theme 3 - case study booklet

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Theme 3 - Case Study BookletContains the WJEC B GCSE (2012/13 spec) Case Studies and Keywords(ignore the dates for the exams)

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Theme 3People, Work and Development GCSE Revision Guide 2011

Unit 1Monday 13th June am. Length: 1 hour (Themes tested = Theme 1: Challenge of Living in a Built Environment and Theme 2: People and the Natural World Interactions) Unit 2Friday 17th June am. Length: 2 hours (Themes tested = Section A: 30 minutes test on Theme 3:People, Work and Development, Section B: 1hr 30 mins test on all three themes through a decision making exercise)

Exam Dates:

Case Studies There will be one question (30 minutes long) based on Theme 3 or People, Work and Development. It is worth 30 marks so should take 30 minutes to answer (a mark a minute!) At the end of this question you will have a choice of 2 case study questions! You will pick one of these and answer it. This section is worth 8 marks and so should take 8 minutes to answer! Any of the case study questions could ask you to draw a sketch map so you need learn these for certain case studies. The case study section will ask you to: Name the case study Locate the case study Describe something about it Explain something about it (nearly always asking for you to refer to specific groups of people in this section i.e. teenagers, councils officers, elderly people, dock workers etc.) It is vital that you learn every case study in this booklet so that you are prepared for this section. Look at the past case study questions in this booklet and practise matching case studies to questions and writing answers in 8 minutes.

Theme 3People, Work and Development Glossary Please learn these key words!!

WordAdult literacy Aid Anomaly Appropriate Technology Bilateral Aid

MeaningThe percentage of the adult population that can read and write The giving of resources by one country, or an organisation, to another country. An unexpected event or piece of data that does not follow the normal trend or expected pattern Technology suited to the area where it is used. Aid that is passed directly from one country to a partner country. Often in the form of money which means countries getting into debt when they have to pay the loan back.

Brain drain Brandt Line Business rates Carbon-neutral developments Commute Conurbations Core Deindustrialisation Development Development aid Development gap Digital divide Direct benefit Displaced

The reduction in the number of highly qualified workers due to emigration As outlined in the Brandt Report in 1980, the Brandt line depicts the north/divide on a world map. Separating the rich north from the poorer south. A type of tax paid by a company Developments that do not add any extra carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. The buildings are highly energy efficient and may use renewable technologies When people who live in rural areas travel every day to jobs in urban areas When cities grow so large that they merge together i.e. Liverpool and Manchester Economic growth tends to be the most rapid in one part of a country A shift in employment from manufacturing to jobs that provide a service. The level of economic growth of a country or region and the processes of change taking place within it. Aid/help that is give to tackle poverty and improve quality of life e.g. improving education or healthcare The difference in wealth between rich and poor countries The gap between those who have digital technology (usually defined as computer ownership and internet connection) and those who do not An immediate advantage created by an improvement in the economy (a direct benefit of a new company is new jobs) People who have lost their home due to conflict, or an environmental disaster or because their land has been used for a new development e.g. the creation of a new reservoir

Diversification Economic migrant

Where a much wider range of new business opportunities and jobs are created in a region A migrant who moves in order to find work

Emergency aid Employment Structures Enhanced greenhouse effect Exports Fair Trade

Help that is given urgently after a natural disaster or conflict to help protect the survivors The number of people working in the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the economy A strengthening of the greenhouse effect caused by the release of greenhouse gases by humans The sale of products from one country to another. When producers and plantation workers are given up to 60% more of the profit from selling produce. Less is given to the importers and exporters resulting in greater profit for growers equalling a greater quality of life.

Foreign exchange

The way in which countries earn money from abroad e.g. by the sale of exports or by attracting foreign tourists

Formal occupations Free Trade

Jobs that receive a regular wage and are recognised and controlled by the state When countries trade without any limits to the amount of goods that can be exported and imported.

Fuel poverty

A family who cannot afford to heat their home. In the UK households that spend more than 10% of their income on fuel fall into this category

Gender inequality Globalisation Gross Domestic Product

Differences in income or quality of life that exist between men and women Flows of people, ideas, money and goods are making an increasingly complex global web that links people and places from distant continents together The total value of goods and services produced exclusively within a nation's domestic economy

Gross National Income GNI Gross National Product per person (GNP per person) Human Development Index

The average income per person. Also known as GNP per person The total value of goods produced and services provided by a country in a year, divided by the total number of people living in that country.

A social welfare index, adopted by the United Nations as a measure of development, based upon life expectancy (health), adult literacy (education) and real GNP per capita (economic)

High-tech industries Imports Import duty

The use of advanced technology in manufacturing such as defence systems and medical equipment The purchase of goods from another country. A tax placed on goods brought into the country to make them more expensive

Inappropriate Technology Indirect benefit

Technology not suited to the area where it is used for example, providing electric ovens to a poor rural area that has no electricity supply. An advantage that has come from a new business but not to the business itself e.g. the new company will create trade for other businesses e.g. nearby shops, transport

Infant mortality rate (IMR) Informal sector

The number of children who die before the age of one for every 1000 that are born The sector of the economy that includes many types of irregular jobs (e.g. shoe shining, street selling) as well as types of work such as housework, childcare and studying.

Infrastructure Interdependence Knowledge economy Knowledge Intensive Service (KIS) Labour intensive LEDC Life expectancy Manufacturing MEDC Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Multilateral Aid Multinational Companies Multiplier Effect (Negative and Positive)

The systems needed to make a region work efficiently. These include paved roads, communication facilities, power supply, water supplies and sewers. The complex patterns of trade, communication and aid which link countries together Jobs which require a high level of education and training Industries such as finance and education Work that is still done by hand rather than labour-saving machines Less Economically Developed Country The average age to which people can expect to live The production of goods and processed materials by the secondary sector of the economy More Economically Developed Country Development targets set by the United Nations with aims to met by 2015

Aid that involves a third party. For example money could be passed to the World Bank and then passed onto a poorer country. Companies which, by having factories and offices in several countries, are global in that they operate across national boundaries. Positive when a business moves into an area it brings with it many positives such as creations of jobs, improvement of infrastructure. Introduction of more services to accommodate increase in population. Negative if a business moves out of an area it has a negative affect such as loss of jobs, unemployment, rise in crimes levels, people leaving the area.

Newly Industrialised Countries (NICs)

Countries, mainly in the Pacific rim of Asia, which have undergone rapid and successful industrialisation since the early 1980s.

Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) Overseas Development Aid Periphery Poverty/poverty line PQLI

Non-profit-making organisations, such as Oxfam, ActionAid or WaterAid, which are independent of the government.

Government funding given to many different long-term development projects abroad The places that are left less developed and less well-off due to the result of the economic growth being the most rapid in one part of the country. A level of income. If someone earns less than this amount they are said to be poor.

The physical quality-of-life index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale. An industry, such as farming, fishing, forestry and mining, that extracts raw materials directly from the land or sea. People who are either self-employed or work for a larger company or organisation People employed by either the local, national or regional government The satisfaction of people with their environment and way of life. An industry, such as micro-electronics, that provides information and expertise. Restrictions on the amount of particular goods