women enterpreneurship in moldova
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Advancing womens entrepreneurship training policy and practice challenges and developmentsMOLDOVA
Emilia CebotariSBA Coordinator (replacing person), Ministry of EconomyDistinguished guests and Dear Ladies and Gentleman,I am deeply honored to be here today and to share with you Moldovas experience in promoting womens entrepreneurship.1Association Agreement and DCFTA with EU (June 27th, 2014)According to art.32 of the AA with EU, we have committed to ensure equal opportunities, aiming at enhancing gender equality and ensuring equal opportunities between women and men, as well as combating discrimination on all grounds.Strategic vision for Business environment priority: Creating new businesses will be encouraged by promoting entrepreneurship success stories, by supporting entrepreneurship, especially among women, as these are currently only 27.5% of entrepreneurs. Existing mechanisms by which SMEs benefit from training, and financial and logistical support will be expanded and diversified.National Development Strategy Moldova 2020
Taking this opportunity, I would like to highlight that one of our major and essential achievements this year has been the signing of the Association Agreement and DCFTA with the European Union on June 27th, 2014 a break through on our European path that will offer a high level of integration with the EU and the many advantages that our country will benefit from as a result of deeper linkages with the EU Member States.According to art.32 of the AA with EU, we have committed to ensure equal opportunities between women and men, aiming at enhancing gender equality, as well as combating discrimination on all grounds.
Special provisions regarding women entrepreneurship is also provided by our National Development Strategy Moldova 2020 : Strategic vision for Business environment priority: Creating new businesses will be encouraged by promoting entrepreneurship success stories, by supporting entrepreneurship, especially among women, as these are currently only 27.5% of entrepreneurs. Existing mechanisms by which SMEs benefit from training, and financial and logistical support will be expanded and diversified.
2Policy framework containing some provisions in regard to womens entrepreneurship
Law no.5 from 09.02.2006 ensuring equal opportunities for women and men
National Program for Ensuring Gender Equality for 2010-2015 approved by Government Decision no.933 from 31.12.2009
Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Sector Development Strategy 2012-2020 approved by Government Decision no.685 from 13.09.2012 and its new action plan for 2015-2017
Government Commission for Equality between Men and Women established according to Government Decision no.350 from 07.04.2006
There is no formal policy framework focused specifically upon women entrepreneurship in Moldova, though the current national legislation contains provisions on equality and equal opportunities for men and women:Law no.5 from 09.02.2006 ensuring equal opportunities for women and men National Program for Ensuring Gender Equality for 2010-2015 approved by Government Decision no.933 from 31.12.2009 providing measures for promoting women's entrepreneurship through a complex approach to gender dimension integration. Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Sector Development Strategy 2012-2020 approved by Government Decision no.685 from 13.09.2012 and its new action plan for 2015-2017 providing for promoting and encouraging women to launch/develop businessGovernment Commission for Equality between Men and Women established according to Government Decision no.350 from 07.04.2006 the purpose of which is to ensure a strategic and organizational basis, tools and mechanisms to influence and carry out state policy on ensuring equal rights and opportunities for men and women.3
Promoting and encouraging women entrepreneurship
SMEs Sector Development Strategy 2012-2020 andits action plan for implementation 2015-2017Lessons learnt from the first Small Business Act AssessmentAs a result of the first phase of SBA Assessment we have elaborated and approved the SMEs Development Strategy, though it didnt provide action for stimulating entrepreneurship among women. As a result based upon our lessons learnt, we have updated / elaborated and now are in the process of approving a new action plan for SMEs sector development for the period of 2015-2017, where concrete and express actions on promoting and encouraging women entrepreneurship are provided according to the Strategy priorities.4Priority II: Improving access to finance
Developing innovative schemes of financing SMEsAttracting technical and financial assistance programs for stimulating the creation of new businesses by young people and women
Priority III: Developing human capital by promoting entrepreneurial skills and cultureDeveloping and promoting entrepreneurial culture and education Promoting and encouraging women to launch/develop business Implementing national Program on Efficient business managementOrganizing trainings under the National Program for Economic Empowerment of Young peopleAccording to the second priority of the action plan for Strategy implementation, and namely improving access to finance we have provided for attracting technical and financial assistance programs for stimulating the creation of new businesses by young people and women.
On priority 3, developing human capital by promoting entrepreneurial skills and culture, we will focus on:Promoting and encouraging women to launch/develop business Implementing National Program on Efficient business management, comprising 8 modules: business planning; financial management; effective marketing and selling techniques; labor law and human resource management; registration as a VAT payer and law enforcement matters; accounting application; procurement legislation; foreign economic activity and customs regulations. Organizing trainings under the National Program for Economic Empowerment of Young, focusing on 3 components> training and consulting, financing rural investment projects and post-finance monitoring (this year under the Program there here have been created 223 new enterprises, out of which 67 being managed by women).
On-going programs and projects on advancing womens entrepreneurshipPilot program for attracting remittances in the economy PARE 1+1Loan Security FundNational program for Economic Empowerment of Young PeopleEficient business management programSMEs Support and Development program funded by the Japanese Government
The Ministry of Economy, through ODIMM, is implementing 5 programs which are aimed at training economic entities in business management and access to finance. At the phase of conducting the monitoring and evaluation of these governmental programs, we have set performance indicators that include the number of trained women and as a result during the implementation period of the program there had been recorded an average of about 35 % participation by women.
Women in business Program, EBRD Business Advisory Service (BAS) MoldovaProject Women Entrepreneurship A Job Creation Engine for South Eastern Europe, implemented by the South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL) Economic empowerment of women through increasing the employment opportunities in the Republic of Moldova, UN Women (2010-2013)Better opportunities for Youth and Women, UNDPMoldovan Employment and Entrepreneurship Education and Training Activity (MEEETA ), (2009-2013) Winrock Moldova
Network of Business Women Association, created in 2009 comprises 15 organizations
On-going programs and projects on advancing womens entrepreneurshipThere is also a range of initiatives arising from a number of different donor led programs, in the field of WE. Like for example: Women in business Program by EBRD Business Advisory Service (BAS) Moldova, Project Women Entrepreneurship A Job Creation Engine for South Eastern Europe, implemented by the South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL), Economic empowerment of women through increasing the employment opportunities in the Republic of Moldova UN Women (2010-2013). Winrock Moldova has implemented couple of projects Entrepreneurial Learning and Employment, New Perspectives for Women USAID project (2004-2008).
A number of women business associations are attempting to share best practices and promote women in business: International Center for Advancement of Women in Business, Moldovan National Association of Women in Business, a Network of Business Women Association has been created in 2009, comprising about 15 organizations located throughout the entire territory of the country.
I would like to mention that still as a % of women and men employers we have a ratio of 25 % women compared to 75 % men.
Studies or analysis specifically looking at the state of women's entrepreneurship in the country:SEECEL's publication: Women Entrepreneurs IndicatorsA recent SEECEL's publication Women Entrepreneurs Training Needs Analysis conducted in Western Balkans, Turkey and Moldova has revealed the main challenges and needs perceived by women entrepreneurs on the dimensions of: enterprise information, access to finance, networking, human resources and training. Assessing the environment for women entrepreneurship in Moldova, National Confederation of Employers and International Labor Organization.Conditions for Enterprise creation and development from gender analysis 2009, sponsored by the UN Fund for Women.
Establishing the Platform of the development of Women entrepreneurship , SEECEL and GTFThe main goal of the Platform is the advancement of women entrepreneurship in Moldova through the partnership of private and state sectors.