wildlife conservation and management programme dwnp botswana

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  • PROGRAMMEOVERVIEW & STATUS DWNP ProgrammeEDF Grant & GoB FundedNgamiland & Ghanzi Districts Parts of Central & Kweneng Start-Up PhaseLife of 4 years (2002 2006)


    Result 1: Management of three PAs strengthened (CKGR, Moremi & Makgadikgadi)Result 2: Stakeholder co-operation increasedResult 3: Benefits to communities increasedResult 4: Decisions better informed by research and monitoringResult 5: DWNP strengthened

  • Result 3Benefits to communities increased

    Community development grant from EDF

    I million Euros available

  • CBNRM in BOTSWANACharacterized more by failures than successes Challenge is to learn from the past & face reality Have the courage to breakaway from past failed approaches Experiment wisely with fresh approaches from Community Projects Workshop

  • Reasons for FailuresThe Concept of Community Managed Enterprise Projects QuestionableCapacity Building Support UnderestimatedProject Implementation in some Cases Lacked SupportBusiness Advisory Services InadequateProject Identification and Formulation Support Inadequate

  • Reasons for Failures(cont)Programme Scope and Coverage Over AmbitiousSynergy Between CDF & CCF InsufficientManagement Structure for CDF Over-CentralizedRoles and Task Division Among Implementing Partners Lacks ClarityLocal Government Structures Ignored/Bypassed

  • Cornerstone StrategyAway from approach that CBOs should become entrepreneurs Towards approach where CBOs create an environment that encourages entrepreneurs to invest with confidenceBy providing infrastructure, security of tenure and a regulatory framework.Ensure viability of business related projects by shifting emphasis:

  • Implication of Emphasis Shift for Programme Support

    Emphasis on capacity building to:

    Form & sustain representative and accountable CBOsAdminister & manage CBO affairs Negotiate with pvt. sector and Govt. Develop infrastructureRegulate & tax entrepreneurial activities

  • Despite a strategic shift in emphasis the end objective of CBNRM

    viz the upliftment and empowerment of the communities

    remains as the central focus of the Program

  • This central focus of the Program is to be achieved by ensuring that:All entrepreneurial initiatives meaningfully benefit the community Relationships with entrepreneurs is contracted with clearly defined responsibilities, monitoring and sanctioning mechanismsCBOs retain full control and responsibility of funding provided by the EDFThus CBOs are the intermediary with the Programme

  • Transparency and Equal OpportunityAll communities in geographic scope will be made fully aware of:The opportunity to apply for EDF fundingThe procedures for:making application for such fundingrequesting support for drafting their proposalsselecting the support of a service provider (e.g. an NGO )The policies and criteria by which their proposals will be evaluatedThe reasons why their proposals were unsuccessful

  • Building Blocks: Planning Review work that has already been done Conduct needs analyses of communities expressing interest Land capability analysesWildlife management & tourism development plans Business plans and action plans for administering & managing CBOs

  • BuildingBlocks:GovernanceLegal, representative and accountable CBOsCapacity of committees and the electorate to execute democratic governance including: the democratic appointment and replacement of committee members the capacity and confidence to hold committee members accountable (watch dog)

  • Building Blocks: Administration & ManagementAdminister and manage CBOs according to the constitution (esp financial regulations and procedures)Procure and manage donor fundingProcure and manage technical assistance Formulate policies, procedures & guidelinesFairly, wisely and transparently effect benefit distribution policies & procedures.

  • Building Blocks: Negotiation SkillsTo Confidently, Competently and Responsibly negotiate with:

    GoB for the rights to manage and utilise wildlife resources Private sector to:Procure entrepreneurial expertise and investment in viable projectsEstablish viable and equitable joint venture lease Renegotiate existing leases with joint venture partners

  • Building Blocks: Management

    Regulate the activities of joint venture partners as per agreementsMonitoring and managing wildlife resources by actioning plans Monitoring and managing CBO business plans

  • Support to Emerging EntrepreneursProvide assistance in:Creating an awareness of business and funding opportunitiesIdentifying wildlife related business opportunitiesSupporting the formulation of financing proposalsTransferring business skillsProviding funds and providing ongoing follow-up support

  • Socio-economic Research & MonitoringReview and consolidate all the existing socio-economic Where necessary by conduct baseline studies Monitor socio-economic changes by conducting repeat surveys

  • Planned ActionsReview all past & present CBNRM projects in target areas Develop an action plan for disseminating information to communitiesDevelop tool kit for communicating criteria, guidelines, formats, application forms, procedures, reporting formats, available support etc.Disseminate the information to local government & target communities

  • Planned Actions(Cont)Prepare presentations, brochures posters Presentations at Kgotla meetings during July Hold annual workshops with stakeholders to learn lessons from successes & failuresMeet regularly with TAC to road map the way ahead