think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated

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Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated. What was the context of the behavior? Think of as many details as possible… Why were you so motivated at this time? . Think of a time when you were exceptionally unmotivated . What was the context of this behavior? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sports Psychology

Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivatedWhat was the context of the behavior?Think of as many details as possibleWhy were you so motivated at this time? Think of a time when you were exceptionally unmotivated What was the context of this behavior?Think of as many details as possibleWhy were you so unmotivated? What could have made you more likely to be motivated? Complete 8A-2 Hope Scale Five theories1) Hedonic principle: experience pleasure/avoid painVery Freudian/psychoanalytic Thanatos/Eros

Five Theories2) Instinct Theoryevolutionary/innate behaviorRooting instinct

Five theories3) Drive Theory we are motivated to reduce a drive to return to homeostasis...i.e., food, sex, temperatureHulls drive reduction theory What is NOT explained by this theory?

Watching sad moviesClimbing mountainsAttending collegeRead booksEtc... 8A-3

Five Theories4) Arousal Theorywe are driven to experience stimulationeven if we are not hungry, have no desire to mate, and are perfectly physiologically content....we still do stuff.

Five theories5) Humanistic Theory: humans strive to obtain self-actualizationMaslows Hierarchy of Needs 8A-5

Sports Psychology5 Key Elements for increased performance1) Goal Setting Why?DIRECTION FEEDBACK SUPPORT

Why NOT?Fear of FailureHandout 8A-13Results in a change in behaviorTraining is more productiveCompetitive behavior is more focusedPreparation becomes more focusedRelaxationAnxiety often interferes with performance Focus negative thoughts toward something elsePreserves energy

Methods: biofeedback, diaphragmatic breathing, mindfulness, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation. Self-talk We have a tendency to have negative, unhealthy thought patternsSelf-talk is used to reframe situations

ImageryVivid recall of the positiveRemembering mistakes and correcting them with imaginationCounting in your head to regain focus

Concentration Do nothing for 1 minute

Preventing distractionsDirects attention to task

Cognitive Factors in Motivation

Expectations Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic MotivationLocus of Control Explanatory behaviorsLearned Helplessness

Power of Expectations How do expectations of myself and other impact my motivation to achieve a goal?

Reading: What you expect is what you get How can you apply scientific findings to your own experience? What are the main ideas in psychological research?

Instrinsic vs. Extrinsic MotivationInstrinsicInternalMotivated by personal rewards

"Practice 10,000 hours excerptExtrinsicMotivated by external factorsi.e., grades, trophies, recognition, titles, etc

Locus of ControlInternal Reading: 40 StudiesSense of personal actionHave the capacity to influence eventsExternal Sense of helplessnessGood things are not tied to behaviorPawns of fateBelieve in ability to influence eventsExplanatory BehaviorsANSIE SCALEGlobal/SpecificStable/UnstableInternal/External

Learned Helplessness

40 StudySeligman