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  • 7/29/2019 turkey country

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    TurkeyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    This article is about the country. For the bird, see Turkey (bird) . For other uses, see Turkey (disambiguation) .

    Republic of Turkey

    Trkiye Cumhur iyeti

    Flag

    Motto:"Egemenlik, kaytsz artsz Milletindir " (Turkish ) [1]

    "Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the Nation"

    Capital Ankara

    3955N 3250E

    Largest city Istanbul

    411N 2857E

    Official languages Turkish

    Ethnic groups ([2]) 70 75% Turks

    18% Kurds

    7 12% others

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(bird)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(bird)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(bird)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(disambiguation)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(disambiguation)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(disambiguation)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Turkeyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Turkeyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereignty_unconditionally_belongs_to_the_Nationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereignty_unconditionally_belongs_to_the_Nationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereignty_unconditionally_belongs_to_the_Nationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-motto_of_Turkey-1http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-motto_of_Turkey-1http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-motto_of_Turkey-1http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankarahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankarahttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=39_55_N_32_50_E_type:countryhttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=39_55_N_32_50_E_type:countryhttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=39_55_N_32_50_E_type:countryhttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=39_55_N_32_50_E_type:countryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbulhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbulhttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=41_1_N_28_57_E_http://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=41_1_N_28_57_E_http://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=41_1_N_28_57_E_http://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=41_1_N_28_57_E_http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-cia-2http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-cia-2http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-cia-2http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurdish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurdish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurdish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turkey_(orthographic_projection).svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Turkey.svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turkey_(orthographic_projection).svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Turkey.svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turkey_(orthographic_projection).svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Turkey.svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turkey_(orthographic_projection).svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Turkey.svghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurdish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-cia-2http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=41_1_N_28_57_E_http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbulhttp://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Turkey&params=39_55_N_32_50_E_type:countryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankarahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey#cite_note-motto_of_Turkey-1http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereignty_unconditionally_belongs_to_the_Nationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Turkeyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(disambiguation)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(bird)
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    Demonym Turkish

    Government Unitary parliamentaryconstitutional republic

    - President Abdullah Gl

    - Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan

    - Speaker of the

    Parliament

    Cemil iek

    - President of the

    Constitutional Court

    Haim Kl

    Legislature Grand National Assembly

    Succession to the Ottoman Empire

    - Treaty of Lausanne 24 July 1923

    - Declaration of

    Republic

    29 October 1923

    Area

    - Total 783,562 km 2 (37th )

    302,535 sq mi

    - Water (%) 1.3

    Population

    - 2013 estimate 75,627,38 4[3] (18th)

    - Density 97/km 2 (108th )

    239.8/sq mi

    GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate

    - Total $1.358 trillio n[4][5] (15th)

    - Per capita $18,34 8[5] (54th )

    GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate

    - Total $789.257 billio n[5] (17th )

    - Per capita $10,66 6[5] (64nd )

    Gini (2010) 40. 0[6]

    medium 58th

    HDI (2013) 0.722

    high 90th

    Currency Turkish liraa (TRY )

    Time zone EET (UTC+2)

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