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  • 1.Turkey Country Overview / July 20131 TURKEY 2013

2. Turkey Country Overview / July 20132 Country Overview 3. Turkey Country Overview / July 20133 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Country Formal Name: Republic of Turkey Short Form: Turkey Terms for Citizens : Turk(s) Capital: Ankara 4. Turkey Country Overview / July 20134 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Area Total: 780,580 sq.km land: 770,670 sq km water: 9,820 sq km Geography 5. Turkey Country Overview / July 20135 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Borders Land Boundaries: 2627 km Border Countries: Syria (822 km), Iran (499 km), Iraq (331 km), Greece (206 km), Georgia (252 km), Bulgaria (240 km), Azerbaijan (9 km), Armenia 268 (km) Coastline: 7200 km Black Sea in the North The Mediterranean in the south and The Aegean Sea in the west In the northwest the Sea of Marmara (Internal See) 6. Turkey Country Overview / July 20136 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Source: cia.gov Turkey with Border Countries 7. Turkey Country Overview / July 20137 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Taurus Mountain Giresun/Garbis zatay Terrain Mostly mountains, narrow coastal plain, high central plateu (Anatolia) Turkey is a land of mountains, streams, lakes, green plains and thick forests. 8. Turkey Country Overview / July 20138 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Climate Periphery of Turkey has Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and hot, moderately dry summers. Interior, shielded from Mediterranean influences by mountains, has continental climate with cold winters and dry, hot summers. Eastern mountainous area has inhospitable climate, with hot, extremely dry summers and bitter winters. Rainfall varies, ranging from annual average of more than 2,500 millimeters on eastern Black Sea coast to less than 250 millimeters in central plateau area. 9. Turkey Country Overview / July 20139 Natural Resources Antimony Coal Chromium Mercury Copper Borate Sulfur Iron Ore Hydropower Arable land 10. Turkey Country Overview / July 201310 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Population: 11 million stanbul: City at the Crossroads Population :13,5 Million Source:Turkish Statistical Institute 11. Turkey Country Overview / July 201311 Demographics 12. Turkey Country Overview / July 201312 Population 76,481,847 (2013) (19th in the world*) 0-14 years: 24.5% (male 9,621,302/female 9,129,862 ) 15-64 years: 67,8% (male 26,197,862/female 25,654,260) 65-85+ years: 7,7% (male 2,554,448/female 3,324,455) (*)http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?order=wbapi_data_value_2012+wbapi_data_value+wbapi_data_value-last&sort=desc Source:Turkish Statistical Institute 13. Turkey Country Overview / July 201313 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Population Density Map Source: World Trade Place 14. Turkey Country Overview / July 201314 Population Estimates and Projections 20 40 60 80 100 1935 1970 2013 2023 2050 2075 EksenBal Populations (million) 1935 1970 2013 2023 2050 2075 16,158,018 35,605,176 76,481,847 84,247,088 93,475,575 89,172,088 Source:Turkish Statistical Institute 15. Turkey Country Overview / July 201315 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Source: usaid.gov Current and Projected Population by Age and Sex (in thousands) 16. Turkey Country Overview / July 201316 Population Growth Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Turkey 65,666,680 66,493,970 67,308,930 68,109,470 68,893,920 69,660,560 70,413,960 71,158,650 71,892,810 76,805,520 77,804,120 78,785,550 Source: indexmundi.com , Turkish Statistical Institute 13,5 13,2 12,8 12,4 12,2 11,9 11,7 13,4 13,3 13,0 12,8 0,0 2,0 4,0 6,0 8,0 10,0 12,0 14,0 16,0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Annual Population Growth 17. Turkey Country Overview / July 201317 Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+) Source: World Bank 18. Turkey Country Overview / July 201318 Sectoral Distribution of Employment Source: World Factbook 26% 26% 48% Sector Distribution agriculture industry services 19. Turkey Country Overview / July 201319 Markam / Turkey Presentation/ 2010 Sectoral Employment and Demographic Trends 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Agriculture Industry Services Source: World Bank 20. Turkey Country Overview / July 201320 Socio Economic Class (SEC) 2012 ABC1 Total A B C1 C2 D E 34% Base 4% 9% 22% 29% 28% 9% 39% Urban 5% 10% 24% 31% 22% 8% 14% Rural 1% 2% 11% 22% 52% 12% Source: TUAD SES 2012 Presentation 21. Turkey Country Overview / July 201321 Religion Muslims: 99.8% (Mostly Sunni) Other: 0.2% (Christian and Jews) Source: World Factbook 22. Turkey Country Overview / July 201322 Languages Turkish is the official language Almost all educated Turks have command of a foreign language. English is the dominant language for international business. German and French also spoken. Turkish (official) - % 82 Kurdish - %17 Arabic Armenian Greek 23. Turkey Country Overview / July 201323 Education 18% 7% 2% 36% 41% 45% Primary/Middle School Primary School None Vocational & Technical School High School Higher Education Source:Turkish Statistical Institute 24. Turkey Country Overview / July 201324 Politics 25. Turkey Country Overview / July 201325 Government Founder: Mustafa Kemal ATATRK Capital: Ankara Government type: Democratic Secular Republic President: Abdullah Gl (August 2007) Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip Erdoan (November 2002) Minister of Foreign Affairs: Ahmet Davutolu 60th Turkish Government 26. Turkey Country Overview / July 201326 Government Administrative divisions: 81 provinces Independence: 29 October 1923 Suffrage: 18 years of age Legislative branch: Grand National Assembly of Turkey(TBMM) Judical Branch: Constitutional Court, Court of Appeals 27. Turkey Country Overview / July 201327 Parliament The Turkish Grand National Assembly (TGNA ) is a one-chamber parliament composed of 550 deputies. Elections are based on proportional representation subject to a national threshold of 10%. Elections take place every 5 years. The TGNA, as well as the President, can decide to hold new elections before the period of time is completed. Only if 5% of the total number of seats are vacated (death, resignation, etc.) an intermediary election is held. MPs are elected by party list, drawn up by absolute discretionary power of party leaders. Once elected, they gain access to immunity from prosecution, unless TGNA lifts immunity. After two years as MP, they get lifelong privileges. The TGNA works in the form of commissions which prepare legislation etc. The TGNA legislates, supervises the Council of Ministers, adopts the budget. It decides on declaring war, martial law or emergency rule; it approves international agreements, general or special amnesties. The laws passed by the TGNA are promulgated by the President within 15 days. The President may refer the law back to the Assembly for reconsideration. The TGNA elects the President of the Republic. 28. Turkey Country Overview / July 201328 Distribution of Seats in the Parliament Name Number of Seats AKP 326 CHP 135 MHP 51 BDP 29 Independent 8 Total 549 29. Turkey Country Overview / July 201329 Military Military branches: Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Land Forces, Naval Forces Command (includes Naval Air and Naval Infantry), Air Force, Coast Guard Command, Gendarmerie (Jandarma) Military age: 20 years of age Military manpower availability: 21,079,077 Defense Budget: 25 Billion $ Percent of GDP: 5.9 % Source: World Factbook 30. Turkey Country Overview / July 201330 Economics 31. Turkey Country Overview / July 201331 Source: World Bank List of Countries by GDP (2011) (millions of Country Ranking Economy US dollars) USA 1 United States 14.991.300 CHN 2 China 7.318.499 JPN 3 Japan 5.867.154 DEU 4 Germany 3.600.833 FRA 5 France 2.773.032 BRA 6 Brazil 2.476.652 GBR 7 United Kingdom 2.445.408 ITA 8 Italy 2.193.971 IND 9 India 1.872.840 RUS 10 Russian Federation 1.857.770 CAN 11 Canada 1.736.051 ESP 12 Spain 1.476.882 AUS 13 Australia 1.379.382 MEX 14 Mexico 1.153.343 KOR 15 Korea, Rep. 1.116.247 IDN 16 Indonesia 846.832 NLD 17 Netherlands 836.074 TUR 18 Turkey 774.983 CHE 19 Sw itzerland 659.308 SAU 20 Saudi Arabia 576.824 32. Turkey Country Overview / July 201332 2011 2012 GDP (billion $ / in current prices) $773(1) $786(1) GDP Growth Rate (%) 18,1%(1) 9,2%(1) GDP Per Capita ($) 14,600(2) 15,000(2) FDI Inflow (billion $) 102.6(2) 117.6(2) FDI Outflow (billion $) 19.35(2) 21.35(2) Unemployment (%) 9.8%(1) 9.2% (1) Consumer Price Inflation (%) 6.5%(2) 9.1%(2) Export (billion $) $143.4 (2) 154.2 (1) Import (billion $) $232.9 (2) $225.6 (1) External Debt (billion $) $304.2(1) $336.9(1) Main Economic Indicators Source:(1) Turish Statistical Institute (2) indexmundi.com (3) hazine.gov.tr 33. Turkey Country Overview / July 201333 Gross National Product 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GNP (billion US$) 338 441 515 590 656 650 719 766 GNP per Capita 5039 6478 7468 8438 9262 9058 9892 10410 GNP Per Capita Growth Rate 33% 29% 15% 13% 10% -2% 9% 5% 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GNP per Capita (US$) 34. Turkey Country Overview / July 201334 GDP by Main Sectors Billions of (TL) 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Agricuture 60 63 64 72 78 92 103 112 Industry 160 188 209 232 218 259 316 335 Services 350 417 480 549 567 628 730 815 FISIM* 9 10 13 14 21 19 17 22 Taxes & Subsidies 86 100 101 110 109 137 164 175 Source: Turkey Statistical Institute http://tuik.gov.tr/PreIstatistikTablo.do?istab_id=1500 (*) Financial intermediation services 35. Turkey Country Overview / July 201335 Sector Shares of GDP (2012) Agriculture, hunting & forestry 8% Manufacturing 16% Construction 2% Electricity, gas & water supply 4% Wholesale & retail trade 12% Hotels & Restaurants 2% Transport, storage & communication 14% Ownership & dwelling 1