geography of france. objectives identify france on a blank map of europe. how do france’s borders...

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Geography Of France

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  • Slide 1
  • Geography Of France
  • Slide 2
  • Objectives Identify France on a blank map of Europe. How do Frances borders protect it? What is the weak point in Frances border? Why have Germany and France fought over the provinces of Alsace and Loraine (Alsa and Lothringen)? How does France meet its energy needs? How does this compare to the United States? What is Frances relationship to the European Union? What challenges France facing with immigration?
  • Slide 3
  • Notre Dame is a cathedral in Paris. Terms and Places Central Massif is a large hilly land in France. The Riviera is a resort and beach area of Frances Mediterranean coast. The Pyrenees are the mountains that separate France and Spain. Versailles is the palace of the former king of France. An immigrant is a person moving into a country from another land.
  • Slide 4
  • France lies in western Europe. It is the second largest country entirely in Europe. (Ukraine is the largest.)
  • Slide 5
  • Bay of Biscay Pyrenees Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps France has borders of water or mountain on almost all sides. Rhine Valley
  • Slide 6
  • Bay of Biscay Pyrenees Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps Belgium Germany These give France borders that are resistant to invaders on almost all sides. France has borders of water or mountain on almost all sides. The northeast border is a low, level plain. It is through this plain that France has been invaded. Rhine Valley Germany
  • Slide 7
  • This painting by Albert Bettannier is called "The Black Stain. It shows schoolchildren being taught not to forget the lost provinces, which were colored in black on maps. The artist was a native of Metz who fled to Paris after the French defeat. It was through this weak part of their borders that Germany invaded and took Alsace-Lorraine. The region was valuable because of its rich deposits of coal.
  • Slide 8
  • Bay of Biscay Rhine Valley Brittany Two important peninsulas are on the north of France. The United States landed its troops on the beaches of Normandy in its war against the Nazis. Between Normandy and Brittany is Mont St. Michel, built in the 11 th Century. Normandy English Channel Belgium Germany
  • Slide 9
  • Bay of Biscay English Channel Belgium Germany Brittany Normandy Paris The capital city is (of course) Paris. Bay of Biscay Rhine Valley
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Mount Blanc is the highest peak in the Alps, and its in France. Bay of Biscay Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps Belgium Germany Brittany Normandy Paris
  • Slide 12
  • Bay of Biscay Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps Belgium Germany Brittany Normandy Paris Central Massif Riviera The Coast between the Alps and the Mediterranean is called the Riviera. Its the opposite of the Central Massif - famous for beaches and nightlife. The Central Massif has a lower population, but some great hiking.
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • The steep Pyrenees Mountains are very effective in separating France from Spain. Bay of Biscay Pyrenees Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps Belgium Germany Brittany Normandy Paris Riviera Central Massif
  • Slide 15
  • Bay of Biscay Pyrenees Mediterranean Sea English Channel The Alps Belgium Germany Normandy Paris Riviera Central Massif The population of France is concentrated on the Riviera and its four river valleys the Seine, the Loire, the Garonne, and the Rhone Brittany
  • Slide 16
  • Land use map What type of a map is this? Where is the majority of Frances cropland? Where are Frances forests? How are these connected to population?
  • Slide 17
  • What type of map is this? A political map These two provinces have rich coal deposits. Because of this, France and Germany have fought over the region. France ended up with them when Germany lost the Second World War.
  • Slide 18
  • Currently, France uses nuclear power plants to supply most of its energy. Compare this to energy sources in the United States. Sources of Energy in France
  • Slide 19
  • France is a full member of the EU. It has dropped its old currency (the Franc) and now uses the Euro.
  • Slide 20
  • Many French businesses are familiar to Americans.
  • Slide 21
  • Slide 22
  • French food is (of course) famous. Escargot Macaroni and Cheese Quiche croissants Ratatouille
  • Slide 23
  • Slide 24
  • Which nation is France? France Which nation is Belgium? Location
  • Slide 25
  • Which physical feature separates France from England? The Alps The English Channel The Pyrenees The Rhine River Borders Which physical feature separates France from Spain? The Alps The Mediterranean The Pyrenees The Rhine River Which physical feature separates France from Switzerland and Italy? The Alps The English Channel The Pyrenees The Rhine River Italy Switz. What body of water lies to the south of France? The Mediterranean Sea The English Channel The North Sea The Rhine River Mediterranean
  • Slide 26
  • On what peninsula did American and British troops land in World War II? The Pyrenees Normandy The Riviera The Biscay coastline Physical Geography For what is the Central Massif famous? Growing world famous wines Manufacturing and industry Landscapes and hiking Beaches and resorts For what is Frances Riviera most famous? Growing world-famous wines Manufacturing and industry Landscapes and hiking Beaches and resorts
  • Slide 27
  • How does France meet most of its energy needs? Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Hydroelectric What is Frances relationship with the EU? France is not a member. France is a member but does not use the Euro. France is a member and uses the Euro. Economy Frances economy is: Better than most of Western Europe. About the same as the rest of Western Europe Much worse than the rest of Western Europe
  • Slide 28
  • Where is Frances population most concentrated? The Pyrenees and the Central Massif Normandy and Brittany River valleys and the Riviera Rhine River and the Biscay coastline Population Density
  • Slide 29
  • Please read: France. World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, 2005. pg. 135 -137. About 3 pages