toefl ibt preparation (1)

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TOEFL ITP Preparation

TOEFL ITP PreparationTOEFL ITPListening ComprehensionStructure and Written ExpressionReading ComprehensionTOEFL ITP Listening comprehensionPart A Dialogs (30 items)Part B Extended conversations (2 conversations, 7-8 items)Part C Mini-talks (3 talks 12-13 items)TOEFL ITP Listening comprehension. Part AFamiliarize yourself with the directions for each part before the exam. But remember, you are not permitted to turn the page to look over answer choices while the directions are being read. (No answer choices appear on the same page as the directions for Section 1.) If you have any difficulties hearing the audio, inform one of the proctors during the introductory section. Once the test has begun, the proctors cannot stop the audio. TOEFL ITP Listening comprehension. Part ANever skip any items. If you're not sure of an answer, guess. Answer each item as quickly as you can; then preview the answer choices for the next item. Try to guess what the next item will be by the form of the answer choices. Concentration is very important in this part of the test. Once you choose an answer, don't think about the last item-start thinking about the next one. Don't daydream. Focus your attention on the audio and on the choices in your test book. TOEFL ITP. Listening Comprehension Most common questionsMeaning questions These are the most common questions (about 50%). They ask for a restatement of what the second speaker or both speakers say. They may be general questions or ask what the speakers say ahout some specific topic. They often follow dialogs that contain idioms. "What does the man/woman mean?" "What do the speakers say about ---?" TOEFL ITP. Listening Comprehension Most common questionsInference questions These are the second most common Part A questions (about 20%). The answers for these questions are not directly stated in the dialog, but they can he inferred (concluded) from what the speakers say. "What does the man/woman imply?" "What can be inferred from the conversation about ---?" "What can be concluded from the conversation about---?" TOEFL ITP. Listening Comprehension Most common questionsQuestions about suggestions Generally, the first speaker talks about a prohlem or asks for advice. The second speaker makes a suggestion for solving the problem. "What does the woman suggest the man do?" "What does the man suggest they do?" "What does the woman suggest?" "What does the woman think the man should do?" TOEFL ITP. Listening Comprehension Most common questionsQuestions about future actions These ask what one or both of the speakers will do next or in the near future, or what one or both are planning to do. "What will the man do?" "What will they probably do next?" "What are the speakers planning to do?" Topic questions These ask about the subject of the dialog. "What are they talking about?" "What are they discussing?" Questions about opinions These ask how one or both of the speakers feel about some topic. "How does the man/woman feel about ---?" "What is their opinion of ---?" Questions about assumptions These ask what the second speaker thought (assumed) before he or she spoke to the first speaker. "What had the man assumed about ---?" "What had the woman previously assumed?" Questions about questions The first speaker makes a statement; the second speaker asks a question to get more information. "What does the man want to know?" Questions about time These ask when a conversation is taking place or when an event the speakers mention in the conversation will take place. "When is this conversation taking place?" "When will the --- take place?" Questions about reasons These ask why one or both of the speakers did something. "Why did the man/woman ---?" Questions about problems These ask about some trouble one or both of the speakers are having. "What problem is the man having?" "What is the problem?" Questions about activities These ask what one or both of the speakers are doing. "What are the speakers probably doing?" Listening Part A - ActivitiesTOEFL ITP Preparation. Listening comprehenSion. Part AAnswer ChoicesAll four of the answer choices are logical answers for the question, but only one-the key-is correct according to the dialog. Not all of the answer choices are equally attractive. You can often eliminate one or two choices easily even if you are not sure which answer is correct and so make a better guess. Correct answers are seldom stated word for word by either of the speakers. Correct answers often contain synonyms (words with the same meaning) for words in the dialogs and use different sentence structures. TOEFL ITP Preparation. Listening comprehenSion. Part AAnswer ChoicesGrammatically, there are three types of answer choices: 1. Complete sentences (about 75%) 2. Incomplete sentences, usually beginning with verb forms-most often the simple form of the verb (about 20%) 3. Short noun or prepositional phrases The form of the answer choice can sometimes help you guess what the question will be, and you can therefore focus your listening. Meaning questions: "What does the man mean?" Questions about inferences: "What does the woman imply about the article?" Questions about suggestions: "What does the woman suggest John do?" "What does the man suggest?" Questions about future actions: "What will the speakers probably do next?" Topic questions: "What are the speakers discussing?" Questions about opinions: "What was their opinion of the play?" "How does the man feel about the announcement he heard?" Questions about assumptions: "What had the man assumed about Kathy?" Questions about questions: "What does the woman ask about Professor Tolbert?" "What does the man ask about the department store?" Questions about time: "When will the man play the piano?" Questions about reasons: "Why did Jerry miss the party?" "Why did Linda talk to Professor Delgado?" Complete sentences: (A) He prefers coffee to tea. (B) He'd like some lemon in his tea. Complete sentences: (A) She will probably read it today. (B) She wasn't able to find it in the library. Incomplete sentences beginning with simple forms of verbs or -ing forms: (A) Call his cousin. (B) Take his cousin home. (A) Taking a bus to campus. (B) Walking to class. Incomplete sentences beginning with simple forms of verbs: (A) Park their car. (B) Get some gasoline. Noun phrases: (A) The man's new schedule. (B) A homework assignment. Complete sentences or adjective phrases: (A) They didn't enjoy it very much. (B) They liked it more than they thought they would. (A) Angry. (B) Enthusiastic. Complete sentences often containing the auxiliary verb would or had: (A) She had already finished the paper. (B) She wouldn't finish the research on time. Incomplete sentences beginning with the word if or one of the wh- words or noun phrases: (A) If she is still in her office. (B) Where her office is. (A) Its location. (B) Its hours of operation. Prepositional phrases of time: (A) At noon. (B) Before the ceremony. Complete sentences or incomplete sentences beginning with infinitives (to + simple form): (A) He didn't receive an invitation. (B) He had other plans for the evening. (A) To ask him about a grade. (B) To explain why she missed class. Questions about problems: "What problem did the man have?" Questions about activities: "What are they probably doing?" Section 1 Guide to Listening Comprehension 15 Complete sentences: (A) He didn't bring enough money for the tickets. (B) There were no tickets available. Incomplete sentences beginning with -ing verbs: (A) Buying groceries. (B) Cooking breakfast. The test writers sometimes make it more difficult to pick the correct answer by using sound-alike words, homonyms, words with multiple meaning, and other techniques. You'll practice avoiding these traps in this part of the Guide. Be familiar with the directions for Part A. Remember that the answer for the question is generally contained in what the second speaker says. If you are not sure of the answer, eliminate as many answer choices as you can. After you have chosen an answer, use the remaining time to preview the choices for the next item. If the answer choices are long, just skim over them quickly. Try to anticipate what the question will be by the form of the answer choices. If you don't understand all or part of a conversation, guess and go on.