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UTAR NEW VILLAGE COMMUNITY PROJECT

REPORT

NAME OF NEW VILLAGE:

PARIT JAWA

JOHOR

Project carried out by:

Student Name Student ID Course Year/

Semester

1. Sim Chuit Feng 09 ABB06112 Banking and Finance Y3 S3

2. Tee Wee Wen 09ABB06114 Banking and Finance Y3 S3

DATE OF COMPLETION:

APRIL 2012

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PARIT JAWA

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ABSTRACT

Parit Jawa is a famous fishing village in the state of Johore. Muar, the nearest

town to this village, is about 15 km away. In the year 2011, the population of Parit

Jawa reached about 10,000 people. The biggest ethnic group is the Chinese,

followed by the Malays and others. The main sources of income for villagers are

fishing, fruit farming, work in the plantations and operation of small businesses

such as seafood restaurants. Parit Jawas delicious food and the presence of many

migrating birds provide opportunities for tourism development.

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INTRODUCTION

Parit Jawa is a traditional fishing village in Malaysia. It is located about 15km

away from the town of Muar and 39 km from the town of Batu Pahat. This village

has a few dusty streets lined with old buildings. Tourists visit Parit Jawa to taste

its spicy asam pedas fish and to watch migratory birds between October and

March.

HISTORY

Parit Jawa was established in 1858 and covers an area of about 66,263 hectares.

At the beginning, this area was a thick forest. In 1870s this area was explored by

people from Java, Indonesia. A long time ago, Haji Abdul Jabar Matinadjati

arrived in Klang in a big boat from Java Island. Haji Abdul Jabar, his 5 friends

and 39 followers travelled southwards from Klang and stopped by Padang which

is also known as Parit Seri. During their voyage, they stopped at a beautiful beach

which was named Pantai Leka or Enthralling Beach. This beach is the

location of the earliest settlement in Pekan Parit Jawa.

Signboard - entrance to Parit Jawa.

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POPULATION AND HOUSING

Parit Jawa actually consists of a few villages which are Kampung Parit Pulai, Parit

Samsu, Parit Limbong, Parit Kassim, Parit Sri, Parit Gantong, Parit Nipah and

Bukit Mor. The village head or Penghulu of Parit Jawa is Mr Teo Puay Boon. He

is appointed by the government and handles the village administration.

Village Head (Mr Teo Puay Boon)

Parit Jawa has a population of about 10,000. The majority of villagers are Chinese.

There are also Malays and Indians in the village. Languages spoken in Parit Jawa

include Mandarin, Hokkien dialect and Malay. Villagers live in residential

neighbourhoods or in shophouses.

Old shops in Parit Jawa- partly brick and partly wooden structure

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Example of wooden houses in Parit Jawa

Example of wooden houses in Parit Jawa

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Example of new bungalows in Parit Jawa

EDUCATION

Parit Jawa has four kindergartens, one primary school and one secondary school.

One of the Kindergartens in Parit Jawa-Tadika Suriang

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Primary School in Parit Jawa-SJK (c) Chin Kwang Wahyu

Secondary School in Parit Jawa-SMK Raja Muda

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Many Hokkien Chinese in Parit Jawa work as fisherman and retailers. Parit Jawa

residents earn their livelihood from fishing and farming. Some villagers also

engage in small businesses such as running restaurants/ coffee shops and making

salted fish.

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1. Fishing

Kampung Parit Jawa is situated near the sea and many fishing boats are moored

along it shores. Fishing and related commercial activities provide villagers with an

important source of income.

Fishing boats in Pulau Jawa jetty

However, income from fishing fluctuates because the fishermen do go out to sea

during bad weather. When they are not out at sea, the fishermen often spend their

time mending their nets.

Repairing fishing nets

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2. Seafood restaurants

Some Villagers in Parit Jawa operate food stalls and restaurants, in particular,

seafood restaurants. Asam Pedas fish is a popular and delicious dish served by

these restaurants which are frequented by locals as well as visitors.

Several Seafood Restaurant found in Parit Jawa

3. Pasar awan pagi and petang

This market is open from Monday to Saturday. It has a morning session and an

afternoon session. Villagers set up stalls in the market and sell fresh fish,

vegetables, fruit and groceries. Both locals and out-of-town visitors shop at this

market.

Wet market in Parit Jawa

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4. Farming and plantation

Many villagers work in the oil palm plantations surrounding Parit Jawa. Some

villagers operate dragon fruit orchards which have provided another source of

income for the villagers.

Oil Palm Plantation

Dragon fruit Orchard

In the early 20th

century, the village expanded inland. Villagers planted durian,

duku (lansium) and rambutan trees. These fruits from Parit Jawa are now sold in

many states in West Malaysia and in Singapore

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Durian trees

Duku trees

5. Others Economics Activities

Some villagers operate small businesses like mamak shops, coffee shops, grocery

and birds nest swiflet homes.

Mamak stall

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Buildings used to breed swiftlets which produce birds nest,

a delicacy among the Chinese

SOCIAL, CULTURE AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES

Cultural Diversity

There are 4 main religions in Parit Jawa: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and

Christianity. One of the most famous temples here is the qing shui zhu shi (

). Many locals believe that the qing shui zhu shi () deity will

protect their family members when they are out at sea.

Road view when entering the Chinese temple.

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Chinese Temples in Parit Jawa

Masjid Jamek Parit Jawa is a big mosque in Parit Jawa. It is a place of worship for

local Muslims.

Mosque in Parit Jawa

INFRASTRUCTURE AND FACILITIES

Parit Jawa has a police station and a clinic. The clinic provides general health care

as well as dental care. It charges a minimal fee for its services: Rm1.00 for

Malaysians and Rm 15.00 for foreigners. It opens from 9 am to 5 pm on weekdays

only.

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Police Station in Jalan Temenggung Ahmad, Parit Jawa

Government Clinic in Parit Jawa

In addition, Parit Jawa has a library called Perpustakaan Desa Parit Jawa or Parit

Jawa Rural Library

Library in Parit Jawa

Bank Simpanan Nasional (BSN) and Maybank have branches in Parit Jawa.

Villagers therefore have easy access to banking facilities.

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Several types of Bank found in Parit Jawa

Furthermore, this village has 3 petrol stations which are the Shell station, the

Petronas station and Mobil station.

Petrol Stations in Parit Jawa

VOLUNTARY GROUPS

Parit Jawa residents have formed a fishermans association called the Fisheries

Society Parit Jawa. This society provides financial assistance to local fishermen.

Parit Jawa also has Chao Zhou Association () that are set up by

the Chao Zhou (a dialect group) residents and Fu Jian Yong Chun Association

() , set up by Fu Jian (another dialect group) residents. The

main purpose of setting up these associations are to foster better community ties

within the dialect group and to provide financial assistance to children of its

members who wish to further their studies.

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SPORT ACTIVITIES

Parit Jawa has a basketball court and a sepak t