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  • WHC-09/33.COM/7B.AddWHC-09/33.COM/7B WHC-09/33.COM/7A.AddWHC-09/33.COM/7A

    World Heritage Patrimoine mondial

    33 COM

    Distribution limited / limitée Paris, May/Mai 2009 Original: English

    UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION

    ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR L'EDUCATION, LA SCIENCE ET LA CULTURE

    CONVENTION CONCERNING THE PROTECTION OF THE WORLD

    CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE CONVENTION CONCERNANT LA PROTECTION DU PATRIMOINE

    MONDIAL, CULTUREL ET NATUREL

    WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE / COMITE DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL

    Thirty-third session / Trente-troisième session

    Sevilla, Spain / Seville, Espagne 20 – 30 June 2009 / 20-30 juin 2009

    Item 7 of the Provisional Agenda: State of conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List and/or on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Point 7 de l’Ordre du jour provisoire: Etat de conservation de biens inscrits sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial et/ou sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CENTRE/ICOMOS JOINT REACTIVE MONITORING MISSION

    REPORT RAPPORT DE MISSION CONJOINT DE SUIVI REACTIF DU CENTRE DU PATRIMOINE

    MONDIAL ET DE L’ICOMOS

    Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey) (C 356) Zones historiques d'Istanbul (Turquie) (C 356)

    27- 30 April /Avril 2009

    This mission report should be read in conjunction with Document: Ce rapport de mission doit être lu conjointement avec le document suivant:

  • 2

  • REPORT ON THE JOINT UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CENTRE /

    ICOMOS REACTIVE MONITORING MISSION TO THE WORLD HERITAGE SITE OF HISTORIC AREAS OF ISTANBUL

    FROM 27 TO 30 April 2009

    Hagia Sophia, photo: Junaid Sorosh-Wali

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..........................................................................................................5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND LIST OF RECOMMENDATIONS .....................................6 1. BACKGROUND TO THE MISSION......................................................................................7 2. NATIONAL POLICY FOR THE PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE WORLD HERITAGE PROPERTY ............................................................................................8 3. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ISSUES SINCE THE REACTIVE MONITORING MISIONS OF 2006 AND 2008 .........................................................................9

    3.1 Implementation of Committee-endorsed recommendations...........................................................................10

    3.2 Assessment of issues.......................................................................................................................................23

  • 4

    3.2.1 World Heritage site management ................................................................................................................23 MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE ..........................................................................................................................23

    Coordination – the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, District Municipalities and civil society ......................................................................................................................23 o Site monitoring ........................................................................................................................................24 o Capacity-building and training – District Municipalities &c...................................................................24 o World Heritage boundaries – buffer zone and suggested reduction in the size of the World Heritage core area 24 o Risk preparedness – ISMEP, Fatih Earthquake Plan ...............................................................................29 o Funding – Istanbul 2010, land tax............................................................................................................29

    Public awareness – municipal staff, local inhabitants and visitors ..........................................................30 Management plan – overall progress ...........................................................................................................30 o Traffic plan – impact assessments for major schemes, including the Golden Horn (Haliç) metro bridge, the proposed Bosphorus road...........................................................................................................................31 o Tourism plan and site interpretation ........................................................................................................38 o Major developments – impact assessments .............................................................................................39 Urban regeneration ......................................................................................................................................44 o Law 5366 in practice – S!leymaniye, Sulukule, Ayvansaray, Fener-Balat, &c ......................................44 o Other regeneration schemes – Zeyrek, &c...............................................................................................47 Conservation standards................................................................................................................................48 o City walls – Land Walls and Sea Walls...................................................................................................48 o Conservation of timber houses ................................................................................................................48 o Interventions in key monuments..............................................................................................................49 o Projects of the General Directorate of Pious Foundations .......................................................................50 o Conservation training...............................................................................................................................50

    4 ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF CONSERVATION OF THE SITE.........................52

    4.1 Benchmarks....................................................................................................................................................53 5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................54 6 ANNEXES ................................................................................................................................58

    6.1. TERMS OF REFERENCE of UNESCO World Heritage Centre – ICOMOS Joint Reactive Monitoring mission to the World Heritage Property of the Historic Areas of Istanbul......................................58

    6.2. COMPOSITION OF THE MISSION TEAM..................................................................................................60

    6.3. MISSION PROGRAMME ................................................................................................................................61

    6.4. LIST OF THE PEOPLE MET ..........................................................................................................................68

    6.5 MAPS..............................................................................................................................................................78

    6.6 Extract from documents provided by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality on the New Golden Horn Bridge: ..............................................................................................................................................................82 NOTE: This report is jointly prepared by the mission member: Mr Ahmad Junaid Sorosh-Wali (UNESCO World Heritage Centre), Prof. Dr. Astrid Debold-Kritter and Mr David Michelmore (representatives from ICOMOS)

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The members of the mission sincerely thank the authorities of the Republic of Turkey for their support, availability, assistance and warm hospitality which contributed so effectively in ensuring the success of the mission. Special thanks go to the Vice Governor of Istanbul, Mr Feyzullah Özcan, to the Mayor of Fatih Municipality and the Department of Foreign Relations of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, to Mr Ihsan Sar, the World Heritage Site Manager, and the staff from Fatih and Metropolitan municipalities and Mr. Savas Zafer Sahin, representative of the Minister of Culture and Tourism, who supported the mission team in its fact-finding, to Dr. Gül Irepo"lu from Turkish National Commission for UNESCO, and to Mr Cemil Karaman, Minister Plenipotentiary and Deputy Director General of Multilateral Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs who accompanied the mission throughout its work, to the members of the Istanbul Cultural and Natural Sites Management Directorate, to Mr Cem Eri# and the staff of the Historic Environment Protection Directorate of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, to the Municipality’s Conservation Implementation and Control Bureau (KUDEB), especially its Director, Mr $im#ek Deniz, to Mr Yalçin Eyigün, Director of Rail Systems and his team, to Mr Hakan Kiran, architect, and to the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality interpreters. We would also like to acknowledge the great interest of the different stakeholders at the World Heritage site, who provided valuable information on the current situation, during long meetings and presentations. We were extremely grateful for

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