wisconsin; build your own rain garden - applied ecological services

Upload: free-rain-garden-manuals-and-more

Post on 06-Apr-2018




0 download


  • 8/3/2019 Wisconsin; Build Your Own Rain Garden - Applied Ecological Services


    Sweet flag Acorus calamus

    (1-3' High, Blooms: May-June)

    Bottlebrush sedgeCarex hystericina

    (1-3' High, Blooms: May-July)

    Red milkweed Asclepias incarnata

    (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

    Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis

    (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    Torreys rushJuncus torreyi

    (1-3' High, Blooms: June-July)

    Water plantain Alisma subcordatum

    (1-3' High, Blooms: June-Sept.)

    River bulrushScirpus fluviatilis

    (3-5' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

    Soft-stemmed bulrushScirpus validus

    (3-9' High, Blooms: May-July)


    ArrowheadSagittaria latifolia

    (1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    Dogtooth Daisy Helenium autumnale

    (2-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.)

    Spotted Joe-pye Eupatorium maculatum

    (2-5' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    New England aster Aster novae-angliae

    (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.)

    Prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya

    (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa

    (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

    Great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica

    (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug-Sept.)

    Green bulrushScirpus atrovirens

    (2-4' High, Blooms: May-July)

    Mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum(1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    False Dragons Head Physostegia virginiana

    (1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

    Stiff goldenrodSolidago rigida

    (1-4' High, Blooms: July-Oct.)

    Wild blue flag irisiris virginica shrevei

    (1-3' High, Blooms: May-July)

    Culvers rootVeronicastrum virginicum

    (3-5' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

    Golden AlexanderZizia aurea

    (1-2' High, Blooms: May-June)

    Fox sedgeCarex vulpinoidea

    (1-3' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

    Purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea

    (1-2' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

    Build your own


    Trust the experts!Authentic nativeplants and seed


    A Rain Garden

    is simply a shallow

    depression in your

    yard thats plantedwith native wetland or

    wet prairie wildflowers

    and grasses.


    For more information on Native LandscapeDesign, contact Applied Ecological Services:

    608.897.8641 www.appliedeco.com/NLD.cfm

    Taylor Creek Restoration NurseriesBrodhead, WI 608.897.8641


    Spring Lake Restoration NurseriesPrior Lake, MN 952.447.1919


    Want more information?

    For more details on Rain Garden construction, go to: www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/water/wm/dsfm/shore/raingarden.htm.

    Taylor Creek Restoration Nurseries, Spring Lake Restoration Nurseries and Native Landscapes by AES are divisions of Applied EcologicalServices, Inc., 17921 Smith Road, Brodhead, WI 53520. Visit us at www.appliedeco.com. 2005 Applied Ecological Services, Inc.

  • 8/3/2019 Wisconsin; Build Your Own Rain Garden - Applied Ecological Services





    Sl (5)










    EXAMPLE RAIN GARDENfor Well-Drainedto Sandy Soils

    Abbrev. C ommon Name Species Name No. of Shopping Plants List

    An New England aster Aster novae-angliae 6

    Dp Purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea 4 Em Spotted Joe-Pye Eupatorium maculatum 3

    Ha Dogtooth Daisy Helenium autumnale 6

    Jt Torreys rush Juncus torreyi 5

    Lp Prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya 4

    Lc Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis 4

    Ls Great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica 6

    Mf Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa 3

    Pv Mountain mint Pycanthemum virginianum10

    Abbrev. Common Name Species Name No. of Shopping Plants List

    Sa Green bulrush scirpus atrovirens 5

    Sr Stiff goldenrod Solidago rigida 3 Vv Culvers root Veronicastrum virginicum 5

    Za Golden Alexander Zizia aurea 6

    Total Plants Needed 70

    Abbrev. C ommon Name Species Name No. of Shopping Plants List

    Ac Sweet flag Acorus calamus 5

    Ai Red milkweed Asclepias incarnata 4 As Water plantain Alisma subcordatum 5

    Ch Bottle brush sedge Carex hystricina 4

    Cv Fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea 6

    Iv Wild blue flag iris Iris virginica shrevei 9

    Abbrev. Common Name Species Name

    Jt Torreys rush Juncus torreyi

    Lc Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalisPv False dragons head Physostegia virginian

    Sl Arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia

    Sa Green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens

    Sf River bulrush Scirpus fluviatilis

    Sv Soft-stemmed bulrush Scirpus validus

    Total Plants Needed

    What is a Rain Garden?A Rain Garden is simply ashallow depression in youryard that is planted withnative wetland or wet prairiewildflowers and grasses. It isdesigned to naturally collectwater that runs off from yourroof or is discharged fromyour sump pump. RainGardens are gainingpopularity for three reasons:

    1. Rain Gardens make good use of stormwaterrunoff, conserving precious water supplies andhelping protect water quality in downstream lakesand streams.

    2. Rain Gardens are planted with beautiful, hardy,low-maintenance native perennial plants.

    3. Rain Gardens provide food andshelter for birds, butterflies andbeneficial insects, such as mosquito-devouring dragonflies!

    Simple, StraightforwardConstructionIts not complicated. Justfollow these easy steps:

    1. Dig a shallow depressionwith a level bottom, aslarge in circumference asyoud like.

    2. Direct your downspout orsump pump outlet to yourRain Garden, either by digging a shallow swalea

    linear depression designed to channel wateror byrouting it through a buried 4" PVC pipe.

    3. Plant the native plants recommended in thisdesign sheet.

    4. Water your planting every other day for the firstfew weeks, until plants are growing and well-


    Once your native Rain Garden plants areestablished, theyll thrive well withoutadditional watering. Fertilizers are notnecessary.

    Location, Location, LocationPick a naturally low spot in your yardat least 10 feetfrom your houseand direct water from your downspoutor sump pump into it. Full sun is best, but make sure thesite gets at least a half-day of sunlight.

    During heavy rains, your rain garden may fill up andoverflow. Make sure this overflow drainage follows the

    drainage pattern originallydesigned for your lot. Test thisby filling your depression with agarden hose and watching theoverflow. If needed, dig a

    shallow swale to direct overflowwater toward the street, road orother downhill areas away frombuildings.

    Digging InA depression of two to six inches will suffice.Slope the sides gradually from the edge to thelevel bottom. Deeper rain gardens in heavyclay soils will hold water longer. Test thiswith a garden hose. French drains can beinstalled to aid infiltration.

    More Tips Hand weed biweekly untilnative plants are established.

    Avoid using lawn fertilizersnear the Rain Garden.Fertilizers will stimulate weedcompetition without benefit-ting your native plants.

    Dont worry about mosquitoes. Most rain garhold water long enough for mosquitoes to reprso, dragonflies, swallows and other natural con

    will keep them in check. Come spring, mow and remove dead vegetatsimply burn it off if your fire d epartment regul

    it. Native plants thrive under fire

    Place natural rocks, bird houses,

    garden ornaments in and around y

    Gardenbe creative! Youll learn an

    designing your own backyard land

    Add plenty of native sedges and

    physically support taller species and

    visually textured background that t







    These designs are examples only. Please contact our nurseries foradditional recommended species. With information on your regionand site conditions, we can tailor the species selections withsuggestions that are most appropriate for your rain garden.