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  • Republic of Zimbabwe

    “Towards a Prosperous & Empowered Upper Middle Income Society by 2030”


    January 2021 – December 2025

    16 November 2020

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    Population 14,862,924 (2020 Estimate)

    Total Land area Land Water

    390,580 km2

    386,670 km2

    3,910 km2

    Border countries and Length

    Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South

    Africa 225 km, Zambia 797 km

    Climate Tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

    Terrain Mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

    Natural Resources Diamonds, coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin,

    Platinum Group Metals

    Zimbabwe Geographic coordinates

    Zimbabwe is located at latitude -19.015438 and

    longitude 29.154857

    Officially recognised languages in Zimbabwe

    English, Shona, Ndebele, Chewa, Chibarwe,

    Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, sign

    language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda and


    Key Economic sectors Mining, Agriculture and Tourism.

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    Consistent with the collective aspirations and determination of the people of Zimbabwe

    to achieve an Empowered and Prosperous Upper Middle-Income Society by 2030, the Second Republic launched Vision 2030 to chart a new transformative and inclusive development agenda. It is the pursuit of this vision which will deliver broad

    based transformation, new wealth creation and expanding horizons of economic

    opportunities for all Zimbabweans, with no one left behind.

    Pursuant to this, Government developed the Transitional Stabilization Programme (TSP)

    to guide the reform process during the period 2018 to 2020. Although we faced some

    challenges along the way, significant progress was made in the implementation of the

    TSP across its various pillars.

    The next steps towards attaining the objectives of Vision 2030 will be guided by the

    interventions that the Second Republic is going to undertake through the National

    Development Strategy 1: 2021-2025 (NDS1), as we march towards achieving an upper

    middle-income society by 2030. NDS1 is our first 5-year Medium Term Plan aimed at

    realising the country’s Vision 2030, while simultaneously addressing the global aspirations

    of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Africa Agenda 2063.

    NDS1 is premised on four critical guiding principles. The first is a recognition that bold

    and transformative measures are required to underpin the drive towards the attainment

    of our 2030 National Vision. Slow and incremental change will not deliver the

    transformation that the people of Zimbabwe deserve.

    Secondly, it is clear that, while we continue to make headway with our international re-

    engagement efforts, which in time will yield positive results, we must intensify our efforts

    to generate growth through intentional mobilisation of domestic growth vectors. To this

    end, the National Development Strategy 1 must attend to the development and

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    capacitation of key national institutions, which will create the enabling environment

    critical for transformative economic growth. Further, let me re-emphasise that Zimbabwe

    is open for business to all investors, foreign and domestic, including Zimbabweans in the


    Thirdly, the NDS1 must deliberately leverage Zimbabwe`s competitive advantages

    particularly with regards to the configuration of our natural resource endowment, our

    excellent ecological endowment and our skills base.

    Finally, for transformative and inclusive growth to bring benefits to all Zimbabweans in a

    fair, transparent and just manner, we must deepen our commitment to the tenets of good

    corporate governance as enunciated in our Vision 2030 document.

    I call upon all the people of Zimbabwe, including the private sector, civic society and

    cooperating partners to work together through this Strategy, for us to realise our Vision

    2030 goals.

    I therefore commend the National Development Strategy 1 for January 2021-December

    2025 to the people of Zimbabwe.

    Together, harnessing the collective energies of all Zimbabweans, from across the length

    and breadth of our uniquely blessed country, we will achieve Vision 2030 for an

    Empowered and Prosperous Upper Middle-Income Society by 2030.

    I thank you.

    Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa President of the Republic of Zimbabwe

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    November 2020


    The end of the Transitional Stabilisation Programme (TSP) marks the beginning of a new

    journey as we march towards the realisation of our Vision 2030 objectives. This journey

    began when we launched TSP, in October 2018. Indeed significant progress has been

    made. Notable achievements include; fiscal consolidation, external sector balance and

    exchange rate stability.

    In our next step, Government has come up with the National Development Strategy 1:

    2021-2025 (NDS1). This Strategy is a culmination of an extensive consultative process

    involving stakeholders at all levels so as to develop consensus and establish a sense of


    It is also important to note that the formulation of NDS1 has been under constantly

    changing global scenarios, shaped by geo-political changes, technological changes,

    market segmentation and climatic shocks. Further, NDS1 was developed in the face of an

    unprecedented pandemic in the form of COVID-19.

    Given the new normal under COVID-19, which has disrupted economic activities across

    the globe, particularly tourism and the global travel services industry, we must adapt fast

    with these changing scenarios as the future pattern of this disease and its full impacts

    remain uncertain.

    The formulation of NDS1 marks a departure in planning approaches with the full adoption

    of the Integrated Result Based Management (IRBM) system, complemented by Public

    Sector Reforms (PSR) through the Whole of Government Approach.

    This approach links National Development Plans with National Budgets, as well as

    Personnel Performance. This means that National Budgets will only support programmes,

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    projects and interventions which contribute to the achievement of National Outcomes and

    realisation of National Priorities as defined in NDS1. Further, the National Budget

    framework will adopt a medium-term budgeting approach in line with the 3-year rolling

    budget standard, which will be consistent with the National Development Strategy

    outcomes and targets.

    The overarching goal of NDS1 is to ensure high, accelerated, inclusive and sustainable

    economic growth as well as socio-economic transformation and development as we move

    towards an upper middle-income society by 2030. As such, the NDS1 will build on the

    successes, while addressing challenges met during TSP. Special emphasis will be on the

    unfinished and ongoing efforts in the area of macroeconomic stability.

    Furthermore, NDS1 will endeavour to steer the economy onto a growth path to realise

    an average of 5 percent Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate per annum over the

    Strategy Period. In pursuing economic growth, we remain alive to the challenges that

    Zimbabwe continues to face on the external front. To this end, significant emphasis will

    be placed on mobilising internal sources of growth even as we continue to engage and

    re-engage the international community and reach out to Zimbabweans in the diaspora.

    In order to give impetus to this Strategy, NDS1 will intentionally commit resources

    towards building and capacitating key national institutions that play a critical role in

    providing the enabling environment for private sector investment to thrive.

    As we implement NDS1, Government will move with the Sustainable Development Goals

    (SDGs) theme of “leaving no-one and no place behind.” In this regard, technical and

    financial support from both the Private Sector and Development Partners is welcome. To

    ensure smooth and effective implementation of NDS1, an all inclusive coordination and

    implementation architecture, supported by comprehensive communication strategy for

    NDS1 will be developed.

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    The Government of the Republic of Zimbabwe would like to express its profound gratitude

    to the following: UN family, represented by the Resident Coordinator, the World Bank

    Country Office, African Development Bank, Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries,

    Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce, Miners Associations, Farmers organisations,

    Tourism associations, Civil Society, represented by NANGO, Women organisations,

    Bankers Association of Zimbabwe and Labour Unions, among others. We anticipate the

    partnership to continue during the implementation