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Santiago Calatrava Turning Torso Malmö, Sweden The 190 meter tall concrete and steel tower turns 90 degrees from bottom to top. Photo: arcspace Designed for a prominent urban site on the occasion of the European Housing Expo 2001, Calatrava's residential tower for Malmö, at the city's West Harbor, is based in form on his sculpture Turning Torso. Conceived to enhance and enlarge a public area, defined by the intersection of two main roads, the “Turning Torso” building is meant to be seen as a free-standing sculptural element posed within the cityscape.

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Santiago Calatrava Turning Torso Malm, Sweden The 190 meter tall concrete and steel tower turns 90 degrees from bottom to top.

Photo: arcspace

Designed for a prominent urban site on the occasion of the European Housing Expo 2001, Calatrava's residential tower for Malm, at the city's West Harbor, is based in form on his sculpture Turning Torso. Conceived to enhance and enlarge a public area, defined by the intersection of two main roads, the Turning Torso building is meant to be seen as a freestanding sculptural element posed within the cityscape.

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

In the original sculpture of Turning Torso, seven cubes are set around a steel support to produce a spiral structure, which resembles a twisting human spine.

Drawing courtesy Santiago Calatrava

In the Turning Torso building, the spiralling tower is composed of nine box units, each of five floors. The equivalent in the tower of the sculpture's steel support is the nucleus of internal elevators and stairs, through which the box units communicate.

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

All the apartments have unique layouts depending on their position in the building. The living rooms are large and open, often with views in two directions. The impression of light and space is reinforced by the elevated ceiling in the livingrooms. The large, slightly tilted windows give the apartments a generous flow of natural light and fantastic views of Malm, and Copenhagen across the resund Strait.

Image courtesy HSB Malm

Photo courtesy HSB Malm

The 53rd and 54th floor, with magnificent 360-degree views, will have conference facilities driven by HSB Malm under the name of Torso Meeting. The interior, including the artwork, is also designed by Santiago Calatrava, who visited the raw space in August.

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

The framework consists of the core, shaped like a concrete pipe. Inside the core a concrete construction houses lift shafts and staircases. The structural slabs, shaped like slices of a pie that are fitted together to form an entire floor, are anchored in the core. Each floor is rotated to create the characteristic twist of the building. The facade is curved aluminum panels, with windows leaning either inwards or outwards, in order to follow the twist of the building. An exoskeleton around the buildings front face is made of tapered white steel tubes. Following the concrete perimeter column, the exoskeletons single upright is fixed to the tower between each module with horizontal and inclined tubes. These tubes reach back to steel anchors embedded in shear walls at the buildings back corners. While the spine column takes perimeter vertical loads, the exoskeleton around it provides wind resistance and dampens the buildings vibrations.

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

Photo: arcspace

Previous arcspace features: Turning Torso July 2000 Half Way Celebration December 2003 More information: Turning Torso

Expected completion: November 2005 Height:190 meters (623.3 feet) Floors: 54 Apartment area (cube 3 to 9): 13,500 square meters. Commercial area (cube 1 and 2): 4,000 square meters. Client: HSB Malm Architect: Santiago Calatrava SA Associate Architect: SAMARK Arkitektur & Design AB Construction manager:NCC Sweden Book Santiago Calatrava: The Complete Works By Alexander Tzonis Publisher: Rizzoli