Asarum Herb; Herba Asari; Xi xin
226 230 233
Moms or Muttf! Chrvsantht :, / Bupleurum Roc - PuerariaRoot;! CimicifogaMi .
Chapter 10. HerWI
o r ( i . • . •..-.•.
Rhododendron;/ , •
Stephd';,: •..., ',-jy-
12 16 19
Schizonepeta; Herba sen. Flos Schizonepetae; Jing jie or Jing jie sui
Magnolia Flower; Flos Magnoliae; Xin yi hua or Xin yi Processed Aconite; Radix Aconiti Praeparata; Fit zi Mentha or Peppermint; Herba Menthae; Bo he Morus or Mulberry Leaf; Folium Mori; Sang ye Chrysanthemum; Flos Chrysanthemi; Ju hua Bupleurum Root; Radix Bupleuri; Chai liu Pueraria Root; Radix Puerariae; Ge gen Cimicifuga Rhizome; Rhizoma Cimicifugae; Sheng ma
Chapter 10. Herbal Expectorants, Antitussives, and Antiasthmatics: Resolution of Respiratory System Ailments
Pinellia Tuber; Rhizoma Pinelliae; Ban xia Platycodon Root; Radix Platycodi; Jie geng Fritillary Bulb; Bulbus Fritillariae; Bei mu
or Chuan bei mu and Zhe bei mu Bitter Apricot Kernel; Semen Armeniacae amarum;
Ku xing ren Trichosanthes Fruit; Fructus Trichosanthis; Gua lou shi Stemona Root; Radix Stemonae; Bai bit Sargassum or Seaweed; Herba Sargassum; Hai zao Lepidium Seed; Semen Lepidii sen Descurainiae; Ting li zi Rhododendron; Folium Rhododendri daurici; Man shan
Chapter 11. Herbal Pain Killers: Relief of Lingering Arthritic Pain and Rheumatism
Pubescent Angelica Root; Radix Angelicae pubescens; Du huo
Notopterygium; Rhizoma sen Radix Notopterygii; Qiang huo
Loranthus; Ramulus Loranthis; Sangji sheng Clematis Root; Radix Clematidis; Wei ling xian Stephania; Radix Stephaniae tetrandrae; Han fang ji Chinese Star Jasmine; Caulis Trachelospermi; Luo shi teng Large-Leaf Gentian Root; Radix Gentiana Macwphyllae;
Qin jiao
Cynanchum Root; Radix Cynanchi paniculati; Xu chang qing or Liao diao zhu 407
Chaenomeles; Fructus Chaenomeles; Mu gua 410 Acanthopanax Bark; Cortex Acanthopanacis; Wujiapi 413 Lycopodium; Herba Lycopodii; Shen jin cao 416 Siegesbeckia; Herba Siege sbeckiae; Xi xian cao or Xi xian 418
Chapter 12. Herbs That Regulate Digestion and Elimination: Relief of Common Gastrointestinal Ailments 421
Hawthorn; Fructus Crataegi; Shan zha 425 Agastache; Herba Agastaches sen Pogostemi; Huo xiang 429 Amomum Fruit; Fructus Amomi; Sha ren 432 Germinated Barley; Fructus Hordei Germinatus; Mai ya 435 Evodia Fruit: Fructus Evodiae; Wu zhu yu 437 Atractylodes; Rhizoma Atractylodes; Cang zhu 441 Raphanus or Radish Seeds; Semen Raphani; Lai fit zi 445 Magnolia Bark; Cortex MagnoJiae Officinalis; Hou po 448 Rhubarb; Radix et Rhizoma Rhei; Dα huang 451 Areca Seed; Semen Arecae; Bin lang or Bing king zi 455
Chapter 13. Dampness-Eliminating Herbs: Treating Urinary Tract Disorders 459
Alisma; Rhizoma Alismatis; Ze xie 463 Poria or Hoelen; Poria Cocos; Fu ling 467 Polyporus; Polyporus Umbellatus; Zhu ling 470 Rubus; Fructus Rubus Chingii; Fu pen zi 473 Plantain Seed; Semen Plantaginis; Che qian zi 475 Lysimachia; Herba Lysimachiae; Jin qian cao 478 Capillaris; Herba Artemisiae capillaris; Yin chen hao 481
Chapter 14. Herbal Antipyretics, Antimicrobials, and Detoxicants: The Last Line of Defense Against Infections 485
Arctium or Burdock Fruit; Fructus Arctii; Niu bang zi 489 Gardenia; Fructus Gardeniae; Zhi zi 491 Phragmites Rhizome; Rhizoma Phragmites; Lu gen 493 Wild Chrysanthemum; Flos Chrysanthemi Indici; Ye ju hua 495 Prunella Spike; Spica Prunellae; Xia kit cao 498 Gentiana Root; Radix Gentianae; Long dan cao 501
Forsythia Fruit; Fructus Forsythiae; Lian qiao 504 Lonicera; Flos Lonicerae; Jin yin hua 507 Scute Root; Radix Scutellariae; Huang qin 510 Coptis Root; Rhizoma Coptidis; Huang Han 514 Phellodendron Bark; Cortex Phellodendri; Huang bai 518 Isatis Root; Radix Isatidis sen Baphicacanthi; Ban Ian gen 521 Isatis Leaf; Folium Isatidis; Dα qing ye 524 Dandelion; Herba Taraxaci; Pu gong ying 527 Pulsatilla Root; Radix Pulsatillae; Bai tou weng 530 Patrinia Herb; Herba Patriniae; Baijiang cao 532 Scrophularia Root; Radix Scrophulariae; Xuan shen 535 Paris Rhizome; Rhizome Paridis; Chong lou 538
Chapter 15. Natural Antitumor Herbs: Complementary Therapy to Aid the Fight for Survival 541
Oldenlandia; Herba Oldenlandia diffusa; Bai hua she she cao 545
Lobelia; Herba Lobeliae; Ban Man lian 548 Scute Barbata; Herba Scutellariae Barbatae; Ban zhi lian 550 Rabdosia; Herba Rabdosiae; Dong ling cao 552 Akebia Quinata Fruit; Fructus Akebiae; Bα yue zha 554 Black Nightshade; Herba Solani Nigri; Long kui 557 Houttuynia; Herba Houttuyniae; Yu xing cao 559 Subprostrate Sophora Root; Radix Sophora; Shan dou gen 562 Zedoaria; Rhizoma Curcumae Zedoaria; E zhu 565 Semiaquilegia Root; Radix Semiaquilegiae; Tian kui 568 Duchesnea; Herba Duchesneae; She mei 570 Sarcandra; Herba Sarcandra glabra; Jiujie cha
or Guan yin cha 572
Chapter 16. Herbal Recipes for Energy and Vitality 577
R-l Shen Fit Tang (Ginseng and Aconite Tonic) 577 R-2 Si Jim Zi Tang (Decoction of Combination of Four
Noble Herbs) 577 R-3 Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang (Ginseng and Rehmannia
Nourishing Formula) 578
R-4 Ren Shen Feng Wang Jiang (Ginseng Royal Jelly Oral Liquid) 579
R-5 Sheng Mai Yin or Sheng Mai San (Ginseng and Ophiopogon Combination for Debility) 579
R-6 Gui Pi Tang (Ginseng and Longan Spleen and Heart Tonic Formula) 580
R-7 Shen Qi Gao (Wan) (Ginseng and Astragalus Qi Tonic) 581 R-8 Wu Jia Shen Gao or Ci Wu Jia Gao (Siberian Ginseng
Extract Tonic) 581 R-9 Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (Ginseng and Astragalus
Combination Vital Energy Tonic Pills) 582 R-10 Yit Ping Feng San (Astragalus and Siler Immune
Tonic Formula) 583 R-l 1 Yi Guan Man (Glehnia and Rehmannia Combination
for Nourishing the Yin) 583 R-l2 Yu Quan Wan (Trichosanthes Formula for Diabetes) 584 R-l3 Shen Ling Bai Zhu San (Ginseng, Poria,
and Atractylodes Stomachic Formula) 585 R-14 Li Zhong Tang (Ginseng and Ginger Combination
Stomach-Warming Decoction) 585
Chapter 17. Herbal Recipes for Blood Nourishment and Female Ailments 587
R-l5 Si Wu Tang (Chinese Angelica and Rehmannia Four Combination) 587
R-l6 Tao Hong Si Wu Tang (Chinese Angelica and Carthamus Formula for Replenishing Blood) 588
R-\l Dang Gui Wan (Chinese Angelica Pills) 588 R-18 Bα Zhen Wan (Eight Precious Herbs for Women) 589 R-19 Wu Ji Bai Feng Wan (Chicken Phoenix Pills
for Women) R-20 Geng Nian An (Rehmannia and Polygonum
Combination Menopause Pills) R-21 Dang Gui Shao Yα o Wan (Chinese Angelica
and Peony Liver Stagnation Formula)
Chapter 18. Herbal Recipes That Balance the Yin and Yang 593 j
R-22 Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (Six Herb Kidney Essence Tonic) 5931
R-23 Mai Wei Di Huang Wan (Eight Herb Longevity Pill) 594 R-24 Shen Qi Wan (Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan) (Rehmannia
Kidney-Yang Tonic Formula) 594 R-25 QiJu Di Huang Wan (Lycium Fruit, Chrysanthemum,
and Rehmannia Eyesight Tonic Pill) 595 R-26 Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan (Seven Treasure Antiaging
Rejuvenation Formula) 595 R-27 ErXian Tang (Morinda and Epimedium Meridian
Balancing Formula) 596 R-28 Si Shen Wan (Four Miraculous Herb Spleen-
and Kidney-Yang Tonic Formula) 597 R-29 He Shou Wu Wan (Shou Wu Wan) (Polygonum
and Rehmannia Antiaging Formula) 597 R-30 Nan Bao (Ginseng and Epimedium Combination
Male Treasure Pills) 598
Chapter 19. Recipes That Benefit the Heart and the Brain 599
R-31 Dan Shen Yin (Salvia and Amomum Fruit Angina Formula)
R-32 Fit Fang Dan Shen Pian (Compound Formula of Salvia Heart Tablet)
R-33 Guan Xin Bing II (Coronary Heart Formula II) R-34 Bu Yang Huan Wu Tang (Ginseng and Astragalus
Paralysis Formula) R-35 Jian Nao Bu Shen Wan (Ginseng and Zizyphus
Combination Brain Tonic) R-36 Yue Ju Wan or Xiong Zhu Wan (Cyperus
Antistagnation and Depression Pill) R-37 Ban Xia Hou Po Tang (Pinellia and Magnolia
Stagnation Pill) R-38 Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang (Peach Kernel and Carthamus
Blood Stasis Formula) R-39 Huo Xue Tong Mai Pian (Safflower and Cyperus
Coronary Circulation Formula)
Chapter 20. Herbal Recipes That Ease the Mind
R-40 Suan Zao Ren Tang (Zizyphus Essence Tonic) R-41 Xiao Yao Wan (Bupleurum and Chinese Angelica
Ease Formula)
R-42 Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Wan (Bupleurum and Peony Ease Pills) 606
R-43 An Shen Bu Xin Wan (Albizzia Bark Sedative and Heart Tonic) 607
R-44 Bai Zi Yang Xin Wan (Biota Seed Mind-Easing Tonic) 607 R-45 Tian Wang Bu Xin Wan (Ginseng and Zizyphus
Mind-Easing and Heart Tonic Formula) 608
Chapter 21. Herbal Recipes to Relieve Colds, Internal Ailments, and Pains 609 | U
R-46 Yin Qiao Jie Du Pian (Lonicera Flower and Forsythia Cold and Detoxification Formula) 609
R-47 Tong Xuan Li Fei Pian (Ephedra and Perilla Cold Formula) 609
R-48 Huo Xiang Zheng Qi Wan (Agastache Gastrointestinal Flu Pills) 610
R-49 Chuan Xiong Cha Tiao San (Chuan Xiong Headache Relief Formula) 611
R-50 Chai Hu Shu Gan Tang (Bupleurum and Cyperus Liver-Soothing Formula) 611,
R-51 Xiao Huo Luo Dan (Arisaema and Aconite ^/-Activating Formula) 612
R-52 Shu Gan Wan (White Peony and Melia Liver-Soothing Formula) 6131
R-53 Xiao Chai Hu Tang (Minor Bupleurum Mediation Formula) 613
R-54 Fu Zi Li Zhong Tang (Aconite and Ginger Stomachache Formula) 6141
R-55 Tian Mα Wan (Gastrodia and Eucommia Pain Formula) 6141
R-56 Yuan Hu Zhi Tong Wan (Corydalis and Angelica Pain Formula) 615
R-57 Qiang Huo Sheng Shi Tang (Notopterygium and Pubescent Angelica Pain Formula) 615
R-58 Du Huo Ji Sheng Tang (Pubescent Angelica and Loranthus Pain Formula) 6161
R-59 Ping Wei San (Magnolia and Ginger Peptic Formula) 617 R-60 Xiao Man Zhong Tang (Cinnamon and Peony
Middle-7/rttf Tonic) 6171
R-61 SiNi San (Bupleurum and Peony Liver-Soothing Formula) 618
R-62 Mit Xiang Bing Lang Wan (Aucklandia and Areca Seed Carminative Formula) 618
R-63 Xiao Qing Long Tang (Ephedra and Pinellia Cough Asthma Formula) 619
R-64 Tian Mα Gou Teng Yin (Gastrodia and Gambir Liver-Calming Formula) 620
R-65 Fang Feng Tong Sheng San (Siler and Platycodon

Balancing Formula) R-66 Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang (Stephania and Astragalus
Metabolism Formula) R-67 Yin Chen Hao Tang (Capillaris and Gardenia Jaundice
Formula) R-68 Wu Ling San (Hoelen and Alisma Diuretic Formula) R-69 Mai Men Dong Tang (Ophiopogon and Pinellia Tuber
Lung Formula) R-70 Xi Jiao Di Huang Wan (Rhinoceros Horn
and Rehmannia Detoxification Formula) R-71 Wu Zhu Yu Tang (Evodia and Ginger Antiemetic
Formula) R-72 Huang Lian Jie Du Tang (Coptis and Scute
Detoxification Formula) R-73 Dα Cheng Qi Tang (Major Rhubarb Cleansing
Formula) R-74 Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang (Hoelen and Atractylodes
Spleen Tonic Formula) R-75 Zhen Wu Tang (Hoelen and Ginger Diuretic Formula)
Chapter 22. Herbal Recipes for Fasting, Cleansing, and Detoxification
R-76 Zhi Shi Dao Zhi Wan (Alisma and Poria Bowel-Cleansing Formula)
R-77 Yi Shen Tang (Lonicera Flower Kidney Benefiting Formula)
R-78 Long Dan Xie Gan Tang (Gentiana Liver-Cleansing Formula)
Chapter 23. Selections of Imperial Palace Recipes for Health and Longevity from the Qing Dynasty 631
R-79 Yan Ling Yi Shou Dan (Chinese Angelica and Astragalus Longevity and Life-Benefiting Formula) 631
R-80 Shi Quan Dα Bit Wan (Ginseng and Chinese Angelica Ten Tonic Combination) 632
R-81 Jiao Gan Wan (Cyperus Tuber and Hoelen Antidepression Combination) 633
R-82 Yi Qi Li Pi Zhi Zhu Wan (Codonopsis and Orange Peel ^/-Nourishing Spleen Tonic Formula) 634
R-83 Jia Wei Long Dan Xie Gan Wan (Compound Gentiana Liver-Heat Purging Formula) 634
R-84 Head Washing Formula for Headache No. 1 (Gastrodia and Siler Headache Formula) 635
R-85 Tiao Jing Wan (Chinese Angelica and Cyperus Tuber Menstrual Regulation Formula) 636
R-86 Yang Xin Jian Pi Wan (Jujube and Amomum Fruit Mind-Nourishing and Spleen-Strengthening Formula) 636
R-87 Yang Xin Yan Ling Yi Shou Dan (Biota Mind- Nourishing, Life-Benefiting, and Longevity Formula) 637 j
R-88 Huo Xue Shu Jing Zhi Tong Fang (Carthamus
and Mastic Pain Formula) 638
Chapter 24. Herbal Recipes for Prevention and Self-Care 639
R-89 Tiao Shen Tang (Zizyphus and Polygala Stress-Reduction Formula) 639
R-90 Geng Nian Lou Tang (Cornus Fruit and Rehmannia Menopause Relief Formula) 639
R-91 Pian Tao Tong Tang (Gastrodia and Cnidium Migraine Formula) 640
R-92 Jiang Tang Wan (Astragalus and Trichosanthes Root Diabetes Formula) 6411
R-93 Bai Du San Tang (Bupleurum and Ginger Cold Formula) 641
R-94 Pai Shi Tang (Alisma and Lysimachia Urinary Tract Stone Relief Formula) 6421
R-95 Li Dan Pai Shi Pian (Lysimachia and Rhubarb Gallstone Relief Formula) 642
• p
R-96 Long Bi Xiao Tang (Codonopsis and Vaccaria Seed Prostate Formula)
R-97 Jia Kang Fang (Astragalus and Prunella Hyperthyroidism Formula)
R-98 5M Zi Jiang Qi Tang (Perilla Seed and Pinellia Asthma Formula)
R-99 Lao Nian Chi Dai Zheng Tang (Salvia and Red Peony Memory Formula)
R-100 Jiang Zhi Fang (Notoginseng and Alisma Cholesterol-Lowering Formula)
R-101 Qing Shen Jian Fei Fang (Alisma and Plantain Seed Weight Loss Formula)
Appendix A. Useful Addresses National Oriental Medicine Associations Herb Organizations Directory of TCM/Acupuncture Schools Herb Dealers: Wholesalers and Importers
Appendix B. Table of Commonly Used Chinese Medicinal Herbs: Cross-Reference of Names
Appendix C. Table of Popular Herbal Recipes and Patent Medicines