twentieth century poetry 1. teaching plan t.s. eliot ( 45 ’ ) t.s. eliot ( 45 ’ ) thomas...

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  • Slide 1
  • Twentieth Century Poetry 1
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  • Teaching Plan T.S. Eliot ( 45 ) T.S. Eliot ( 45 ) Thomas Hardy and A. E. Housman(5 ) Thomas Hardy and A. E. Housman(5 )
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  • Technical Revolution in Poetry Three influences Imagism Ezra Pound( Imagism which demands precision in imagery and freedom in rhythmic movement Imagism Ezra Pound( Imagism which demands precision in imagery and freedom in rhythmic movement Metaphysical poets of th e17th c (John Donne) Metaphysical poets of th e17th c (John Donne) French Symbolist poetry French Symbolist poetry Ps the rediscovery of William Blake and The publication of th etwo editions of G.M. Hopkins poetry also contributed to the development of 20th c poet Ps the rediscovery of William Blake and The publication of th etwo editions of G.M. Hopkins poetry also contributed to the development of 20th c poet
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  • Chief Traits of Modernist Poetry insisted on direct treatment of things and on the avoidance of all words that di not contribute to the prensentation insisted on direct treatment of things and on the avoidance of all words that di not contribute to the prensentation freer metrical movement freer metrical movement introduced to poetry a much higher degree of intellectual complexity because o f the enthusiasm of Metaphysical p introduced to poetry a much higher degree of intellectual complexity because o f the enthusiasm of Metaphysical p
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  • T. S. Eliot 1888-1965 A poet playwright and literary critic A poet playwright and literary critic Born in the US and as an adult became a British subject, his works are considered a part of both national literature Born in the US and as an adult became a British subject, his works are considered a part of both national literature
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  • In 1915 settled down in London working as a bank clerk later an editor of a litery magazine and a reviewer for several journals In 1915 settled down in London working as a bank clerk later an editor of a litery magazine and a reviewer for several journals In 1917 published his first book, Prufrock and Other Observations In 1917 published his first book, Prufrock and Other Observations 1922 founded The Criterion an influential right-wing literary journal the Waste land appeared in the first issue 1922 founded The Criterion an influential right-wing literary journal the Waste land appeared in the first issue In those London years he formed his mutually admiring and fruitful relationship with Ezra Pound In those London years he formed his mutually admiring and fruitful relationship with Ezra Pound
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  • In 1927 he became a British subject and was received into the Church of England. He declared that he was Anglo- Catholic in religion, royalist in politics and classicist in literature. In 1927 he became a British subject and was received into the Church of England. He declared that he was Anglo- Catholic in religion, royalist in politics and classicist in literature. 1948 awarded the British Oder of Merit and the Nobel Prize 1948 awarded the British Oder of Merit and the Nobel Prize
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  • His poetic output is not very large hit its influence on the development of 20thc poetry has been substantial. His poetic output is not very large hit its influence on the development of 20thc poetry has been substantial. He established his style and demonstrated his departure from traditional form and metaphor in his first important poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock,. It in general anticipates in germinal form all of Eliot s later linguistic and formal achievements. It is also an example of the important new experiments and technical innovations in the early 20thc He established his style and demonstrated his departure from traditional form and metaphor in his first important poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock,. It in general anticipates in germinal form all of Eliot s later linguistic and formal achievements. It is also an example of the important new experiments and technical innovations in the early 20thc
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  • frequently made use of symbolism which gave their poetry the subtlety of suggestiveness and overtones ( ) frequently made use of symbolism which gave their poetry the subtlety of suggestiveness and overtones ( ) brought poetic language and rhythm closer to that of conversations by the use of colloquial expressions and even slangs brought poetic language and rhythm closer to that of conversations by the use of colloquial expressions and even slangs
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  • Continued employed irony and puns which had been banished from serious poetry for over two hundred years. employed irony and puns which had been banished from serious poetry for over two hundred years. often international and urban in theme often international and urban in theme Modernism is of great importance to the 20th c literature it coexist with more traditional forms it never achieved the monopoly Modernism is of great importance to the 20th c literature it coexist with more traditional forms it never achieved the monopoly
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  • The Waste Land his most important work, his most important work, a long, complicated poem that reveals disillusionment and pessimism with contemporary society and is remarkable for its originality in form and content. a long, complicated poem that reveals disillusionment and pessimism with contemporary society and is remarkable for its originality in form and content.
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  • Excerpts of The Waste Land 1. I The Burial of the Dead 1. I The Burial of the Dead 2. V What the Thunder Said 2. V What the Thunder Said Discussion : What does the author want to say in the first four lines? Discussion : What does the author want to say in the first four lines? What is the symbolic meaning of water in the poem? What is the symbolic meaning of water in the poem?
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  • The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock S io credesse che mia risposta fosse A persona che mai tornasse al mondo, Questa fiamma staria senza piu scosse. Ma perciocche giammai di questo fondo Non torno vivo alcun, s i odo il vero, Senza tema d infamia ti rispondo. 2 Dante Alighieri Dante Alighieri Inferno Inferno
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  • Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table; 3 Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets, The muttering retreats Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells: Streets that follow like a tedious argument Of insidious intent 4 To lead you to an overwhelming question... Oh, do not ask, What is it? Let us go and make our visit. Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table; 3 Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets, The muttering retreats Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells: Streets that follow like a tedious argument Of insidious intent 4 To lead you to an overwhelming question... Oh, do not ask, What is it? Let us go and make our visit.
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  • In the room the women come and go Talking of Michelangelo. 5 The yellow fog that rubs its back upon the window-panes, The yellow smoke that rubs its muzzle on the window-panes, Licked its tongue into the corners of the evening, Lingered upon the pools that stand in drains, Let fall upon its back the soot that falls from chimneys, Slipped by the terrace, made a sudden leap, And seeing that it was a soft October night, Curled once about the house, and fell asleep. In the room the women come and go Talking of Michelangelo. 5 The yellow fog that rubs its back upon the window-panes, The yellow smoke that rubs its muzzle on the window-panes, Licked its tongue into the corners of the evening, Lingered upon the pools that stand in drains, Let fall upon its back the soot that falls from chimneys, Slipped by the terrace, made a sudden leap, And seeing that it was a soft October night, Curled once about the house, and fell asleep.
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  • Among his other poems, The Hollow Men and Ash Wednesday are considered his most personal statements. Among his other poems, The Hollow Men and Ash Wednesday are considered his most personal statements.
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  • Eliot s chief poetic influence the French Symbolists the French Symbolists the English metaphysical poets the English metaphysical poets the contemporary Imagists the contemporary Imagists
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  • He added complexity and suggestiveness to the precision stressed by the Imagists. He also introduced into modern English and American Poetry the kind of irony achieved by sudden shifts from the formal to the colloquial and by oblique( ) allusions to objects or ideas that contrasted sharply with those carried by the surface meaning of the poem.
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  • He is as important and influential as critic as he was as a poet. He is as important and influential as critic as he was as a poet.