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THE REAL STORY
Studies have shown that manyStudies have shown that many battered women start drinking battered women start drinking subsequent to the battering. So, subsequent to the battering. So, it may be defensive behavior on it may be defensive behavior on the part of women trying to cope the part of women trying to cope with an intolerable situation.”with an intolerable situation.”- - Linda Salzman, PhD, Linda Salzman, PhD, criminologist at the Centers for criminologist at the Centers for Disease Control Disease Control
Women who experience Women who experience domestic violence may be at domestic violence may be at increased risk of homelessness increased risk of homelessness or be compelled to live with a or be compelled to live with a former or current abuser in former or current abuser in order to prevent homelessness. order to prevent homelessness. ((National Coalition for the National Coalition for the Homeless, 1999Homeless, 1999))
The U.S. Department of Justice The U.S. Department of Justice estimates that 95% of assaults estimates that 95% of assaults on spouses or ex-spouses are on spouses or ex-spouses are committed by men against committed by men against women (women (Assessing Violent Assessing Violent Couples, H. Douglas, Families in Couples, H. Douglas, Families in Society, 11/91Society, 11/91))
33% of battered women often 33% of battered women often experience adverse mental experience adverse mental health conditions, such as health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and low depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem (self-esteem (Mercy et al. 2003Mercy et al. 2003). ).
40% of the populations of 40% of the populations of abuserabuser have a criminal record. have a criminal record. Many abusers suffer from anti-Many abusers suffer from anti-social, narcissistic, borderline, social, narcissistic, borderline, and histrionic personality and histrionic personality disorders.disorders.Holtzworth-Munroe, A., & Stuart, Holtzworth-Munroe, A., & Stuart, G. L. (1994). G. L. (1994).
Domestic violence Domestic violence occurs across all occurs across all populations, irrespective populations, irrespective of social, economic, of social, economic, religious, or cultural religious, or cultural group. However, young group. However, young women and those below women and those below the poverty line are the poverty line are disproportionately disproportionately affectedaffected ((Heise and Heise and Garcia-Moreno 2002Garcia-Moreno 2002)).
As many as 324,000 As many as 324,000 women each year women each year experience domestic experience domestic violence during their violence during their pregnancypregnancy ((Gazmararian et Gazmararian et al. 2000al. 2000)).
• Firearms were the major Firearms were the major weapon type used in weapon type used in intimate partner homicides intimate partner homicides from 1981 to 1998from 1981 to 1998 (Paulozzi et al. 2001Paulozzi et al. 2001).
Researchers report that Researchers report that children who witness children who witness domestic violence are at domestic violence are at greater risk of developing greater risk of developing psychiatric disorders, psychiatric disorders, developmental problems, developmental problems, school failure, violence school failure, violence against others, and low against others, and low self-esteemself-esteem ((Nelson et al. Nelson et al. 20042004)).
Approximately 3.3 million Approximately 3.3 million children witness abuse children witness abuse between their parents each between their parents each year, based on estimates of year, based on estimates of partner abuse.partner abuse. (S. Schechter S. Schechter and A. Ganley, San Franciscoand A. Ganley, San FranciscoFamily Violence Prevention Family Violence Prevention FundFund),),
Domestic violence is abuse Domestic violence is abuse committed by a spouse, a committed by a spouse, a former spouse, a fiancée, a former spouse, a fiancée, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or a boyfriend or girlfriend, or a cohabitant upon each cohabitant upon each other.other.
Lack of affordable housing Lack of affordable housing and long waiting lists for and long waiting lists for assisted housing mean that assisted housing mean that many women and their many women and their children are forced to children are forced to choose between abuse at choose between abuse at home or the streets.home or the streets. ((U.S. U.S. Conference of Mayors, 1998Conference of Mayors, 1998).).