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Baroque World

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  • Baroque World

  • New Spirit1600s

    Roman Catholic Church

    Counter-Reformation

    Baroque

  • BaroqueFrench and Portuguese roots

    Affect all of Europe

    Cultural achievementMusicArtArchitectureVariety

  • General CharacteristicsStrong emotional statements

    Psychology of Exploration

    Invention of new and daring techniques

  • Baroque Examples

  • Visual Arts

  • Michelangelo Merisi, or Carravaggio (1573-1610)Controversial in own lifetime

    Drastically different style

  • Examples

  • The Calling of St. Matthew, 1597-1603

  • Detail

  • Artemisia Gentileschi1597-1651

    1612 Tassi Trial

    Great renown in her own lifetime

    Dialog with artists of the day

  • Gentileschi, Judith and Holofernes, c.1620

  • Comparison

  • Sculpture and Architecture

  • Bernini, St. Teresa in Ecstasy, 1645-52

  • Detail

  • Baroque in France

  • Acadmie des Beaux Arts 1st exhibition 1667

    Standards and values

    Prizes offered

  • Nicolas PoussinC.1594-1665

    Reject Caravaggios style

    Work was a protest

    Nostalgia in art

  • Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, c.1630

  • Comparison

  • Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743) Popular & respected

    Louis XIV, 1701Parody?Extravagant lifestyleBaroque ideal in France

  • Palace of Versailles Famous palace of the French kings

    Chief architectsLouis Le Vau Franois d'Orbay

    Architecture with an agenda

  • Versailles

  • Sun King

  • Hall of Mirrors

  • Gardens

  • Spanish Baroque

  • El Greco1541-1614

    Domeniko Theotokopoulos

    Contrast in work

  • Diego Velzquez(1599-1660)

    Combines elements of French & Italian Baroque

    Subject matter is diverse

  • Velzquez, Las Meninas, 1656

  • Baroque Art in Northern Europe

  • Peter Paul Rubens1577-1640

    Universal painter

    Active

    Contented personal life

  • Rubens, Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus, c.1618

  • Vermeer(1632-1675)

    Art forgotten until 19th century

    Inner depth of feeling prominent

    Details

  • A Lady Drinking and a Gentleman

  • Details

  • Rembrandt van Rijin1606-1666

    1642 artistic turning point

    Famous for self portraits

    Biblical subjects at end of life

  • The Night Watchmen

  • Self Portraits

  • Music

  • Key PointsFamiliarity & wide appeal

    Pleasure for listener

    Flexibility of style

  • OperaUniversal appeal

    Starts in Florence

    Conceived intellectuallyCamerata

  • OperaUniversal appeal

    Starts in Florence

    Conceived intellectuallyCamerata

  • EuridiceEarliest extant opera

    Jacopo Peri

    Performed at the wedding of Henry IV & Marie de Medici

    Based on a classical myth

  • Claudio Monteverdi1567-1643

    LOrfero1st popular opera

    Sets the standard for later operas

  • Growth of the OperaItaly primary but will spread throughout Europe

    Melodrama & Sensation

    Lavish spectacles

    Arias, Oratorio, Sonata

  • Growth of the OperaItaly primary but will spread throughout Europe

    Melodrama & Sensation

    Lavish spectacles

    Arias, Oratorio, Sonata

  • George Frederick Handel1685-1759

    Messiah (1742)

  • Johann Sebastian Bach1685-1750

    Devout Lutheran

    Intellectual and spiritual

    Large quantity of music left behind Virtually unknown in his own lifetime

  • Johann Sebastian Bach1685-1750

    Devout Lutheran

    Intellectual and spiritual

    Large quantity of music left behind Virtually unknown in his own lifetime

  • Literature in the Baroque Period

  • Miguel de Cervantes1547-1616

    Don Quixote 1605First modern novelComic satire

  • King James Bible1611

    Biblical Style

    Hugely influential

  • Philosophy & Science in the Baroque Period

  • Galileo Galilee 1564-1642

    Changed the world in 2 waysProved Copernicus rightFounder of modern physics

  • Ren Descartes1596-1650

    Father of Modern Philosophy

    Discourse on Methods (1637)

    Meditations (1641)

  • Thomas Hobbes1588-1679

    Different thinker

    Politics rather than philosophy

    LeviathanShocks everyone

  • John Locke1632-1704

    Paves way for Enlightenment

    An Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingBlank slate

    Judith and Holofernes, c.1620