higher education trends in online teaching
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Higher Education Trends in Online Teaching
Micah LindbladUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnGraduate Student
AgendaWhy is Online Teaching Important?Trends in Online TeachingDelivery of InformationAlternative Credentialing & PathwaysCompetency-Based EducationInfluence on Career Services at the College of Business AdministrationQuestions?Agenda
Why is Online Teaching Important?Developments in K-12 TeachingLPS Students Receive TechnologyChanging Demographic of Incoming StudentsNon-TraditionalPart-Time Students
Why is Online Teaching Important?
Humorous cartoon I picture when looking at students in classrooms using technologyFunny as this may be, reality is that more students are accessing technology at younger agesHow many of your children are comfortable with some form of technology?Comfortability vs. Tech Savvy are two very different thingsTrends in K-12 TeachingInitiatives for students in K-12 to have access to tablets/laptops for learning LPS ExampleImplementing this technology allows information to be updated easily and accessibleEducators and Administrators need to become the technology experts, theyre the ones controlling content, answering parents questions when they dont know how to help their childChanging Demographic of Incoming StudentsProjections from the National Center for Education StatisticsIncrease enrollment from older students by 2023 (25+)Increased enrollment from students going to school part-time vs. full-timeBiggest implications for these two groups of students are that coming to a traditional brick-and-mortar campus might not be convenient for them, might not have the time or ability to get to campus, making sure information is accessible to them is important
Increased Online Enrollment52.67% Undergraduate Students Enrolled in at Least 1 Online Course 10,524/19,797, 201416.78% Graduate Students Enrolled in at Least 1 Online Course768/4,576, 20141 in 4 Students (28.4%) Nationwide*Totals include both distance only & on-campus studentshttp://www.babson.edu/news-events/babson-news/Pages/2016-babson-releases-2015-survey-of-online-learning.aspx#infographic, UNL AY1415 Student Credit Hours and Headcount, UNL 2015-2016 FactbookWhy is Online Teaching Important?
Interesting Trends in Online EnrollmentAny guesses out of 10, how many undergraduate students were enrolled in at least 1 online course?Office of Online & Distance Education Marie Barber, UNL Annual Year 2014-2015 Student Credit Hours & HeadcountTrend also increasing Nationwide
Trends in Online Teaching
Trend #1: Delivery of InformationPublishing Industrys Shift to Digital CurriculaAccessible through Laptops, Tablets, and Mobile DevicesCost of Print vs. Cost of DigitalInteractive & TrackableFocus on Learning OutcomesFree Digital Textbooks?
Trend #1: Delivery of Information
First Trend I noticed in my research was how information is getting to students todayPublishing Industrys Shift to Digital CurriculaThe biggest pedagogical shift has been the move from traditional print textbooks to online informationStudents have the expectation that theyll be able to access it on multiple devices, and it will all look and work the same way on each device (Includes being interactive)Cheaper to have information online rather than in print, also accessible almost instantly, option to download hard copies rather than tied to internet accessFor publishers, not as great of profit margins for them, need to supplement homework/answer guides along with digital copies to make some money backInteractive and TrackableAbsolutely my favorite part because I enjoy looking at data and outcomes, but the ability for students to interact with the information in a unique way rather than just reading it in a bookGreat River Learning was a great example of the possibilities when it comes to interaction with materialReading check quizzes, pre-post surveys, time material is accessed, how long is material being accessed for?If we can create the right formula for a course, will that result in student success? If not, how can we maximize that number to get the most number of students understanding the materialDevelopment of Learning Management SystemsAccessible on multiple devices, opportunity for instructors to customize/create the course that will best serve their students
https://openstaxcollege.org/Trend #1: Delivery of Information
Development of Learning Management Systems
Trend #1: Delivery of InformationTechnology-Enabled Pedagogical ModelsIn-Person Lecture vs. Online VideosGroup Discussion BoardsSelf-Paced Learninghttp://er.educause.edu/articles/2015/8/data-technology-and-the-great-unbundling-of-higher-education, http://edutechnica.com/2016/03/20/lms-data-spring-2016-updates/, *Tracked by number of institutions using LMS
Development of Learning Management SystemsAnother evolving trend is how Learning Management Systems have changed. I had the chance to sit in on a Canvas training workshop this past week, and Leona Barratt who works with Technology Training associate said that UNL was one of the first to implement Blackboard and use it on a large scale. That was in 1999, can anyone remember when it first started? Some things that were different from when it started?Even for me starting as a freshman, Blackboard has changed its functionality and purpose in students lifeTechnology-Enabled Pedagogical ModelsLecturesIn-Person: Have to follow the pace of the professor, usually long process where they need to be physical, can interact/ask professor directly at that point in timeOnline: Shorter videos, can follow at their own pace, can watch lecture when it is convenient for them, might be harder to reach out to professor through emailTrends in LMS Market Share DataImportant things to highlight from the most recent data from the springCanvas is catching on in other institutions. Fast.Increase in Blackboard institutions does not equal retaining market shareBlackboards market share decreased from Fall to Spring, but still overall share leader in institutions using its LMSImportant to note that not everyone leaving Blacboard is going straight to Canvas, universities are realizing how easy it is to transfer to different LMSSpring data slightly skewed, includes schools with at least 500+ FTE students, fall only includes schools with at least 700+ FTE students
Trend #2: Alternative Credentialing & PathwaysBoot Camp OpportunitiesRutgers Coding Boot CampMassive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)CourseraUniversity of Illinois Urbana ChampaignUdacityedXLinkedIn & Lynda?
http://www.eduventures.com/2015/12/alternative-credentials-fresh-perspectives/, http://news.rutgers.edu/news-release/rutgers%E2%80%99-first-coding-boot-camp-launches-fall/20150828#.VyA3UVaDGko, http://venturebeat.com/2016/04/05/why-linkedin-bought-lynda-com-last-year-train-users-for-jobs-at-scale/Trend #2: Alternative Credentialing & Pathways
Alternative Credentialing & Pathways (non-degree programs)Realizing that sometimes the final degree isnt the only thing they need or they want to supplement their education with another skill or subject area, but dont either have the time or resource for that. In come alternative credits (Previously known as badges)Boot Camp OpportunitiesNortheastern, Rutgers, MIT well-publicized institutions publicizing their programsProvide skill development in specific areasRutgers Coding Boot Camp geared towards adult learners and part-time students looking to gain experience and learn more about the coding industry24-week, blended course with online and in-person sessions open to the publicMassive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)Giving students the opportunity to learn online, convenient and accessible for people looking to supplement current training or learning on their ownDifferent from Boot Camps in that theyre completely taught online, with a beginning and end. Normally university level informationCurrently in the Big Ten, 9 other schools offer some sort of MOOC classes, mainly through Coursera which offers the most at this point (660)CourseraPlatform that offers MOOCsUniversity of Illinois Urbana ChampaignI wont talk about Udacity and edX as much because they dont have the same offering size as Coursera, but Id be happy to share a comparison that I found of all three providers that goes more in-depthLinkedIn & Lynda?Important to note that the LinkedIn might be making a play for the alternative credentialing market/alternative education after purchasing LyndaWould probably be more geared towards suggesting members courses that they could take that could help them stand out as a candidate based on what kind of opportunity theyre looking for
https://www.coursera.org/illinoisTrend #2: Alternative Credentialing & Pathways
Is alternative credentialing & pathways worth it?AdvantagesMeeting Needs of a Particular DemographicFlexible, Accessible, and AffordableUniversity Education from FacultyNo Cap on Class SpaceSelf-Paced Learning
DisadvantagesStudent to Teacher InteractionNo Formal AccreditationRetention/Course Completion LowNo Cap on Class SpaceMay be Better to Learn In-Person
Trend #2: Alternative Credentialing & Pathwayshttps://www.geteverwise.com/career-success/4-pros-and-4-cons-of-moocs-whether-to-take-study-from-classroom-to-online/, http://adulted.about.com/od/Adult-Education-in-the-U.S./a/The-Pros-And-Cons-Of-Moocs.htm, http://bloguk.jobandtalent.com/moocs-advantages-and-disadvantages/
Trend #3: Competency-Based EducationTraditional Degree Timeline vs. Personalized & Customizable EducationEarly Adopters MinimalTask-Based Learning (Experiential Assignments, Out-of-Lecture Work)
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2016/03/30/purdue-u-gets-competency-based-education-new-bachelors-degree, https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/10/28/competency-based-education-arrives-three-major-public-institutionsTrend #3: Competency-Based Education
Competency-Based EducationDesigning a course/program for a student thats centered around the mastery of the topic rather than the time the student is forced to sit through the courseStudent follow program outline, and then perform certain tasks or assignments to prove mastery throughout the semester like homework, quizzes or examsCompetency-Based Education allows students to move past areas that they understand and spend more time on areas they need help onFor universities and educators, makes sure that students really do understand informationTraditional Degree Timeline vs. Personalized & Customizable Education
Competency-Based Education http://ingegno.in/competency-based-education/, http://er.educause.edu/articles/2014/11/flexible-option-a-directassessment-competencybased-education-model Trend #3: Competency-Based Education
Influence on Online TeachingDemographic of Student1 in 9 Under the Age of 25Credit-Hour Standard vs. Direct AssessmentAllows Students to Progress After Meeting Certain AssessmentsWhat Does Student Support Look Like?Video-Conferencing Tools, Office [Skype] HoursInstructional Design is Key
Trend #3: Competency-Based Education
Tying this back to online teaching, just how does this relate?For one thing, the early adopters of competence based education are putting a majority of the courses onlineDemographic of StudentNontraditional student, distance away from where traditional classes are being heldCredit-Hour Standard vs. Direct AssessmentStudent moves through courses after showing theyve mastered certain topic through assessments set by instructors, little teaching is done in this modelHave harder time having this actually accreditedPurdues model still follows credit-hour standardLittle instructing being done by professors because content is already createdWhat does student support look like?When the student doesnt have the actual professor in front of them to ask them questions, create relationship with themVideo-conferencing tools, utilizing email/back and forth communication, limits in-person interactions for both students and faculty members, even over skype not the same as in person, demeanor is different, crummy connection?Instructional Design is KeyControlling and understanding how to present the information to students should be importantThinking about how effective is your course/program for the particular student, what if teaching with mix of CBE students and traditional credit-hour standard?
How will these trends influence Career Services at the College of Business Administration?
Influence on CS @ CBA
Career Services at CBAProfessional Enhancement Program (PrEP)Career Development & PlanningBlended-Styled ClassroomsDigital CurriculumInternship/Job Search StrategiesDelivery of InformationLinkedIn DevelopmentProfessional & Life SkillsMastery of Other Skills Outside of Business
Influence on CS @ CBAhttp://cba.unl.edu/academic-programs/prep-program/,
Professional Enhancement ProgramPlays a large role in these 3 classes because even though they are geared around different topics dealing with professional development, they all have some form of technology utilized within themPublish content online, possibly opening for licensing curriculum for students that are not here on campusCompetency-Based Education, cant say that professional development can ever be mastered or if there is an end goal when looking at professional enhancement, but enjoy the idea of providing alternatives or helping to tailor those experiences students are looking for that may not follow a traditional business routeCareer Development & PlanningBlended Classroom Style? Online component combined with in-class exercises, possibility of this translating to MOOC offered to many students because many of the in-class discussions/activities could be replicated through discussion boards, extra assignments, out-of-class assignmentsInternship/Job StrategiesDelivery of the information because most of the course interaction is coming online, potential to transfer these concepts and ideas to online? Probably not because missing out on key in-person activitiesProfessional & Life SkillsGiving students suggestions ideas on what are some other life skills/professional skills you would like to develop for the future? Any idea of connecting with potential MOOCs for the future, another form of publishing information online through digital curriculum?Career CoachingForm of professional development for students, have the chance to work through competency-based sessions/topics to work towards putting themselves in the best possible position for a job,
Thank you for listening and participating!
Questions?Micah LindbladUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnGraduate Studenthttps://www.linkedin.com/in/micahlindblad