making the black hole gray: web archiving art resources at new york art resources consortium (nyarc)

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Pebbles around a hole, Kinagashima-Cho, Japan (1987). Photo by Andy Goldsworthy Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing NYARC Web Archiving Program of Specialist Art Resources Deborah Kempe April 11, 2014

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Page 1: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Pebbles around a hole, Kinagashima-Cho, Japan (1987). Photo by Andy Goldsworthy

Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing NYARC Web Archiving Program of Specialist Art Resources

Deborah KempeApril 11, 2014

Page 2: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

“Going forward, one of the biggest challenges scholars and curators of contemporary art and architecture face currently, and will increasingly face, is how to store, retrieve, and investigate born-digital materials.”

James Cuno, President and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust, How Art History is Failing at the Internet (November 19, 2012)

Page 3: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

OVERVIEW

Background and evolution

2014/2015 program objectives

Staffing and collaboration

Collection scope

Tools we’re using

Building a sustainable program

Page 4: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)
Page 5: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

What we mean when we say Digital Black Hole

Content being produced

Content being archived

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NOT

Why Archive the Web?

BUT

How to Archive the Web?

Who Should Archive the Web?

Who Pays for Archiving the Web?

How do People Navigate Web Archives?

Page 8: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS-NYARC’s EVOLUTION

2010- 2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects

Page 9: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Capturing born-digital content from auction house websites

2010 Pilot Project with Mets’ Watson Library

Sean Leahy, Pratt MLIS Student Intern, Principal Investigator

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Page 11: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)
Page 12: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)
Page 13: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS-NYARC’s EVOLUTION

2010-2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects

Grant support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation:

2012-2013 planning grant ($50,000)‘Reframing Collections for a Digital Age’

Page 14: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

THE TIPPING POINT

Reframing Collections Findings 2012/2013

Digital Shift 3> years

Born-Digital “ephemeral” literature rapidly proliferating

Art historians and museum staff do not have a clear understanding of web obsolescence

But their focus drove our collecting targets…

Page 15: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

2013 PLANNING GRANT RECOMMENDATIONS

• Use Archive-It as the web archiving tool

• Plan incremental growth of collection

• Develop an open nominations tool

• Establish a permissions framework

• Join the National Digital Stewardship Alliance (NDSA)

• Look for ways to further automate metadata creation

• Enlist students into the program, especially for quality assurance

• Collaborate, Collaborate, Collaborate

Page 16: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS-NYARC’s EVOLUTION

2010- 2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects

Grant support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation:

2012-2013 planning grant ($50.000): ‘Reframing Collections for a Digital Age’

2013-2015 grant-funded program ($340,000): ‘Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing the Web Archiving of Specialist Art Resources’

Page 17: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

PROJECT OBJECTIVES

• During the 2-year grant period NYARC seeks to implement a program for capturing, making accessible, and preserving websites for art research

• Harvest and catalog approximately 2 TB of WARC (Web ARChive file format) files from websites

• Workflow documentation

• Develop and share best practices with the community

Page 18: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

STAFFING & PARTNER COLLABORATION

• 1 FT Program Coordinator for 2 years• 3 PT web archiving paid interns per semester for 2 years

(each based at a NYARC library)• 2 IMLS-funded M-LEAD paid interns based at the Frick

Art Reference Library• Columbia University Library web archiving staff• Existing NYARC staff support• Hardware/software service providers

Page 19: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

NYARC Institutional

Websites

Auction Catalogs

Artists’ websites

Catalogues Raisonnés

Cataloged Art

Resources

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Page 21: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)
Page 22: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

http://www.intenttodeceive.org/

Page 23: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Using technology in support of goals

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Page 25: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

ARCHIVE-IT• Annual Subscription Service• Crawls, harvests and hosts web

content, using Open Source tools and standards developed and maintained by the Internet Archive:• Heritrix web crawler /+ Umbra• Nutchwax search engine • Wayback Machine browser• WARC files, ISO Standard

Page 26: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

More than 275 partners in 16 countries use Archive-It

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Page 28: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)
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What is a seed?

A seed is any URL that you want to capture:

an entire website: http://www.intenttodeceive.org/a specific part of a website:

http://www.intenttodeceive.org/videos/

a specific URL:http://www.intenttodeceive.org/forger-profiles/han-van-meegeren/

We will use each level

Page 31: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Oy, Metadata….Dublin Core, Marc21, RDA, BIBFRAME, Collection vs. ItemBut can we have it all??

Rebecca Goldman, Derangement and Description, July 13, 2009, http://derangementanddescription.wordpress.com/page/14/

Page 32: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Nomination/

Selection

Permissions/Tracking

Harvesting & Quality Assurance

Description/Access

Long-term Preservation

Workflow Elements

Page 33: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

NYARC Archive-It Collections: https://www.archive-it.org/organizations/484

Page 34: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

DISCOVERY LAYER ASSESSMENT

Page 35: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Challenges

• Intellectual Property considerations

• Sustainability

• Defining Collections

• Scale

• Staffing

• Description and Access

• Systems Development

• Many partners=Many speed bumps

• Permanent beta -

• Opportunity Costs

Page 36: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Opportunities

• Avoid irrelevancy

• Build something useful

• Influence development

• Extend our expertise

• Rethink our processes

• Permanent beta +

• Collaborate

Page 37: Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

Thank you

THANKS

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Links to resources cited, and other useful information on born digital content

http://www.dailydot.com/opinion/art-history-failing-internet/http://www.exlibrisgroup.com/category/PrimoOverviewhttp://www.deepwebtech.com/products/explorit-everywhere-for-libraries/ http://www.serialssolutions.com/en/services/aquabrowser/

NDSA Web Archiving Survey Report June 2012 (2013 report expected soon!)http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/ndsa/working_groups/documents/ndsa_web_archiving_survey_report_2012.pdf

http://blog.emilyreynolds.com/2014/04/09/ndsr14-symposium-in-seven-tweets/

Columbia University Web Archiving Summit 2012 https://webarch.cul.columbia.edu./

Archiving the Web for Scholars, by Steve Kolowich http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2011/05/06/libraries_try_to_preserve_and_archive_websites_for_academic_study

Overview of Web Archiving, by Jinfang Niu http://dlib.org/dlib/march12/niu/03niu1.html

Rebecca Goldman, Derangement and Description, July 13, 2009, http://derangementanddescription.wordpress.com/page/14/

Web Archives for Researchers: Representations, Expectations and Potential Uses, by Peter Stirling, Philippe Chevallier and Gildas Illien. D-Lib Magazine March/April 2012, Volume 18, Number 3-4, http://www.dlib.org/dlib/march12/stirling/03stirling.print.html

A Memory of Webs Past, Ariel Bleicher, 28 February, 2011http://spectrum.ieee.org/telecom/internet/a-memory-of-webs-past/0 Digital Scholarship’s Digital Curation Resource Guide http://digital-scholarship.org/dcrg/dcrg.htm

http://nyarc.org/content/reframing-collections-digital-age, blog posting by Stephen Bury, June 18, 2012

Ricky Erway, OCLC Program Officer. Swatting the Long Tail of Digital Media: A Call for Collaboration—Sept. 2012 http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2012/2012-08.pdf

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Further Resources

Library of Congress, The Signal: Digital Preservation blog: http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/

http://www.loc.gov/webarchiving/ Library of Congress Web Archiving

http://netpreserve.org/ website of the International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC)

SAA Web Archiving Roundtable http://webarchivingrt.wordpress.com/ Archive-It Knowledge Center https://webarchive.jira.com/wiki/display/ARIH/Welcome

Guidelines for Preservable Websites / Columbia University Librarieshttps://library.columbia.edu/bts/web_resources_collection/guidelines_for_preservable_websites.html

[email protected]