toefl ibt vocabulary

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  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1. 20 or so =20 roughly , 2. a matter of speculation =supposition n. 3. a solicitation of =an invitation of n. ;4. abandon = give up vt. 5. abandoned= left a. 6. aberrant= abnormal a. ,7. abort= quit v. ;8. abrupt=sudden adj.9. abruptly= suddenly ad. ;10. absorb =appeal v. ;11. absorb= learn() v. 12. absorb= take in v. ;13. abstract= not concrete a. ;14. absurd= ridiculous a. ;15. abundance= great number n. 16. abundance= large amount n. 17. abundant = large amount adj. 18. abundant = affluent a. ;19. abundant= ample a. ;20. abundant= numerous a. ;21. abundant= plentiful a. ;22. abundant= substantial a. ;23. abundantly= plentifully ad. ;24. accelerate = speed up/get faster vi. &vt. 25. access =reach v. 26. accessible =easy to reach a. 27. accessible =reachable a. 28. accidental =unexpected a. ;29. acclaimed = praisable adj. 30. accommodate= provide for v. 31. accomplished =achieved a. 32. accomplished =skilled a. 33. account for= explain v. 34. account= description n. 35. accumulate =collect v. ;36. accumulate =pile up v. ;37. accumulate=build up 38. accurate =correct a. 39. accurately= correctly ad. 40. acknowledge= recognize v. 41. actually= in fact ad. 42. added =extra a. ;43. adept =skilled a. 44. adequately = sufficiently adv.

    45. adherent= supporter n. 46. adherent=advocate n.47. adj. 48. adjacency = nearing n. 49. adjacent =nearby a. 50. adjacent =neighboring a. 51. adjust= modify v. ;52. administer = manage v. 53. admire = respect vt. 54. admit= let in v. 55. adopt= enact v. 56. advance= improvement n. ;57. advent= arrival n. ;58. advent= beginning n. ;59. affair= matter n. ;60. afford= provide v. ;61. aggravate =annoy v. 62. aggravate= increase v. ;63. aggregate= combined a. ;64. aggregate= overall a. ;65. aggregation=group n.

    66. aggregations = groups n. ,67. agile= astute a. ;68. agile= clever a. ;69. agile= move and act quickly a. ;70. agile= quick and active a. ;71. air= feeling n. 72. alarm= sound v. 73. alarm= warning n. 74. albeit =even though conj. 75. albeit= although conj. 76. alleged=asserted v.77. alleged=supposed v.78. allocation = distribution n. 79. allow= enable v. 80. allude to= refer to phrv. 81. allude= suggest v. 82. ally with= link to v. 83. alter= change to v. 84. amazing= remarkable/replacement a. /

    85. ambiguous = more than one meaning ,

    86. ambiguous =vague a.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 87. ambitious = keen/energetic adj. ()88. ambivalent =mixed a. 89. ample =spacious a. 90. ample= plentiful a. ;91. ampliation = magnify 92. analogue to = similar to 93. ancestor = forefather/progenitor n. 94. anchor= hold in place v. 95. ancient =antique a. 96. ancient= old a. 97. annihilate =completely remove v. 98. annihilate= destroy v. 99. annihilated=destroy v.100.annually= yearly ad. 101.anomaly= irregularity n. 102.anonymous = nameless/incognito adj. 103.antagonist =competitor n. ;104.anticipate= expect v. 105.antiseptic =clean a. 106.antithesis= opposite n. 107.antler =horn n. 108.anxiety =worry n. ;109.apart from =except for phr. 110.apart from= exception phr. 111.apparatus= equipment n. ;112.apparent =obvious a. 113.apparently= clearly ad. 114.apparently=seemingly adv.

    bustling=busy adj.

    115.appeal= attraction n. 116.appealing =attractive a. 117.appear= seem v. 118.appearance= arrival n. 119.appearance= rise n. 120.appearance= showing up n. 121.application= use n. 122.appreciable= noticeable a. 123.approach =method n. 124.approach= move toward v. 125.approximately= roughly ad. 126.architecture= structure n. 127.archive= record v. 128.archive= stock v. 129.archive= store v. 130.arduous= difficult a.

    131.arid =dry a. 132.arise = come about vi. 133.arise= emerge v. 134.arrangement= configuration n. ;135.array=range n. 136.article= item n. 137.article= object n. a rule =in general phr. 139.assert= declare v. ;140.assertion= strong statement n. ;141.asset= advantage n. ;142.assimilate= combine v. 143.assistance= help n. 144.assorted= various a. 145.

    assume= believe v.


    146.assume= suppose v. ;147.assume= take on v. 148.assumption= premise n. 149.astonish = surprise vt. 150.astonishing= amazing a. 151.astoundingly=incredibly adv.152.astute= clever a. random= without a definite pattern phr. ;

    154.attachment to= preference for n. 155.attain =achieve v. ;156.attainment =achievement n. ;157.attendant= accompanying a. 158.attest to =confirm v. 159.attribute =characteristic n. 160.attribute to =credit with v. ; 161.attribute= accredit v. ;162.attributes = characteristics n. , 163.attribution =character n. 164.augment= increase v. ;165.available =obtainable a. 166.avenue =means n. ;167.avenue= method n. ;168.avid= enthusiastic a. 169.back up =-support n.170.barely = just ad. 171.barge= boat n. 172.barrier =impediment n. 173.barrier= obstacle n. 174.battle= struggle n. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 accustomed to= get used to phrv. aware of =familiar with phrv. beforehand= foreordain v. closer resemblance to= be more like phr. consistent with= be compatible with phr. entitled to= have the right phrv. inclined =tend v. susceptible to=be subject to 183.beckon= invite v. ;184.become extinct= die out phrv. 185.being= creature n. 186.beneficial =advantageous a. 187.blossom= flourish v. 188.blossom= thrive v. 189.boast= exaggerate v. 190.boast= puff v. 191.bombard =assault v. ;192.bombard =strike v. ;193.bombard= assail v. ;194.boom= expansion n. ;195.boon= great benefit n. 196.boost= raise v. ;197.boundary= periphery n. 198.branch =division n. 199.breakthrough=revolution n.200.breed= reproduce v. ;201.brew=develop vt.202.brilliant= bright a. ;203.brittle= breakable a. 204.brittle= fragile a. 205.broad appeal =wide popularity a. 206.broadly =generally ad. 207.broadly= extensively ad. 208.bulk = largest area n. , 209.bulk =major part n. 210.bulk= great quantity n. 211.bulk= large part n. 212.bulk= large portion n. 213.bulk= majority n. 214.burgeon= expand v. 215.bustling= lively a. and large=for the most part 217.camouflage =hide v. 218.camouflage= blend with circumstances v.

    219.camouflage= decorate() v. 220.camouflage= disguise v. 221.cardinal= fundamental a. 222.cargo= shipment n. ;223.catastrophic=badly harmful 224.celebrated= famous a. 225.central= essential a. 226.certain= specified a. 227.champion=promote vt.228.chancy =risky a. =direct v. =guide v. =provide v. 232.chaotic= disorganized a. 233.

    cherish =value v.

    234.chief= major a. 235.chisel =carve v. ;236.choose= opt v. 237.chronic =confirmed a. ;238.chronic =inveterate a. ;239.chronic= habitual a. ;240.chronic= persistent a. ;241.chronically=constantly ad. 242.circuitous =indirect a. 243.circumstance= condition n. ;244.circumstance=situation n.245.cite =refer to v. 246.cite= quote v. 247.classic =typical a. 248.clear =visible a. 249.clear= apparent a. 250.cling to= attach to v. 251.close= careful a. ;252.clue= hint n. 253.cling to=hold v.254.cluster=group n.255.coating= cover n. 256.coincide with= be as the same time as v. 257.coincide with=accord with ...258.coincidence=likely events 259.collaborate= cooperate v. 260.collaboration= joint effect n. 261.collect =gather v. 262.collide with =run into v. 263.collide= hit each other v.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 264.colossal=enormous adj.265.commemorate =celebrate v. ;266.commonly = often adv. , 267.commonly=generally/normally adv.268.compact =concise a. ;269.compact= compressed() a. ;270.comparable= equivalent a. 271.comparative = relative a. 272.compatible = consistent adj. , 273.compel =push v. 274.compelling= convincing a. 275.compelling=forcing adj.276.compensate = make up v. 277.compensate for =balance phrv. ;278.compensate= reimburse v. ;279.complaint =protest v. 280.complement= add to v. 281.complement= supplement n. 282.completely= totally ad. 283.complex =system n. ;284.complex= elaborate a. 285.complicated =complex a. 286.complicated =made things more difficult a. 287.component= constituent a. 288.compose = be made up of 289.composition= mixture n. 290.comprehensive= complete a. 291.comprehensive= understandable a. 292.comprehensive=thorough adj.293.comprise = consist of v. 294.comprise =make up v. 295.comprise= form v. 296.compulsory=required adj.297.concede = accept vi. &vt. 298.conceiving = considering v. 299.concensus=agreement n.300.concern= interest v. 301.concise = simple adj. 302.conclusive= final a. 303.conclusive= ultimate a. 304.conducive= contributive a. ...305.configuration= arrangement n. ;306.configuration= form n. ;307.confine =limit/boundary v. 308.confined to=limited to v.

    309.confined=limited adj.310.confined=restricted v. 311.confront= face v. 312.congeal= solidify v. 313.congregate=gather vt. vi314.consecutive= successive a. 315.consequence =importance n. ;316.consequence= result n. ;317.consequent =resulting a. 318.consequent= later a. 319.consequent= resultant a. 320.consequential= significant a. 321.consequently= therefore ad. 322.consequently= thus ad. 323.

    consequently=as a result

    324.conserve= save v. 325.consider =think about v. ;326.consider =think as v. ;327.consider =view as v. ;328.considerable = large amount of , 329.considerable= substantial/significant a. 330.considerablely=greatly adv.331.consist of =compose of v. 332.consistent= regular a. 333.consistent=uniform adj.334.consistently= regularly ad. 335.conspicuous= notable a. 336.constant =stable a. ;337.constantly =always ad. ;338.constellation =collection n. ;339.constellation =combination n. ;340.constitute = comprise/consist of v. , 341.constitute=make up vt. 342.constitution= component n. 343.constrain =restrict v. 344.constraint= limit n. 345.constraint= restriction n. 346.consume= eat up v. ;;;347.consume=use completely 348.consumed= used up v. 349.contains=includes v.350.contemplate= consider v. 351.contemporary=modern adj.352.contention = claim n. 353.contentious= disputed a.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 354.contiguous=neighboring adj.355.continual= constant a. ;356.continued = constant adj. , 357.continuous =uninterrupted a. ;358.continuous=ongoing adj.359.contour=outline vt. 360.contrive= create v. 361.contrive= invent v. 362.controversy = conflict/ disagreement n. 363.conventional= customary a. ;364.conventional= traditional a. ;365.converging= concentrating a. ;366.convert =transform v. 367.convert into= change to v. 368.convey = communicate vt.& vi. 369.convict =doom() v. 370.convict =sentence v. 371.convict= condemn v. 372.conviction =strong belief n. 373.conviction= belief n. ;374.convince=persuade vt.375.cope with= deal with phrv. ;376.cope with= handle phrv. ;377.copious= plentiful a. ;378.core =center n. ;379.correlate=match v.380.correspondence= harmony n. 381.correspondingly = accordingly adv. 382.corroborate= confirm v. ;383.costly= expensive a. ;384.counsel =advise v. 385.counter of= in the opposite of a. 386.counter= oppose v. 387.counterpart= equivalent() n. ;388.counterpart= similitude() n. ;389.counterpart= version() n. ;390.countervail =compensate v. ;391.countervail= oppose v. ;392.countless= innumerable a. 393.couple =associate v. 394.couple with=together with 395.covered= included a. ;396.crawl =move v. ;397.create= invent v. ;398.creative= inventive a.

    399.crest= peak n. 400.crisis=disturbance n.401.critical =crucial a. 402.critical= essential a. 403.criticize =debate(;) v. ;404.crucial= important a. 405.crucially= decisively ad. 406.crude = unsophisticated adj. 407.crushed =ground a. 408.cuing = hint/clue n. 409.culminate = climax vt. &vi. 410.culminate in=peak 411.culmination = high point n. 412.cumbersome awkward a. ;413.cumbersome= clumsy a. ;414.cumbersome= unwieldy a. ;415.curb= control v. ;416.current =present a. 417.cushioned=protect 418.dam= block v. ;419.dangle= hang v. ;420.daring =bold a. 421.debate= argue v. ;422.decimate= destroy v. 423.decimation= destruction n. 424.decorating = ornamental adj. , 425.deficient=inadequate adj,426.deflect = redirect vt. =extent n. measure n. 429.delicate= dainty a. ;430.delight= please v. 431.delight= pleasure n. ;432.deluxe= lavish a. 433.demand= need n. ;434.demise =extinction n. 435.demography= population n. 436.dense= crowded a. ;437.dense= thick a. ;438.depend= rely on v. ;439.dependable= reliable a. 440.depict= describe v. 441.depict= portray v. ;442.deplete=exhaust vt. 443.depletion= drain n. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 444.deposit =accumulate v. 445.deposit= lay down v. ;446.derive= arise v. ;447.desiccated=dry adj. =create v. 449.designate = assign vt. 450.designate= identify v. ;451.designation = identification n. ,452.despite= even though 453.detected=identified vt.454.determine=figure out vt. 455.detractor= critic() n. ;456.detrimental =harmful a. ;457.deviate= digress v. 458.deviation= departure n. 459.devise= create v. ;460.devoid of = short of 461.devoid of= lack of a. 462.devoid of= scant of a. 463.devoid of= without(prep.) a. 464.devoted =dedicated a. ;465.devoted to =concentrated on a. ;466.devour = eat vt. 467.dictate= determine v. ;468.dictate= order v. 469.differential = uneven adj. , 470.differential= uneven a. ;471.diffuse = disperse/ spread out vi.& vt. 472.diffuse =travel v. ;473.diffuse= spread(out) v. ;474.dilemma=problem n. 475.diligent= careful a. 476.diligently= carefully ad. 477.dilute= reduce v. ;478.dim= decrease v. 479.dim=weak adj.480.dimension=aspect n. [] 481.dimension=size n.482.disassemble =break up v. 483.disassemble= break apart v. 484.disband =dismiss v. ;485.discard= throw away v. ;486.discard= throw up v. ;487.discernible = noticeable a. 488.discernible= discriminating a.

    489.discernible= noticeable a. 490.discharge= release v. 491.discipline = punish vt. 492.discrete=separate adj.493.disentangle =disband v. 494.disguise = hidden 495.disgust= distaste v. 496.disintegrate =fall apart v. ;497.disintegrate= break apart v. ;498.disintegrate= tear apart v. ;499.dismantle =demolish v. ;500.dismiss = reject vt. 501.disorder= anarchy n. 502.dispensable= not necessary a. 503.dispersal =distribution n. ;504.dispersal=spread n.505.dispersed =scatter vi.506.displace= move out of position v. ()507.disposition= temperament n. ;508.dispute =argument n. ;509.dispute= contention n. ;510.dissipate= disperse v. 511.dissipated =dispersed a. 512.dissuade =discourage v. 513.distant=far adj.514.distinct = separate adj. , 515.distinct= clear and recognizable a. ;516.distinction= difference n. 517.distinction= excellence n. ;518.distinction= honor n. 519.distinctive= characteristic a. 520.distinctly = clearly adv. , 1521.distinguish= notice from the difference v. ; 522.distribute= spread v. ;523.distribution =geographic range n. 524.distribution= dispersion n. 525.disturb= upset v. 526.diverse= distinct a. 527.diverse=various adj.528.diversification= emergence of many varieties n.

    529.diversify=vary vt.530.diversity =variety n. 531.divert = deflect vt. 532.divest =deprive v.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 533.divest =get rid of v. 534.doctrine=principle n.535.domestic= home a. ;536.dormant= hibernated a. ;537.dormant= inactive a. ;538.dramatically = noticeably adv. 539.dramatically= greatly ad. 540.drastic= extreme a. ;541.drastically =obviously ad. ;542.drastically =severely() ad. ; = incentive n. 544.dual =double a. ;545.duplicate= copy v. 546.duplicate= repeat n. 547.durable= lasting a. ;548.earn= acquire v. ;549.ease= facilitate() v. ;550.eccentric =strange a. ;551.eccentric= erratic a. ;552.edible = eatable adj. 553.efface= eliminate v. 554.elaborate =detailed a. ;555.elaborate= dainty a. ;556.elapsed =passed a. ;557.element =weather condition n. 558.elevate=raise vt.559.eliminate= remove v. ;560.elite=excellent person n. 561.elusive =difficult to catch a. ;562.emanate= emerge v. ;563.embark on=start v. ()564.embed =enclose v. ;565.embed= implant v. ;566.embed= insert v. ;567.emergence = rise n. 568.emergence= appearance n. 569.emergency =crisis n. 570.emergent =developing a. 571.employ= use v. 572.enable =allow v. 573.enactment= establishment n. 574.encapsulate= state briefly v. 575.encounter=meet vt. 576.encourage= stimulate v. 577.end=purpose n.

    578.endangered= not abundant a. 579.endeavor= enterprise n. 580.endorse=support n.581.endow= bestow v. 582.enduring = lasting adj . 583.enduring=withstanding adj.584.engulf= swallow v. 585.engulfed=swallow vt.586.enhance= improve v. ;587.enhance= intensify v. ;588.enjoy =experience v. 589.enlist= obtain v. 590.enormous = huge adj. 591.enormous = large adj. 592.enormous= great a. 593.enormous=very large adj.594.enrich= enhance v. 595.ensue= result v. 596.ensuing= subsequent a. 597.ensure= guarantee v. ;598.entail=l involve v. 599.enthusiastic= eager a. 600.entirely=wholly adv. 601.environment= setting n. 602.envision=imagine vt. 603.ephemeral =short-lived a. 604.ephemeral =transient a. 605.episode= event n. 606.epitomize = exemplify vt. 607.equilibrium= balance n. 608.era =period n. ;609.eradicate= remove completely v. ;610.erect =build v. 611.erratic= irregular a. ;612.erratic= unpredictable a. ;613.erroneous = wrong adj. 614.escalate= extend v. 615.essential= crucial a. 616.essential=required adj.617.essentially= fundamentally adv.618.established =qualified a. 619.establishment =formation() n. ;620.estimate= projection n. 621.estimation =evaluation n. 622.euphoric= extremely happy a.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 623.evaluate= judge v. 624.eventual= later a. 625.eventual=final adj.626.eventually= finally adv.627.eventually= later ad. 628.eventually= ultimately ad. 629.eventually=in the end adv. 630.ever-shifting = constant changing 631.evidence= proof n. 632.evident =obvious a. 633.evident= apparent a. 634.evoke =create in the mind v. ; 635.evoke= arouse v. ;636.evoke= draw v. ;637.evoke= promote v. ;638.evoke= stimulate v. ;639.evoke=produce v. ;640.evolve=develop vt. 641.exaggerate =overstate v. ;642.excavate =dig out v. 643.excavation =dug-out n. 644.exceed =beyond above v. ;645.exceed= surpass v. ;646.exceedingly =extremely ad. ;647.exceptionally = unusually adv. , 648.excess =go beyond n. ; 649.exclusively= only ad. ;650.exclusively=solely adv. 651.excrete= expel v. ;652.execute = perform v. 653.exercise =use v. 654.exert=utilize vt. 655.exhausted= tired a. 656.exhausted= used up a. ;657.exhibit =demonstrate v. ;658.exhibit =display v. ;659.expand =increase v. ;660.expand= stretch v. ;661.expanse= area n. 662.expansive= large a. 663.expediency= advantage(;) n. 664.expediency= convenience n. ;665.expedient= fitting a. ;666.expend= use v. 667.explicit =obvious a. ;

    668.explicitly= clear ad. 669.exploit= make use of v. 670.exploit= take advantage of v. 671.exploit= utilize v. 672.explore= investigate v. ;673.expose to= subject to () v. communicate v. 675.extant =remaining a. ;676.extant= existing a. ;677.extant= not extinct a. ;678.extend= reach v. 679.extend= stretch v. 680.extensive = substantial adj. 681.extensive=broad adj. 682.extensive=large adj.683.extol =praise v. 684.extraneous= from outside a. ;685.extraneous= inessential a. ;686.extraordinary= exceptional a. 687.exude= give off v. ;688.exude= release v. ;689.fabricate= produce v. 690.facet=aspect n.691.fair = significant adj. 692.faithful = loyal adj. 693.far-reaching= broad a. ;694.far-reaching= extensive a. ;695.fascinating= extremely attractive a. make v. ; way n. ;698.fashionable =popular a. ;699.feasible= achievable a. 700.feasible= practical a. 701.feasibleprobable adj.702.feast= eating n. 703.ferry= transport n. 704.fertile= productive a. ;705.fertile= reproductive a. ;706.figure out =map() phr. ;707.figuring out = mapping 708.finding= discovery n. 709.first and foremost =above all phr. ;710.fixed = firm 711.flake =fragment n. 712.flattery= praise n.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 713.flee= run away from v. 714.flexible= adaptable a. 715.float =upward rise phrv. 716.float= stay on the top v. 717.flourish =prosper v. ;718.flourish= thrive v. ;719.flourishing= prosperous a. 720.flow= movement n. 721.fluctuate= change v. 722.fluctuation= variation n. ;723.focal= point centre area n. 724.focus=concentrate vt.725.follow= track v. 726.for instance= for example phr. 727.forage =search for food v. 728.forage= feed n. 729.foremost=important adj.730.formidable =excessive a. 731.formulate = form/ devise vt. 732.foster =promote the development of v. ;733.foster= encourage v. 734.foster= urge v. ;735.foul= pollute v. 736.fragment= break up v. 737.fragmentation= break n. 738.fragmentize= break up v. 739.frankly =openly ad. 740.frankly= sincerely ad. 741.freestanding = separate adj. 742.friction= conflict n. ;743.frigid=cold adj.744.function= operation n. ;745.function= utility n. ;746.fundamental =basic a. 747.funds= money n. 748.furthermore = in addition 749.furthermore= in addition ad. 750.furthermore=moreover adv. opening n. ;752.gear =adjust v. 753.generate= produce v. 754.genuine=true adj. 755.genuinely =actually ad. 756.gesture=movement n.757.get accustomed to= become used to phrv.

    758.giant=huge adj.759.give rise to= produce phrv. 760.given =particular a. ;761.govern= control v. ;762.govern= regulate v. ;763.grasp =understand v. ;764.groom =make up v. ;765.groom= clean v. ;766.groundless =unfounded a. 767.grounds =reasons n. ;768.groundwork= base n. 769.groundwork= basis n. 770.groundwork= foundation n. 771.grudging= unenthusiastic a. 772.

    guarantee= ensure v.


    773.hairline=slight adj.774.hallmark= characteristic n. 775.halt=stop vi.776.hamper =district v. ;777.hamper =make difficulty v. ;778.hamper= restrict v. ;779.handy= convenient a. ;780.haphazard= random a. 781.harness = put into use vt. , 782.harness= use v. 783.harness= utilize v. 784.harsh= drastic a. ;785.hasten = speed up vi.&vt. 786.hasty= hurried a. ;787.haul= pull v. 788.have nothing to do with= in no relation to phrv.

    789.havoc= destruction n. 790.hazard =danger n. 791.heed= notice v. ;792.heighten= increase v. ;793.heir= inheritor n. ;794.hence= therefore ad. 795.heritage =legacy n. ;796.heritage= tradition n. ;797.heterogeneous= varied a. 798.hide= conceal v. 799.hinder = hamper v. , 800.hinder= interfere with v. 801.hint= clue n. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 802.hint= implication n. ;803.hint= indication n. ;804.hint= lead n. ;805.hire= employ v. 806.hitherto=previously adv.807.hobby= pastime n. 808.hold =support v. ;809.hold= keep up v. ;810.hollow= an empty space n. 811.homogeneous =uniform a. of =great number n. 813.however =yet conj. 814.hub= center n. 815.huge= large a. 816.hurdle =fence v. 817.hypothetical =supposed a. ; sheet= glacier() n. 819.identical= the same a. 820.idiosyncrasies =peculiarity n. 821.ignite= set on fire v. 822.illuminate=bright adj.823.illusion= impression() n. ;824.imitate = familiarity with vt. 825.immediately= closest ad. ;826.immense = enormous adj. 827.immense = very big adj. , 828.immense= great a. 829.immense= huge a. 830.immense= vast a. 831.immensely= extremely ad. 832.immigration= movement n. 833.immobile= fixed a. ;834.immobility= absence of motion n. ;835.immoral= improper a. 836.immoral= indecent a. 837.impermeable =impervious a. 838.impermeable= impenetrable a. 839.impetus= incentive n. ;840.impetus= stimulus v. ;841.implausible= unbelievable a. 842.implement = put into action v. 843.implement= tool n. 844.implement=carry out vt. 845.imply= indicate v. 846.imposing= impressive a.

    847.imprecise= inexact a. 848.improbable= unlikely a. fact= actually phr. great demand =in popularity phr. respect to= in term of phr. tandem = together adv. the long run = eventually , 854.inaccessible= unreachable a. 855.inadvertently =without knowing ad. 856.inadvertently= unintentionally ad. 857.inaugurate =introduce vt.858.inauspicious= unfavorable a. 859.incentive=motive n.860.inception=beginning n.861.

    incidentally= by the way ad.

    862.inclement =unfavorable a. ()863.inconceivable= unimaginable a. 864.inconclusive= without result() a. 865.incorporate= include v. 866.incorporate= merge v. ;867.incursion= invasion n. 868.indicate= demonstrate v. ;869.indications = signs n. . 870.indigenous =native a. ;871.indiscriminately = at random adj.872.indispensable =essential a. 873.indispensable= necessary a. 874.indispensable= needed a. 875.indispensable= required a. 876.indispensable= significant() a. 877.indispensable= vital a. 878.indistinct=not clear adj. 879.induce = bring about vt. , 880.induce =bring v. 881.induce =cause v. 882.induced = caused 883.inducement=incentive n. 884.ineffectively= without any result ad. 885.inert= motionless a. ;886.inert= motiveless a. ;887.inevitable= unavoidable a. 888.inference= conclusion n. 889.infirm= weak a. ;890.inflate= expand v. ;891.inflicting=bring about/ impose v.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 892.infrastructure= foundation n. 893.ingenious= very clever a. 894.ingenuity= cleverness n. ;895.ingenuity= creativeness n. ;896.ingenuity= inventiveness n. ;897.ingenuity= resourcefulness n. ;898.inherent= essential a. ;899.inherent= in characteristic of a. 900.inherent= instinctive a. 901.inherent= internal a. ;902.inherently =essentially ad. 903.inhibit = decrease vt. 904.inhibit =hinder v. ;905.inhospitable = unfavorable adj. 906.inhospitable= adverse a. ;907.inhospitable= unfavorable a. ;908.initial = in the beginning n. 909.initial= first a. 910.initialing=beginning v. 911.initially =originally ad. ;912.initiate =start v. ;913.initiate= begin v. ;914.innovation =new n. ;915.innovative= new a. 916.inordinate= excessive a. 917.insight into=perceive 918.insistent = persistent adj. , 919.install= put in place v. 920.instant= moment n. ;921.instantaneous= immediate a. 922.instigate= incite v. ; = establish vt. , 924.instructive= informative v. 925.insufficient= inadequate a. 926.intact= untouched a. 927.intact=complete adj. 928.intangible =nonmaterial a. 929.intangible= immaterial a. 930.integal=essential adj.931.integral= essential a. 932.intense =strong a. 933.intentionally= deliberately ad. ;934.intercourse=exchange n.935.intermediate= in-between a./n. ;936.intermingle=interact vt.

    937.intimate =close a. 938.intricate =carefully shaped a. 939.intricate= complex a. 940.intrigue= interest v. 941.intriguing= fascinating a. 942.intrinsic= essential a. ;943.intrinsic= inherent a. ;944.intrusive= invasive a. 945.invade= move into v. ;946.invaluable= highly useful a. 947.invariably= always ad. ;948.invent =devise v. 949.inviolable =allowing no attack a. 950.inviolable= without exception a. 951.invoke =appeal v. ,952.irrecoverable =permanent a. 953.isolated= separated a. ;954.jettison= release v. 955.jointly = combined adv. 956.jolt= shock v. ;957.judge= estimate v. 958.junction =connection n. ;959.juncture =connection n. ;960.justified= right a. 961.justify= prove v. ...962.justly = rightly adv. 963.keep tune to=maintain 964.key= significant a. ;965.key=critical adj.966.lading= cargo n. 967.lading= shipment n. 968.landscape= scenery n. ;969.lap=delay n.970.large= extensive a. ;971.largely =mostly ad. ;972.lateral = side adj. ,973.launch= initial v. ;974.launch= initiate v. ;975.launch= start v. ;976.lax=careless adj. 977.legitimacy= authority n. 978.legitimately= properly ad. ;979.leisure= free time n. 980.leisurely= slowly a. ;981.lethal =deadly a.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 982.lethal= fateful a. 983.liberal =extensive a. 984.liken= to compare v. 985.likewise= similarly ad. 986.linger= stroll v. ;987.linger= wander v. ; connect v. consist of v. ; put together v. ;991.listening =advertent a. 992.little short miraculous = amazing but it is impossible

    993.livelihood= means of support n. ;994.locale= place n. ;995.locate= find v. 996.lucrative= profitable a. 997.luxuriant= thriving a. 998.magnify= enlarge v. 999.magnify=increase v.1000. magnitude = size n. 1001. magnitude =amount n. ;1002. magnitude =extent n. ;1003. maintain= continue v. ;1004. majestic= magnificent a. 1005. make their way= travel phrv. 1006. malleable =pliable a. ;1007. manage = be able , 1008. mandatory =obligatory a. ;1009. mandatory =required a. ;1010. manifest= reveal v. ;1011. manipulate= control v. 1012. marked =considerable a. 1013. marked= significant adj.1014. markedly= distinctly ad. 1015. markedly=noticeably adv.1016. marvelously=remarkably adv.1017. mask =cover v. ;;1018. mask= disguise v. ;;1019. massive= enormous a. 1020. massive= huge a. 1021. mastery= control n. 1022. materialize=come into being 1023. matter= issue n. ;1024. mature = developed adj. 1025. mature=get older adj.

    1026. maximum =greatest size n. 1027. mean= average n. 1028. mechanism=means n.1029. mere subsistence=minimize survival

    1030. merely =no more than ad. 1031. merely =only ad. 1032. merely= simply ad. 1033. merge= blend v. ;1034. merge= combine v. ;1035. merit=worth n.1036. meticulously= carefully ad. 1037. microbe= germ n. ;1038. milestone= significant event n. ;

    1039. milky way =galaxy n. 1040. mimic= copy v. 1041. mimic= imitate v. 1042. miniature= small a. 1043. minuscule= tiny a. 1044. minute = very small adj. 1045. minute =very small a. 1046. minute= tiny a. 1047. minute=small adj.1048. minutely= finely ad. ;1049. minutely= in detail ad. ; 1050. mirror= reflect v. ;1051. misconception= wrong idea n. 1052. misleading= erroneous a. 1053. misleading= inaccurate a. 1054. misleading=unreliable adj. 1055. misunderstanding= FALSE idea n. 1056. misunderstanding= wrong idea n. 1057. mock= pretend v. 1058. moderate=temperate adj.1059. modes=manner n.1060. modest =limited() a. 1061. modest =small adj.1062. modest= not too large () a. 1063. modestly = humbly adv. 1064. modification =alteration n. ;1065. modify=change vt.1066. momentous= significant a. 1067. monitor= observe v. ;1068. monopolize= dominate() v.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1069. monopoly in = domination n. 1070. monotone= tedious a. ;1071. monotonous= boring a. ;1072. monumental = giant adj. 1073. monumental = significant adj. 1074. moreover =additionally ad. 1075. moreover= in addition ad. 1076. motif= pattern n. 1077. mount =grow v. 1078. mount= climb v. 1079. mount= increase v. 1080. mundane= material a. ;1081. mundane= ordinary a. ;1082. mutually exclusive=contradictory adj.1083. myriad= countless a. ;1084. myriad= innumerable a. ;1085. myriad= numerous a. ;1086. mysteriously = not to know adj. 1087. narrow= limit v. 1088. nature= character n. ;1089. nearly= almost ad. ;1090. necessary= required a. 1091. needless to say= obvious phr. 1092. nevertheless= however ad. ;1093. nevertheless= in spite of ad. ;1094. nocturnal =nighttime a. 1095. notable= important a. ;1096. notable= outstanding a. ;1097. notably=especially adv.1098. note =record v. 1099. noticeable= obvious a. 1100. notion=idea n.1101. notwithstanding= despite prep. ; 1102. notwithstanding=-nevertheless conj. 1103. novel = new adj. 1104. now and then=occasionally adv.1105. objective= purpose n. 1106. oblige require vt. 1107. oblige= force v. 1108. obscure =conceal v. ;1109. obscure =unclear a. 1110. obscure= hide v. 1111. obscure= not clear a. 1112. obsession with fixation on n. ;1113. obtain= acquire v. ;

    1114. obvious= evident a. 1115. obviously = clearly. adv.1116. occasion= event n. 1117. occasionally once in a while adv. 1118. of legitimacy= lawful a. 1119. of likelihood= probable a. 1120. offset= balance v. ;1121. offset= compensate v. ;1122. offset= make up v. ;1123. offset=counterbalance vt.1124. old male= aged male n. 1125. omit =neglect v. ;1126. omit= exclude v. ;1127. on the contrary= on the other hand phr.

    1128. on the contrary= whereas(; ) phr.

    1129. on the whole= in general ph. 1130. on the whole=mainly 1131. ongoing =current a. 1132. onset =start n. 1133. onset= beginning n. 1134. opaque =impenetrable a. 1135. optimal most advantageous a. 1136. optimal=ideal adj. 1137. option =choice n. ;1138. orchestrate= stage-manage v. 1139. orientation =perspective n. 1140. orientation= introduction n. 1141. originally= at the first ad. 1142. originate from= come into existence from

    1143. ornament= decorate v. 1144. ornamental =decorative a. 1145. ornamentation= decoration n. 1146. ostentatious = showy adj. , 1147. outbreak =sudden increase v. ;1148. outcome= result n. 1149. outermost= farthermost away a. 1150. overlook=ignore vt. 1151. overview= summary n. 1152. overwhelming= powerful a. 1153. owing to=because of 1154. pace=speed n.1155. pacify =assuage v.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1156. paradox= contrary n. ;1157. paradoxically= seemingly contradictory ad.

    1158. parcel out =distribute phrv. ...;1159. pare away= remove v. ;1160. particularly = especially adv. , 1161. partly =in some degree ad. 1162. patch =area n. 1163. patch =spot n. 1164. peak = top n. , v. 1165. peak =highest point n. 1166. peak= maximum n. 1167. peak= time of the greatest period n. 1168. peak=summit/climax n.1169. peculiar= strange a. ;1170. penetrate =enter v. ;1171. perceptible =noticeable a. 1172. perceptible= appreciable a. 1173. peril= danger n. 1174. perilous= dangerous a. 1175. perilous= hazardous a. 1176. perilous= risky a. 1177. perilous= toxic a. 1178. periodically= from time to time ad. 1179. periodically= regularly ad. 1180. perishable =easy to spoil a. 1181. permanent = forever 1182. permanent =lasting a. 1183. permeate =penetrate v. ;1184. permit= allow v. 1185. perpetual =constant a. ;1186. perpetuate = maintain/ immortalize vt.

    1187. persist =continue v. ;1188. persist= last v. ;1189. persistence =continuing , 1190. persistent= long lasting a. 1191. personality= character n. ;1192. pertinent =relevant a. 1193. pervasive= widespread a. 1194. phenomena[pl.] =events n. 1195. phenomenal= extraordinary a. 1196. phenomenon= observable fact n. 1197. phenomenon= occurrence n. 1198. piecing =joining n.

    1199. pigment= color n. 1200. pigmentation= coloring n. 1201. pigmentation= dye n. 1202. pinnacle =high point n. ;1203. pinpoint =clearly identify v. 1204. pinpoint =describe precisely v.

    1205. pinpoint =precise a. 1206. pioneer = initiate vt. 1207. plague=cause problems n.1208. plausible =believable a. 1209. plausible =paradoxical a. 1210. plausible= apparently reasonable and valid adj.


    pledge= promise n.


    1212. plumage= feather n. 1213. pocketbook= affordable a. 1214. popular= broad appeal a. ;1215. popular= widespread a. ;1216. pore =space() n. ;1217. pore= hole n. ;1218. portable -can be carried adj.

    1219. portion= constituent n. 1220. portion= part n. 1221. portions=parts n.1222. pose =present v. ;1223. pose= place v. ;1224. posit =assume v. ;1225. posit =propose v. ;1226. posit= suggest v. ;1227. postulate= hypotheses v. 1228. postulate=presume v. 1229. potent =powerful a. 1230. potential =possible a. ;1231. potential= capability adj.1232. potential=latent adj.1233. practically= nearly ad. ;1234. pragmatic = practical adj.1235. precarious =insecure a. ;1236. precede =be beyond v. ;1237. precede= come before v. 1238. precious =valuable a. 1239. precipitate =bring about v. 1240. precise = exact adj.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1241. precision =accuracy n. ;1242. preclude= rule out v. ;1243. predicament =difficult situation n. ;

    1244. predicament =serious situation n. ;

    1245. prediction =prophecy n. 1246. predominant =very noticeable a. 1247. predominant= most aggressive a. 1248. predominant= principal a. 1249. predominantly = principally adv. 1250. predominantly= primitively ad. 1251. predominately =mainly ad. 1252. preeminent = important adj. 1253. preeminent =foremost a. ;1254. premise= assume v. ;1255. preoccupation with= concentration on phr.

    1256. preordain =ordain v. ;1257. preordain= appoint v. ;1258. preordain= foreordain v. ;1259. preponderance = majority n. 1260. prerequisite =requirement n. 1261. prerequisite= something needed to happen n.

    1262. prerequisite= something required n. 1263. preserve= protect v. ;1264. preserve= retain v. ;1265. preserve= save v. ;1266. presumable= probably a. ;1267. presumable= supposable adj.

    1268. presumably=probably adv.1269. prevail = dominate v. 1270. prevailing= dominant a. 1271. prevailing= popular a. 1272. prevalent =common a. ;1273. prevalent =prevailing a. ;1274. previous= past a. ;1275. previously= before ad. ;1276. primarily= mainly ad. 1277. primary= dominant a. 1278. prime=main adj.1279. primitive= early a. 1280. primitive=basic and simple adj.

    1281. principal =essential a. 1282. principal= major a. 1283. principle= rule n. 1284. principle= standard n. 1285. prior =previous a. ;1286. priority= ranking preference n. 1287. pristine= pure a. ;1288. prized= valued a. 1289. probe =explore v. ;1290. process= purify(;) v. 1291. procure =acquire v. ;1292. procure =obtain v. ;1293. profound= far-reaching a. 1294. profound=deep adj.1295.

    programmed= determined a.

    1296. progressively = gradually adv. , 1297. prohibitive= unaffordable a. 1298. projection= estimate n. ;1299. projection=prediction n.1300. proliferating=multiplying vi.1301. proliferation= increase n. ;1302. prolifically= abundantly ad. 1303. prolong =extend v. 1304. prolong=lengthy adj.1305. prominent =eminent a. 1306. prominent =principal a. ;1307. prominent= outstanding a. ;1308. prominent=important adj.1309. promote= encourage v. ;1310. promote=enhance vt.

    1311. prompt=cause n. 1312. pronounced =definite a. ;1313. pronounced= clear a. ;1314. pronounced= notable a. ;1315. propagate= multiply v. 1316. propagate= reproduce v. 1317. propel =push v. ;1318. property =characteristic n. ;1319. property= quality n. ;1320. proponent= supporter n. 1321. proposal = suggestion n. , 1322. proposal=idea n. 1323. prosper =succeed v. ;1324. prosperity= well being n.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1325. prosperous= wealthy a. ;1326. prototype =model n. 1327. protrude =project v. ;1328. protrude =stick out v. ;1329. protrude= extend v. ;1330. provided=if conj. 1331. provoke= elicit v. ;1332. prowess =ambition() n. 1333. prowess= expertise n. 1334. proximity =nearness n. 1335. proximity to= close to n. ; 1336. proximity= closeness n. 1337. purpose = suggest vt. , 1338. pursue =chase v. ;1339. quarters= residences n. 1340. radical =drastic a. ;1341. radical =extreme a. ;1342. radical =fundamental a. 1343. radically = extremely adv. 1344. radically =completely a. 1345. raise to= cause to/ come about v. ; 1346. ramification =consequence n. ;1347. ramification= branch n. ;1348. random = chance , 1349. range= vary v. ;1350. rare =scarce a. ;1351. rare=unusual adj. 1352. rate= classify v. ;1353. rather than= instead of phr. 1354. rational = sensible/logical adj. 1355. ravage=destroy n.1356. readily =easily ad. 1357. ready= receptive() a. ;1358. realm= area n. 1359. reasonable=sufficient a.

    1360. rebellion= revolt n. ;1361. rebound= recovery n. 1362. receptacle= receiver n. 1363. receptivity to =openness to phr. 1364. recharge= refill v. 1365. reconcile = compromise v. 1366. recur= repeat v. 1367. refine= improve v. 1368. refined =decent a.

    1369. refined =with high quality a. 1370. refined=improved adj.1371. refreshing= unusual a. 1372. refuge= safety n.1373. refuse= garbage n. 1374. regardless =without considering ad. 1375. regenerate=renew vt.1376. regrettable=unfortunate adj.

    1377. regulate =adjust v. ;1378. regulate =control v. ;1379. reinforce= strengthen v. 1380. relative= comparative a. 1381. relatively =comparatively ad. ;1382. relatively =oppositely ad. ;1383. relatively= correspondingly ad. ;1384. relevant= applicable adj. ;1385. relic =remain n. ;1386. relic= remnant n. ;1387. reluctance=unwillingness n.1388. reluctant= disinclined a. 1389. remarkable =notable a. ;1390. remarkable= incredible a. ;1391. remarkably=surprisingly adv. 1392. remedy =cure v. 1393. remnant = residue/ remains n. 1394. remnant =remaining a. 1395. remnant= remains n. 1396. remnant=left-over n.1397. remote= distant a. 1398. remote=isolated() a. 1399. render= make v. 1400. rendering= presentation n. ;1401. renowned= famous a. 1402. repercussion= effect n. ;1403. replenish = refill , 1404. replenish = restore vt. 1405. replicas= copies n. 1406. repudiate= reject v. ;1407. reputation= fame n. 1408. resembling=approximating vt.1409. reserve =save v. ;1410. resident= inhabitant n. 1411. residual =remaining a. 1412. resilient =easy to recover a.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1413. resilient= quick to recover a. 1414. respective=particular adj.1415. respectively = separately adv. , 1416. restricted= limited a. 1417. resume = start again vt.1418. retain = maintain vt. , 1419. retain= keep v. ;1420. retreat= recede v. 1421. retrieve= bring back v. 1422. retrospect = look back n. 1423. reveal =manifest v. ;1424. reveal =show v. ;1425. reveal= make known v. ;1426. revenues= income n. 1427. revival =restoration n. ;1428. revival =resuscitation n. ;1429. revive=recover v.1430. revolution= dramatic change n. 1431. revolutionize =change dramatically v. 1432. rigidly= strictly ad.1433. rigorous= demanding a. 1434. rigorous= harsh a. 1435. rigors=difficulties n.1436. rise= emerge v. 1437. risk =danger n. 1438. ritual =ceremonial n. 1439. rival =compete v. ;1440. roam= wander v. 1441. robust= healthy a. ;1442. role =function n. 1443. rotate= turn v. 1444. roughly = almost adv. , 1445. roughly= approximately ad. 1446. roundabout= circuitous a. 1447. route= path n. 1448. routinely commonly ad. 1449. rudiment= basic n. 1450. rudimentary =primitive a. 1451. rudimentary= basic a. 1452. rupture= burst v. 1453. sacred= holy a. 1454. sample= example n. ;1455. satisfied =fulfilled a. 1456. save for =except for prep. 1457. scale= magnitude n. ;

    1458. scant= minimal a. 1459. scanty=thin adj. ; 1460. scatter = diffuse/disperse vi.&vt. 1461. scatter =distribute v. 1462. scatter= disperse v. 1463. scenario =situation n.1464. scented =fragrant a. 1465. scope =extent n. ;1466. scope =horizon n. ;1467. scorching= exceedingly hot a. 1468. score =a large number of n. ;1469. scorn= despise v. ;1470. scrap= fragment n. 1471. screen =filter v. 1472.

    scrutinize= examine v.

    1473. scrutiny =examination n. 1474. sculpt= shape v. ;1475. secrete= produce v. 1476. sedentary= settled a. ;1477. seek=attempt vt.1478. seething =active a. 1479. seething= excited a. 1480. segment= portion n. ;1481. seize= take v. 1482. seldom= rare a. 1483. sensational= extraordinary adj. 1484. separate =different a. ;1485. sequence = series n. , , 1486. sequent = later/ following adj. 1487. serene= calm a. 1488. serene= silent a. 1489. set in= motion start phrv. 1490. set off= begin phrv. ;;1491. setback=failure n.1492. settle =inhabit v. ;1493. severe=harsh a. ;1494. severed=cut off 1495. severity=seriousness n.1496. shallow= not deep a. 1497. shatter= destroy v. 1498. sheer= absolute a. 1499. shield =protect v. 1500. shift =change v. ;1501. shift= move v. ;1502. shiver= tremor v. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1503. shortage = limitation n. , 1504. showcase= display v. 1505. shrink= contract v. ;1506. shy away from =avoid phrv. 1507. signature = identifying mark n. ,1508. significance=importance n.1509. significant =considerable a. 1510. significant =meaningful a. 1511. significant= important a. 1512. simulated= artificial a. ;1513. simultaneously= at the same time ad. 1514. singularly =particularly ad. ;1515. sink= descend v. ;1516. sink= drop to the bottom v. ;1517. sink= pass out of sight v. ;1518. site= locate v. ;1519. size up= reckon up to v. 1520. size up= measure v. 1521. skeptical =doubting a. ;1522. skeptical= suspected a. ;1523. skeptical=doubtful adj. 1524. slight= small a. ;1525. slightly= somewhat ad. 1526. slope =incline v. 1527. snaking = winding adj. 1528. snap= break v. 1529. so far= until present phr. 1530. so far= up to now phr. 1531. so far= up to present phr. 1532. soak =absorb v. 1533. sole= only a. ;1534. sole= unique a. ;1535. solicit= request v. ;1536. solitary= alone a. ;1537. sophisticated =complex a. ;1538. sophisticated =refined a. ;1539. sophisticated= elaborated a. ;1540. sophistication= technology n. 1541. sort= kind n. ;1542. sort= type n. ;1543. sought-after =desired a. 1544. source =origin n. 1545. span =period n. 1546. span=extend over v.1547. spark= set off v.

    1548. sparse = thiny distributed adj. 1549. sparse =not rich a. ;1550. spawn= create v. ;1551. spawn= produce v. ;1552. speak of =indicate phrv. 1553. speciation= evolution() n. 1554. specific= particular a. ;1555. specifically=specially adv. 1556. specify= state v. 1557. spectacular= impressive a. 1558. spectator= beholder n. 1559. spectator= human viewer n. 1560. spectator= viewer n. 1561. spectrum= range n. ;1562. speed= increase the rate of v. 1563. spell= period of time n. 1564. sphere= area n. ;1565. splendid=magnificent adj. 1566. splendor= magnificence n. ;1567. split= divided a. 1568. sponsor = support vt. 1569. spontaneous =impulsive a. ;

    1570. spontaneous= instinctive a. ;

    1571. spontaneous= unplanned a. ;

    1572. spontaneously=automatically adv.

    1573. sporadic= intermittent a. 1574. sporadic= irregular a. 1575. sporadically= occasionally ad. 1576. spot= catch v. ;1577. spot= identify v. ;1578. spot= see v. ;1579. spottily =occasionally ad. 1580. spread= distribute v. 1581. spur =stimulate v. 1582. spur of the moment=without planning

    1583. stabilize= hold in place v. 1584. staggering= overwhelming a. 1585. stagnation inactivity n. 1586. staple= important a. 1587. staunch =strong a. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1588. staunch= loyal a. ;1589. steadfast= firm a. ;1590. steady = stable adj. 1591. stealthily= silently ad. 1592. stem= arise v. 1593. stimulate= cause v. ;1594. stimulate= prompt v. ;1595. stipulate = require vt. 1596. stockpile= store up v. ;1597. strategy=plan n. 1598. strictly= only ad. 1599. stride= step n. ;1600. strike= come into/ contract with v. ; 1601. striking= dramatic a. 1602. string= series n. 1603. stringent =strict a. 1604. strip =remove v. 1605. stunning=astounding adj.1606. sturdy =strong a. ;1607. stylus= pen n. 1608. subject to= vulnerable to a. 1609. subjected to= dominated by v. 1610. subsequent = ensuing adj. 1611. subsequent =later a. ;1612. subsequent= ensuing a. ;1613. subsequent=following in time 1614. subsequently = later adv. , 1615. subsidiary =less important a. 1616. substantial = large amount/considerable1617. substantial =essential a. ;1618. substantial =sturdy a. 1619. substantial= actual a. ;1620. substantial= significant a. ;1621. substantial=enough adj.1622. substantially =importantly ad. 1623. substantiate =confirm v. ;1624. substitute =replacement n. 1625. substitute= replace v. 1626. subtle = small adj. 1627. succession =series n. 1628. successive=continuous adj.1629. successively=one after another adv.1630. sue=raise a legal action against vt. 1631. suitable =appropriate a. 1632. suited =appropriated a.

    1633. sumptuous= luxurious a. ;1634. sunk= down to the bottom a. 1635. supersede=replace v.1636. supplant= replace v. ;1637. supplant= substitute v. ;1638. supplement = addition n. 1639. supplemental=additional adj.1640. suppress =stop by force v. ; 1641. surmise= assumption v. ;1642. surmise= guess v. ;1643. surmise= infer v. ;1644. surplus =extra a. 1645. surplus= excess a. 1646. surveillance= careful observation n. ;1647. susceptible to =prone to a. 1648. susceptible to=be subject to

    1649. suspect= believe v. ;1650. suspect= doubt v. ;1651. suspend = float vt. 1652. suspend =hang v. 1653. sustain =support v. ;1654. sustain= persist v. 1655. sustainable = endurable adj. 1656. sustenance= food n. ;1657. sustenance= life n. ;1658. sustenance= living n. ;1659. swell =enlargement n. ;1660. swell =expand v. ;1661. swiftly =quickly ad. 1662. symmetric= balance a. ;1663. synthesis= combination n. 1664. tactic = strategy n. 1665. tactual= textural a. 1666. tailspin= total confusion n. ; 1667. take place= occur phrv. 1668. take= require v. 1669. tame= domesticate v. ;1670. tangible =material a. ;1671. tangible =physical a. ;1672. tangible=real/ concrete adj.

    1673. tantalizing =anxious a. 1674. taper= diminish v. 1675. task= work n.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1676. technique= method n. ;1677. teem with= be full of phrv. ;1678. tempting= appealing a. ;1679. tenacity=stability n.1680. tend= care for v. ;1681. tendency= inclination n. 1682. tenet= belief n. ;1683. tenet= principle n. ;1684. tension =pressure n. 1685. tenuous = weak a.1686. terminal= final a. ;1687. terminated by = finished by , 1688. terrain= tract() n. ;1689. testify= give evidence v. 1690. therefore =consequently ad. 1691. therefore= in that purpose ad. 1692. thorough=complete adj.

    1693. thoroughly= completely ad. ;1694. threaten= endanger v. 1695. threshold = limitation n. 1696. threshold =limit n. ;1697. thrill=excitement n.1698. through= by prep. 1699. throughout=during the period 1700. thus= consequently ad. 1701. thus=therefore adv.1702. tie =connection n. ;1703. tie= relation n. ;1704. timid= fearful a. 1705. to be sure=certainly adv.1706. to some extent = with limitations , 1707. toil= work v. 1708. tolerate= endure v. 1709. toxic= poisonous a. 1710. track =follow v. ;1711. track =observe(;) v. ;1712. tracts(of land)= area n. 1713. transfer= move v. ;1714. transform= deform v. 1715. transformation =shuffle n. ;1716. transformation= change n. ;1717. transformation= conversion n. ;1718. transformation= rotation n. ;1719. transforming =changing n. ;

    1720. transitory =short-lived a. 1721. transitory= ephemeral a. 1722. transitory= temporary a. 1723. transitory= transient a. 1724. trappings= decorations n. 1725. trauma= damage n. ;1726. traumatic = upsetting adj. 1727. traverse= cross v. ;1728. tremendous =enormous adj.1729. trend= movement n. ;1730. trend= tendency n. ;1731. tricky= difficult a. ;1732. trigger= initiate v. ;1733. trigger= start v. ;1734. truism= it was evidence that n.

    1735. turbulent= agitated a. 1736. turn= change to v. 1737. typical= ordinary a. 1738. ubiquitous= common a. 1739. ultimate=in the end adj. 1740. ultimately =finally ad. 1741. ultimately= eventually ad. 1742. unadorned= not decorative a. 1743. unambiguous = clear adj. 1744. unanimity =total agreement n. 1745. unconsolidated = loose adj. 1746. undergo= experience v. ;1747. underlie = on the basis of , 1748. underlying= inner a. ;1749. underpinning= foundation n. ;;1750. underpinning= support n. ;;1751. underrate =undervalue v. ;1752. underrate= underestimate v. ;1753. underscore =stress v. 1754. underscore=emphasize vt.1755. undertake= attempt(;) v. ;1756. undertaking =enterprise n. ;1757. uneasy= unstable a. 1758. uniform= without variation a. ;1759. uniformly = consistently adv. 1760. uniformly =consistently ad. 1761. uniformly= evenly ad. 1762. unintendedly =occasionally() ad.

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1763. uninterrupted = steady adj. 1764. unique = distinctive adj. , 1765. unique to= only found in a. 1766. unique= distinct a. 1767. unique= sole() a. 1768. universally =without exception ad.

    1769. unleash= release v. 1770. unprecedented =novel a. 1771. unprecedented =unique a. 1772. unprecedented= initial a. 1773. unprecedented= new a. 1774. unprecedented=unexampled adj.1775. unqualified =complete a. ;1776. unreceptive =unresponsive a. 1777. unresolved =undecided a. 1778. unrestricted =unlimited a. 1779. unsophisticated =simple a. 1780. unsuitable= inappropriate a. 1781. unsurpassed =superior a. 1782. unwieldy= cumbersome a. 1783. urbane =cultivated a. 1784. utilitarian= functional a. 1785. utilitarian= practical a. 1786. utterly= completely ad. 1787. vagary= uncertainty n. 1788. vaguely= slightly a. 1789. vanish= disappear v. 1790. variability= tendency to change n. ;

    1791. variation =difference n. ;1792. varied= different a. 1793. vast =extended a. 1794. vast= extensive a. 1795. vast= immense a. 1796. vast= large number a. 1797. vast=huge adj.1798. vastly= greatly ad. 1799. vehicle =means n. ;1800. vehicle= method n. ;1801. vehicle= way n. ;1802. versatile= adaptable a. 1803. versatile=competent /all-around adj.

    1804. via= by means of prep. ;

    1805. via= by the way of prep. ;1806. viability = ability to exist 1807. vial= bottle n. 1808. vibrant= vivid a. 1809. vicinity = neighborhood n. , 1810. vigor= energy a. 1811. vigorous = active adj, , 1812. vigorous= energetic a. 1813. vigorous= strong a. 1814. virtually = nearly adv. ,1815. virtually =almost ad. 1816. virtually =nearly ad. 1817. virtually= actually ad. 1818. virtually= in fact ad. 1819.

    virtue=merit n.

    1820. visual barrier= obstacle to view phr. 1821. vital = critical adj. , 1822. vital=essential adj.1823. vivid= bright a. 1824. volume =quantity n. 1825. vulnerable =open to attack a. 1826. vulnerable= open to break a. 1827. vulnerable= susceptible a. 1828. vulnerable= weak a. 1829. wanting= inadequate a. 1830. warrant =authorize v. 1831. warrant =justify v. 1832. wary= cautious a. ;1833. way= station stop n. 1834. whatever= in any case ad. 1835. whereas= however conj. 1836. whereby= through a process in which conj. ;

    1837. while= although conj. 1838. whole=entire adj.1839. wholly =completely ad. ;1840. wield= exert v. 1841. with respect of= in terms of() phr.

    1842. within= inside ad. 1843. withstand= resist v. ;1844. withstand= tolerate v. ;1845. witness =observe v. 1846. yearly= annual a. 1847. yearning= longing a. ;

  • 8/12/2019 TOEFL iBT Vocabulary


    iBT 1 6 1848. yet= however conj. 1849. yield= produce v. ;1850. yield= provide v. ;1851. zenith= peak n.

    20131. fluctuate = vary vi. , 2. rupture = break v. , 3. revered = honored adj. 4. supplementary = additional adj. 5. had priority = had advantages 6. uniformly = completely adv. , 7. prerequisite = requirement n. , 8. exceeding = go beyond 9. proper = appropriate adj. ,