teaching generation y and z in fet colleges

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Teaching Generation Y and Z The challenge we face every day

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Teaching generation y and z, tips for teachers and lecturers on how to approach these students. Also get information on creative teaching and how to arrange your classroom. An inspirational presentation shown to Mthashana FET College Lecturers in March 2014.

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  • 1. THE FET College in 2014 0 The students we teach come from poor backgrounds 0 They were born into freedom yet 0 Strikes happen every year 0 The students want instant gratification 0 More interested in their cell phones than classwork 0 They must have an attendance of 80% to write exam

2. And what about the lecturers? 0 We have limited resources 0 Yet we need to take the punch 0 We are stretched to the limit 0 We need to produce, produce, produce 0 there is the generation gap 3. And then we get generation Y and Z 4. They are more visual than their parents They rely more on technology than us They want to be in the NOW They react on mentorship not on preaching 5. Presentation skills in the classroom My goal today: 0 Get you excited about teaching in the classroom 0 Tell you more about Generation Y & Z the students in the classroom NOW 0 Talk about creative presentation 6. Generation Y & Z vs Other Generations Which generation are you? See the Generation Quiz Who are the students in our classroom today? 0 Age 16 (born in 1998) to 26 (born 1988) 0 They are mostly Freedom Babies (born after Nelson Mandela was freed, or babies when it happened) 0 They grew up with television, cell phones & internet 7. Generation Y & Z the product of their environment 0 They are the generation which faces economic struggle but 0 Most technologically connected generation ever but 0 Record numbers of single parents but .. 0 They are the most optimistic about their future 0 The least trusting 0 Also most negative towards single parenting 8. Teaching these generations? They see studying as a job. We should treat them like workers, not students. Use the following techniques: 0 Skill variety 0 Task identity and significance 0 Autonomy 0 Feedback If you understand these principles then you will know how to motivate/teach them 9. Teaching these generations? 1: Skill variety 0 Multitasking: they are internal customers and need engagement and involvement. 0 Active- experimentation oriented: experience more than passively observe 0 METHODS IN CLASS: 0 Socratic method: asking questions to illuminate critical thinking 0 Case studies 0 Building teams 0 Holding debates 0 Challenging them to use their technological skills to solve problems. 10. Teaching these generations? 2: Task identify and significance 0 Want to feel what they are doing is meaningful and important 0 Provide connections with the world that they are living in 0 Serve as a role model, and emphasize the functional benefits of learning the material every day. 0 Explain the why of what youre asking them to do, and explain whats in it for them. 0 Try to back up what you say with real-world verifiable proof. 0 Many of them are searching for identity, and you could use this as an opportunity to help them to affiliate/find meaning in your classroom and subject. 11. Teaching these generations? 3: Autonomy (self-rule) 0 Let them express individuality in their work (within limits) 0 Be wary of a one-size-fits- all teaching approach 0 They might refuse to blindly conform to traditional standards 0 Try to provide a flexible, fun classroom and dont be too rigid 0 Reconsider squishing them into pre-existing classroom moulds, they dont want to feel like they are a cog in a boilerplate classroom. 0 Interact with them, update your class, and customize where possible. 0 Try to enable self- expression and autonomy in the classroom. 12. Teaching these generations? 4: Feedback 0 Get them involved quickly - they want to get up to speed fast and contribute. Think of the Nintendo game: expectations are clear, behaviour is continually measured and feedback is consistently provided on performance, and they receive high rates of reinforcement to motivate them to keep playing. 0 Provide frequent performance feedback (like weekly quizzes, activities and presentations in the classroom, and other high-involvement activities). 13. Summary Generation X&Y 0 They are growing up in a fast-paced, technological, outcome-oriented environment, and they expect their higher education experience to provide them with the skills that they need to prosper in such an environment. 0 Consider this generation an opportunity to question and enhance your approach to teaching, and reduce the bureaucracy of your classroom. 0 Lets turn to our students and ask for involvement to provide creative, hands-on solutions to problems. 0 We should strive to cultivate their positive attitude, willingness to work, and challenge them to solve the unanswered problems in our disciplines. 14. Be a mentor NOT a teacher 15. Presentation Skills 0 Use creative teaching ideas 0 Layout of your classroom for each unique task should be addressed 0 Classroom must be conducive to teaching 16. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 There are GREAT resources on the Internet Use it to incorporate it into your classroom: 0 Pictures (www.google.co.za) 0 Videos (www.youtube.com) 0 Books and references (www.google.co.za) 0 Websites which can help you and your students: mathematics and science: www.khanacademy.org 0 Social media can connect your students. My favourite is www.facebook.com 0 Use SlideShare to share your presentations for your students. www.slideshare.net 0 Use Dropbox to backup and share folders www.dropbox.com 17. Creative Teaching Using the Internet: Click on Images if you only want to browse images. Click on the button right for more options, then click on books 18. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 Download Firefox (www.firefox.com) 0 Browse for YouTube download plug-in 0 Install the YouTube plug-in 19. Creative Teaching Using Videos 0 Videos can easily be downloaded from YouTube 0 I sometimes uses my wireless modem in the class 0 Use it to emphasise different concepts 0 Students learn better when they can also visually see what you mean especially in practical subjects 0 My examples: 0 Helping English Students understand a poem 0 Because I could not stop for death (Emily Dickinson) 0 Helping Maths Students understanding a difficult concept 0 Helping Communication Students understand what type of feedback can be given an audience and a singer and non-verbal communication (birds) 20. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 This website is ideal for students who want to learn maths and science 0 It is free, mahala, gratis 0 Students are assessed and teachers can monitor students on what they do 0 It is funded by Microsofts Bill Gates, there is a lot of money going into this site thus you get quality 0 Perfect for helping students master skills there are videos about various aspects of maths and science (to explain concepts and reinforce them) 21. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 Facebook can be used to create a platform for you to connect to your students 0 My students connect with me on my Communication Facebook page - FETCOMM 0 https://www.faceboo k.com/fetcomm 22. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 Slideshare is another great platform to share your PowerPoint Presentations with your students and other lecturers. 23. Creative Teaching Using the Internet 0 Dropbox.com is a website where you can store your information up to 5GB free 0 Use this to share folders between lecturers and/or campuses to easily access big files 0 Also use it to backup your important information 0 I love this application and use it on different computers anywhere - anytime Keep your work safe Share securely Manage your team Dropbox protects your work, and lets your team get to their files from any computer, phone, or tablet. Forget email attachments, servers, and FTP sharing the right files with the right people is fast and simple. 24. Creative Teaching Using Presentations 0 Utilize your computer and use PowerPoint Presentations 0 Especially of a GREAT help in subjects where content is repeated (theory) 0 Use it to show your Tasks/Memorandums 0 Make the effort ONCE next year you just update on a yearly basis 0 Students learn better when they SEE, HEAR and WRITE 0 You can share it on the Internet 0 Sharing and printing is much easier 0 Print it as notes for students to follow your lesson in class 25. PowerPoint Presentations show that you Prepare in advance Care about finer details in your textbook Keeps you from only reading page after page from a textbook Engage your students Keeps students interested Is fun and interesting Can easily be adapted USE IT! 26. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Should maximise learner comfort AND serve a purpose V-SHAPE LAYOUT Suitable for small numbers, up to 20 Advantages: Every participant has a good view of the front of the room. This allows the instructor a great deal of control over the students. Provides surface for note taking or reference materials. 27. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Suitable for groups of less than 20 Table Layout Advantages: Easy to see and hear everyone in the group. Front of room commands the groups attention. Unity is created by ganging all the tables together. Openness gives trainees a sense of freedom and encourages participation. Best set up to view audio visual presentations. Works well with role-playing and other physical activities. 28. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Boardroom-Shape: Suitable for small groups of less than 20 Disadvantages: Requires more space than any other configuration. Due to space and learning requirements, the maximum amount of participants should not exceed 24. 29. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Auditorium Shape Ideal for large groups 30. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Classroom shaped: Ideal for large groups 0 Teacher does not reach students at end of the classroom 0 Hard for instructor to move into the audience, separating him/her from the students. Student participation seems to drop off towards the back of the room unless sound reinforcement is used. 31. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LAYOUT 0 Circle/Group Shape: Suitable for small numbers, probably up to 12 Advantages: Involves everyone in the group. There is no table in the middle, therefore people are unobstructed and can speak directly to each other. Creates equality among the group, with no designated leader position. Disadvantages: Some people feel uncomfortable or exposed in this type of arrangement. Can only handle small groups of people. Not conducive to visual aids or AV presentations 32. Presentation Skills 0 Do you care about your classroom? 0 Are your students inspired when they come into the classroom? 0 Is the classroom neat and organised? 0 Do students feel welcome in your classroom? 33. Creative Teaching ideas 0 Assumption Busting 0 Brainstorming 0 Negative (or Reverse) Brainstorming 0 Concept Mapping 0 Role-Playing 0 Storyboarding 0 DO IT 0 Random Input 0 Decision Tree 0 Questioning activity 0 Slip writing 0 Laddering 0 Exaggeration 0 Brain-sketching 0 Reversal 0 Fishbone 0 The Mystery Spot Full list provided 34. BRAINSTORMING What: 0 Develop creative solutions to a problem 0 Lateral thinking process by which students are asked to develop ideas or thoughts that may seem crazy or shocking at first. 0 Participants can then change and improve them into original and useful ideas. 0 Brainstorming can help define an issue, diagnose a problem, or possible solutions and resistance to proposed solutions. How: 0 Define the problem clearly and lay out any criteria to be met. 0 Keep the session focused on the problem, 0 No one must criticizes or evaluates ideas during the session, even if they are clearly impractical. 0 Ideas should be listed, rather than developed deeply on the spot; the idea is to generate possibilities. 0 Participants should be encouraged to pick up on ideas offered to create new ones. 0 One person should be appointed as note-taker, and ideas should be studied and evaluated after the session. 35. CONCEPT MAPPING What: 0 Concept maps represent knowledge graphic form. 0 Networks consist of nods, which represent concepts, and links, which represent relationships between concepts. Benefits: 0 Concept maps can aid in generating ideas, designing complex structures communicating complex ideas. 0 Concept maps can help instructors assess students' understanding. 36. ROLE-PLAYING What: 0 In most role-playing exercises, each student takes the role of a person affected by an issue and studies an issue or events from the perspective of that person. How: Role plays should give the students an opportunity to practice what they have learned and should interest the students. Provide concrete information and clear role descriptions so that students can play their roles with confidence. Once the role play is finished, spend some time on debriefing. 37. DECISION TREE 0 What: A decision tree is a visual and analytical decision support tool, often taught to undergraduate students in schools of business, health economics, and public health. 0 Benefits: They are simple to understand and interpret, have value even in the absence of hard data, and can be combined with other decision techniques. 0 Example: A decision tree used in a finance class for deciding the better investment strategy. 38. My goal today was to: 0 Get you excited about teaching in the classroom 0 Tell you more about Generation Y & Z the students in the classroom NOW 0 Talk about creative presentation 39. In Conclusion 40. Elizabeth OConnor Chandler, Director Center for Teaching & Learning University of Chicago [email protected] http://cft.vanderbilt.edu/files/vol18no05_m otivating_gen_y.htm http://blog.ampli.com/2014/03/classroom- layouts-seating-arrangements-for-effective- learning.html