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history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy The Denominations of Origin

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  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  Denominations    of  Origin  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Historical  background  §  Recognition  of  specific  characteristics  of  the  region´s  wines  

    since  ancient  times:  soil,  climate  and  cultural  practices.  

    §  Historical  influence  of  the  indutry´s  inter-‐professional  organisations:    -‐  1483  “Gremio  de  la  Pasa  y  la  Vendimia”

             -‐    XVII  C.  “Gremio  de  Vinateros”                        -‐  1924  “Jerez” collective  trademark  for  wines  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    §  The  oldest  DO  in  Spain  an  one  of  the  oldest  in  Europe  –  established  with  the  first  Spanish  National  Law  on  Wine  (1933).  

    §  1935:  publication  of  the  “Reglamento”,  integrating  rules  and  control  systems  -‐  from  the  planting  of  a  vineyard  to  the  commersialization  of  the  wines.  

    §  Denomination  of  Origin:  a  legal  concept  created  in  order  to  protect  both  the  producers  and  the  consumers.  

    1933  –  creation  of  the  DO  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  land  of  origin  §  “Zona  de  Crianza”  demarcated  region  –  the  Sherry  triangle:    

     -‐      Jerez  de  la  Frontera                      -‐      El  Puerto  de  Santa  María                      -‐      Sanlúcar  de  Barrameda  

    •  •  •  •  ROTA  

    §  Other  municipalities  in  the  “Zona  de  Produccion”:  Chipiona,  Trebujena,  Rota,  Puerto  Real,  Chiclana  and  Lebrija.  

    §  Total  production  area  has  changed  over  the  years.  

         Today  approx.  7.o00  hectares  

    .  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    §  VINAGRE  DE  JEREZ  

    Three  different  DO´s...  ...with  one  single  origin.  

    §  JEREZ-‐XÉRÈS-‐SHERRY  

    §  MANZANILLA-SANLÚCAR DE BARRAMEDA

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Vinegrowers  Superficie

    MUNICIPIO Superior Zona Total Nº8de8Viñas media8(Has.)Chiclana(de(la(Frontera 0,00 132,76 132,77 155 0,86Chipiona 35,77 79,52 115,30 92 1,25El(Puerto(de(Santa(María 251,11 6,20 257,31 51 5,05Jerez(de(la(Frontera 4.535,86 5,64 4.541,50 440 10,32Lebrija 0,11 145,43 145,54 135 1,08Puerto(Real 0,00 119,16 119,16 35 3,40Rota 93,72 53,73 147,45 57 2,59Sanlúcar(de(Barrameda 818,17 41,46 859,64 618 1,39Trebujena 551,13 67,92 619,05 850 0,73TOTAL8GENERAL 6.285,87 651,83 6.937,71 2.433 2,85

    Superficie8inscrita

    46%$

    28%$

    26%$

    Coopera'ves*

    Independent*growers*

    Bodegas*

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  bodegas    ZONA  DE  PRODUCCIÓN   ZONA  DE  CRIANZA  

    Non-‐DO  young  wines  (mosto)  2  

    2  

    “Zona  de  Producción”  non-‐DO  wines  

    4  

    4  

    6   Qualified  aged  wines  

    6  

    7   DO  wines  

    7  

    Qualified  non-‐aged  wines  5  

    5  

    5  

    Qualified  young  wine  (mosto)  

    Bodegas  de  Crianza  y  

    Almacenado  

    Bodegas  de  Crianza  y  Expedición  

    3  

    3  

    Bodegas  de  Producción  

    Qualified  grapes  

    Registered  vineyards  

    1  

    1  Bodegas  de  Elaboración  (Lagars)  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Las  bodegas  §  Bodegas  de  Producción:    -‐  located  outside  of  the  “Zona  de  Crianza”    -‐  produce  wines  to  be  sold  without  the  DO  appellation    -‐  can  supply  wines  to  be  aged  in  the  “Zona  de  Crianza”  

    12  

    §  Bodegas  de  Crianza  y  Almacenado  (Almacenistas):    -‐  located  within  the  “Zona  de  Crianza”    -‐  age  wines  with  the  DO  appellation    -‐  sell  their  wines  to  the  “Bodegas  de  Crianza  y  Expedición”  

    19  

    §  Bodegas  de  Crianza  y  Expedición  (Exportadores):    -‐  located  within  the  “Zona  de  Crianza”    -‐  age  and  sell  wines  with  the  DO  appellation  

    47  

    78  registered  bodegas  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Total  ageing  stocks  of  wine:  285.000  botas  (142,5  Mn.  l)  

    The  bodegas  

    70%  3%  

    23%  

    2%  2%  

    Exportadores  –  Jerez    Exportadores  –  El  Puerto  Exportadores  –  Sanlúcar    Almacenista  –  Jerez    Almacenistas  –  Sanlúcar    

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Total  annual  sales  of  approx.  50  Mn.  bottles  

    The  bodegas  

    Spain  

    Great  Britain  The  Netherlands  

    Germany  Rest  of  Europe  

    United  States  

    Rest  of  the  World  

    30%  

    28%  19%  

    9%  

    7%  

    4%   3%  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    ALMACENISTAS  

    BODEGAS  VINEGROWERS  

    COOPERATIVES  

    REGISTERS  

    The  Consejo  Regulador  –  functions  

    1            The  Industry´s  inter-‐professional  organisation.  census   elections    

    every  4  years  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    ALMACENISTAS  

    BODEGAS  VINEGROWERS  

    COOPERATIVES  

    REGISTERS  

    The  Consejo  Regulador    

    1            The  Industry´s  inter-‐professional  organisation.  census   elections    

    every  4  years  

     president  

                                               

     shippers  (bodegas)  

     

    10  “vocales”    

    Jerez-‐Xérès-‐Sherry  (8)    Manzanilla  (1)  

    Vinagre  de  Jerez  (1)      

     producers  

    (vinegrowers)    

    10  “vocales”    

    independents  (6)    cooperatives  (4)  

       

    Junta  de    Andalucía  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  Consejo  Regulador  -‐  functions  

    1            The  Industry´s  inter-‐professional  organisation.  2            Establishes  the  operating  rules  of  the  DO.  

    Reglamento  de  Funcionamento    

    (of  the  Consejo  Regulador)  

    Internal  aspects  

     

    Technical  Files                  (for  each  Denomination)  

                           Product  specifications  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    Technical  file  viticulture  

    §  Location  of  vineyards  §  Planting  controls  §  Authorised  varieties  §  Pruning  methods  §  Other  cultural  practices  §  Harvest  dates  &  

    conditions  

    §  Maximum  yield  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    viniculture  §  Pressing:  70  lt.  per  100  kg.  §  Fortification    §  Minimum  ageing  periods  §  Oak  wood  casks  (botas)  §  Inventary  controls  §  Specifications  for  each  style  of  wine  

    §  Bottling  and  shipping  controls  

    Technical  file  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    El  Consejo  Regulador  -‐  functions  

    1            The  industry´s  interprofessional  organisation.  2            Establishes  de  rules  of  the  DO.  3            Guaratees  the  authenticity  of  the  wines  produced.  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  Consejo  Regulador  –  Guarantee  

    Specific  codification  number    for  each  single  bottle  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    4            Acts  as  “custodian”  of  the  DO´s  collective                                            assets.  

    The  Consejo  Regulador  -‐  functions  

    1            The  industry´s  interprofessional  organisation.  2            Establishes  the  rules  of  the  DO.  3            Guarantees  the  authenticity  of  the  wines  produced.  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    The  Consejo  Regulador  -‐  functions  

    5            Industry-‐wide  promotion:  product  quality,  training,  marketing...  4            Acts  as  “custodian”  of  the  DO´s  collective  assets.  

    1            The  industry´s  interprofessional  organisation.  2            Establishes  the  rules  of  the  DO.  3            Guarantees  the  authenticity  of  the  wines  produced.  

  • history denominations viticulture winemaking ageing diversity enjoy

    þ  Jerez-‐Xérès-‐Sherry  -‐  the  oldest  DO  in  Spain.  

    Two  Denominations  of  Origin    –  the  key  ideas        

    þ  The  Consejo  Regulador,  more  than  just  a  regulatory  body.  

    þ  Every  bottle  of  authentic  Sherry,  individully  identified  by  the  Consejo  seal  &  number.  

    &  Reglamento  de  Funcionamiento  del  Consejo  Regulador  &  Pliegos  de  Condiciones  de  las  DDO  Jerez,  Manzanilla  y  Vinagre  de  Jerez.  

    &  Memorias  de  actividades  del  Consejo  Regulador  (annual  reports)  

    If  you  want  to  learn  more...  read  this: